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The Grihya Sutras, Part 1 (SBE29), by Hermann Oldenberg, [1886], at


1. Now (follows) the directing to the (special) observances.

2-4. The rules for it have been explained by the initiation.

3. He does not recite the Sâvitrî.

p. 77

4. Some say that the handing over of the staff forms the end (of this ceremony).

5. During the northern course of the sun, in the time of the increasing moon—

6. The teacher having abstained through one day and one night, from sexual intercourse and from eating flesh—

7. With the exclusion of the fourteenth day and of the eighth (of the half-month),

8. And of the first and last, according to some (teachers),

9. Or on what day else the constellation seems lucky to him, on that day he shall direct (the student) to the duties of holiness according to the Sukriya rite.

10 10. Let him observe (those) duties through three days, or twelve days, or one year, or as long as the master may think fit.

11. The Sâkvara (observance), however, (is to be kept) one year.

12. (So also) the Vrâtika and Aupanishada (observances).

13 13. When the time has elapsed, when the duties

p. 78

have been observed, when the Veda has been studied down to the Samyu-Bârhaspatya-(hymn), let (the teacher then), should he intend to instruct (the student) in the secret (part of the Veda), ascertain the time (through which the student has to observe the special rites) and the rules to be observed, from the (special) directions (that are handed down on this subject).


76:1 11, 1. On the four Vratas, of which the Sukriya precedes the study of the main part of the Veda, the Sâkvara, Vrâtika, and Aupanishada that of the different sections of the Âranyaka, see the note on chap. 7, I and the Introduction, p. 8. On the name of the Sukriya Râmakandra says, sukriyasabdo vedavâki, tatsambandhâd vratam api sukriyam.

76:2-4 2, 4. See the note on chap. 6, 1. 2.

77:4 On the dandapradâna, see chap. 6, 2.

77:6 The pleonasm brahmakaryam upetya . . . brahmakârî should be removed by expunging brahmakârî, which is omitted in the Sâmbavya text. Comp. chap. 12, Sûtra 8; VI, 1, 2.

77:7 Comp. below, IV, 7, 7.

77:9 In the Sâmbavya text this Sûtra has a fuller form. It runs there thus, '. . . he shall direct (the student) to the duties of holiness according to the Sukriya rite, the teacher saying, "Be a Sukriya-brahmakârin;" the other one replying, "I will be a Sukriya-brahmakârin." Thus also at the other observances he shall pronounce each time the name of the observance to which he directs him.'

77:10 Comp. above, II, 5, 1.

77:13 The Samyu Bârhaspatya, i.e. the verse beginning with the p. 78 words tak kham yor â vrinîmahe, is the last verse of the Rig-veda in the Bâshkala redaction. See below, the note on IV, 5, 9.

On kâlaniyamam, see Nârâyana's note, pp. 140 seq. of the German edition.

Next: II, 12