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Pahlavi Texts, Part IV (SBE37), E.W. West, tr. [1892], at


Bakŏ Nask.

1. The third fargard is the YêNhê-hâtãm 4: there is here taught by it the worship of Aûharmazd, which is the law of Aûharmazd, that is, its law is virtuous 5. 2. This, too, that the worship of Aûharmazd is occasioned by it, which is the asking for life for beings by mankind 5. 3. And this, too, that the ritual of the males and females of the righteous occurs through it, which is the obeisance for the archangels 6. 4. And the atonement

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for crimes (vagagânŏ), because it is a gratification, is all for Aûharmazd personally therefrom; and in connection therewith it amounts to a gratification for Aûharmazd.

5. Here one mentions three particulars 1 which are in one's worship of Aûharmazd of every description. 6. One is when the design (dâdŏ) of the person is virtuous, because it is restrained by some virtuousness of thought; this is that which amounts to worship and obeisance for Aûharmazd personally. 7. One is when it teaches an asking for life for mankind, and its ordinance is the protection, nourishment, and other assistance and gratification of mankind; a friend of the primitive worldly creation of mankind produced it, and it comes into connection with the bridge judgment of mankind, for the worship and gratification of Aûharmazd. 8. And one is when one would celebrate the obeisance for the archangels, which is for the sake of strengthening the archangels, each separately, in their control of the business of preparing and managing the world; because it is declared by revelation that to worship is this, that the ceremonial may reach this bridge 2 in company with one (padvand), for the worship and gratification of Aûharmazd; the archangel who is to be strengthened by the ceremonial is one, and mankind are developed by the strength of the archangel.

9. Of righteousness perfect is the excellence.


309:1 See Pahl. Yas. XX, 3.

309:2 Ibid. 4.

309:3 Ibid. 5.

309:4 See Chap. IV, 1 n; it is here written Yânhê-hâtâm in Pahlavi. This fargard is still extant in Yas. XXI.

309:5 See Pahl. Yas. XXI, 1.

309:6 Ibid. 2, 3.

310:1 See Pahl. Yas. XXI, 3.

310:2 The Kînvad bridge (see Chap. XX, 3).

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