Chapter XVII.—Of the Power of Conferring Baptism.
For concluding our brief subject, 8706 it remains to put you in mind also of the due observance of giving and receiving baptism. Of giving it, the chief priest 8707 (who is the bishop) has the right: in the next place, the presbyters and deacons, yet not without the bishops authority, on account of the honour of the Church, which being preserved, peace is preserved. Beside these, even laymen have the right; for what is equally received can be equally given. Unless bishops, or priests, or deacons, be on the spot, other disciples are called i.e. to the work. The word of the Lord ought not to be hidden by any: in like manner, too, baptism, which is equally Gods property, 8708 can be administered by all. But how much more is the rule 8709 of reverence and modesty incumbent on laymen—seeing that these powers 8710 belong to their superiors—lest they assume to themselves the specific 8711 function of the bishop! Emulation of the episcopal office is the mother of schisms. The most holy apostle has said, that “all things are lawful, but not all expedient.” 8712 Let it suffice assuredly, in cases of necessity, to avail yourself (of that rule 8713 , if at any time circumstance either of place, or of time, or of person compels you (so to do); for then the stedfast courage of the succourer, when the situation of the endangered one is urgent, is exceptionally admissible; inasmuch as he will be guilty of a human creatures loss if he shall refrain from bestowing what he had free liberty to bestow. But the woman of pertness, 8714 who has usurped the power to teach, will of course not give birth for herself likewise to a right of baptizing, unless some new beast shall arise 8715 like the former; so that, just as the one abolished baptism, 8716 so some other should in her own right confer it! But if the writings which wrongly go under Pauls name, claim Theclas example as a licence for womens teaching and baptizing, let them know that, in Asia, the presbyter who composed that writing, 8717 as if he were augmenting Pauls fame from his own store, after being convicted, and confessing that he had done it from love of Paul, was removed 8718 from his office. For how credible would it seem, that he who has not permitted a woman 8719 even to learn with over-boldness, should give a female 8720 the power of teaching and of baptizing! “Let them be silent,” he says, “and at home consult their own husbands.” 8721
Summus sacerdos. Compare de Orat. xxviii., “nos…veri sacerdotes,” etc.: and de Ex. Cast. c. vii., “nonne et laici sacerdotes sumus?”677:8708
i.e. the powers of administering baptism and “sowing the word.” [i.e. “The Keys.” Scorpiace, p. 643.]677:8711
1 Cor. x. 23, where μοι in the received text seems interpolated.677:8713
Or, as Oehler explains it, of your power of baptizing, etc.677:8714
Quintilla. See c. i.677:8715
Evenerit. Perhaps Tertullian means literally—though that sense of the word is very rare—“shall issue out of her,” alluding to his “pariet” above.677:8716
See c. i. ad fin.677:8717
The allusion is to a spurious work entitled Acta Pauli et Theclæ. [Of which afterwards. But see Jones, on the Canon, II. p. 353, and Lardner, Credibility, II. p. 305.]677:8718
1 Cor. 14:34, 35.