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Nikola Tesla, Man Ahead of His Time (or How to Build a UFO)

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                       Taken from KeelyNet BBS (214) 324-3501
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                                     PO BOX 1031
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                                  October 15, 1990
                           listed on KeelyNet as UFO6.ZIP
             The following article was published as a two part series in the
        February and March   issues  of  "The  UFO  Enigma".   This  is  the
        newsletter of the UFO Study Group  of  Greater St. Louis, Inc.  This
        article could be  placed  under  more  than one catagory.   Comments
                                                                KEN HANKE
                                    NIKOLA TESLA
                                MAN AHEAD OF HIS TIME
                               (or How To Build a UFO)
                                    By Bill Jones
            Nikola Tesla,  inventor  of  alternating current motors, did the
        basic research for constructing electromagnetic field lift-and-drive
        aircraft/space craft.  From 1891 to  1893, he gave a set of lectures
        and demonstrations to groups of electrical engineers.   As  part  of
        each show, Tesla  stood  in the middle of the stage, using his 6' 6"
        height, with an assistant on either  side,  each 7 feet away.  All 3
        men wore thick cork or rubber shoe soles to avoid being electrically
        grounded.  Each assistant held a wire, part of a high  voltage,  low
        current circuit.  When  Tesla  raised  his arms to each side, violet
        colored electricity jumped harmlessly  across  the  gaps between the
        men.  At high voltage and frequency in this arrangement, electricity
        flows over a surface, even the skin, rather than into it.  This is a
        basic circuit which could be used by aircraft / spacecraft.
             The hull  is  best  made double, of thin, machinable,  slightly
        flexible ceramic.  This  becomes a good electrical insulator, has no
        fire danger, resists any damaging  effects  of severe heat and cold,
        and has the  hardness  of  armor,  besides being easy  for  magnetic
        fields to pass through.
             The inner  hull is covered on it's outside by wedge shaped thin
        metal sheets of copper or aluminum,  bonded  to  the  ceramic.  Each
        sheet is 3  to 4 feet wide at the horizontal rim  of  the  hull  and
        tapers to a  few  inches wide at the top of the hull for the top set
        of metal sheets, or at the bottom  for  the  bottom  set  of sheets.
        Each sheet is separated on either side from the next sheet by 1 or 2
        inches of uncovered ceramic hull.  The top set of sheets  and bottom
        set of sheets  are  separated by about 6 inches of uncovered ceramic
        hull around the horizontal rim of the hull.
                                       Page 1
             The outer hull protects these sheets from being short-circuited
        by wind blown  metal  foil  (Air Force radar confusing chaff), heavy
        rain or concentrations   of  gasoline   or   kerosene   fumes.    If
        unshielded, fuel fumes could be electrostatically attracted  to  the
        hull sheets, burn  and  form  carbon  deposits across the insulating
        gaps between the sheets, causing  a  short-circuit.   The space, the
        outer hull with  a  slight negative charge, would absorb  hits  from
        micro-meteorites and cosmic  rays  (protons moving at near the speed
        of light).  Any danger of this type  that  doesn't  already  have  a
        negative electric charge would get a negative charge  in hitting the
        outer hull, and  be repelled by the metal sheets before it could hit
        the inner hull.  This wouldn't work  well  on  a  very big meteor, I
        might add.
             The hull can be made in a variety of shapes; sphere,  football,
        disc, or streamlined  rectangle  or triangle, as long as these metal
        sheets, "are of  considerable  area   and   arranged   along   ideal
        enveloping surfaces of very large radii of curvature,"  p.  85.  "My
        Inventions" , by Nikola Tesla.
             The power  plant  for  this machine can be a nuclear fission or
        fusion reactor for long range and  long-term  use  to  run  a  steam
        engine which turns the generators.  A short range machine  can use a
        hydrogenoxygen fuel cell  to  run  a  low-voltage  motor to turn the
        generators, occasionally recharging by hovering next to high voltage
        power lines and using antennas mounted  on the outer hull to take in
        the electricity.  The short-range machine can also  have electricity
        beamed to it  from  a  generating  plan  on  a long-range aircraft /
        spacecraft or on the ground.
        (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Nov. 24, 1987, Vol 109, No. 328,
        "The Forever Plane" by Geoffrey Rowan, p.D1, D7.)
        ("Popular Science", Vol 232, No. 1,  Jan. 1988, "Secret of Perpetual
        Flight?  Beam Power Plane," by Arthur Fisher, p. 62-65, 106)
             One standard for the generators is to have the  same  number of
        magnets as field  coils.   Tesla's  preferred design was a thin disc
        holding 480 magnets with 480 field coils wired in series surrounding
        it in close tolerance.  At 50 revolutions  per  minute,  it produces
        19,400 cycles per second.
             The electricity is fed into a number of large  capacitors,  one
        for each metal  sheet.  An automatic switch, adjustable in timing by
        the pilot, closes, and as the electricity  jumps  across the switch,
        back and forth,  it raises it's own frequency; a switch  being  used
        for each capacitor.
             The electricity  goes  into  a  Tesla  transformer;  again, one
        transformer for each capacitor.   In  an  oil  tank  to insulate the
        windings and for  cooling,  and  supported internally  by  wood,  or
        plastic, pipe and  fittings,  each  Tesla  transformer  looks like a
        short wider pipe that is moved along  a  longer, narrower pipe by an
        insulated non-electric cable handle.  The short pipe,  the  primary,
        is 6 to  10 windings (loops) of wire co nected in series to the long
        pipe.  The secondary is 460 to 600  windings, at the low voltage and
        frequency end.
             The insulated non-electric cable handle is used through a set
                                       Page 2
        of automatic controls  to move the primary coil to various places on
        the secondary coil.  This is the frequency  control.   The secondary
        coil has a low frequency and voltage end and a maximum  voltage  and
        frequency end.  The  greater the frequency the electricity, the more
        it pushes against  the  earth's  electrostatic  and  electromagnetic
             The electricity  comes  out  of  the transformer  at  the  high
        voltage end and  goes  by  wire through the ceramic hull to the wide
        end of the metal sheet.  The electricity jumps out on and flows over
        the metal sheet,  giving off a very  strong  electromagnetic  field,
        controlled by the  transformer.   At  the narrow end  of  the  metal
        sheet, most of  the  high-voltage  push  having  been given off, the
        electricity goes back by wire through  the hull to a circuit breaker
        box (emergency shut off), then to the other side of the generators.
             In bright  sunlight,  the  aircraft  /  spacecraft   may   seem
        surrounded by hot  air,  a  slight magnetic distortion of the light.
        In semi-darkness and night, the metal  sheets glow, even through the
        thin ceramic outer hull, with different colors.  The  visible  light
        is a by-product  of  the  electricity flowing over the metal sheets,
        according to the frequencies used.
             Descending, landing or just starting  to  lift from the ground,
        the transformer primaries  are  near  the secondary  weak  ends  and
        therefore, the bottom  set of sheets glow a misty red.  Red may also
        appear at the front of the machine  when  it is moving forward fast,
        lessening resistance up  front.   Orange  appears  for  slow  speed.
        Orange-yellow are for  airplane-type speeds.  Green and blue are for
        higher speeds.  With a capacitor addition,  making  it oversized for
        the circuit, the blue becomes bright white, like a searchlight, with
        possible risk of  damaging the metal sheets involved.   The  highest
        visible frequency is violet, like Tesla's stage demonstrations, used
        for the highest  speed  along with the bright white.  The colors are
        nearly coherent, of a single frequency, like a laser.
             A machine built with a set of  super  conducting  magnets would
        simplify and reduce  electricity needs from a vehicle's  transformer
        circuits to the  point of flying along efficiently and hovering with
        little electricity.
             When Tesla was developing arc  lights  to  run  on  alternating
        current, there was  a  bothersome  high-pitched whine,  whistle,  or
        buzz, due to  the electrodes rapidly heating and cooling.  Tesla put
        this noise in  the ultrasonic range  with  the  special  transformer
        already mentioned.  The aircraft / spacecraft gives  off such noises
        when working at low frequencies.
             Timing is  important  in  the  operation  of this machine.  For
        every 3 metal sheets, when the middle one is briefly turned off, the
        sheet on either side is energized,  giving  off  the magnetic field.
        The next instant, the middle sheet is energized, while  the sheet on
        either side is  briefly  turned  off.   There is a time delay in the
        capacitors recharging themselves,  so  at  any time, half of all the
        metal sheets are  energized  and  the  other  half  are  recharging,
        alternating all around  the  inner hull.  This balances the machine,
        giving it very good stability.  This balance is less when fewer of
        the circuits are in use.
                                       Page 3
             Fairly close,  the  aircraft  /  spacecraft produces heating of
        persons and objects on the ground;  but  by hovering over an area at
        low altitude for maybe 5 or 10 minutes, the machine  also produces a
        column of very  cold  air  down to the ground.  As air molecules get
        into the strong magnetic fields that  the  machine  is  transmitting
        out, the air molecules become polarized and from lines,  or strings,
        of air molecules.   The  normal  movement of the air is stopped, and
        there is suddenly a lot more room for air molecules in this area, so
        more air pours in.  This expansion and the lack of normal air motion
        make the area intensely cold.
             This is also the reason that  the aircraft / spacecraft can fly
        at supersonic speeds without making sonic booms.  As  air flows over
        the hull, top  and  bottom,  the air molecules form lines as they go
        through the magnetic fields of the metal sheet circuits.  As the air
        molecules are left behind, they keep  their  line arrangements for a
        short time,long enough to cancel out the sonic boom shock waves.
             Outside the  earth's magnetic field, another propulsion  system
        must be used,  which  relies  on  the  first.   You may have read of
        particle accelerators, or cyclotrons,  or atom smashers.  A particle
        accelerator is a  circular  loop of pipe that, in cross-section,  is
        oval.  In a physics laboratory, most of the air in it is pumped out.
        The pipe loop  is  given a static electric charge, a small amount of
        hydrogen or other  gas is given the  same  electric  charge  so  the
        particles won't stick  to  the  pipe.   A set of electromagnets  all
        around the pipe  loop  turn on and off, one after the other, pushing
        with one magnetic pole and pulling  with  the  next, until those gas
        particles are racing  around the pipe loop at nearly  the  speed  of
        light.  Centrifugal force  makes  the  particles speed closer to the
        outside edge of the pipe loop, still within the pipe.  The particles
        break down into electrons, or light  and  other wavelengths, protons
        or cosmic rays, and neutrons if more than hydrogen  is  put  in  the
             At least 2 particle accelerators are used to balance each other
        and counter each   other's   tendency   to   make  the  craft  spin.
        Otherwise, the machine  would  tend   to  want  to  start  spinning,
        following the direction of the force being applied to the particles.
        The accelerators push in opposite directions.
             As the  pilot  and crew travel in space, outside  the  magnetic
        field of a  world,  water from a tank is electrically separated into
        oxygen and hydrogen.  Waste carbon  dioxide  that isn't used for the
        onboard garden, and  hydrogen  (helium  if the machine  is  using  a
        fusion reactor) is  slowly, constantly fed into the inside curves of
        both accelerators.
             The high speed particles go  out  through  straight  lengths of
        pipe, charged like the loops and in speeding out  into  space,  push
        the machine along.   Doors  control  which  pips the particles leave
        from.  This allows   very  long   range   acceleration   and   later
        deceleration at normal  (earth)  gravity.   This avoids  the  severe
        problems of weightlessness,  including lowered physical abilities of
        the crew.
             It is possible to use straight-line particle accelerators, even
        as few as one per machine, but these  don't  seem as able to get the
        best machine speed for the least amount of particles pushed out.
                                       Page 4
             Using a  constant  acceleration  of  32.2  feet  per second per
        second provides earth  normal gravity  in  deep  space  and  only  2
        gravities of stress in leaving the earth's gravity field.  It takes,
        not counting air resistance, 18 minutes, 58.9521636 seconds to reach
        the 25,000 miles per hour speed to leave the earth's  gravity field.
        It takes about 354 days, 12 hours, 53 minutes and 40 seconds (about)
        to reach the  speed  of  light  -  672,487,072.7 miles per hour.  It
        takes the same distance to decelerate  as  it  does to speed up, but
        this cuts down  the time delay that one would have  in  conventional
        chemical rocketry enormously, for a long journey.
             A set of superconducting magnets can be charged by metal sheet
        circuits, within limits,  to  whatever  frequency is needed and will
        continue to transmit   that   magnetic    field   frequency   almost
             A shortwave  radio  can  be used to find the exact  frequencies
        that an aircraft  /  spacecraft  is using, for each of the colors it
        may show whole a color television  can  show  the same overall color
        frequency that the nearby, but not extremely close,  craft  is using
        This is limited,  as  a  machine  traveling  at  the  speed of a jet
        airliner may broadcast in a frequency  range  usually used for radar
             The craft  circuits  override  lower frequency,  lower  voltage
        electric circuits within and near their electromagnetic fields.  One
        source briefly mentioned  a  1941  incident, where a shortwave radio
        was used to override automobile  ignition  systems,  up  to  3 miles
        away.  When the shortwave radio was turned off, the  cars could work
        again.  How many   UFO   encounters  have  been  reported  in  which
        automobile ignition systems have suddenly stopped?
             I figure that things would not  be  at all pleasant for drivers
        of modern cars with computer controlled engine and ignition systems.
        Computer circuitry is sensitive to small changes  in  voltage  and a
        temporary wrong-way voltage  surge may wipe the computer memory out.
        It could mean that a number of drivers  would  suddenly  be stranded
        with their cars not working should such a craft fly  low over a busy
        highway.  Only diesel   engines,  already  warmed  up,  and  Stanley
        Steamer type steam engine cares are  able  to  continue working in a
        strong electromagnetic field.   In May, 1988, it was  reported  that
        the U.S. Army had lost 5 Blackhawk helicopters and 22 crewmen in
        crashes caused by  ordinary commercial radio broadcasting overriding
        the computer control  circuits  of  those  helicopters.   Certainly,
        computer circuits for for this aircraft / spacecraft can and must be
        designed to overcome this weakness.
             One construction  arrangement  for  this craft  to  avoid  such
        interference is for  the  metal  sheet  circuits  to be more sharply
        tuned.  Quartz or other crystals  can  be  used  in capacitors; in a
        very large number of low-powered, single frequency  circuits,  or as
        part of a frequency control for the metal sheet circuits.
             The aircraft  / spacecraft easily overrides lower frequency and
        lower voltage electric circuits up  to  a  6 mile wide circle around
        it, but the effect is usually not tuned for such a drastic show.  It
        can be used for fire fighting: by hovering at a medium-low height at
        low frequency, it forms a double negative pole magnet  of itself and
        the ground, the sides being a rotation of positive magnetic pole.
                                       Page 5
             It polarizes  the column of air in this field.  The air becomes
        icy cold.  If it wouldn't put the fire out, it would slow it down.
             Tesla went broke in the early  1900's  building  a  combination
        radio and electric  power  broadcasting  station.   The  theory  and
        experiments were correct  but  the  financiers didn't want peace and
        prosperity for all.
             The Japanese physicist who developed  superconducting  material
        with strong magnetism  allows for a simplified construction  of  the
        aircraft / spacecraft.  Blocks of this material can be used in place
        of the inner  hull  metal  sheets.   By  putting electricity in each
        block, the pilot can control the strength  of  the magnetic field it
        gives off and can reduce the field strength by draining  some of the
        electric charge.  This  allows  the  same  amount of work to be done
        with vastly less electricity used to do it.
             It is  surprising  that  Jonathan  Swift,  in  his  "Gulliver's
        Travels", 1726, third  book,  "A  Voyage  to Laputa",  described  an
        imagined magnetic flying  island  that  comes  close to being what a
        large superconducting aircraft / spacecraft  can  be build as, using
        little or no electric power to hover and mover around.
                 This file courtesy of the Darkside at 314-644-6705
        If you have comments or other information relating to such topics as
        this paper covers,  please upload to KeelyNet or send to the Vangard
        Sciences address as listed on the  first  page.   Thank you for your
        consideration, interest and support.
            Jerry W. Decker.........Ron Barker...........Chuck Henderson
                              Vangard Sciences/KeelyNet
                      If we can be of service, you may contact
                  Jerry at (214) 324-8741 or Ron at (214) 242-9346
                                       Page 6

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