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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

John Chapter 12

John 12:3

joh 12:3


As Martha stands for service, and Lazarus for communion, so Mary shows us the worship of a grateful heart. Others before her had come to his feet to have their need met; she came to give Him His due. Though two of the evangelists record her act, John alone gives her name.

feet of

(See Scofield) - (Mat 26:7).

John 12:12

joh 12:12

when they

(See Scofield) - (Mat 21:4).

John 12:19

joh 12:19


Greek, "kosmos", means "mankind".

(See Scofield) - (Mat 4:8).

John 12:23

joh 12:23


He does not receive these Gentiles. A Christ in the flesh, King of the Jews, could be no proper object of faith to the Gentiles, though the Jews should have believed on Him as such. For Gentiles the corn of wheat must fall into the ground and die; Christ must be lifted up on the cross and believed in as a sacrifice for sin, as seed of Abraham, not David (Joh 12:24); (Joh 12:32); (Gal 3:7-14); (Eph 2:11-13).

Son of man

(See Scofield) - (Mat 8:20).

John 12:24

joh 12:24


Chapters 12-17 are a progression according to the order of approach to God in the tabernacle types: chapter 12, in which Christ speaks of His death, answers to the brazen altar of burnt-offering, type of the cross. Passing from the altar toward the holy of holies, the laver is next reached (Exo 30:17-21); answering to Chapter 13. With His associate priests, now purified, the High Priest approaches and enters the holy place, in the high communion of Chapters 14-16. Entering alone the holy of holies (Joh 17:1); the High Priest intercedes.

Compare (Heb 7:24-28).

That intercession is not for the salvation, but the keeping and blessing of those for whom He prays. His death (assumed as accomplished), (Joh 17:4) has saved them.

John 12:25

joh 12:25


Greek, "kosmos", means "world-system". (Joh 14:17); (Joh 14:19); (Joh 14:22); (Joh 14:27); (Joh 14:30); (Joh 7:7).

(See Scofield) - (Rev 13:8).

John 12:29

joh 12:29


(See Scofield) - (Heb 1:4).

John 12:31

joh 12:31


The Seven Judgments.

(1) Of Jesus Christ as bearing the believer's sins. The sins of believers have been judged in the person of Jesus Christ "lifted up" on the cross. The result was death for Christ, and justification for the believer, who can never again be put in jeopardy.

(Joh 5:24); (Rom 5:9); (Rom 8:1); (Co2 5:21); (Gal 3:13); (Heb 9:26-28); (Heb 10:10); (Heb 10:14-17); (Pe1 2:24); (Pe1 3:18).

See other judgments,

(See Scofield) - (Co1 11:31).

(See Scofield) - (Co2 5:10).

(See Scofield) - (Mat 25:32).

(See Scofield) - (Eze 20:37).

(See Scofield) - (Jde 1:6).

(See Scofield) - (Rev 20:12).


Greek, "kosmos", means "world-system". (Joh 14:17); (Joh 14:19); (Joh 14:22); (Joh 14:27); (Joh 14:30); (Joh 7:7).

See note, (Rev 13:3-8).

(See Scofield) - (Rev 13:8).

John 12:47

joh 12:47


Greek, "kosmos", means "mankind".

(See Scofield) - (Mat 4:8).

Next: John Chapter 13