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Jaina Sutras, Part II (SBE45), tr. by Hermann Jacobi, [1895], at


A monk, living single 3, should not fall in love; if he loves pleasures, he should again become indifferent. Now hear the pleasures of Sramanas, which some monks enjoy. (1)

When a monk breaks the law, dotes (on a woman), and is absorbed by that passion, she afterwards

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scolds him 1, lifts her foot, and tramples on his head. (2)

'O monk, if you will not live with me as a woman who has still her hair, I shall tear it out; but do not live separated from me.' (3)

But when they have captured him, they send him on all sorts of errands 2: 'Look (for the bodkin to) carve the bottle-gourd 3, fetch some nice fruit. (4)

'(Bring) wood to cook the vegetables, or that we may light a fire at night; paint my feet 4, come and meanwhile rub my back! (5)

'Look after my clothes, bring food and drink, get me some perfume, a broom, a barber 5 (to shave my head)! (6)

'Give me the collyrium-box, my ornaments, the lute, Lôdhra-powder 6, a Lôdhra-flower, the Vênupalâsika-lute 7, a pill! (7)

'A Utpalakusht8, Tagara 9-powder, and aloe pounded together with Usîra 10, oil for anointing the

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face, baskets of bamboo wickerwork to put my things in! (8)

'Reach me the lip-salve, fetch the umbrella and slippers, the knife to cut the string, have my robe dyed bluish! (9)

'Give me the pot to cook the vegetables in, Myrobalans 1, the jar to fetch water in, the stick to paint the mark upon the forehead, the pin to apply collyrium (to the eyelids), or the fan when it is hot! (to)

'Fetch me the pincers 2, the comb, the ribbon to bind up the hair, reach me the looking-glass, put the tooth-brush near me! (11)

'Fetch me areca-nut and betel, needle and thread, the chamber-pot, the winnowing basket, the mortar, the pot for liquefying natron 3! (12)

'Give me the vessel (used in worshipping the gods 4), the water-pot. Friend, dig a privy. Fetch the bow for our son, the bullock for the Srâmanêra! (13)

'The small pot, the drum, and the ball of cloth for the boy (to play with). Sramana, the rainy season is at hand, look after the house and the stores! (14)

'(Fetch) the chair with woven twine seat 5, the wooden shoes 6 to walk on!' Pregnant women order

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their husbands about like slaves to fulfil their craving. (15)

When a son, the reward (of their wedded life), is born, (the mother bids the father) to hold the baby, or to give it her. Thus some supporters of their sons have to carry burdens like camels. (16)

Getting up in the night they lull the baby asleep 1 like nurses; and though they are ashamed of themselves, they wash the clothes like washermen 2. (17)

This has been done by many men who for the sake of pleasures have stooped so low; they become the equals of slaves, animals, servants, beasts of burden--mere nobodies. (18)

One should not mind the entreaties of women, but abstain from their friendship and company. These pleasures which are derived therefrom are called causes of blamable actions. (19)

Restraining himself by the thought that these dangerous (pleasures) will not be to his benefit, a monk should abstain from women, and commit no unnatural crime 3. (20)

A wise and learned monk whose soul is in a pure condition (Lêsyâ), will abstain from doing work for others; in thoughts, words, and actions he will bear all troubles. (21)

The hero (of faith) who has vanquished sin and delusion, has said all this. A monk, therefore, whose soul is pure (and free from sins) should wander about till he reaches final liberation. (22)

Thus I say.


275:3 Oê = êkah, explained: free from love and hate.

276:1 Paribhindiyâna = paribhidya.

276:2 The following verses are interesting as they afford us a glimpse of a Hindu household some 2,000 years ago. We find here a curious list of domestic furniture and other things of common use.

276:3 Alâbukkhegga = alâbukkhêdam pippalakâdi sastram.

276:4 Or, scour my pots.

276:5 Kâsavaga = kâsyapa, explained nâpita. The word is probably derived from the root kash 'to scrape.' According to Sîlâṅka verses 5-6 refer to things used by monks and nuns.

276:6 Symplocos Racemosa, the bark of which is used in dyeing.

276:7 This is a thin piece of bamboo or bark held between the teeth and with the left hand, and played by the right hand just like a Vînâ. (Sîlâṅka.)

276:8 Probably Costus Speciosus.

276:9 Tabernaemontana Coronaria.

276:10 Andropogon Muricatus.

277:1 They are used in bathing.

277:2 To tear out the hair growing in the nose.

277:3 Used in India instead of soap for cleaning linen.

277:4 Kandâlaka, a copper vessel used in worship. The name was current in Mathurâ at the time when Sîlâṅka wrote or the author from whose work he copied this remark.

277:5 See Grierson, Bihar Peasant Life, § 632.

277:6 Pâulla; either the wooden sandals or slippers made of Muñga grass.

278:1 Sîlâṅka gives a specimen of a lullaby without meaning and metre.

278:2 Hamsa, explained ragaka.

278:3 No itthim no pasum bhikkhû no sayapâninâ niligge.ggâ.

Next: Book 1, Lecture 5: Description of the Hells, Chapter 1