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p. 253


1. The following persons sanctify a company:

2. A Trinâkiketa;

[27. See LXIV, 5, note.

29. The particle ka here refers to the following further persons mentioned in a Smriti, a shepherd, one who lives by the prostitution of his own wife, the husband of a woman who had another husband before, and one employed to carry out dead bodies. (Nand.)

LXXXIII. 1-19. M. III, 128-148, 183-146; Y. I, 219-221; Âpast. II, 7, 17, 22; Gaut. XV, 28.

2. Nand. has two explanations of the term Trinâkiketa: 1. One who has thrice kindled the Nâkiketa fire. 2. One who has studied, {footnote p. 254} in consequence of a vow, the portion of the Yagur-veda called Trinâkiketa. See Âpast. II, 7, 17, 22, with Dr. Bühler's note, and the Petersburg Dictionary.]

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3. One who keeps five fires;

4. One who can sing the Sâmans called Gyeshtha;

5. One who has studied the whole Veda;

6. One who has studied one Vedânga;

7. One who has studied either the Purânas (Legends), or the Itihâsas (Epics), or grammar;

8. One who has studied one of the Dharmasâstras (Institutes of the Sacred Law);

9. One purified by visiting sacred places of pilgrimage;

10. One purified by offering sacrifices;

11. One purified by austere devotion;

12. One purified by veracity;

13. One purified by (constantly muttering) Mantras;

14. One intent upon muttering the Gâyatrî;

15. One in whose family the study and teaching of the Veda are hereditary.

16. One who knows the Trisuparna (the text which thrice contains the word Suparna).

[4. Sâma-veda II, 209-211, &c.

7. Grammar is again mentioned here, although it forms part of the Vedângas mentioned in Sûtra 6. But there the Prâtisâkhyas are meant. (Nand.)

8. The number of the Smritis or Dharmasâstras, according to Nand., amounts to fifty-seven. The now current tradition gives thirty-six as their number; but upwards of a hundred works of this description must have been actually in existence. See Dr. Bühler's Introduction to the Bombay Digest, p. xii seq.

16. See above, LVI, 22 3, and Dr. Bühler's note on Âpast. loc. cit. Nand. proposes another interpretation also of the term Trisuparna, 6 one who has thrice kindled a fire in honour of Suparna.']

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17. A son-in-law;

18. And a grandson. All these persons are worthy (to be fed at a Srâddha);

19. And, particularly, devotees.

20, There is a stanza recited by the manes, which refers to this subject:

21. 'May that man be born to our race, who feeds a Brâhmana devotee assiduously at a Srâddha, by which repast we are satisfied ourselves.'