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p. 217


A, I, the first personal pronoun

Abeen, above

Aboot, about

Ae, one

Afore, before

Ahin, behind

Aifter, after

Aipple, apple

Alane, alone

Amon, among

Amo’ among

An, and

Ane, one

Aneth, beneath

Aneuch, enough

Anither, another

Athegeethir, altogether

Atween, between

Aul, old

Aul man, the devil

Awa, away

Ayont, beyond


Back, backward

Baird, the beard

Bairn, a child

Bait-pot, a pot used for boiling turnips with corn or barley dressings as food for horses

Baith, both

Bank-fou, when the banks of streams and rivers are full

Bannock, a cake made of oatmeal and baked on a gridiron

Bap, a small round loaf

Barfit, barefooted

Battenan, becoming stout and strong

Bank, the lower brace of a couple

Bawbee, a halfpenny

Beenie, a small bone

Beerial, burial

Behn, a bone

Behst, a beast

Ben, inward, towards the fireplace, as, cum ben.

Bench, a sort of open cupboard hung from the wall

Beuk, to give the names of the affianced for the proclamation of the marriage--banns in church

Bibblie gauger, the nose

Bibbles, mucus from the nose

Bide, to dwell in

Big, to build

Birn, a burden

Bit, but, except

Bit, a piece

Black, to grow black

Black oil, oil made from the milt of white fish

Bleed, blood

Bleedy, bloody

p. 218

Blin, blind

Blissin, blessing

Bocht, bought

Bodie, a person

Boggie, a small bog or marsh

Bole, a small hole built in the wall of a house

Bonnie, beautiful

Bonnie things, the marriage clothes and ornaments

Brack, to break

Brak, to break

Brae, a slope

Brae-fou, when the slopes are covered, or when the hollows are filled

Bree, water in which anything is boiled

Breeks, trousers

Breest, breast

Broch, borough

Brock, to spoil, to waste

Brod, a goad

Broo, the brow

Brook, broke, past of brack

Brook, spoken of sheep when the face is black or brown

Broon, brown

Bruckle, a kind of carex.

Buff, to beat

Bun-bed, a bed made of wood like a large cupboard

But, outward

But ein, the best room in the dwelling-house

Byke, the hook at the end of the crook by which pots, &c. are suspended over the fire


Ca, to drive

Caa, to name, to call

Cadger, one who drives fish through the country for sale

Caff, chaff

Cairry, to carry

Cam, came, past of come

Can’le, a candle

Can’le-gullie, a large knife used to split up bog-fir into candles

Canny, skilful, careful; having more knowledge than ordinary

Cap, a small wooden basin

Carena, care not

Carlin, an old woman

Cattie, a small cat

Caul, cold

Caunle, candle

Cheep, to chirp

Chirity, charity

Chucken, chicken

Claid, to clothe, past claid, past participle claid.

Claith, cloth

Clash, to tell tales

Clash-pyot, a tale-teller

Clatter, to chatter, to speak incessantly

Clippan, a small piece of cloth cut off

Clockin, applied to a bird when hatching eggs

Clum, to climb

Codlin, a codfish

Cog, a dish made of wooden staves and bound with hoops

Connach, to make a muddle of

Coo, a cow

Coont, to count, to number

p. 219

Coordie, a coward

Corp, a dead body

Craitir, creature, applied to every living being

Crap, crop

Crape, crept, past of creep.

Craw, a crow

Crawin, crowing

Creesch, tallow

Creenie-crannie, the little finger

Crook, the small chain with a hook in the lower end that hangs over the fire from which the pots, &c., are suspended when cooking is going on

Crosst shilling, a shilling having on it the figure of a cross

Cry, to bring forth a child

Cyarlin, a big woman of rude manners

Cudna, could not


Dee, to do; to die

Deed, dead

Deel, devil

Deen, done, past participle of dee.

Ding, to strive, to surpass; to throw, to cast

Ding on, to rain

Dinna, do not

Dirl, to quiver

Dish-clout, a piece of cloth for wiping dishes

Disna, does not

Diz, does

Doggie, a small dog

Doo, a dove

Doon, down

Doonie, down

Doorie, a small door

Doup, the end, bottom

Dowie, doleful

Dram, a glass of whiskey

Drap, drop

Drappy, rainy

Dreeve, drove

Drill up, to work steadily and energetically

Dud, a little piece of dress or cloth

Dummy, a dumb person

Divine, to waste away

Dyvot, a thin turf used for covering roofs, &c.


Ee, eye

Eely, oil

Eely dolly, an oil-lamp made of two pieces or shells of iron

Eemist, uppermost

Een, eyes

Eer, early

Eest, used, was wont

Eht, to eat

Emerteen, an ant


Fa, to fall

Fae, from

Fah, who

Fahr, where

Faht, what

Faimly, family

Fairt, afraid

Fan, found, past of fin, to find

Fattenan, becoming fat

Fause, false

Feberwary, February

Feersday, Thursday

p. 220

Fehr, fear

Fehst, feast

Fess, to fetch, to bring

Ferra, applied to a cow not under milk

Fey, doomed to die

Fey-crap, a crop betokening death

Filk, which

Filthy fa, ill-luck befall

Fin, to find

Fin, when

Fir-can’le, a candle made of bog-fir

First-fit, what is first met

Fit, foot

Fite, white

Fite bread, wheaten bread

Fitin, a whiting, the name of a fish

Fleck, to become spotted with white

Floor, a flower

Fool, foul, dirty

Forbye, besides

Fore, forward

Forebeers, forefathers

Forenicht, the evening

Forespeak, to bestow excessive praise, the consequence of which is to cause disease in the one so praised

Fou, full

Fouck, folk, people

Fou o’ the meen, full moon

Freen, a friend

Fremit, strange

Fuh, why

Fun, found, past participle of fin.

Furl, to whirl

Fushing, a fishing

Futher, whether


Gab, the mouth

Gae, to go

Gairden, a garden

Gaither, to gather

Gang, to go

Gar, to force, to compel

Gee, to give

Geed, went, past of go

Geed wull, lost the way

Gehn, if; gin is another form

Gehr, to become streaked

Gird, a hoop

Girdle, the round piece of iron on which oaten cakes are baked

Girnal, the chest that holds the meal

Girss, grass

Glaiss, a glass

Glowr, to stare

Gouckit, foolish

Goud, gold

Grais, grass

Greeance, agreement, betrothal

Greet, to weep; past, grat; past participle, grutten.

Green brees, an open cesspool

Greethy, greedy

Growan, growth

Gueede, good; gueedeman, good man; gueedewife, the mistress

Gueede sake, for God's sake

Gya, gave, past of gee.


Hack, to cut

Hae, to have

Hail, whole

p. 221

Haimmer, a hammer

Hairst, harvest

Half-wye, half-way

Hame, home

Han, hand

Hanless, unskilful

Hannie, a small hand

Hopwarm, a comfortable piece of dress

Harn, sack-cloth

Harry, to rob

Hathish, a small dry measure; four in a peck

Hattie, a small hat

Hand, to hold

Heeld, held, kept, past of haud.

Hehd, the head

Herd, to tend cattle; as a n., one who tends cattle; also hird.

Hicht, height

Hielanman, a Highlander

Hiner, to hinder, to prevent

Hirple, cripple; as a verb to halt in walking

Hogg, a young sheep

Hoosie, a little house

Horsie, a little horse

Hummil, without horns

Hunn, a hound


Ilky, each

Im, him

Incraise, to increase

Intil, into

Ir, her

It, that


Jimp, slender

Jist, just, as an adverb


Kebback, a cheese

Ken, to know

Kintra, country

Kirk-road, the road along which the worshippers go to church

Kirsnin, baptism

Kist, a chest

Kistan, the act of putting the dead body into the coffin

Kittle, to tickle

Kye, cows


Laan, land, an estate

Laan-mark, land-mark

Lad, laad, a male sweetheart

Laid, a load

Laidie, a lady

Lairdie, a little laird

Lairge, large

Lang, long

Lass, a female sweetheart

Lat, to let; lat oot, to enlarge

Lager-stehn, a flat gravestone

Leb, a large hurried draught

Leearie, a liar

Leuk, to look

Licht, light

Lit-pot, a pot used for dyeing

Loon, a boy

Loup, to jump

Loupie, a short jump

Lug, the ear

Luggit, having ears

Lum, a chimney-head made of wood; the whole vent

Lyke, the watching of a dead body


Ma, my

Mailison, a curse

p. 222

Mair, more

Mak, to mak

Mairidge, marriage

Maister, master

Mairrit, married

Maugre, in spite of

Maun, must

Maut, malt

Meels, graveyard mould

Meen, moon

Meer, a mare

Mehl-bowie, the cask that holds the meal for the household

Mehr, more

Meht, meat, used in the sense of food, sometimes, feast; merry meht means feast of joy

Misgae, for a cow to slip her calf

Monanday, Monday

Mony, many

Moo, mouth

Moofou, mouthful

Moosie, a little mouse

Muckle, much, large

Mutty, a small dry measure; four in a hathisch

Myne, to remember; to pay attention to


Nae, no

Naither, neither

Nappie, a small nob

Nearie, near

Neesht, next, the other

Neist, next

Neive, the hand

Nestie, a small nest

Nethmest, lowermost

Neuk, a corner

Nib, a bird's bill

Nicht, night

Nivver, never

Noo, now

Nout, cattle


Oo, wool

Oo aye, oh, yes

Ook, week

Oot, out

Or, before

Orra, spare; orra bawbees, spare halfpennies

Ouer, over


Pannie, a small pan

Pattie, a small pot

Peat-neuk, a corner or other part of the house used for holding peats

Peer, poor

Peer-man, a candlestick

Peer-page, same as peer-man.

Piece, a piece of cake given to a person

Pistol, a pistol

Pit, to put

Pit fae, to push away

Plack, a small coin

Plew, to plough; as a n., a plough

Plinisan, furniture of all kinds

Poother, powder

Poddock, a frog

Pottie, a small pot

Pree, to taste

Providan, a marriage outfit

Puir, poor

Pan, a pound

Pyock, a bag, a sack


p. 223

Quarter, to lodge

Quarterer, a lodger

Queentry, country

Quite, a coat

Quo’, quoth, said


Raid, rode, past participle of ride

Raip, a rope, commonly applied only to ropes made of straw or rushes

Raither, rather

Rantle-tree, the beam over the fire from which the crook hangs

Rashin, made of rushes

Ream, cream

Ream-bowie, a small barrel open at one end for holding cream

Ream-pig, a jar for holding cream

Redd, to open what is shut, or stopped up

Reed, red

Reef, roof

Richt, right

Rin, to run

Rinnin, running

Roon, round


Saands, sands

Sae, so

Saft, soft

Sain, to bless in the name of God

Sair, haud sair, hold tightly

Saitirday, Saturday

Saiven, seven

Sannie, Alexander

Sauch, a willow

Saut, salt

Saw, to sow

Scrog, a rugged branch

Seal, what binds cattle to the stall

Sehr, painful, grievous

Sennin, sending

Sens, the two men sent to bring the bride to be married

Settle, a kind of sofa without any covering or stuffing

Shaave, to sow

Shall, a shell

Shee, a shoe

Sheelin coug, a wooden dish for holding the fishing bait when taken from the shells

Sheen, shoes

Shillicks, the dressings of corn and here

Shoeie, a little shoe

Shoor, a shower

Shot, a catch of fish

Shot-a-dead, killed by a fairy dart

Shouther, the shoulder

Sicker, sure, firm, steadfast

Siller, silver; money

Silly hoo, a holy cap; the caul which some children have, on their head when born

Sin, the sun

Skeel, skill

Skull, an oblong basket with round ends and a round bottom

Sma, small

Sneaw, snow

Sodger, a soldier

Soo, a sow

Spang, a long jump

Speer, to ask

Staa, stole, past of steal.

Stan, to stand

Stap, to step

p. 224

Star, a kind of carex.

Steed, stood, past of stan.

Steek, to close, to shut

Steer, a bull, an ox

Stehn, a stone

Stent, allotted work

Stoup-fou, a full stoup or tankard

Strae, straw

Stret, tight; hard, when applied to a bargain

Strin, as much milk as comes from a cow's dug by once pressing it

Stryke, to stretch; to lay out a dead body; to put the plough into the soil for the first time after harvest

Sud, should

Swallit, swallowed

Swypit, swept, past of swype.

Syne, then; sinsyne, since that time


Tackit, a small iron nail with a broad head for driving into the soles of boots and shoes

Tae, a toe

Tack, to take

Tak, to take

Tap, top

Tap-puckle, the grain on the top of the ear

Taul, told, payed; past of tell.

Tead, a toad

The streen, yestreen (yester even), last night

Thig, to beg

Thir, their

Thoosans, thousands

Three-girded, bound with three hoops

Threw, twisted, past of thraw, to twist; to thraw the moo at one, to make a wry mouth

Throo, through

Thunner, thunder

Tippen, the hair that binds the hook to the line

Tither, other

Toon, town

Tow, a rope

Trance, a passage in a dwelling-house

Trushter, useless stuff

Tung, tongue; hand yir tung, keep silence

Twa, two

Twal owsen plew, a plough drawn by twelve oxen

Tyesday, Tuesday


Umman, woman

Uncanny, dangerous

Unceevil, uncivil

Unco, very before an adjective, as unco caul, very cold


Vrang, wrong

Vrang wye, wrong way, from left to right


Wa, a wall

Waan, a wand

Waicht, weight

Waicht, a small sieve

Wan, gained, reached, past of win, to gain, to reach; to win hame, to reach home

p. 225

Wardle, the world

Wark, work

Warna, were not

Warst, worst

Wattir, water

Wee, with; also wi.

Wee, small

Weel, well

Ween, wind

Wicht, strong

Win, wind

Win, to reach; to gain; see wan.

Win on, to mount

Winkie, the eye

Winna, will not

Wint, to want, to wish for

Wintin, without

Wir, were

Wis, to wish

Wissin, wishing

Withoot, without

Wiz, was

Wob, a web

Wud, would

Wyme, the belly

Wye, way


Yeel mairt, an ox killed at Christmas for home consumption

Yett, a gate

Yir, yer, your

Yit, a gate

Youl, a howl

Yow, a ewe

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