Sacred Texts  Hinduism  Satapatha Brahmana  Index  Previous  Next 
Buy this Book at

Satapatha Brahmana Part V (SBE44), Julius Eggeling tr. [1900], at



11:2:6:11. The Pranîtâ water, doubtless, is the head of the sacrifice 1; and when he leads forward the Pranîtâ water, it is the head of the sacrifice he thereby forms, and he should know that it is that head of his own that is then being formed.

11:2:6:22. The fuel, indeed, is its breath (of the mouth), for it is by the breath that everything here is kindled (animated) that has breath and moves twinkling with its eyelids: let him know that it is he himself that is that fuel.

11:2:6:33. The kindling-verses, indeed, are its spine: let him therefore say (to the Hotri.) regarding them, 'Recite for me, making them, as it were, continuous 2;' for continuous, as it were, is this spinal column. And the two libations of ghee are its mind and speech, Sarasvat and Sarasvatî 3: let

p. 36

him know that the two libations of ghee are his mind and speech, Sarasvat and Sarasvatî.

11:2:6:44. The five fore-offerings are these its five (outlets of the) vital airs in the head;--the first fore-offering is its mouth, the second the right nostril, the third the left nostril, the fourth the right ear, and the fifth the left ear. And inasmuch as at the fourth fore-offering he pours together (the ghee 1), therefore this ear is, on the inner side, connected by a channel (with the other). The two butter-portions are the eyes: let him know that these are his own eyes.

11:2:6:55. And that cake which is offered to Agni is its right flank; and the low-voiced offering is its heart; and inasmuch as they perform this in a low voice, this heart is, as it were, in secret.

11:2:6:66. And that cake which is offered to Agni and Soma (at full moon), or Indra's Sânnâyya (at new moon), is its left flank; the Svishtakrit is that part between its shoulders; and the (Brahman's) fore-portion 2 is the poison 3.

11:2:6:77. And when he cuts off the fore-portion,---even as there they cut out what was injured 4 in Pragâpati, so do they now thereby cut out what in this (body) is clogged and hardened, and affected by Varuna

p. 37

let him know that, as there they cut out what was injured in Pragâpati, so they now cut out what in him is clogged and hardened and affected by Varuna.

11:2:6:88. The Idâ, indeed, is the belly: even as there, at (the invocation of) the Idâ 1 they cut off portions (and put them) together, so now food, of all kinds is put together in the belly.

11:2:6:99. The three after-offerings are these its three downward breathings; and the Sûktavâka and Samyorvâka its arms (or fore-feet); the four Patnîsamgas the four supports--the two thighs and the two knee-bones; and the Samishtayagus is the two (hind) feet.

11:2:6:1010. These are twenty-one offerings;--two libations of ghee, five fore-offerings, two butter-portions, and Agni's cake: this makes ten; Agni and Soma's low-voiced offering, Agni and Soma's cake, the Agni Svishtakrit, the Idâ, three after-offerings, the Sûktavâka, the Samyorvâka, further his seizing (the two spoons) at the same time there at the Patnîsamgas 2 and (last) the Samishtayagus.

11:2:6:1111. These are twenty-one offerings,--there are twelve months and five seasons in a year; and three worlds--that makes twenty; and yonder burning (sun) is the twenty-first--that is the goal 3, that the resting-place: he thus reaches that goal, that resting-place.

11:2:6:1212. Now, as to this Âruni said, 'Every half-month, indeed, I become a sharer of the same world with yonder sun: that is the perfection of the Full and New-moon sacrifices which I know.'

p. 38

11:2:6:1313. As to this they ask, 'Who is the better one, the self-offerer, or the god-offerer?' Let him say, 'The self-offerer;' for a self-offerer, doubtless, is he who knows, 'This my (new) body is formed by that (body of Yagña, the sacrifice), this my (new) body is procured 1 thereby.' And even as a snake frees itself from its skin, so does he free himself from his mortal body, from sin; and made up of the Rik, the Yagus, the Sâman, and of offerings, does he pass on to the heavenly world.

11:2:6:1414. And a god-offerer, doubtless, is he who knows, 'I am now offering sacrifice to the gods, I am serving the gods,'--such a one is like an inferior who brings tribute to his superior, or like a man of the people who brings tribute to the king: verily, he does not win such a place (in heaven) as the other.


35:1 Yagña, the sacrifice, is here, as so often, to be understood as the abstract representation of the victim (here the horse), as well as of the Purusha,--i.e. Pragâpati, and the Sacrificer.

35:2 The kindling-verses, being in the Gâyatrî metre, consist of three octosyllabic pâdas each. Whilst after each verse a kindling-stick (samidh) is thrown into the fire by the Adhvaryu, the Hotri does not make any pause in his recitation at this point, but he does so after the second pâda of each verse, thus connecting the last pâda with the first two pâdas of the next verse.

35:3 See XI, 2, 5, 9 (There doesn't appear to be such a paragraph--JBH).

36:1 See I, 5, 3, 16.

36:2 See I, 7, 4, 10 seqq.

36:3 Instead of 'visham,' the MS. of Sâyana's commentary reads 'dvishan' (hater, enemy), which is explained as meaning 'satrubuddhi'; the cutting out' of the fore-portion being compared with the annihilation of enemies (satrunirasanârtham),--all this is, however, manifestly fanciful. What is intended would seem to be the poison (real or figurative) caused by the enemies’ (or Rudra's, or Varuna's) shafts, in accordance with the myth regarding Pragâpati and his daughter, I, 7, 4, 1 seqq.

36:4 Literally, what was pierced (by an arrow), cf. I, 7, 4, 3. 9.

37:1 See I, 8, 1, 12 seqq.

37:2 See I, 9, 2, 19.

37:3 Saishâ sûryarûpaiva gatih gantavyabhûmih; eshaiva pratishthâ kritsnaphalasyâsrayah, Sây.

38:1 Upadhîyate upasthâpyate, Sây.

Next: XI, 2, 7. Seventh Brâhmana