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The Grihya Sutras, Part 1 (SBE29), by Hermann Oldenberg, [1886], at


1. 'Be queen with thy father-in-law,' with this verse (Rig-veda X, 85, 46) her father or brother sacrifices with a sword's point on her head, or with the Sruva, standing while she is sitting, with his face turned to the west, while her face is turned to the east.

2. 'I seize thy hand for the sake of happiness' (Rig-veda X, 85, 36), with these words (the bridegroom) seizes with his right hand her right hand with the thumb, both hands being turned with the palms upwards, he standing while she is sitting, with his face turned to the west, while her face is turned to the east.

3. And when he has murmured the following five verses,

4. (He continues thus,) 'This am I, that art thou;

p. 36

that art thou, this am I; the heaven I, the earth thou; the Rik art thou, the Sâman I. So be thou devoted to me.

'Well! Let us here marry. Let us beget offspring. Let us acquire many sons who may reach old age.'

5. (The Âkârya) fills, with the words bhûr bhuvah svah, a new water-pot,

6. Throws into it (branches) with milky sap and leaves, of a tree the name of which is masculine, together with Kusa grass,

7. And gold, according to some (teachers),

8. And hands it over to a student who observes silence.

9. They should walk round this Stheyâ water, (placed) to the north-east, so that they turn their right sides . towards it.

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10. And after (the Âkârya) has placed a stone towards the northern direction,

11. (The bridegroom) makes her rise with the words, 'Come, thou joyful one,'

12. And makes her tread with the tip of her right foot on the stone, with the words, 'Come, tread on the stone; like a stone be firm. Tread the foes down; overcome the enemies.'

13. He then leads her round the fire so that their right sides are turned to it,

14. And gives her a second garment with the same text (chap. 12, § 3).

15. Her father or brother pours out of a basket fried grain mixed with Samî leaves into her joined hands.

16. The spreading under, the sprinkling over, and the second sprinkling over (are done) with Âgya.

17 17. She sacrifices those (fried grains).


35:4 13, 4. Nârâyana states that here four Brâhmanas should repeat p. 36 the Sûryâ hymn (Rig-veda X, 85) to the bride. That, according to Sâṅkhâyana, that hymn is recited at the wedding, is clear from chap. 14, 12.

36:6 Sakshîrânt sapalâsânt sakusân. Nârâyana's commentary divides sa kusân, and refers sa to the âkârya. But this sa would be superfluous, and the substantive to which sakshîrân and sapalâsân are to be referred, is, as both the nature of the case and the corresponding passages show, sâkhân and not kusân. Comp. the Srauta-sûtra IV, 17, 5: palâsasâkhâm sapalâsâm nikhâya, and a passage concerning the very rite here described, Âsvalâyana-parisishta I, 24: audumbaryârddhayâ. (read, ârdrayâ?) sâkhayâ sapalâsayâ sahiranyapavitrayâ sadûrvâpavitrayâ. The MS. of the Sâmbavya-sûtra has sakshîrân palâsân sakusân.

36:9 'The Stheyâ water has to be so placed that when the bride and the bridegroom walk (their seven steps, see chap. 14, 5 seq.), their right sides are turned towards it.' Nârâyana. Comp., regarding the Stheyâ water and its bearer, the Grihya-samgraha-parisishta II, 26. 30. 35.

37:17 I believe that the words forming this Sûtra, tâñ guhoti, are taken from the same lost old Grihya text which Sâṅkhâyana has followed word for word also in I, 5, 1-5 and elsewhere. This is made probable by the comparison of Pâraskara I, 6, 2. The author of our text, while literally adopting the words of his original, has not quite succeeded in welding them together with his own statements; thus the sacrifice of grains is treated of in this Sûtra and in the first Sûtra of the next chapter, as if there were two different acts, while indeed it is one and the same.

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