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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

John Chapter 13

John 13:1

joh 13:1

before the feast

For order of events during the night of the last passover, see

(See Scofield) - (Mat 26:20).

John 13:2

joh 13:2



(See Scofield) - (Rev 20:10).

John 13:10

joh 13:10


The underlying imagery is of an oriental returning from the public baths to his house. His feet would contract defilement and require cleansing, but not his body. So the believer is cleansed as before the law from all sin "once for all" (Heb 10:1-12) but needs ever to bring his daily sins to the Father in confession, that he may abide in unbroken fellowship with the Father and with the Son (Jo1 1:1-10). The blood of Christ answers forever to all the law could say as to the believer's guilt, but he needs constant cleansing from the defilement of sin, (Eph 5:25-27); (Jo1 5:6). Typically, the order of approach to the presence of God was, first, the brazen altar of sacrifice, and then the laver of cleansing (Exo 40:6); (Exo 40:7).

See, also, the order in (Exo 30:17-21).

Christ cannot have communion with a defiled saint, but He can and will cleanse him.


Literally, "bathed". The Greek word signifies "a complete ablution". "Wash" is another word.

John 13:31

joh 13:31

Son of man

(See Scofield) - (Mat 8:20).

Next: John Chapter 14