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Satapatha Brahmana Part II (SBE26), Julius Eggeling tr. [1885], at



4:5:10:11. If the Soma is carried off, let him say, 'Run about and seek!' If they find it, why should they care? But if they do not find it, atonement is made therefore.

4:5:10:22. Now there are two kinds of Phâlguna plants,

p. 422

the red-flowering and the brown-flowering. Those Phâlguna plants which have brown flowers one may press; for they, the brown-flowering Phâlgunas, are akin to the Soma-plant: therefore he may press those with brown flowers.

4:5:10:33. If they cannot get brown-flowering (Phâlgunas), he may press the Syenahrita 1 plant. For when Gâyatrî flew up for Soma, a sprig of Soma fell from her, as she was bringing him: it became the Syenahrita plant: therefore he may press the Syenahrita plant.

4:5:10:44. If they cannot get the Syenahrita, he may press Âdâra plants. For when the head of the sacrifice was cut off, then Âdâra plants sprung from the sap which spirted from it: therefore he may press Âdâra plants.

4:5:10:55. If they cannot get Âdâras, he may press brown Dûb (dûrvâ) plants, for they, the brown Dûb plants, are akin to the Soma: therefore he may press brown Dûb plants.

4:5:10:66. If they cannot get brown Dûb plants, he may also press any kind of yellow Kusa plants. In that case let him also give one cow; and, when he comes out of the purificatory bath, let him again become consecrated, for the atonement for that (use of plants other than Soma) is a second sacrifice. So much then as to those robbed of their Soma.

4:5:10:77. Now as to those who burst their Soma-trough (kalasa). If the trough bursts, let him say, 'Try to catch it!' If they catch a handful or a goupenful 2 (of Soma), let them perform, as far as is in their power 3,

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after pouring (water) to it from other ekadhana pitchers. But if they do not catch any, let them perform, as far as is in their power, after pouring out some of the Âgrayana and pouring (water) thereto from other ekadhana pitchers. And if the trough bursts before the dakshinâ (cows) have been led up, let him then give one cow; and after coming out from the purificatory bath, let him be consecrated again; for the atonement for that (mishap) is a second sacrifice. So much then as to those who burst the trough.

4:5:10:88. Then as to those by whom any Soma is left over. If any (Soma) be left after the Agnishtoma, let him draw the Ukthya cup from the Pûtabhrit. If any be left after the Ukthya, let him undertake the Shodasin. If any be left after the Shodasin, let them undertake a night (performance) 1. If any be left after the night (performance), let them undertake a day (performance) 2. But nothing, surely, remains after that 3.


421:3 In the Kânva text I have met with nothing corresponding to this Brâhmana.

422:1 That is, the plant 'carried away by the falcon (or eagle).'

422:2 Scotch for the measure of both hands placed side by side; Ags. geap, Low Germ. göpse.

422:3 Yathâprabhâvam: Kâty. XXV, 12, 24 seems to take it in the p. 432 sense of 'abundantly,' as he circumscribes it by 'prabhâvayantah' (which the commentator explains by 'distributing over the several vessels').

423:1 That is, he is to perform an Atirâtra, see p. 397, note 2.

423:2 Kâty. XXV, 13, 52-14, in that emergency, prescribes either the Brihat-sâman (by which a seventeenth stotra is obtained at the Vâgapeya sacrifice, for which see more in Kânda V), or the Mahâvrata (see IV, 6, 4, 1, with note 2), or the Aptoryâma (see p. 398, note 2).

423:3 The meaning of this seems to be, that after the Aptoryâma, no other sacrifice remains at which he could dispose of any Soma that might be left (and hence one must finish it at that sacrifice). According to Kâty. ib. 15, he is to repeat the Aptoryâma, if any Soma remains after the first performance.

Next: IV, 6, 1. Sixth Adhyâya. First Brâhmana