Sacred Texts  Hinduism  Index  Previous  Next 
Buy this Book at

The Upanishads, Part 1 (SBE01), by Max Müller, [1879], at

p. 220


1. This then becomes perfect as a thousand of Brihatî verses. Its consonants 1 form its body, its voice 2 (vowels) the Soul 3, its sibilants 4 the air of the breath.

2. He who knew this became Vasishtha, he took this name from thence 5.

3. Indra verily declared this to Visvâmitra, and Indra verily declared this to Bharadvâga. Therefore Indra is invoked by him as a friend 6.

4. This becomes perfect as a thousand of Brihatî verses 7, and of that hymn perfect with a thousand Brihad verses, there are 36,000 syllables 8. So many are also the thousands of days of a hundred years (36,000). With the consonants they fill the nights, with the vowels the days.

5. This becomes perfect as a thousand of Brihatî verses. He who knows this, after this thousand of Brihatîs thus accomplished, becomes full of knowledge, full of the gods, full of Brahman, full of the immortal, and then goes also to the gods.

6. What I am (the worshipper), that is he (sun); what he is, that am I.

p. 221

7. This has been said by a Rishi (Rv. I, 115, 1): 'The sun is the self of all that moves and rests.'

8. Let him look to that, let him look to that!


220:1 Vyañganâni, explained by kâdini.

220:2 Ghosha, explained by aspirated sonant consonants.

220:3 Âtmâ, explained by madhyasarîram.

220:4 Sashasahâh. Comm.

220:5 He became Prâna, and because Prâna causes all to dwell, or covers all (vâsayati), therefore the Rishi was called Vasishtha. Comm. Cf. Ait. Âr. II, 2, 2, 2.

220:6 At the Subrahmanyâ ceremony in the Soma sacrifices, the invocations are, Indra â gakkha, hariva â gakkha.

220:7 Cf. Ait. Âr. II, 3, 8, 8.

220:8 Each Brihatî has thirty-six syllables.

Next: II, 3, 1