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Shape: Flat | Hollow
Ancient Monuments | Legendary Creatures | Ancient Voyagers | Elsewhere at this site
This part of the site has texts that deal with earth mysteries, such as ley lines, Atlantis, Feng Shui, and so on.
The Sacred Theory of the Earth
by Thomas Burnet 
Theory of the Earth
by James Hutton [1788 and 1795]
The Darwin of Geology.
by William F. Warren 
The antediluvian Polar Eden.
Flat, Hollow or Inside-Out?
One of the oldest earth mysteries was ‘what shape is it?’ Eratosthenes, in 240 BC, was able to prove the sphericity of the earth and estimate its size to a reasonable margin of error, by comparing the angle of the sun at two distant locations simultaneously. Aristotle knew that the earth was spherical, citing the horizon, the Earth’s circular shadow during lunar eclipses, and other phenomena.
Many educated people knew about the spherical earth from late antiquity on. However, most Europeans believed that the earth was flat until the explorations of the renaissance. The Biblical concept of an earth with four corners (e.g. Isa 11:12) was taken very literally. Note that the word used here, kanaf, is a word used for corners of buildings, cloth, bedsheets, and so on. To confuse matters somewhat, the earth is also described in Isaiah as being circular (Isa 40:22), specifically it says the circle of the earth. Some modern inerrantists point to this as ‘evidence’ that the earth is round, although Isaiah seems to imply that it is disk-shaped here. The Hebrew word used here is khug, which unambiguously means circle, not sphere. It is related to a root khagag, which means to dance in a circle, or a sacred procession which moves in a circle. Square? Circular? it’s enough to make your head spin…
In the late 19th century a number of alternative theories of the shape of the earth were proposed, flat, hollow and inside-out. By the time the poles had been reached in the early 20th century, the time for these theories had passed. Today, some Biblical inerrantists still believe that the Earth is flat.
The Book of Earths
by Edna Kenton 
A survey of the theory of the shape (and nature) of the Earth, lavishly illustrated. A great introduction to the subject.
The Earth is Flat
by Cosmas Indiopleustes, translated by J. W. McCrindle 
He was sure that the universe resembled the interior of a pirate chest, with a flat Earth.
Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe
(3rd ed.) by Parallax [Pseud. Samuel Birley Rowbotham] 
A tireless 19th century flat-Earther’s masterwork.
The Earth is Hollow
Symzonia; Voyage of Discovery
by Adam Seaborn, (pseud. John Cleves Symmes?) 
One of the rarest Hollow Earth books: a perilous sea journey to a utopian society in the inner earth.
Journey to the Center of the Earth
by Jules Verne, tr. by Frederick Amadeus Malleson 
The classic science fiction tale of a subterranean journey down to a world teeming with prehistoric beasts.
by John Uri Lloyd (8th ed.) 
Doomed by the Illuminati to journey to the center of the hollow earth in a quest for the Goddess of Love.
The Smoky God
by Willis George Emerson 
A novel of the hollow earth, and the race of giants within.
The Phantom of the Poles
by William Reed 
Strange polar phenomena, and the Hollow Earth
At the Earth’s Core
by Edgar Rice Burroughs 
A Hollow Earth fantasy where humans are very low on the food chain.
by Edgar Rice Burroughs 
The first of several Pellucidar sequels, the conclusion to ‘At the Earth’s Core.’
A Journey to the Earth’s Interior
by Marshall B. Gardner (2nd ed.) 
The Hollow Earth in depth.
The Earth is Inside-Out
The Cellular Cosmogony
by Koresh [Pseud. Cyrus Reed Teed] 
We are inside the Hollow Earth!
The earth is dotted with ancient and mysterious monuments. Is there some deeper message to these constructs?
A Miracle in Stone: or The Great Pyramid of Egypt
by Joseph A. Seiss 
A classic of pyramidology and dispensationalism.
The Origin and Significance of the Great Pyramid
by C. Staniland Wake 
Who actually built the Pyramids–and why?
The House of the Hidden Places
by W. Marsham Adams 
Were the twisty passages of the Great Pyramid a roadmap of esoteric initiation?
Architecture, Mysticism and Myth
by W.R. Lethaby 
The macrocosm reflected in ancient architecture.
Stonehenge, A Temple Restor’d to the British Druids
by William Stukeley 
A pioneering study of Stonehenge, with all of the classic illustrations.
Stonehenge and Other British Stone Monuments Astronomically Considered
by Norman Lockyer 
Was Stonehenge a megalithic observatory?
Accounts of dragons, unicorns, sea monsters are found throughout history and folklore.
Legendary Creatures now have their own page.
by Charles Gould 
Dragons, Sea-serpents, Unicorns: fact or fiction?
Lore of the Unicorn
by Odell Shepard 
Dragons and Dragon Lore
By Ernest Ingersoll 
Renaissance Europe was not the first high culture which was capable of globe-spanning sea journeys. Were there other pioneering voyages which left traces of contact between the continents? Where did they come from and how much impact did they have on world culture?
Tales of the Enchanted Islands of the Atlantic
by Thomas Wentworth Higginson 
Voyages to mythical islands in the Atlantic.
or the Discovery of America by Chinese Buddhist Priests in the Fifth Century, by Charles G. Leland 
Evidence of pre-Columbian voyages from China to America.
by Henriette Mertz 
Did the Chinese discover America? Follow their ancient footsteps up and down the Americas, sourced from ancient Chinese texts.
The Norse Discovery of America
by Arthur Middleton Reeves, North Ludlow Beamish, and Rasmus B. Anderson 
All of the Sagas and documents relating to the Norse voyages to ‘Vinland’.
The Voyage of Bran
by Meyer Kuno 
Old Irish saga of a voyage to the pagan Celtic otherworld, with parallel English and Gaelic.
The Piri Reis map
A controversial early map which appears to show an ice-free Antarctic opens up a big can of worms, including Atlantis, pole shifts, and pre-columbian contact with the New World.
Elsewhere at this Site
Today, earth mysteries include ley lines, lost and underground civilizations, pole shifts, and other unexplained phenomena. Here are some highlights:
by Ernest J. Eitel 
Arranging your furniture so your luck doesn’t run out the door is only part of Feng Shui. The ancient Chinese geomancers thought of the earth as having streams of energy that lined up with prominent landmarks.
Early British Trackways, Moats, Mounds, Camps and Sites
by Alfred Watkins 
The very first book about Ley Lines.
Vril, the Power of the Coming Race
by Edward Bulwer-Lytton 
One of several 19th century science fiction yarns predicated on a subterrenean civilization.
Atlantis, the Antediluvian World
by Ignatius Donnelly 
The central text of 19th century atlantis-ology.
I Remember Lemuria
by Richard S. Shaver 
Beware the devolved tunnel-dwellers who rule the earth: the dress-rehearsal for the UFO craze.
Explore lost civilizations, ancient ruins, sacred writings, unexplained artifacts, and science mysteries. Highly recommended.