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Pahlavi Texts, Part IV (SBE37), E.W. West, tr. [1892], at


dkar Nask.

1. The twenty-second fargard, Airyaman 5, is about the meeting of Kaî-Khûsrôî 6 and Vâê, the long-continuing lord 7 next to the renovation of the

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universe; and Kaî-Khûsrôî's asking Vâê, the long-continuing lord, about his smiting so many of the ancients who have been the highest of mankind in splendour and glory. 2. The reply of Vâê, the long-continuing lord, about his smiting them; and, upon that answer, Kaî-Khûsrôî's taking Vâê, the long-continuing lord, and transforming him into the shape of a camel, mounting him, and going, with the Irânian levies (hangamanôîkân), to the place where the immortal Haoist, son of Geurva 1, lies in strength 2, and his letting him lie; also his going beyond (kâdmon) him to the place where Tûs 3, the banisher of strife, lay in strength, and his letting him also lie; and his going beyond him to the place where Kaî-Apîvêh 4 lies, and his letting him also lie.

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3. His proceeding beyond them, and meeting on the road with that beneficial victor Sôshâns 1, and being asked by that beneficial victor thus: 'What man art thou who sittest aloft on Vâê, the long-continuing lord, so that thou makest Vâê fly, the long-continuing lord transformed into the shape of a camel?' 4. The speaking of Kai-Khûsrôî, in reply to Sôshâns, thus: 'I am Kai-Khûsrôî.' 5. The extolling of Kai-Khûsrôî, by Sôshâns, as regards his having extirpated the idol-temples on the shore of Lake Kêkast 2, and his smiting the wizard Frâsîyâv 3.

6. The glorifying of the Mazda-worshipping religion by Kai-Khûsrôî; the coming of the powerful being Keresâsp 4, club in hand, advancing towards them at the dwelling of that wizard Ges 5; the standing up of Tûs, the banisher of strife, and his calling to Keresâsp for reliance upon the Gâtha lore and for union with them; and the praising of righteousness 6 by Keresâsp, and his throwing away the arm-breaker.

7. As to these, too, it says that so those men come together for producing the renovation of the universe who are mentioned in this fargard, and also in other places, and are all experienced and eminent

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doers, and all powerful and brave; and they shall produce the renovation through a desire for an existence undecaying, immortal, hungerless, and thirstless for ever and everlasting.

8. It is perfect excellence that is righteousness.


223:5 The appellation of Yas. LIV which begins with the words â airyemâ ishyô; it is here written aîrêmanŏ (B) and aîremanŏ (K) in Pahlavi.

223:6 See Bk. VIII, Chap. XIII, 14.

223:7 Pahl. vâê-î dêrang-khûdâî = Av. vaya dareghôhvadhâta who is mentioned as a good spirit in Ny. I, 1. There are, however, p. 224 two Vâês (see Dd. XXX, 4; Mkh. II, 115), the good Vâê who assists the departed soul, and the bad Vâê who opposes it; the former is closely connected with the angel Râm in Yt. XV, 0, 58, and the latter with Astô-vîdhôtu, the demon of death, in Vend. V, 8, 9; Bd. XXVIII, 35. They appear to be personifications of the upper and lower air, respectively; the former being considered pure through its connection with the sacred beings, and the latter impure through contamination by the demons. Possibly the legend about Vâê in our text may have been suggested by the words vayû-beredubyô and vayôi in Yas. LIII, 6, 7; in which case, this fargard must be considered, to some extent, as a continuation of the preceding one. According to Dd. XXXVI, 3 Kaî-Khûsrôî was made to pass away by Vâê.

224:1 Compare Av. Yûsta Gâurvayana of Yt. XIII, 118. But Yôista Fryâna, of Yt. XIII, 120, is one of the immortals mentioned in Byt. II, 1; Dd. XC, 3.

224:2 Reading hang, which can also mean 'a cave;' but we can likewise read hûg, 'spiritual life.'

224:3 Av. Tusa of Yt. V, 53, 58; he is one of the immortals mentioned in Bd. XXIX, 6; Dd. XXXVI, 3.

224:4 Av. Kavi Aipivanghu of Yt. XIII, 132, XIX, 71. He was son of Kaî-Kavâd, brother of Kâî-Ûs, and great-grandfather of Vistâsp's grandfather (see Bd. XXXI, 25, 28, 31, 34).

225:1 See Bk. VIII, Chap. XIV, 14.

225:2 Apparently the present Lake Urumiyah (see Bd. XVII, 7, XXII, 2; Mkh. II, 95).

225:3 See Bk. VIII, Chap. XIII, 11.

225:4 See Chap. XV.

225:5 Written , but the reading is uncertain; possibly the name may be connected with 'the Veskŏ progeny' in Chap. XV, 2.

225:6 Reciting the Ashem-vohû formula, as a token of adhesion to the religion.

Next: Chapter XXIV