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XVII. Hymn to the Gods of Wine.

XVII. Totochtin incuic Tezcatzoncatl.



1. Yyaha, yya yya, yya ayya, ayya ouiya, ayya yya, ayya yya, yyauiyya, ayya ayya, yya ayya, yya yya yye.

2. Coliuacan mauizpan atlacatl ichana, yya ayya, yyayyo.

3. Tezcatzonco tecpan teutl, macoc: ye chocaya, auia, macaiui, macayui teutl, macoc yye chocaya.

4. Auia axalaco, tecpanteutl, macoc yye chocaya, macayui, macayui teutl macoc yye chocaya.

Var. 3. Tezcatzoncatl tepan. 4. Axalaca.


1. Y tlauelcuic, tlauelcuica.

2. Coliuacan mauizpa tlacatlichana, q. n., in tlacatl, id est, octli ompa, ichan ni colhoacan. Mauizpa, q. n., temamauhtican.

3. Tezcatzonco, tecpanteutl, q. n., ye choca in omacoc teutl tezcatzonco tecpan, id est, octli. Quinionacayotia in teutl. Macaiui teutl, q. n., macamo omatoni in teutl, id est, octli, ye choca cayamo, ynemac.

4. Aia, axalaco tecpanteutl, q. n., axala, in tecpanteutl. Ye choca, yn omacoc, id est, octli axalatecpan, ye choca in omacoc, macamo omaco ni ye choca cayamo ynemac.

Hymn to Tezcatzoncatl Totochtin.

1. Alas! alas! alas! alas! alas! alas!

2. In the home of our ancestors this creature was a fearful thing.

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3. In the temple of Tezcatzoncatl he aids those who cry to him, he gives them to drink; the god gives to drink to those who cry to him.

4. In the temple by the water-reeds the god aids those who call upon him, he gives them to drink; the god aids those who cry unto him.


Tezcatzoncatl was one of the chief gods of the native inebriating liquor, the pulque. Its effects were recognized as most disastrous, as is seen from his other names, Tequechmecaniani, "he who hangs people," and Teatlahuiani, "he who drowns people." Sahagun remarks, "They always regarded the pulque as a bad and dangerous article." The word Totochtin, plural of tochtli, rabbit, was applied to drunkards, and also to some of the deities of special forms of drunkenness.

The first verse is merely a series of lamentations. The second speaks of the sad effects of the pulque in ancient times. (On Colhuacan see Notes to Hymn XIII.)

Next: XVIII. Hymn to the Master of Waters.