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Starship Engines

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                                    April 21, 1991
        Conf : UFO [*Fido*]
        Msg# : 9434  Lines: Extended  Read: 1
        Sent : Mar 26, 1991  at 12:09 PM
        Recv : Mar 29, 1991
        To   : All
        From : Jim Stewart
        Subj : UFO engines
                                     Starship Engines
                                    By: Anthra Andromda
        Starship engines come  in  two  flavors;  for  strictly interstellar
        propulsion, and for  combined  interstellar/planetary   travel   and
        atmospheric use.  This  paper will treat the latter  of  these.  The
        engine described here   is   suitable  for  either  interstellar  or
        atmospheric travel.
        This engine is of a dual-mode design; it will optionally produce
        either gravitons or tachyons.
        The engine or  propulsion  unit  proper  consists  of  six  discrete
        elements (see fig. 1).
              1) the shield coil -  required to protect the crew/inhabitants
                     of the  ship  from any harmful radiation.   The  shield
                     itself is  a  high-power  electromagnet  operating in a
                     steady state (DC).
              2) the  exciter  coil  is  in   reality  an  auto-transformer,
                     operating much like a 'Tesla coil', but  at much higher
                     power levels,  voltages,  and frequency. Its purpose is
                     to excite the atomic  structure  of  the  core material
                     into production of either tachyons or  gravitons (these
                     two events   occur   at   different  power  levels  and
               3) This element is the 'pump',  its  operation is much like a
                     magnetic shock-tube.   It  will  start   and   maintain
                     movement of particles from the core in the direction of
                     the exhaust.
                                       Page 1
               4) The  focusing element. Here the responsibility is to shape
                     the particle stream into  something useful. This is the
                     element that can either make the basic  unit  an engine
                     or a weapon.
               5) The  core,  is  a stack of particle producers separated by
                     some insulating material.  In  a  dual  mode engine the
                     material for one kind of particle acts  as an insulator
                     for the other.
               6) Not  shown  in  the  figure is the control system, this is
                     normally a collection  of high speed computers and high
                     energy power control circuits.
                  |                     a                      |
                  |  +-----------+-----+-----------------+-----+
                  |  |       b   |  c  |                 |  d  |
                  |  +-----------+-----+-----------------+-----+
                  |  |      e    |
                  |  +-----------+-----+-----------------+-----+
                  |  |           |     |                 |     |
                  |  +-----------+-----+-----------------+-----+
                  |                                            |
                                       fig. 1
                            a. Shield coil.
                            b. Exciter coil.
                            c. Pump
                            d. Focus coil/yoke
                            e. Quartz/niobium core.
                 |  Q |  N |  Q |  N |  Q |  N |  Q | N  | Q  |  N |
                                       fig. 2
        The shield coil surrounding the 'engine unit' is  of  a  design that
        will allow for  the  development of high magnetic fields. This field
        is required especially in interstellar  propulsion;  tachyons can be
        very ionizing and therefore destructive.
        The magnetic shield can me made by using large gauge wire (low gauge
        numbers) and winding many turns.
        The gage of  the  wire is important here, as it will  determine  the
        amount of electrical current that the magnet can handle.
        If it is  at  all  possible,  the  use  of small diameter, insulated
        copper tubing may be used. By pumping  coolant  through  the  magnet
        larger fields may be generated.
                                       Page 2
        On the outside of the shield magnet a material such as 'mu-metal' or
        some other magnetic  shielding  should  be  used,  so  as to further
        shield the operators from the engine.
        This sub-system is probably the most difficult to build. While the
        construction of the magnet itself is not difficult, the power supply
        may be another matter.
        Electromagnets, by their   nature,   develop   a   field   that   is
        proportional to the  amount  of  current (amperes)  flowing  through
        them. Thus it is important to build a power source that can not only
        develop a sufficiently  high  voltage,  but  it must also supply the
        required current. This power should be as close to 'pure' DC (direct
        current) as possible.
        The exciter of the system is very much like the 'Tesla coil' or
        auto-transformer. As an example of an auto-transformer, I submit the
        television 'flyback' transformer.
        While these examples are by comparison crude, they will serve in the
        construction of a  model.  As in the  auto-transformer,  the  'turns
        ratio' is important.  The higher the ratio the greater  the  voltage
        that may be developed.
        Another important factor  here  is  the impedance of the sub-system.
        Since this will be working at high  frequencies  (several  megahertz
        for graviton production,  and 10 to 100 times higher  for  tachyons)
        the AC resistance  or  impedance  must  be  taken into account, this
        impedance must be kept to a
        This part of  the system, like the  shield,  does  its  job  by  the
        magnetic field it generates, therefore, the current flow through the
        exciter must be  as  high as possible, though not  as  high  as  the
        Again the power  supply  is  important, it should be able to provide
        the necessary voltage (several hundred  volts)  at  moderately  high
        current levels (up to 30 amps).
        THE PUMP
        This element functions much like a 'magnetic shock  tube'  but again
        at high frequencies  (megahertz).   While  the power levels here are
        somewhat reduced, it is still important  to  have enough power to do
        the job.
        The function of the pump is to 'pull' quanta of either  gravitons or
        tachyons from the  'stack'  and  send  them  down  the length of the
        This is done by setting up a traveling magnetic wave, see fig. 3 for
        a crude schematic of this pump. It  is  again  important to consider
        the impedance of this component.
                                       Page 3
                             multiple turns on coil
                       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
                       =   =   =   =   =   =   =   =   =     pulsed
          capacitors-> =   =   =   =   =   =   =   =   =     DC input.
                       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
        It will be  noticed that the input to this element is pulsed DC, and
        that the element is referred to as an AC element.
        The nature of this such that it functions in the following manner.
        When power is applied the capacitors  charge  in  turn  creating the
        effect of many smaller electromagnets stacked end to  end,  when the
        last capacitor in the chain is charged, power is removed, thus
        allowing the capacitors to discharge
               (high voltage/current diodes across each magnet element
                 will allow for proper discharge of the capacitors).
        When the capacitors are discharged power is once again applied.
        Because of the nature of the pulsed DC and the current requirements,
        high speed switching  electronics  are  called  for  to control this
        The focusing element used here would be much like the 'yoke' used in
        television. The purpose here is to create a beam of particles and to
        'bend' that beam in the desired direction.
        The requirements for the focusing  coils  are  greatly relaxed, but,
        the need for high power still exists.
        If this system were to be used only as a 'steady state demo' the
        requirements here would be small.
        Simple power supplies  and  switching  circuits would  be  the  only
        requirement. However, if  the  system  were to be used in a starship
        the requirements would change.
        In a flight situation the dynamic  control  of  'exhaust'  and power
        levels would exist. If used in a planetary mode, one  could probably
        'get away' with   using   something  like  a  personal  computer  (I
        personally would recommend at least a '386' based machine).
        However if used in interstellar flight  then  the  use  of something
        like a 'Cray' would be more in order (though I would doubt that even
        the fastest of machines known here on earth would suit).
        In an interplanetary mode, where one is not traveling  'faster  than
        light', again a PC (486) would probably work.
        So that's basically it. A suitable air/space frame for a ship and
                                       Page 4
        three of these  engines  and  one  could go 'star-hopping'. Though I
        would warn against 'faster than light'  travel  due to the 'unknown'
        factors involved.
        It has been said that when one attempts to travel faster  than light
        it must be  done  'smartly',  i.e.  the "jump to light speed". It is
        said that to  merely  accelerate   through   the  light  'limit'  is
        If there are any questions or comments, I can be reached through Jim
        Stewart at the BBS known as ORDO ARGENTUM ASTRUM (fidonode 1:346/13)
        or on the UFO echo.
        NOTE: Some of the sources of information cannot be  divulged, sorry.
              But, it  has nothing to do with any earth government. And some
              of the original sources I simply  cannot  remember at the time
              of this writing.
        If anyone is interested in an EGA animation of the operation of this
        system, please leave a note on the echo, or netmail me.
        ---I am Nuit, and my word is six and fifty.
         * Origin:  Ordo  Argentum  Astrum  <(509)935-4763   after   8:00pm>
        *****  A Grasp Animation file is also listed on KeelyNet under *****
        *****   TACYON.ZIP which illustrates operaton of this device   *****
        *****       The file is listed in the Pictures section F).     *****
          If you  have comments or other information relating to such topics
          as  this paper covers,  please   upload to KeelyNet or send to the
            Vangard  Sciences  address  as  listed  on the  first  page.
               Thank you for your consideration, interest and support.
            Jerry W. Decker.........Ron Barker...........Chuck Henderson
                              Vangard Sciences/KeelyNet
                      If we can be of service, you may contact
                  Jerry at (214) 324-8741 or Ron at (214) 242-9346
                                       Page 5

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