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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

Zechariah Chapter 1

Zechariah 1:1

zac 1:1

eighth month

That is, November.

Zechariah 1:7

zac 1:7


Eleventh monththat is, February.

Zechariah 1:8

zac 1:8

I saw

The "man" (Zac 1:8) is the "my lord," "the angel that talked with me" (Zac 1:9), and "the angel of the Lord" (Zac 1:10); (Zac 1:11). The "man" "stood among the myrtle trees" (Zac 1:8). The prophet addresses him as "my lord" (compare (Gen 19:2), but when the "man" answers he perceives that he has addressed an angel -- "the angel that talked with me" (Zac 1:9). In (Zac 1:10). The being of the vision is again "the man that stood among the myrtle trees." In (Zac 1:11). He is called "the angel of the Lord," and to him the (riders on the) "red horses, speckled with white" say: "We have walked to and fro," etc. Then (Zac 1:12), "the angel of the Lord" (that is, the "man," "my lord," "the angel that talked with me") intercedes for the land against a world at ease. The date of the intercession was at the end of the 70 years' captivity of Judah. (Zac 1:9-12).

Taken as a whole (Zac 1:8-17) Zechariah's first vision reveals Judah in dispersion; Jerusalem under adverse possession; and the Gentile nations at rest about it. This condition still continues, and Jehovah's answer to the intercession of the angel sweeps on to the end-time of Gentile domination, when "the Lord shall yet comfort Zion," etc. (Zac 1:16); (Zac 1:17); (Isa 40:1-5).

See "Kingdom (Old Testament)"

(See Scofield) - (Gen 1:26).

(See Scofield) - (Zac 12:8).

red horse

Compare (Rev 6:4).

The whole Gentile period is characterized by the red horse, that is, "sword."; (Dan 9:26); (Mat 24:6); (Mat 24:7).

Zechariah 1:9

zac 1:9


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:11

zac 1:11


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:12

zac 1:12


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:13

zac 1:13


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:14

zac 1:14


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:18

zac 1:18


A "horn" is the symbol of a Gentile king (Dan 7:24); (Rev 17:12) and the vision is of the four world empires; (Dan 2:36-44); (Dan 7:3-7) which have "scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem" (Zac 1:19).

Zechariah 1:19

zac 1:19


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

Zechariah 1:20

zac 1:20

And the Lord

The word "charash", translated, "carpenter," is literally, carver, engraver. (Zac 1:21) makes it plain that, whatever the four carvers may be, they are used to "fray," or carve away (Hebrew, charad) in the sense of diminishing, enfeebling, the great Gentile world-powers. They may stand for Jehovah's "four sore judgments," the sword, famine, evil beasts, and pestilence (Eze 14:21); the four horses of Revelation 6.

Next: Zechariah Chapter 2