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Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at

Proverbs Chapter 27

Proverbs 27:1

pro 27:1

Boast not - Of any good thing which thou purposeth to do, or hopest to receive tomorrow, or hereafter. Knowest not - What may happen in the space of one day. The day is said to bring forth, what God by his almighty power either causes or suffers to be brought forth or done in it.

Proverbs 27:3

pro 27:3

Heavier - More grievous, being without cause, without measure, and without end.

Proverbs 27:5

pro 27:5

Open - When it is needful, in which case, though it put a man to some shame yet it doth him good. Better - More desirable and beneficial. Secret love - Which does not shew itself by friendly actions, and particularly by free and faithful reproof.

Proverbs 27:6

pro 27:6

Wounds - The sharpest reproofs. Kisses - All the outward profession of friendship.

Proverbs 27:8

pro 27:8

Wandereth - That flies from place to place, whereby she is exposed to all the arts of fowlers, and to birds of prey. So - So is he who through vanity or lightness changes his abode, or his calling.

Proverbs 27:10

pro 27:10

Neither go - For comfort and relief, so as to forsake thy friend for him. A neighbour - The friend, who hath shewed himself to be a good neighbour. Near - In affection.

Proverbs 27:11

pro 27:11

Reproacheth - For being the father of a wicked son.

Proverbs 27:14

pro 27:14

Blesseth - That praises him to his face. A loud voice - That both he, and others, may be sure to take notice of it. Rising early - To shew his great forwardness. A curse - His friend will value this kind of blessing no more than a curse.

Proverbs 27:16

pro 27:16

Hideth - Attempts to smother her passion. Right - hand - Which being the great instrument of action, by its much stirring, diffuses the savour of it.

Proverbs 27:17

pro 27:17

Iron - Iron tools are made sharp and fit for use, by rubbing them against the file, or some other iron. The countenance - The company or conversation of his friend.

Proverbs 27:18

pro 27:18

So he - That serves him faithfully, prudently, and diligently.

Proverbs 27:19

pro 27:19

So - So one man resembles another in the corruption of his nature.

Proverbs 27:20

pro 27:20

Hell - The grave devours all the bodies which are put into it, and is always ready to receive and devour more. The eyes - The desires, which discover themselves by the eyes.

Proverbs 27:21

pro 27:21

To his praise - Or, according to his praise. So a man is tried by praise.

Proverbs 27:23

pro 27:23

Flock - Flocks and herds are here put for all possessions, because anciently they were the chief part of a man's riches.

Proverbs 27:24

pro 27:24

For - What thou dost now possess, will not last always. If a man had the wealth of a kingdom, without care and diligence it would be brought to nothing.

Proverbs 27:25

pro 27:25

The hay - Another encouragement to diligence; God invites thee to it by the plentiful provisions wherewith he has enriched the earth for thy sake. The mountains - Even the most barren parts afford thee their help.

Proverbs 27:26

pro 27:26

The price - By the sale whereof thou mayest either pay the rent of the field which thou hirest, or purchase fields or lands. Goats might better be spared and sold than sheep, which brought a more constant profit to the owner.

Proverbs 27:27

pro 27:27

Goat's milk - Or, if thou chusest rather to keep thy goats, the milk will serve thee for food to thyself and family. In ancient times men used a plain and simple diet.

Next: Proverbs Chapter 28