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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

Exodus Chapter 25

Exodus 25:1

exo 25:1

the Lord spoke unto Moses

The general authority for the types of Exodus is found:

(1) as to the persons and events, in (Co1 10:1-11).

(2) as to the tabernacle, in (Heb 9:1-24). Having the assurance that in the tabernacle everything is typical, the details must of necessity be received as such. Two warnings are necessary:

(1) Nothing may be dogmatically asserted to be a type without explicit New Testament authority; and

(2) all types not so authenticated must be recognized as having the authority of analogy, or spiritual congruity, merely. The typical meanings of the materials and colours of the tabernacle are believed to be as follows: Gold, Deity in manifestation -- divine glory; silver, redemption (Exo 30:12-16).

(See Scofield) - (Exo 38:27),

brass, symbol of judgment, as in the brazen altar and in the serpent of brass (Num 21:6-9) blue, heavenly in nature or origin; purple, royalty; scarlet, sacrifice.

Exodus 25:2

exo 25:2


(See Scofield) - (Co2 8:1).

Exodus 25:5

exo 25:5

shittim wood

That is, acacia.

Exodus 25:9

exo 25:9

tabernacle pattern

The tabernacle, speaking comprehensively, is explained in the New Testament As typical in three ways:

(1) of the Church as a habitation of God through the Spirit (Exo 25:8); (Eph 2:19-22).

(2) of the believer (Co2 6:16).

(3) as a figure of things in the heavens (Heb 9:23); (Heb 9:24). In detail, all speaks of Christ:

(1) The ark, in its materials, acacia-wood

(See Scofield) - (Exo 26:15)

and gold, is a type of the humanity and deity of Christ.

(2) In its contents, a type of Christ, as:

(a) having God's law in His heart (Exo 25:16).

(b) the wilderness food (or portion) of His people (Exo 16:33)

(c) Himself the resurrection, of which Aaron;s rod is the symbol (Num 17:10).

(3) In its use the ark, especially the mercy-seat, was a type of God's throne. That it was, to the sinning Israelite, a throne of grace and not of judgment was due to the mercy-seat formed of gold and sprinkled with the blood of atonement, which vindicated the law, and divine holiness guarded by the cherubim (Gen 3:24).

(See Scofield) - (Eze 1:5)


(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:25)

Exodus 25:10

exo 25:10

make an ark

All begins with the ark, which, in the completed tabernacle, was placed in the holy of holies, because, in revelation, God begins from Himself, working outward toward man; as, in approach, the worshipper begins from himself, moving toward God in the holy of holies. The same order is followed in the Levitical offerings (Le 1-5). In approach man begins at the brazen altar, type of the Cross, where, in the fire of judgment, atonement is made.

make an ark

The most inclusive type of Christ, "Gold", signifies "Deity"; "wood, signifies "humanity". History:

(Num 3:31); (Num 10:33); (Jos 3:3-15); (Jos 6:11); (Jdg 20:27); (Sa1 3:3); (Sa1 4:1-11); (Sa1 5:1-10); (Sa1 6:1-21); (Sa1 7:1); (Sa1 7:2); (Sa2 6:2-17); (Sa2 7:2); (Sa2 15:24-29); (Kg1 8:1-21) not carried to Babylon, (Kg2 24:13); (Ch2 35:3); not mentioned in Ezra or Neh. Where is it? (Rev 11:19).

shittim wood

That is, acacia.

Exodus 25:17

exo 25:17


See "Propitiation."

(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:25).

Exodus 25:23

exo 25:23

shittim wood

That is, acacia.

Exodus 25:28

exo 25:28

shittim wood

That is, acacia.

Exodus 25:30

exo 25:30


Showbread, type of Christ, the Bread of God, nourisher of the Christian's life as a believer-priest (Pe1 2:9); (Rev 1:6). In (Joh 6:33-58) our Lord has more in mind the manna, that food which "came down"; but all typical meanings of "bread" are there gathered into His words. The manna is the life-giving Christ; the showbread, the life-sustaining Christ. The showbread typifies Christ as the "corn of wheat" (Joh 12:24) ground in the mill of suffering (Joh 12:27) and brought into the fire of judgment (Joh 12:31-33). We, as priests, by faith feed upon Him as having undergone that in our stead and for our sakes. It is meditation upon Christ, as in (Heb 12:2); (Heb 12:3).

Exodus 25:31

exo 25:31


Candlestick, type of Christ our Light, shining in the fullness of the power of the sevenfold Spirit (Isa 11:2); (Heb 1:9); (Rev 1:4). Natural light was excluded from the tabernacle.

Compare (Co1 2:14); (Co1 2:15).

(See Scofield) - (Gen 1:16)

(Joh 1:4).

Next: Exodus Chapter 26