With regard to the weather, the saw is:--
Tuesday was regarded as a lucky day for entering on any new work, and for sending children to school for the first time.
Friday was specially avoided as the day on which to begin any piece of work. It was very unlucky for a ship to sail on this day. 1
A Friday with fine weather during a time of wet is called a "flatterin Friday," and is supposed to indicate a continuance of wet weather.
Saturday was looked upon by some as a day of luck to enter into any undertaking.
A new moon on Saturday was looked upon as the forerunner of stormy weather:--
The month of March is an important month in the North with respect to the preparation of the soil for receiving the seed. It holds a prominent place in folk-lore in the shape of proverbs and saws. One proverb is:--
Other proverbs about March are:--
"March and come in like an adder's head, an gang oot like a peacock's tail."
"March sud come in like a boar's head, an gang oot like a peacock's tail."
"March sud come in like a lion an gang oot like a lam."
There are two versions of the rhyme about the "borrowing days":--
"March said to April--
I see three hoggs on yonder hill,
In ye wad lend me dayis three
I'll dee ma best t gar them dee." 1
Of an April day, when there were alternate showers and sunshine, with a good breeze and large clouds fleeting across the blue sky, it was said, "It's an April day, it's sheetin an glintin."
Of May there are various and contradictory sayings:--
But there is another side to this picture of the first days of May; they were supposed to come accompanied by cold and wet, and hence they were called the "gab o May."
Crops in the North of Scotland depend a good deal on the weather in May, and this fact is embodied in several proverbs.
"May makes the hay."
"A misty May an a drappy June
Pits the fairmer in gueede tune."
"A misty May an a drappy June
Macks the crap come in soon."
"A misty May and a drappy Jeene
Macks an eer hairst, an seen deen."
Washing the face with dew gathered on the morning of the first day of May kept it from being tanned by the sun and becoming freckled. 1
If the wind is in the north on the Rood-day, bad weather follows.
The wind was said to blow during the quarter--the "raith"--in that direction in which it blew during the first day of the quarter.
It was unlucky to see the new moon for the first time through a window, or with empty hands. 3 To have something in the hand on the first sight of the new moon was lucky, and indicated a present before the moon had waned. The money in the pocket must be turned when the first sight of the new moon was caught. 4 Some there were who, on catching the first sight of the new moon, kissed the one next them.
The "mairt" or the pig, that was to be salted, must be killed when the moon was on the increase, else the meat would not keep well. Rennet made from an animal killed except when the moon was waxing was of no use. 5
Fish hung in moonlight was supposed to acquire poisonous qualities.
It was looked upon as dangerous to sleep with the moon shining on the face. The whole face, but particularly the mouth, became twisted. This was especially believed in by sailors. Sleeping in the moonlight might cause madness.
The moon was supposed to exercise great influence in the ripening of the grain--as much, in fact, as the sun, if not more.
A halo round the moon is called "a broch," and is thought to indicate a fall of rain or snow. Hence the proverb, "A broch aboot the meen ill be aboot the midden afore mornin."
A small bright circle round the moon is called in some districts a "cock's eye," and is supposed to indicate unsettled weather.
When the new moon is seen soon after her coming in, it is regarded as a sign of foul weather.
When the new moon looks as if "lying on her back," that is also supposed to indicate foul weather.
If the "old" moon is seen as it were lying in the bosom of the new, it is still regarded as a sign of a coming storm, as it was in days of old:--
Another weather saw drawn from the moon is:--
A mock sun is in some parts called a "ferrick," and is believed to indicate the coming weather according to its position--east or west of the sun, or "behind" or "before" the sun. Hence the saying:--
When a rainbow appears the following rhyme is shouted at the top of the voice: 1--
Another version of it is:--
A shorter cry is:--
During thunder it was not unusual for boys to take a piece of thin wood a few inches wide and about half-a-foot long, bore a hole in one end of it, and tie a few yards of twine into the hole. The piece of wood was rapidly whirled round the head, under the belief that the thunder would cease, or that the thunderbolt would not strike. It went by the name of "thunner-spell."
It was a common saying in parts of Banffshire that the snow of the coming winter made its appearance--"cast up"--during harvest in the large, white, snowy-looking clouds that rise along the horizon. They were called "Banff bailies," and at all seasons of the year were looked upon as the forerunners of foul weather.
When it was snowing heavily the following was repeated:--
When snow is falling in flakes ("flags") the saying is that the folks in Orkney are plucking geese.
A shower of rain was greeted with the words:--
A saw about rain with respect to the hours of the day is
In wet weather, when a clear opening-called in some districts (Keith) "a borie"--appears near the sun at sunset, it is looked upon as indicating a continuance of foul weather.
When rain comes from the south-west with a somewhat clear horizon, with the appearance that the rain would cease in a short time, it is called "a lauchin rain," and is believed to last for some time.
When there was much dust blowing along the roads in summer, rain was regarded not far distant. The common saying was that the dust would soon be laid.
On some parts of the Moray Firth the following was a weather-saw:--
When the wind is south and carrying large heavy clouds northward, the saw is that "the Earl of Moray will not be long in debt to the Earl of Mar." By this is meant that the wind will soon veer towards the north, and that there will be unsettled weather.
Small clouds--"packies, pack-merchans"--moving eastwards from south, south-west, or west, indicate that the wind will soon blow from south or south-west.
If the wind is blowing from the south or south-west, and a cloud begins to appear in the north-west horizon, a sudden burst of a heavy storm is at, hand; and if any of the fishing boats are at sea not a moment is lost in making for land.
If, in the evening, the west and north-west horizon become covered with cloud, with the wind to the south or south-west, if the wind remains in the same quarter, the following day will be fine, but if the wind shift to the north-west, or, as the saying is, go into the face of the cloud, stormy weather follows.
The wind that blows from the west or north-west but towards evening veers to north is called "the wife it gangs oot at even." A breeze is at hand (Pittulie).
Along the Moray Firth the fishermen call the noise of the waves "the song of the sea." If the song is towards the east the wind will shortly blow from east or south-east. If a "long song" is heard from the bar at Banff, the wind will blow from the west.
The swell that often comes before the storm goes by the name of "the dog afore his maister," and the swell that remains after the storm has ceased, "the dog ahin his maister."
149:1 Cf. F. L. Record, vol. i. p. 13 (50, 52) and vol. ii. p. 205.
149:2 Cf. Choice Notes, p. 288.
150:1 Cf. Henderson, p. 95.
151:1 Cf. Henderson, pp. 85, 86, and Choice Notes, pp. 18, 19.
151:2 Ibid. p. 76, and Choice Notes, pp. 180, 293, 294.
151:3 Cf. F. L. Record, vol. i. p. "(28), and Choice Notes, p. 175 (9).
151:4 Cf. Henderson, p. 114.
151:5 Cf. F. L. Record, vol. i. p. 11 (29), and vol. ii. p. 32.
153:1 Cf. Henderson, p. 24.
154:1 Choice Notes, pp. 292, 296.