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The Religion of the Luiseño Indians of Southern California, by Constance Goddard DuBois, [1908], at

p. 154


There were two large villages in old times, Kamak, where Potrero is now, 278 and Ahoya near where Sparkman's store is at Rincon, 279 where one leaves the sycamore trees.

When it was time to gather the acorns, all the people of Kamak left their houses empty and went up on Palomar Mountain.

An old man named Pautovak came up from Ahoya, and stopped at Kamak, thinking he would stay all night and go on in the morning. He took one of the enormous storage baskets, mushkwanish, 280 that was empty, inverted it over himself for shelter, and went to sleep.

Early during the night he heard people call out the summons to a dance. He lay and listened.

There were children among the people, little boys, and they came near the granary basket, and there was a torn place in it where the toes of the old man were sticking out. The boys said "the devil" (a spirit) was there, and ran away.

The old man could recognize the voices of men and women who had died long ago. He could hear the spirits talk and hear them laugh. One was Exwanyawish, 281 the woman that was turned into a rock, and Piyevla, 282 the man that scooped the rock with his fingers. 283 Piyevla sang that night all the songs that had been his when alive.

The old man could hear the women's songs as they danced. He lay awake all night and listened; till at last, just before dawn, he could not wait any longer, but determined to see them for himself; so suddenly throwing off the basket, he said, "Hai, are you there? " and immediately all the spirits turned into a flock of birds and flew away; and the turtle-shell rattle they had used all night for the dancing he found where they had left it, but now it was nothing but a piece of soaproot.


154:278 Kama’, near Potrero; Kuka, a village near where Potrero now is.—S.

154:279 Ahuya, old village site above Rincon on road toward Potrero.—S.

154:280 Ibid.—S.

154:281 Exvongawish (x German ch), of Exva.—S.

154:282 Peyevla, large basket; a hole in a rock at Potrero.—S.

154:283 See below, the account of ancestral landmarks.

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