Sacred Texts  Hinduism  Satapatha Brahmana  Index  Previous  Next 
Buy this Book at

Satapatha Brahmana Part V (SBE44), Julius Eggeling tr. [1900], at



13:2:4:11. Pragâpati desired, 'Would that I might gain both worlds, the world of the gods, and the world of men.' He saw those beasts, the tame and the wild ones; he seized them, and by means of them took possession of these two worlds: by means of the tame beasts he took possession of this (terrestrial) world, and by means of the wild beasts of yonder (world); for this world is the world of men, and yonder world is the world of the gods. Thus when he seizes tame beasts he thereby takes possession of this world, and when wild beasts, he thereby (takes possession) of yonder (world).

13:2:4:22. Were he to complete (the sacrifice) with tame ones, the roads would run together 3, the village-boundaries

p. 307

of two villages would be contiguous 1, and no ogres 2, man-tigers, thieves, murderers, and robbers would come to be in the forests. By (so doing) with wild (beasts) the roads would run asunder 3, the village-boundaries of two villages would be far asunder 4; and there would come to be ogres, man-tigers, thieves, murderers, and robbers in the forests.

13:2:4:33. As to this they say, 'Surely that--to wit, the forest (beast)--is not a beast (or cattle), and offering should not be made thereof: were he to make offering thereof, they would ere long carry away the Sacrificer dead to the woods, for forest (or wild) beasts have the forest for their share; and were he not to make offering thereof, it would be a violation of the sacrifice.' Well, they dismiss them after fire has been carried around them 5: thus, indeed, it is

p. 308

neither an offering nor a non-offering, and they do not carry the Sacrificer dead to the forest, and there is no violation of the sacrifice.

13:2:4:44. He completes (the sacrifice) with tame (beasts),--father and son part company 1, the roads run together, the village-boundaries of two villages become contiguous, and no ogres, man-tigers, thieves, murderers, and robbers come to be in the forests.


306:3 The commentary remarks that by 'roads' here is meant those walking on them--as, in that case, peace and security would reign, men would range all the lands:--adhvabhir atrâdhvasthâ lakshyante; ksheme sati manushyâh sarvân desân samkareyur ity abhiprâyah.

307:1 Harisvâmin takes 'samantikam' in the sense of 'near' and construes it with 'grâmayoh' (as he does 'vidûram' in the next paragraph)--'the two village-boundaries would be near (far from) the two villages;' but see I, 4, 1, 22, where samantikam (and IX, 3, 1, 11, where 'samantikataram') is likewise used without a complement; as is 'vidûram' in I, 4, 1, 23.

307:2 Harisvâmin takes 'rikshîkâ' to 'mean 'a bear;'--rikshâ eva rikshîkâh.

307:3 Hardly as the commentary takes it, 'they would become blocked up,' and people would have to stay in their own country:--adhvânah pûrvadesâdayo vikrameyur, viruddham krâmayeyuh (!), svadesa eva manushyâh samkareyur na desântarepy antarâlânâm . . bhinnatvâd akshematvâk ka vidûram grâmayor grâmântau syâtâm.

307:4 Viz. because, for want of security and peace, the villages would be few and far between,--aksheme hi sati praviralâ grâmâ bhavanti, comm.

307:5 On the 'paryagnikaranam' or circumambulation of an oblation in accordance with the course of the sun, whilst holding a firebrand in one's hand, see part i, p. 45, note; part ii, p, 187, note.

308:1 Or, they exert themselves in different directions,--that is, as the commentator explains, because in peace they would not be forced to keep together, as they would have to do in troublous times. He, however, seems somehow to connect 'vy avasyatah' with the root 'vas':--ksheme hi sati pitâputrâv atra vi prithag vasatah; aksheme tu sambaddhâv apy etâv atra vasatah.--Whilst in this passage the verb would hardly suggest an estrangement between father and son, this is distinctly the case in the parallel passage, Taitt. Br. III, 9, I, 2, where, however, this contingency is connected with the completion of the sacrifice, not, as here, with tame, but with wild beasts.

Next: XIII, 2, 5. Fifth Brâhmana