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The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, [1599], at

Psalms Chapter 119

Psalms 119:53

psa 119:53

(d) Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.

(d) That is, a vehement zeal to your glory and indignation against the wicked.

Psalms 119:54

psa 119:54

Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my (e) pilgrimage.

(e) In the course of this life and sorrowful exit.

Psalms 119:55

psa 119:55

I have remembered thy name, O LORD, in the (f) night, and have kept thy law.

(f) Even when others sleep.

Psalms 119:56

psa 119:56

(g) This I had, because I kept thy precepts.

(g) That is, all these benefits.

Psalms 119:57

psa 119:57

CHETH. [Thou art] my (a) portion, O LORD: I have said that I would keep thy words.

(a) I am persuaded that to keep your law is a heritage and great gain for me.

Psalms 119:59

psa 119:59

I thought on my (b) ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies.

(b) He shows that no one can embrace the word of God, unless he considers his own imperfections and ways.

Psalms 119:61

psa 119:61

The bands of the wicked have (c) robbed me: [but] I have not forgotten thy law.

(c) They have gone about to draw me into their company.

Psalms 119:63

psa 119:63

I [am] a (d) companion of all [them] that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.

(d) Not only in mutual consent, but also with aid and help.

Psalms 119:64

psa 119:64

The earth, O LORD, is full of thy mercy: (e) teach me thy statutes.

(e) For the knowledge of God's word is a singular token of his favour.

Psalms 119:65

psa 119:65

TETH. Thou hast dealt (a) well with thy servant, O LORD, according unto thy word.

(a) Having proved by experience that God was true in his promise, he desires that he would increase in him knowledge and judgment.

Psalms 119:67

psa 119:67

Before I was (b) afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word.

(b) So Jeremiah says, that before the Lord touched him, he was like a calf untamed so that the use of God's rod is to call us home to God.

Psalms 119:70

psa 119:70

(c) Their heart is as fat as grease; [but] I delight in thy law.

(c) Their heart is indurate and hardened, puffed up with prosperity and vain estimation of themselves.

Psalms 119:71

psa 119:71

[It is] (d) good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes.

(d) He confesses that before he was chastened he was rebellious as man by nature is.

Psalms 119:73

psa 119:73

JOD. Thy hands have (a) made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments.

(a) Because God does not leave his work that he has begun, he desires a new grace: that is, that he would continue his mercies.

Psalms 119:74

psa 119:74

They that (b) fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word.

(b) When God shows his grace toward any, he testifies to others that he does not fail them who trust in him.

Psalms 119:77

psa 119:77

Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may (c) live: for thy law [is] my delight.

(c) He declares that when he did not feel God's mercies, he was as dead.

Psalms 119:79

psa 119:79

Let those that fear thee (d) turn unto me, and those that have (e) known thy testimonies.

(d) That is, be comforted by my example.

(e) He shows that there can be no true fear of God without the knowledge of his word.

Psalms 119:81

psa 119:81

CAPH. My soul (a) fainteth for thy salvation: [but] I hope in thy word.

(a) Though my strength fails me, yet my soul groans and sighs, resting still in your word.

Psalms 119:83

psa 119:83

For I am become like a (b) bottle in the smoke; [yet] do I not forget thy statutes.

(b) Like a skin bottle or bladder that is parched in the smoke.

Psalms 119:84

psa 119:84

How many [are] the (c) days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute judgment on them that persecute me?

(c) How long will you afflict your servant.

Psalms 119:85

psa 119:85

The proud have (d) digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.

(d) They have not only oppressed me violently but also craftily conspired against me.

Psalms 119:86

psa 119:86

All thy commandments [are] faithful: they persecute me wrongfully; (e) help thou me.

(e) He assures himself that God will deliver his and destroy such as unjustly persecute them.

Psalms 119:87

psa 119:87

They had almost consumed (f) me upon earth; but I forsook not thy precepts.

(f) Finding no help on earth, he lifts up his eyes to heaven.

Psalms 119:89

psa 119:89

LAMED. For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in (a) heaven.

(a) Because no one should esteem God's word according to the changes of things in this world, he shows that it abides in heaven, and therefore is immutable.

Psalms 119:91

psa 119:91

They (b) continue this day according to thine ordinances: for all [are] thy servants.

(b) Seeing the earth and all creatures remain in that estate in which you have created them, much more your truth remains constant and unchangeable.

Psalms 119:94

psa 119:94

I [am] (c) thine, save me; for I have sought thy precepts.

(c) He proves by effect that he is God's child, because he seeks to understand his word.

Psalms 119:96

psa 119:96

I (d) have seen an end of all perfection: [but] thy commandment [is] exceeding broad.

(d) There is nothing so perfect in earth, but it has an end, only God's word lasts forever.

Psalms 119:97

psa 119:97

MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my meditation (a) all the day.

(a) He shows that we cannot love God's word unless we exercise ourselves in it and practise it.

Psalms 119:99

psa 119:99

I have more (b) understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies [are] my meditation.

(b) Whoever submits himself only to God's word will not only be safe against the practises of his enemies, but also learn more wisdom than they who profess it, and are men of experience.

Psalms 119:102

psa 119:102

I have not departed from thy judgments: for (c) thou hast taught me.

(c) So then of ourselves we can do nothing, but when God inwardly instructs us with his spirit, we feel his graces sweeter than honey.

Psalms 119:105

psa 119:105

NUN. Thy word [is] a (a) lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

(a) Of ourselves we are but darkness and cannot see unless we are lightened with God's Word.

Psalms 119:106

psa 119:106

I have (b) sworn, and I will perform [it], that I will keep thy righteous judgments.

(b) So all the faithful ought to bind themselves to God by a solemn oath and promises to stir up their zeal to embrace God's word.

Psalms 119:108

psa 119:108

Accept, I beseech thee, the (c) freewill offerings of my mouth, O LORD, and teach me thy judgments.

(c) That is, my prayer and thanksgiving which Hosea calls the calves of the lips, (Hos 14:2).

Psalms 119:109

psa 119:109

My (d) soul [is] continually in my hand: yet do I not forget thy law.

(d) That is, I am in continual danger of my life.

Psalms 119:111

psa 119:111

Thy testimonies have I taken as an (e) heritage for ever: for they [are] the rejoicing of my heart.

(e) I esteemed no worldly things, but made your word my inheritance.

Psalms 119:113

psa 119:113

SAMECH. I hate (a) [vain] thoughts: but thy law do I love.

(a) Whoever will embrace God's word correctly must abhor all fantasies and imaginations both of himself and others.

Psalms 119:115

psa 119:115

(b) Depart from me, ye evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.

(b) And hinder me not to keep the law of the Lord.

Psalms 119:117

psa 119:117

(c) Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.

(c) He desires God's continual assistance, lest he should faint in this race, which he had begun.

Psalms 119:118

psa 119:118

Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their (d) deceit [is] falsehood.

(d) The crafty practises of them who contemn your law will be brought to nothing.

Psalms 119:119

psa 119:119

Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth [like] (e) dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.

(e) Which infected your people, as dross does metal.

Psalms 119:120

psa 119:120

My flesh (f) trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.

(f) Your judgments not only teach me obedience, but cause me to fear, considering my own weakness which fear causes repentance.

Psalms 119:122

psa 119:122

(a) Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.

(a) Put yourself between me and my enemies, as if you were my pledge.

Psalms 119:124

psa 119:124

Deal with thy (b) servant according unto thy mercy, and teach me thy statutes.

(b) He does not boast that he is God's servant, but by this reminds God that as he made him his by his grace, so he would continue his favour toward him.

Psalms 119:126

psa 119:126

[It is] (c) time for [thee], LORD, to work: [for] they have made void thy law.

(c) The prophet shows that when the wicked have brought all things to confusion, and God's word to utter contempt, then it is God's time to help and send remedy.

Psalms 119:128

psa 119:128

Therefore I esteem all [thy] precepts [concerning] all [things to be] right; [and] I hate every false (d) way.

(d) That is, whatever dissents from the purity of your word.

Psalms 119:129

psa 119:129

PE. Thy testimonies [are] (a) wonderful: therefore doth my soul keep them.

(a) Containing high and secret mysteries, so that I am moved with admiration and reverence.

Psalms 119:130

psa 119:130

The entrance of thy (b) words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

(b) The simple idiots that submit themselves to God have their eyes opened and their minds illuminated, as soon as they begin to read God's word.

Psalms 119:131

psa 119:131

I opened my mouth, and (c) panted: for I longed for thy commandments.

(c) My zeal toward your word was so great.

Psalms 119:136

psa 119:136

Rivers of waters (d) run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.

(d) He shows what should be the zeal of God's children when they see his word contemned.

Psalms 119:138

psa 119:138

Thy testimonies [that] thou hast commanded [are] (a) righteous and very faithful.

(a) We cannot confess God to be righteous, unless we live uprightly and truly as he has commanded.

Psalms 119:141

psa 119:141

I [am] (c) small and despised: [yet] do not I forget thy precepts.

(c) This is the true trial to praise God in adversity.

Psalms 119:144

psa 119:144

The righteousness of thy testimonies [is] everlasting: give me understanding, and I shall (d) live.

(d) So that the life of man without the knowledge of God is death.

Psalms 119:145

psa 119:145

KOPH. I (a) cried with [my] whole heart; hear me, O LORD: I will keep thy statutes.

(a) He shows that all his affection and whole heart were bent toward God to have help in his dangers.

Psalms 119:148

psa 119:148

Mine eyes (b) prevent the [night] watches, that I might meditate in thy word.

(b) He was more earnest in the study of God's word, than they who kept the watch were in their charge.

Psalms 119:150

psa 119:150

They draw nigh that follow after (c) mischief: they are far from thy law.

(c) He shows the nature of the wicked to be to persecute against their conscience.

Psalms 119:152

psa 119:152

(d) Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old that thou hast founded them for ever.

(d) His faith is grounded on God's word, that he would always be at hand when his children are oppressed.

Psalms 119:154

psa 119:154

Plead my cause, and deliver me: quicken me according to thy (a) word.

(a) For without God's promise there is no hope of deliverance.

Psalms 119:156

psa 119:156

Great [are] thy tender mercies, O LORD: quicken me according to thy (b) judgments.

(b) According to your promise made in the law, which because the wicked lack they have no hope of salvation.

Psalms 119:158

psa 119:158

I beheld the transgressors, and was (c) grieved; because they kept not thy word.

(c) My zeal consumed me when I saw their malice and contempt for your glory.

Psalms 119:159

psa 119:159

Consider how I (d) love thy precepts: quicken me, O LORD, according to thy lovingkindness.

(d) It is a sure sign of our adoption, when we love the Law of God.

Psalms 119:160

psa 119:160

Thy word [is] true [from] the (e) beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments [endureth] for ever.

(e) Since you first promised it, even to the end all your sayings are true.

Psalms 119:161

psa 119:161

SCHIN. Princes have (a) persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.

(a) The threatenings and persecutions of princes could not cause me to cease to confess you whom I fear more than men.

Psalms 119:164

psa 119:164

(b) Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments.

(b) That is, often and various times.

Psalms 119:165

psa 119:165

Great peace have they which (c) love thy law: and nothing shall offend them.

(c) For their conscience assures them that they please you, whereas they who do not love you have the contrary.

Psalms 119:166

psa 119:166

LORD, I have (d) hoped for thy salvation, and done thy commandments.

(d) He shows that we must first have faith before we can work and please God.

Psalms 119:168

psa 119:168

I have kept thy precepts and thy testimonies: (e) for all my ways [are] before thee.

(e) I had no respect for men, but set you always before my eyes as the judge of my doings.

Psalms 119:169

psa 119:169

TAU. Let my cry come near before thee, O LORD: give me understanding (a) according to thy word.

(a) As you have promised to be the schoolmaster to all who depend on you.

Psalms 119:171

psa 119:171

My lips shall (b) utter praise, when thou hast (c) taught me thy statutes.

(b) The word means to pour forth continually.

(c) All his prayer and desire is to profit in the word of God.

Psalms 119:175

psa 119:175

Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy (d) judgments help me.

(d) That is, your provident care over me, and with which you will judge my enemies.

Psalms 119:176

psa 119:176

I have (e) gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy commandments.

(e) Being chased to and fro by my enemies, and having no place to rest in.

Psalms 119:1

psa 119:1

ALEPH. Blessed [are] (a) the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.

(a) Here they are not called blessed who think themselves wise in their own judgment, nor who imagine to themselves a certain holiness, but they whose conversation is without hypocrisy.

Psalms 119:3

psa 119:3

They also do (b) no iniquity: they walk in his ways.

(b) For they are ruled by God's Spirit and embrace no doctrine but his.

Psalms 119:5

psa 119:5

(c) O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes!

(c) David acknowledges his imperfection, desiring God to reform it, that his life may be conformable to God's word.

Psalms 119:7

psa 119:7

I will praise thee with uprightness of (d) heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous (e) judgments.

(d) For true religion stands in serving God without hypocrisy.

(e) That is, your precepts, which contain perfect righteousness.

Psalms 119:8

psa 119:8

I will keep thy statutes: O forsake me not (f) utterly.

(f) He does not refuse to be tried by temptations, but he fears to faint, if God does not help his infirmity in time.

Psalms 119:9

psa 119:9

BETH. Wherewithal shall a (a) young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.

(a) Because youth is most given to licentiousness, he chiefly warns them to frame their lives after God's word.

Psalms 119:11

psa 119:11

Thy word have I (b) hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.

(b) If God's word is carved in our hearts, we will be more able to resist the assaults of Satan: and therefore the prophet desires God to instruct him daily more and more in it.

Psalms 119:14

psa 119:14

I have (c) rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies, as [much as] in all riches.

(c) The prophet does not boast of his virtues, but sets forth an example for others to follow God's word, and leave worldly vanities.

Psalms 119:17

psa 119:17

GIMEL. Deal bountifully with thy servant, [that] I may (a) live, and keep thy word.

(a) He shows that we should not desire to live but to serve God, and that we can not serve him correctly unless he opens our eyes and minds.

Psalms 119:19

psa 119:19

I [am] a (b) stranger in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.

(b) Seeing man's life in this world is only a passage, what should become of him, if your word were not his guide?

Psalms 119:21

psa 119:21

Thou (c) hast rebuked the proud [that are] cursed, which do err from thy commandments.

(c) In all ages you have plagued all such who maliciously and contemptuously depart from your truth.

Psalms 119:23

psa 119:23

(d) Princes also did sit [and] speak against me: [but] thy servant did meditate in thy statutes.

(d) When the powers of the world gave false sentence against me, your word was a guide and counsellor to teach me what to do, and to comfort me.

Psalms 119:25

psa 119:25

DALETH. My soul cleaveth unto the (a) dust: quicken thou me according to thy word.

(a) That is, it is almost brought to the grave and without your word I cannot live.

Psalms 119:26

psa 119:26

I have (b) declared my ways, and thou heardest me: teach me thy statutes.

(b) I have confessed my offences and now depend wholly on you.

Psalms 119:28

psa 119:28

My soul melteth for heaviness: strengthen thou me according unto thy (c) word.

(c) If God did not maintain us by his word, our life would drop away like water.

Psalms 119:29

psa 119:29

Remove from me the (d) way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.

(d) Instruct me in your word, by which my mind may be purged from vanity and taught to obey your will.

Psalms 119:32

psa 119:32

I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt (e) enlarge my heart.

(e) By this he shows that we can neither choose good, cleave to God's word, nor turn forward in his way, unless he make our hearts large to receive grace, and willing to obey.

Psalms 119:33

psa 119:33

HE. Teach (a) me, O LORD, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it [unto] the end.

(a) He shows that he cannot follow on to the end, unless God teaches him often and leads him forward.

Psalms 119:34

psa 119:34

Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with [my] whole (b) heart.

(b) Not only in outward conversation, but also with inward affection.

Psalms 119:36

psa 119:36

Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to (c) covetousness.

(c) By this, meaning all other vices, because covetousness is the root of all evil.

Psalms 119:37

psa 119:37

Turn away mine (d) eyes from beholding vanity; [and] quicken thou me in thy way.

(d) Meaning, all his senses.

Psalms 119:39

psa 119:39

Turn away (e) my reproach which I fear: for thy judgments [are] good.

(e) Let me not fall to your dishonour but let my heart still delight in your gracious word.

Psalms 119:40

psa 119:40

Behold, I have longed after thy precepts: (f) quicken me in thy righteousness.

(f) Give me strength to continue in your word even to the end.

Psalms 119:41

psa 119:41

VAU. Let thy (a) mercies come also unto me, O LORD, [even] thy salvation, according to thy word.

(a) He shows that God's mercy and love is the first reason for our salvation.

Psalms 119:42

psa 119:42

So shall I (b) have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me: for I trust in thy word.

(b) By trusting in God's word he assures himself to be able to confute the slanders of his adversaries.

Psalms 119:45

psa 119:45

And I will (c) walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts.

(c) They who simply walk after God's word have no nets to entangle them, while they who do contrary are ever in nets and snares.

Psalms 119:46

psa 119:46

I will speak of thy testimonies also before (d) kings, and will not be ashamed.

(d) He shows that the children of God should not permit their fathers glory to be obscured by the vain pomp of princes.

Psalms 119:49

psa 119:49

ZAIN. Remember (a) the word unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope.

(a) Though he feels God's hand still lies on him, yet he rests on his promise, and comforts himself in it.

Psalms 119:51

psa 119:51

The (b) proud have had me greatly in derision: [yet] have I not declined from thy law.

(b) Meaning the wicked who contemn God's word, and tread his religion under foot.

Psalms 119:52

psa 119:52

I remembered thy (c) judgments of old, O LORD; and have comforted myself.

(c) That is, the examples, by which you declare yourself to be judge of the world.

Next: Psalms Chapter 120