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Internet Book of Shadows, (Various Authors), [1999], at

      Dream Life & Waking Life: Both are Creations of the Person 
      There is a growing appreciation for the variety of dream phenomena, such as
      the  creativity in dreams and their sometimes transpersonal aspects.  Older
      theories that generally ignored such facts are being replaced by newer ones
      that attempt to account for such  phenomena.  Most recently, Gordon Globus,
      M.D.,  Professor  of  Psychiatry  and  Philosophy  at  the   University  of
      California,  Irvine, has taken a  stab at integrating  such perspectives as
      psychoanalysis,   transpersonal   psychology,   cognitive    science,   and
      phenomenological philosophy  in a  pleasantly person-  able statement  of a
      view of dreams that readers of Perspective can live with.  
      That dreams  are a creative experience  is one of the main  factors that he
      wishes to  explain.   The author rejects  the notion,  in existence  before
      Freud  made it  law, that dreams  are merely rearrangements  of past memory
      experiences.  Instead, the author claims that dreams are created "de novo,"
      meaning from scratch.  In defending this position, he finds himself arguing
      that our waking life is also an experience that we create, thus placing his
      work  close at  hand to the  metaphysical perspective  that claims  that we
      "create our  own reality."  Both realms are created "in the image" (meaning
      "in the imagination") of the  person, in the same way God has  been said to
      create the world.   The symmetry between the creative  aspect of both dream
      existence and waking existence, and the "divine"  role given to the person,
      is   pleasing   both  to   the  ancient   Buddhist  and   modern  spiritual
      The question is, how does this modern, scientifically grounded theoretician
      justify such a metaphysical basis to dreams and waking life?  He does so by
      reference to both the leading edge theories of perceptual psychology and 
      certain philosophical traditions.  Perceptual psychology has long abandoned
      the  camera analogy to explain  how we see things.   Plato's concept of the
      archetype, the  transpersonal, non-material "ideas" that  govern the actual
      ideas  and things  that  we  experience, has  gained  new  favor in  modern
      thinking  about the  perceptual process.   Instead  of theorizing  that our
      perceptual mechanisms  "photograph"  what is  out  there, modern  work  has
      forced the theory that  we already "know" or "suppose"  what it is that  we
      are trying to perceive, and then  we search and analyze data bits according
      to their  significance and  fit to  what we  are attempting to  "perceive."
      Meaning and intention are more significant to perception, in modern theory,
      than light waves and photo-sensitivity.   In other words, the creative  and
      subjective processes in  perception are given more  central prominence, and
      the  physics of  perception  are accorded  more  the status  of  tools than
      primary determinants.    Similarly,  the  philosophy of  science  has  been
      arguing that facts, as such, do not exist; rather theories--in other words,
      intentional approaches  to creating meaning--are what  determine which data
      bits constitute  facts, and determines  whether or not  the data  bits will
      even be noticed.  
      Perhaps such philosophical abstractions seem  cloudy or irrelevant, but the
      mechanistic,  sensory-based, objective approach  to perception  (whether in
      visual perception or scientific knowing) has been 
      undergoing  radical changes.  Fans  of the transpersonal  dimension of life
      who assume that the eye sees like a camera have an unnecessarily tough time
      trying  to  justify as  scientific  their  views  on  ESP.   Realizing  how
      scientific and  philosophical views on  perception have  evolved makes  ESP
      seem more  natural than supernatural.   Thus  the author's work  does us  a
      great service.  It provides a  readable  treatise on how one can  argue, on
      the basis of both scientific and philosophical grounds, that dreams, not to
      mention  our  lives, are  pregnant  with  meaning (sometimes  transpersonal
      meaning), and deserve our attention. 
      Source:  Dream  life, waking  life:  The  human condition  through  dreams.
      Published by the State University of New York Press, 1987.  

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