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p. 196

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I. BAAL, a king ruling in the East, who imparts invisibility and wisdom. He appears with a human head, or with that of a toad or cat, 1 but sometimes with all at once. He speaks with a hoarse voice. 2

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II. AGARES, a duke ruling in the East, who appears in the form of a comely old man, ambling upon a crocodile and carrying a goshawk on his wrist. He makes those who run stand still, brings back runaways, teaches all languages, destroys spiritual and temporal dignities and causes earthquakes. 3 He is of the Order of the Virtues. 4

p. 197

III. VASSAGO, a mighty prince, of the nature of Agares, who declares things past, present and future, and discovers what has been lost or hidden. He is good by nature. 1

IV. GAMYGYN, a great marquis, appearing in the form of a small horse or ass, but afterwards in human shape. He speaks hoarsely, teaching the liberal sciences, and giving news of souls who have died in sin. 2

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V. MARBAS, 3 a president, who appears as a mighty lion, and then in human shape. 4 He answers truly concerning all things hidden or secret, causes and cures diseases, imparts skill in mechanics, and changes men into various shapes. 5

VI. VALEFOR, 6 a powerful duke, appearing as a many-headed lion. 7 He leads those with whom he is familiar into theft.

p. 198

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VII. AMON, a strong and powerful marquis, who appears like a wolf with a serpent's head 1 and vomiting flame. When so ordered, he assumes a human shape, but with the teeth of a dog. 2 He discerns past and future, procures love and reconciles friends and foes.

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VIII. BARBATOS, a great count and duke, who appears when the sun is in Sagittarius with four noble kings and three companies of troops; he gives instruction in all the sciences, reveals treasures concealed by enchantment, knows the past and future, reconciles friends and those in power, and is of the Order of the Virtues. 3

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IX. PAIMON, a great king, very obedient to Lucifer. 4 He appears like a crowned man seated on a dromedary, preceded by all manner of musicians. He speaks with a roaring voice, teaches all arts, sciences and secrets, gives and confirms dignities, makes men subject to the will of the Magician, provides good familiars. He is observed towards the North-West, and is of the Order of Dominions. 5


196:1 The cat is the traditional domestic favourite, not only of those who diabolise, but of the diabolical world itself, which shews that after all there is a strong link with humanity in the cohorts of Lucifer. The reader will remember that the cat falls on its feet, not by natural good luck, but by the special dispensation of Mohammed, and that the favourite of the Prophet is in Paradise, no doubt on the best terms with the dog of the Seven Sleepers.

196:2 Another codex says that he manifests with three beads-the first like a toad, the second like a man and the third like a cat.

196:3 According to the Vocabulaire Infernal, the special province of Agares is to put to flight the enemies of those whom he protects.

196:4 That is, he belonged to this choir during the first estate of the Fallen Angels.

197:1 This may account for his invocation, especially in Ceremonial Crystallomancy, by the putative adepts of White Magic--as the most dubious of all arts is called in the scorn of its professors.

197:2 According to Wierus, he summons into the presence of the exorcist the souls of drowned men and of those detained in Purgatory, called magically Cartagra--that is, the affliction of souls. They assume an aërial body, are visible to sight and reply to questions. Another version says that Gamygyn tarries with the exorcist till he has accomplished his desires.

197:3 Or Barbas.

197:4 At the request of the operator (Wierus).

197:5 He is the third spirit in the Hierarchy of Wierus.

197:6 Or Malaphar.

197:7 With the head of a hunter or a thief, says Wierus. He shews friendship to his familiars till they are caught in the trap.

198:1 Cauda serpentis, says Wierus.

198:2 And, according to another MS., "a great head like to a mighty raven."

198:3 He also understands the songs of birds and the language of all other animals (Wierus).

198:4 A longer recension says: By Lucifer is here to be understood he that was drowned in the depths of his knowledge. He would needs be like God and for his pride and arrogancy was thrown out into destruction. Of him it is said--Every precious stone is thy covering. The last reference is to the panegyric of the Prince of Tyre in Ezekiel: its occurrence in this place is most remarkable.

198:5 It appears from Wierus that the operator may fail to understand this spirit, in which case he must stretch forth the character belonging to him and command him to speak clearly.

Next: Demons: X. (Buer) to XX. (Purson)