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THE following register gives the full title of all notable publications on Buddhism, including memoirs contained in periodicals, as well as separate works. The literature of the various languages of Europe is so vast that I dare not hope that this list is sufficiently detailed and complete. But I may be allowed at least to add, as an apology for my compilation, that I was not aided by a previous enumeration of this kind.

For official assistance I am particularly indebted to the director of the Royal and State Library at Munich, Professor Halm.

An arrangement of the literature in reference to the principal objects is easily found in the "Index," where the respective publications are added to the other details.

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(The words in brackets are the abbreviations I use.)

ABHANDLUNGEN der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Up to 1860. (Abh. d. Berl. Akad.)

ARBEITEN der russischen Mission in Peking. Deutsche Uebersetzung von Abel und Mecklenburg. Berlin, 1858. Vols. I., II. (Arb. d. russ. Mission.)

ARCHIV für die wissenschaftliche Kunde von Russland, von Erman. Vols. I. to XX. (Erman's Archiv.)

ASIATIC RESEARCHES, or Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal. Calcutta. Vols. I. to XX. The octavo edition is distinguished by 8º. (As. Res.)

BULLETIN scientifique publié par l'Académie des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. Vols. I. to X. (Bull. Be. St. Pétersb. Acad.)

BULLETIN de la classe historico-philologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. Vols. I. to XIV. (Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb.)

BULLETIN de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. Vols. I. to V. (Bull. St. Pétersb. Acad.)

CHINESE REPOSITORY. Canton. Vol. III. (Chin. Rep.)

DENKSCHRIFTEN der k. k. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. (Denkschr. d. Wien. Akad.)

GLEANINGS IN SCIENCE. Calcutta. Vols. I. to 111. (Glean. in sc.)

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JOURNAL Asiatique, ou Recueil de Mémoires, d'Extraits et de Notices relatifs à l'histoire, à la philosophic, aux sciences, à la litterature et aux langues des peuples orientaux. Vols. I. to V. (Journ. As.)

JOURNAL of the American Oriental Society. New-York. (Journ. Amer. Or. Soc.)

JOURNAL of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Vols. I. to XXX. (Journ. As. Soc. Beng.)

JOURNAL of the Bombay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Vols. I. to V. (Journ. Bomb. R. As. Soc.)

JOURNAL of the Ceylon branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Colombo, 1845, 1848, 1850, 1853. (Journ. Ceylon. R. As. Soc.)

JOURNAL of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia. Singapore. New series. Vols. I. to III. (Journ. Ind. Arch.)

JOURNAL (also Transactions) of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great-Britain and Ireland. Vols. I. to XIX. (Journ. R. As. Soc.)

JOURNAL des Savants. Paris. From 1820-1856. (Journ. des Sav.)

JOURNAL of the Shanghai Literary Society. (Journ. Shanghai Lit. Soc.).

MADRAS JOURNAL of Literature, and Science. Madras. New Series. Vols. I. to VII. (Madras Journ.)

MÉMOIRES de l'Institut Impérial de France, Académie des Inscriptions. (Mém. de l'Inst. de Françe.)

MÉMOIRES présentés à l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg par divers savants. Vols. I. to VI. (Mém. des sav. étrang. St. Pétersb.)

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MÉMOIRES de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. Série I. to VII. (Mém. de l'Acad. St. Pétersb.)

NOUVEAU JOURNAL ASIATIQUE on Recueil de Mémoires, d'Extraits et de Notices relatifs à l'histoire, à la philosophie aux langues, et à la littérature des peuples orientaux. Paris. 1826-1861. (Nouv. Journ. As.)

TRANSACTIONS of the Literary Society of Bombay. Vols. I. to III. (Trans. Lit. Soc. Bombay.)

ZEITSCHRIFT der deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft. Vols. I. to XI. (Ztschr. d. d. Morg. Ges.)

ZEITSCHRIFT für die Kunde des Morgenlandes. Vols. I. to V. (Ztschr. f. d. K. d. Morg.)


ACKERMANN, B. The history and doctrine of Buddhism. 1829.

ANDERSON, W. An attempt to identify some of the places mentioned in the Itinerary of Hiuan Thsang. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVI., p. 1183.

See also for other publications on this subject: Cunningham, Müller.

Critic. diss.: Cunningham, Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVII., Part. I., p. 476; Part. II., p. 13.

BAILEY, E. C. Note on some sculptures found in the district of Peshawur. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXI., p. 606.

See also on this subject a paper by Jaquet.

BARTHÉLEMY ST. HILAIRE: Sur les travaux de M. Eugène Burnouf. Journ. des Sav., 1852, pp. 473, 561.

----- Du Buddhisme. Paris, 1855.

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BARTHÉLEMY ST. HILAIRE: Le Bouddha et sa religion. Paris, 1860. For critical dissertations by this author see: Burnouf, Foucaux, St. Julien.

BAZIN, M. Recherches sur l'origine, l'histoire et la constitution des ordres religieux dans l'empire chinois. Nouv. Journ. As., V. Série, Vol. VIII. (1856).

BENFEY, TH. Bemerkung zu einer Mittheilung des Megasthenes in Bezug auf Indische Geschichte. Zschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. V., p. 218.

----- Einige Bemerkungen über die Götternamen auf den indoscythischen Münzen. Ztschr. d. d. Morg. Ges, Vol. VIII., p. 450.

BENNET, C. Life of Gaudama, a translation from the Burmese book entitled Ma-la-len-ga-ra Wottoo. Journ. Amer. Or. Soc., Vol. III., pp. 1-165.

BERGMANN: Nomadische Streifereien unter den Kulmücken in den Jahren 1802 u. 1803. 4 Vols. 1805. (Compare also Morris.)

BIGANDET, Legend of the Burmese Budha., called Gaudama. Journ. Ind. Arch., Vol. VI., pp. 278, 499; Vol. VII., p. 159; Vol. VII., pp. 349, 373; Vol. IX., pp. 139, 325, 483.

BIOT. For critical dissertations by this author see Burnouf.

BIRD, J.: Historical Researches on the Origin and Principles of the Buddha and Jaina Religions. Journ. Bombay R. As. Soc., Vol. II., p. 71.

BOCHINGER, J. J.: La vie contemplative, ascetique, et monastique chez les Indous et chez les peuples Bouddhistes. Strasbourg, 1831.

BOEHTLINGK: Rapport sur un mémoir intitulé: "Eine tibetische Lebensbeschreibung Säkjamuni's, des Begründers des Buddhathums," im Auszuge mitgetheilt von A. Schiefner. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Petersb. Vol. V., p. 93.

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BORLEN, P. v.: De Buddhaismi Origine et Actate conscripsit Petrus a Bohlen. Regimont. Pruss., 1827.

----- Das alte Indien, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Egypten dargestellt. 2 Vols. Königsberg, 1830.

BROCKHAUS, R: Soma Deva, Gründung der Stadt Pätaliputra und Geschichte des Upakosa. Leipzig, 1835.

See also on this subject a paper by Francklin.

BUCHANAN, FR.: On the religion and literature of the Burmas As. Res., 8º. Vol. VI., p. 186.

BURNES, A.: Account of the Jain temples at Mount Ábu in Guzerát. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. II., p. 161.

----- Travels into Bokhara; being an account of a journey from India to Caboul, Tartary and Persia. 2 Vols. 1834.

See also Ephinstone.

BURNEY, H. ST.: Translation of an Inscription in the Burmese language, discovered at Buddha Gaya, in 1833. As. Res., Vol. XX., p. 161.

See also about this town a paper by Kittoe.

Critic. diss.: Lassen, Chr.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. I., p. 108.

----- Discovery of Buddhist Images with Deva-nâgari Inscriptions at Tagoung, the ancient Capital of the Burmese Empire. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. V., p. 157.

Critic. diss.: Lassen, Chr.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. I., p. 228.

BURNOUF, E. (et Ch. Lassen): Essai sur le Päli, ou la Langue sacrée de la presqu'île au-dela du Gange, avec six planches lithographiées. Paris, 1826.

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BURNOUF, E. (et Ch. Lassen): Observations grammaticales sur quelques passages de l'Essai de MM. Burnouf et Lassen. Paris, 1827.

----- Introduction à l'Histoire du Buddhism Indien. Paris, 1844.

Critical diss.: Roer, E.: Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XIV,, Part II., p. 783; Biot: Journ. des Sav., 1845, pp. 233, 257, and 337.

----- Le Lotus de la Bonne Loi, traduit du Sanskrit, accompagné d'un commentaire et de vingt et un mémoires relatifs an Buddhisme. Paris, 1852.

Critical diss.: Barthélemy St. Hilaire: nine articles in Journ. des Sav. 1854 and 1855 (in connexion with Foucaux's Rgya Tcher Rol pa). A. Weber, "Indische Studien," Vol. III., P. 135.

For critical diss. by this author see Rémusat, Upham.

BURT, F. S.: More Dänams from the Sanchi Tope near Bhilsa, taken in impression. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VII., p. 562.

See also about this tope: Cunningham, Prinsep.

----- A description, with drawings, of the ancient stone pillar at Allahabad, called Bhim ten's Gada or Club, with accompanying copies of four inscriptions engraved in different characters upon its surface. Journ. &c. Vol. III., p. 105.

See also for other papers on this pillar: Hodgson, Mill, Prinsep, Troyer, Turnour.

CALLAWAY, JOHN: Yakkun Nattannawa; A Cingalese Poem descriptive of the Ceylon System of Demonology, to which is added: The Practices of a Capua or Devil Priest, as described by a Buddhist: and Kolan Nattannawa, a Cingalese Poem, descriptive of the characters assumed by natives of Ceylon in a Masquerade. London, 1829.

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CAMPBELL, A.: Journal of a trip to Síkkim. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVIII., p. 482.

----- Diary of a Journey through Síkkim to the frontiers of Thibet. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXI., pp. 407, 477, 563.

CAREY, W.: An account of the funeral ceremonies of a Burman Priest. As. Res., Vol. XII., p. 186.

CARTE, W. K: Notice of Amulets in use by the Trans-Himalayan Boodhists, with remarks by Csoma de Körös. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. IX., Part. II., p. 904.

CATALOGUE des Manuscrits and Xylographies Orientaux de la Bibliotèque Impériale Publique de St. Pétersbourg. 1852.

CHAPMANN, I. I.: Some additional remarks upon the ancient city of Anurâjapura or Anurâdhapura and the Hill Temple at Mehentêlê in the island of Ceylon. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XIII., p. 164.

CHITTY, S. C.: The sixth Chapter of the Tiruvathavur Purana. Journ. Ceylon R. As. Soc. 1845. No. I., Part. I., p. 63.

COLEBROOKE, H. T.: Observations on the sect of Jains. As. Res.; Vol. IX., p. 287.

CONGREVE, R: A brief account of the ancient Buddhist Sculptures at Masulipatam. Madras Journ., Vol. VI., May 1861, p. 44.

COURT, A.: Further information on the Topes of Manikyâla, being the translation of on extract of a manuscript memoir on ancient Taxila. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., p. 556.

----- Note on the brown liquid contained in the cylinders from Manikyâla. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., p. 567.

See also for other papers on this tope: Cunningham, Prinsep.

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CRAWFURD, J.: On the ruins of Boro Budor in Java. Trans. Lit. Soc. Bomb., Vol. II., p. 154.

----- History of the Indian Archipelago. Edinburgh, 1820. Vols. I., II., III.

CSOMA DE KÖRÖS: Translation of a Tibetan fragment, with remarks by H. H. Wilson. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. I., p. 269.

----- Geographical notice of Tibet. Journ. &c., Vol. I., p. 121.

----- Note on the origin of the Kâla-Chakra, and Adi-Buddha Systems. Journ. &c., Vol. II., p. 57.

----- Translation of a Tibetan passport. Journ. &c., Vol. II., p. 201.

----- Origin of the Shâkya race, translated from the La, or the 26th volume of the mDo class in the Kah-gyur, commencing at the 161st leaf. Journ. &c., Vol. II., p. 385.

----- Extracts from Tibetan works. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 57.

----- Analysis of a Tibetan Medical Work. Journ. &c., Vol. IV., P. 1.

----- Notices on the different systems of Buddhism extracted from the Tibetan authorities. Journ. &c., Vol. VII., Part. I., p. 142.

Critical diss.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. IV.

----- Enumeration of Historical and Grammatical works to be met with in Tibet. Journ. &c., Vol. VIII., p, 147.

Critical diss.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. IV.

----- Remarks on the "Notice of amulets in use by the Trans-Himálayan Boodhists by W. E. Carte." Journ. &c., Vol. IX., Part. II., p. 905.


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CSOMA DE KÖRÖS: Interpretation of the Tibetan inscription on a Bhotian banner, taken in Assam. Journ. &c., Vol. V., p. 264.

----- Translation of a Tibetan sloka found on a white piece of China scarf. Journ. &c., Vol. V., p. 384.

----- Analysis of the Tibetan work entitled the Kah-gyur. As. Res., Vol. XX., pp. 41, 393.

----- Abstract of the contents of the Bstan-hgyur. As. Res., Vol. XX., p. 553.

----- Notices on the life of Shâkya. As. Res., Vol. XX., p. 285.

----- A Grammar of the Tibetan language, in English. Calcutta, 1834.

----- Essay towards a Dictionary, Tibetan and English. Calcutta, 1834.

----- A brief notice of the Subhâshita Ratna Nidhi of Saskya Pandita. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXIV., p. 141; Vol. XXV., p. 257.

CUNNINGHAM, A.: Correction of a mistake regarding some of the Roman coins found in the Tope of Manikyâla opened by M. Court, Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 635.

See also for other papers on this tope: Court, Prinsep.

----- An account of the Discovery of the Ruins of the Buddhist City of Samkassa. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VII., p. 241.

----- Opening of the Topes, or Buddhist Monuments, of Central India. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XIII., p. 108.

----- The Bhilsa Topes, or Buddhist monuments, of Central India. London, 1854.

----- Ladák, physical, statistical, and historical; with notices of the surrounding countries. London, 1854.

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CUNNINGHAM, A.: Verification of the Itinerary of Hivan Thsang through Afghanistan and India, through the first half of the 7th. century. Journ. &c., Vol. XVII., Part. II., p. 13.

----- Verification of the Itinerary of Hivan Thsang through Ariana and India, with reference to Major Anderson's hypothesis of its modern compilation. Journ. &c., Vol. XVII., Part I., p. 476.

See also, the paper of Müller.

Satraps, with Greek inscriptions. Journ. &c., Vol. XXIII., p. 679.

----- An Essay on the Arian order of Architecture as established in the Temples of Kashmir. Journ. &c., Vol. XVII., Part II., p. 274.

DAVIS: China and the Chinese. German edition by Drugulin. Stuttgart, 1852.

DEBRAUTERAYES: Recherches sur la Religion de Fo, professée par les Bonzes Ho-chang de la Chine. Journ. As. 1825, pp. 150, 228, 311; 1826, pp. 40, 74, 179, 219.

ECKSTEIN, Baron X: Théologie et Philosophie booddhiques, comparées à celles des Vêdantins. (In the article, entitled: "Narasinha Oupanichat"). Nouv. Journ. As. 3e série, Vol. II. (1836), p. 470.

A critical review is noticed under Julien.

EDKINS, E.: Translation of a Shastra Buddhist. Journ. Shanghai Lit. Soc., 1858. No. 1. (See also Wilson).

----- Notes of a Correspondence with Sir John Bowring on Buddhist literature in China, by Prof. Wilson. With Notice of Chinese Buddhist works translated from the Sanskrit. Journ. R. As.. Soc., Vol. XVI., p. 316.

ELPHINSTONE, M.: An account of the kingdom of Caboul, and its dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India. 1819.

See also Burnes.

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ERSKINE, W.: Account of the cave temple of Elephanta. Trans. Lit. Soc. Bomb. Vol. I., p. 198.

Note to F. Dangerfield's "Account of the caves near Bang called the Panch Pandoo." Trans. &c., Vol. II., p. 194.

Observations on the remains of the Buddhists in India. Trans. &c., Vol. III., p. 494.

FA HIAN: The Pilgrimage of; from the French edition of the Foe koue ki of MM. Rémusat, Klaproth, and Landresse. With additional notes and illustrations. (Anonymous. Cunningham quotes Laidley as the author.) Calcutta, 1848. 8º.

For an other paper on the Itinerary of Fa Hian see Kittoe.

FERGUSSON, J.: On the Rock-cut temples of India. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VIII., p. 30. Also Published in 8º, with an Atlas in Roy. Fol., London, 1845.

FINLAYSON: The Mission to Siam and Hué, the capital of Cochin China, in the years 1821-22. With a memoir by the author, by Sir Th. St. Raffles. 1826.

FORBES, J.: Notes on the Buddhas, from Ceylonese authorities: with an attempt to fix the dates of the appearance of the last four. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. V., p. 321.

Critical diss.: Lassen, Chr.: Ztschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. I., p. 235.

FOUCAUX, PHIL. ED.: Spécimen du Gya-Tcher-Rol-Pa. Partie du Chapitre VII., contenant la naissance de Çakya-Muni. Texte Tibétain, traduit en français et accompagné de notes. Paris, 1841.

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FOUCAUX, PHIL. ED.: Rgya Tcher Rol pa, ou. Developpement des jeux, contenant l'histoire du Bouddha Çakyamuni, traduit sur la version Tibétaine du Bkah Hgyour, et revu sur l'original sauscrit (Lalitavistâra). 2 Vols. Paris, 1847.

Critical diss.: Schiefner. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb. Vol. VII., pp. 118, 225, 261, 501.--Barthélemy St. Hilaire; nine articles in connexion with Burnouf's "Le Lotus de la Bonne Loi." Journ. des Sav. 1854. 1855.

For other papers on this historical book, see: Lenz, Rajendralal Mitra.

----- Parabole de l'enfant égaré, formant le Chaptre IV. du Lotus de la Bonne Loi. Paris, 1854.

Grammaire de la Langue Tibétaine. Paris. 1858.

----- Le Trésor des belles Paroles: choix de sentences, composées en tibétain par le Lama Saskya Pandita, suivies d'une élégie tirée du Kanjur, traduites pour la premiére fois en francais. Paris, 1858.

FRANCKLIN, W.: Researches on the Tenets and Doctrines of the Jeynes and Boodhists; conjectured to be Brahmanes of ancient India. London, 1827.

----- Inquiry concerning the site of ancient Palibothra, conjectured to lie within the limits of the modern district of Bhaugulpoor. Parts. I-IV,. London, 1815-22.

For another paper on this town see Brockhaus.

FRIEDERICH: Over Inscriptien van Java en Sumatra, voor het eerst ontcjferd. Batavia, 1857.

GABET, see Hue.

GEORGI, A. A.; Alphabetum Tibetanum. Missionum apostolicorum commodo editum. Romæ, 1762.

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GERARD, A.: Koonawur, edited by G. Lloyd. London, 1841.

GOGERLY, D. J.: On Buddhism. Journ. Ceylon R. As. Soc., 1845. No. I., Part I., p. 7; 1848, p. 111; and 1853, p. 1.

GRINDLAY, R. M.: An account of some sculptures in the Cave Temples of Ellora. Trans. R. As. Soc., Vol. II., p. 326.

See also on these temples the papers of Sykes, Tod.

DE GUIGNES J.: Recherches historiques sur la religion Indienne, et sur les livres fondamentaux de cette religion, qui ont été traduits de l'Indien en Chinois. Acad. R. d. Inscript., Vol. XI. Paris, 1780.

----- Histoire générale des Huns, des Turcs, des Mongols, et des autres Tartares occidentaux &c., avant et depuis Jésus Christ jusqu'à présent. 4 Vols. 1756-58.

GURIUS, O.: Das Gelübde der Buddhisten, und die Ceremonien ihrer Ablegung bei den Chinesen. Arb. d. russ. Miss., Vol. II., p. 315.

GÜTZLAFF, C.: Remarks on the present state of Buddhism in China. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XVI., p. 73.

HALBERTSMA, J. H.: Het Budhism en zyn stichter. Deventer, 1843.

HAMMER-PURGSTALL: Ueber einen halb buddhistischen, halb moslimischen Talisman. Denkschr. d. Wien. Akad., Vol. I., 1850.

HARINGTON; J, H.: Introductory remarks to Capt. Mahony's paper on Ceylon, and the doctrines of Buddha. As. Res. 8°. Vol. VIII., p. 529.

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HARDY, R. Spence: Eastern Monachism: an Account of the origin, laws, &c., of the order of Mendicants founded by Gôtama Buddha. London, 1850.

----- A Manual of Buddhism, translated from Singhalese Manuscripts. London, 1853.

Critical diss.: A. Weber, "Indische Studien." Vol. III., pp. 117-35.

HAY, W. G: Report on the Valley of Spiti. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XIX., p. 429.

HILARION: Die Beziehungen China's zu Tibet. Arb. d. russ. Miss. Vol. I., p. 313.

HODGSON, B. K: Notices on the Languages, Literature, and Religion of the Bauddhas of Nepaul and Bhot. As. Res., Vol. XVI., p. 409.

----- Sketch of Buddhism, derived from the Bauddha scriptures of Nepaul. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. II., p. 222.

----- Quotations from original Sanskrit authorities in proof and illustration of his Sketch of Buddhism. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. V., pp. 28, 71.

Critical diss.: Lassen: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. I., p. 234.

----- European Speculations on Buddhism. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 382.

----- Further remarks on M. Rémusat's Review of Buddhism. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 425.

----- Notice on some ancient inscriptions in the characters of the Allahabad column. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 481.

For other papers on this column see also: Burt, Mill, Prinsep, Turnour.

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HODGSON, B. R: Note on an inscription from Sarnath. Journ. &c., Vol. IV., p. 196.

See also on this inscription the paper of Sykes.

----- Notice on Adi Buddha and of the seven mortal Buddhas. Printed under the title: Classification of Néwars, in Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 215.

----- Remarks on an Inscription in the Ranjâ and Tibetan (U'chhen) characters, taken from a Temple on the confines of the Valley of Nepaul. Journ. &c., Vol. IV., p. 196.

----- Account of a visit to the Ruins of Simroun, once the Capital of the Mithila Province. Journ. &c., Vol. IV., p. 121.

----- Note on the Primary language of the Buddhist writings. Journ. &c., Vol. VI., p. 682.

Critical diss.: Lassen: Zeitschr. £ d. K. d. Morg. Vol. III.., p. 159.

----- (Of the same subject treats an) Extract of Proceedings of the R. As. Soc. January, 1836.

----- A Disputation respecting Caste by a Buddhist, in the form of a series of Propositions supposed to be put by a Saiva and refuted by the Disputant. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. III.

----- On the extreme resemblance that prevails between many of the Symbols of Buddhism and Saivism. Quarterly Oriental Magazine, 1827. Nos. 14, 16.

All these papers are reprinted in:

----- Illustrations of the Literature and Religion of the Buddhists. Serampore, 1841.

----- The Pravrajia, Vrata or Initiatory Rites of the Buddhists to the Paja Kand. Illustrations, p. 212.

----- Notice on Buddhist symbols. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XVIII., p. 393.

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HOFMANN: Buddha Pantheon von Nippon. With an Atlas of 63 Plates. Vol. V. of "v. Siebold, Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan." Leyden.

HOLMBOE, C. A.: Trace de Buddhisme en Norvége avant l'introduction du Christianisme. Paris, 1857.

A brief summary is given by Rajendralal Mitra in the Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXVII., p. 46.

HOOKER, J. R: Himalayan Journals. 2 Vols. London, 1854.

HUC et GABET: Souvenirs d'un voyage dans la Tartaric, le Tibet et la Chine pendant les années 1844, 1845, 1846. Vols. I. and II. 1853.

----- Notice sur la Prière bouddhique: Om mani padme hum. Nouv. Journ. As, 4e Série. Vol. IX., p. 462.

----- Les quarante-deux points d'enseignement proférés par Bouddha, traduit du Mongole. Nouv. etc., Vol. XI., p. 535.

See on this Sûtra also the paper of Schiefner.

Le Christianisme en Chine, en Tartaric and en Thibet. Vols. I.-IV.. (Also translated into English.)

HÜLLMANN, C. R: Historisch-kritische Abhandlung über die Lamaische Religion. Berlin, 1795.

HUMBOLDT, W. V.: Ueber die Kawi Sprache auf der Insel Java, nebst einer Einleitung über die Verschiedenheit des menschlichen Sprachbaues und ihren Einfluss auf die geistige Entwickelung des Menschengeschlechts. Berlin, 1836.

IDELER: Ueber die Zeitrechnung der Chinesen. (Read in the Berl. Ac. 1837; printed with addenda 1839.)

IMPEY, K: Description of a colossal Jain figure nearly 80 feet high, discovered on a spur of the Satpurah Range. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVIII., Part II., p. 918.

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JACOB, L. G., and WESTERGAARD, N. L.: Copy of the Asoka Inscription at Girnar. Journ. Bomb. R. As. Soc., April 1843, p. 257.

JAPAN, nach den besten vorhandenen Quellen geschildert von einem Vereine Gelehrter. 1860.

JAQUET, E.: Notice sur les découvertes archéologiques faites par Honigberger pendant son séjour dans l'Afghanistan. Nouv. Journ. As. 1836, p. 234; 1837, p. 401.

Compare in reference to Peshaur the paper of Bailey.

JOINVILLE: On the Religion and Manners of the People of Ceylon. As. Res. 8°. Vol. VII., p. 397.

JONES, J., Taylor: Some account of the Thrai Phun. Journ. Ind. Arch. 1851., Vol. V., p. 538.

JULIEN, STAN.: Mémoires sur les Contrées Occidentales, traduits du Sanskrit en Chinois, en l'an 648, par Hiouen Thsang, et du Chinois en Français. Paris, 1858. Vols. I. and II.

Critical diss.: Baron d'Eckstein. Nouv. Journ. As., 5° Série, Vol. X., p. 475 et seq. Barthélemy St. Hilaire: eight articles in Journ. des Sav. 1855 and 1856. For further critical dissertations see: Anderson, Cunningham, M. Müller.

----- Listes diverses des noms des dix-huit écoles schismatiques qui sont sorties du Bouddhisme. Nouv. Journ. As., Vol. XIV. (1859.), p. 327.

----- Renseignements bibliographiques sur les relations des Voyages dans l'Inde et les descriptions du Si-yu, qui ont été composées en Chinois entre le 5° et le 18° siécle de notre ère. Nouv. Journ. As. 4e Série, Vol. X. (1847.), p. 265.

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JULIEN, STAN.: Concordance Sinico-Sanskrite d'un nombre considérable de titres d'ouvrages bouddhiques, recueillie dans un catalogue chinois de l'an 1306, et publiée, aprés le déchiffrement et la restitution des mots indiens. Nouv. Journ. As. 40 Série, Vol. XIV., pp. 351-446.

----- Histoire de la vie de Hiouen Thsang et de ses voyages dans l'Inde entre lea années 629 and 645 de notre ère. Paris, 1853.

Critical diss.: Schiefner: A: Mélanges Asiatiques. Vol. II.

KISHEN KANT BOSE: Some account of the country of Bhutan. As. Res., Vol. XV., p. 128.

KITTOE, M.: Note on an Image of Buddha found at Sherghatti. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVI., Part I., p. 78.

Note on the sculptures of Bôdh Gya. Journ. &c., Vol. XVI., Part. I., p. 334.

Compare also on Buddha Gaya the paper of Burney.

Notes on Places in the Province of Behar, supposed to be those described by Chi-Fa-Hian, the Chinese Buddhist priest who made a pilgrimage to India, at the close of the 4th. century. Journ. &c., Vol. XVI., p. 953.

KLAPROTH, J.: Reise in den Kaukasus und nach Georgien. Vol. I. and II. 1812.

----- Beleuchtung und Widerlegung der Forachungen über die Geschichte der Völker Mittelasiens von I. J. Schmidt. 1824.

Critical diss.: Sylvestre de Sacy. Journ. des Sav., 1825.

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KLAPROTH, J.: Description du Tubet, traduite du chinois en russe par le Père Hyacinthe, et du russe en français par M***; revue sur l'original chinois et accompagnée de notes. Nouv. Journ. As., Vol. IV., pp. 81, 241.; Vol. VI., pp. 161, 321. Fragmens Bouddhiques. (Extrait du Nouv. Journ. As., Mars 1831.) Paris, 1831.

----- Table Chronologique des plus célèbres patriarches et des événements remarquables de la Religion Bouddhique, redigée en 1678, traduite du Mongol et commentée. Nouv. Journ. As., Vol. VII. (1831), p. 161.

----- Explication et Origins de la formule bouddhique Om mani padme hoûm. Nouv. Journ. As., Vol. VII., p. 185.

For his edition of Timkowsky see this name.

KNOX: The ceremonial of the ordination of a Burmese priest. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. III.

KÖPPEN, C. E: Die Religion des Buddha und ihre Entstehung. Vols. I. and II. Berlin, 1857, 1859. (Vol. II. is also entitled: Die lamaische Hierarchie und Kirche.)

Critical diss.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg. Vol. XVIII. (1859), p. 513. Göttinger Gelehrte Anzeigen, 1858, p. 401.

KÖRÖSI, see Csoma de Körös.

KOWALEWSKY: Mongolian Crestomathy (written in Russian). Kasan, 1836. Vols. I-III.

----- Extrait d'une lettre addressée a M. Jacquet (que les livres bouddhiques sont quelquefois échangés à Kiakhta entre des fourrures russes). Nouv. Journ. As. 30 Série, Vol. VII. (1839), p. 181.

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LASSEN, CHR.: Zur Geschichte der griechischen und indoscytischen Könige in Baktrien, Kabul und Indien, durch Entzifferung der alkabulischen Legenden auf ihren Münzen. Bonn, 1834. Also in Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. IX., pp. 251, 339, 449, 627, 733.

----- Ueber eine alte indische Inschrift der kgl. Satrapen von Surâhstra, worin Chandragupta und sein Enkel Asoka erwähnt werden. Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. IV., p. 146.

----- Eine auf einer Kupfertalel in Sattâra gefundene Inschrift Varavarma's aus dem J. 1104. Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg. Vol. VII., p. 294.

----- Indische Alterthumskunde. Vols. I. to IV.

Critical dissertations by this author are noticed under: Burney, Burnouf, Csoma de Körös, Forbes, Turnour.

LATTER, T.: Remarks on a Boodhist Coin. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VIII., Part., II., p. 571.

----- On the Buddhist Emblems of Architecture. Journ. &c., Vol. XIV., Part. II., p. 623.

LENZ, R.: Analyse du Lalita-Viatara-Pourana, l'un des principaux ouvrages sacres des Bouddhistes de l'Asie centrale, contenant la vie de leur prophète et écrit en sanscrit. Bull. sc. Pétersb. Acad., Vol. I., pp. 49, 57, 71, 75, 87, 92, 97.

Compare about this historical book: Foucaux, Rajendralal Mitra.

LEPSIUS, R.: Ueber chinesische und tibetische Lautverhältnisse und über die Umschrift jener Sprachen. Berlin, 1861. (From the Abh. d. Berl. Acad., 1861)

{p. 352}

LOGAN, J. R.: The West Himalaic or Tibetan tribes of Assam, Burma, and Pegu. Journ. Ind. Archip. New Series, Vol. II., pp. 68, 230.

LOW, J. ST.: General Observations on the contending claims to antiquity of Brahmans and Buddhists. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVIII., Part. I., p. 89.

----- On the Buddha and the Phrabât. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. III. (1835).

----- Gleanings in Buddhism, or translations of passages from a Siamese version of a Pali work termed in Siamese "Phrâ Pat'hom:" with passing observations on Buddhism and Brahmanism. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVII., Part. II., p. 72.

McGOVAN, D. J.: An Inscription from a Tablet in a Buddhist Monastery at Ningpo, in China. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XIII., Part. I., p. 113.

MAKENZIE, C.: Account of the Jains, collected from a priest of this sect. As. Res., Vol. IX., p. 244.

MARCO POLO: The Travels of Marco Polo in the thirteenth century, by W. Marsden. London, 1818.

----- A recent paper of Thomas, "Zu Marco Polo, aus einem Cod. ital. Monacensis," read in the Bavarian Academy of science, March 4, 1862, contains many a geographical detail concerning the places visited by this audacious traveller.

MALCOLM, SIR JOHN: Inscriptions from the Boodh Caves, near Joonur. Communicated in a letter to Sir John Malcolm. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. IV. (1837), p. 287.

MARSHALL, W. H.: Four Years in Burmah. 1860.

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MASON, FR.: Mulamuli, or the Buddhist Genesis of Eastern India from the Shan, through the Talaing and Barman. Journ. Amer. Or. Soc., Vol. IV., p. 103-19.

MASISON, CHR.: A memoir on the buildings called Topes. London, 1841. (Reprinted with further remarks on coins in Wilson's Ariana Antiqua.)

----- Narrative of. various journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, the Panjab and Kalât, during a residence in those countries. Vols. I-IV., 1844.

MILL, W. H.: Restoration of the Inscription No. 2 on the Allahabad Column. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., pp. 257, 339.

See also for other papers on this column: Burt, Hodgson, Prinsep, Troyer, Turnour.

----- Restoration and translation of the Inscription on the Bhitâri Lât, with. critical and historical remarks. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VI., p. 1.

MOORCROFT, W., and TREBECK, G.: Travels in the Himalayan; 'Travels in Hindustan and the Panjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir; in Peshawar, Kabul, Kimduz and Bokhara. Edited by H. H. Wilson. London, 1841. Vols. I. and II.

----- A Journey to Lake Mansorovara in Undes, a province of Little Tibet. As. Res., Vol. XII., p. 375.

MOORE, G.: The lost tribes and the Saxons of the East and of the West, with new views of Buddhism, and translations of Rock-Records in India. London, 1861.

MORRIS: Exposé des principaux dogmes Tibétains-Mongols. Extrait de l'ouvrage de D. Bergmann. Journ. As. 1823, p. 193.

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MÜLLER, MAX: The languages of the seat of war in the East. With a survey of the three Families of Language, Semitic, Arian, and Turanian. With an Appendix on the Missionary alphabet, and an Ethnographical Map, drawn by A. Petermann. London, 1855.

----- Letter to Chevalier Bunsen, on the Classification of the Turanian Languages. Journ. As. 1823. p. 193.

----- Buddhism and Buddhist Pilgrims. A review of Mr. Stanisl. Julien's "Voyages des Pélerins Bouddhistes." Reprinted from the "Times" of April 17th. and 20th., together with a letter on the original meaning of Nirvâna. London, 1857.

For other papers on Buddhist pilgrims see: Anderson, Cunningham, Fa Hian, Schiefner.

NEUMANN, C. F.: Coup d'œil historique sur les peuples et la littérature de l'Orient. Nouv. Journ. As.; 20 série, Vol. XIV. (1834.)

----- Mexico im fünften Jahrhundert nach Christus. Nach chinesischen Quellen. Ausland, 1845.

----- The Chatechism of the Shamans, or the Laws of the Priesthood of Buddha. Translated from the Chinese. London, 1831.

NÈVE, FEL.; De l'état présent des études sur le Bouddhisme et de leur application. (Extrait de la Révue de la Flandre, Vol. I.) Gand, 1846.

----- Le Bouddhism, son fondateur et ses écritures. Paris, 1854.

NIL (Archbishop of Yaroslaw): Buddhism in Sibiria. (Written in Russian.) St. Petersb. 1858.

NORRIS, E.: On the Kapur-di Rock inscription. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VIII., p. 301.

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OVERBECK: Jets over Boeddhoe en zyne Leer. Verb. d. Batav. Genoot., Vol. XI., p. 293.

PALLAS, P. S.: Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reiches. 3 Theile. St. Petersburg, 1773-1801.

----- Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die Mongolischen Völkerschaften. 2 Theile. St. Petersburg, 1776, 1801.

PALLADJI, O.: Das Leben Buddhas. Arb. d. russ. Mission, Vol. II., p. 197.

Historische Skizze des alten Buddhismus. Erman's Arch. Vol. XV. (1856), p. 206. Also contained in: Arb. d. russ. Miss., Vol. II., p. 467.

---- Lebensbeschreibung des Buddha's Schakjamuni. Erman's Arch., Vol. XV. (1856), p. 1.

PAUTHIER: Faits relatifs au culte Bouddhique, d'après les sources Chinoises (in the article entitled "Examen méthodique des faits qui concernent le Thien-tchu"). Nouv. Journ. As.; 3e série, Vol. VIII. (1839).

PAVIE, T.: Étude sur le Sy-yeou-Schin-tsuen, roman bouddhique chinois. Nouv. Journ. As.; 5e série, Vol. IX. p. 357, and Vol. X., p. 308.

PEMBERTON, R. B.: Report on Bhután. Calcutta, 1839.

PERRY, ERSKINE: Account of the great Hindu Monarch, Asoka, chiefly from Lassen's "Indische Alterthumskunde." Journ. Bombay R. As. Soc., Vol. III., Part. II., p. 149.

PICKERING, CH.: The Buddhist Caves. United States exploring expedition. Philad., 1848., Vol. IX., p. 349.

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PITSCHUIRINSKI, HYACYNTH: Description of Tibet in its actual state. (Written in Russian.) St. Petersb. 1828.

POSTANS, W.: An account of the Jain temple at Badrasir; and ruins of Badranagirs in the province of Cutch. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VII., Part. I., p. 431.

PRINSEP, J.: Interpretation of the most ancient of the inscriptions of the pillar called the Lit of Feroz Shih, near Delhi, and of the Allahabad, Radhia, and Mattiah pillar, or Lât, inscriptions which agree therewith. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VI., p. 566.

In reference to these pillars see also: Burt, Hodgson, Mill, Troyer, Turnour.

----- Note on the Facsimiles of the various Inscriptions on the ancient column at Allahabad, retaken by Edw. Smith. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 114.; Vol. VI., p. 963.

----- Note on the Facsimiles of Inscriptions from Sanchi near Bhilsa, and on the drawings of the Buddhist monument presented by Captain W. Murray. Journ. &c., Vol. VI., p. 451.

----- On the Edicts of Piyadasi, or Asoka, the Buddhist monarch of India. Journ. &c., Vol. VII., Part. I., p. 219.

----- Discovery of the name of Antiochus the Great, in two of the edicts of Asoka, king of India. Journ. &c., Vol. VII., p. 156.

----- Note on Inscriptions at Udayagiri, and Khandgiri, in Cuttak, in the Lât characters. Journ. &c., Vol. VI., p. 1072.

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PRINCEP, J.:, On the coins and relies discovered by Chev. Ventura in the tope of Manikyâla. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., pp. 313, 436.

See also on this Tope the paper of Cunningham.

----- Note on the Coins discovered by M. Court. Journ. &c., Vol. III., p. 562.

For additions and corrections see: Cunningham.

----- Essays on Indian Antiquities, historic, numismatic, and palæographic of the late, to which are added his "Useful Tables," illustrative of Indian History, Chronology, modern Coinages, Weights, Measures, &c. Edited, with notes and additional matter, by Ed. Thomas. Vols. I. and II. London, 1858.

RAJENDRALAL MITRA, BABU: Buddhism and Odinism, their similitude; illustrated by Extracts from Professor Holmboe's Memoir on the "Traces de Buddhisme en Norvége." Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXVII., p. 46.

----- The Lalita-Vistara, or Memoirs of the life and doctrines of Sâkya Sinha. Vol. V. of the Bibliotheca Indica, by Roer.

See also the translation of Foucaux, and Lenz.

RÉMUSAT, ABEL: Note sur quelques épithétes descriptives. do Bouddha. Journ. des Sav., 1819, p. 625.

----- Sur la succession des 33 premiers patriarches de la religion de Bouddha. Journ. des Sav., 1821, p. 4.

----- Aperçu d'un Mémoire sur l'origine de la Hiérarchie Lamaique. Journ. As., Vol. IV., 1824, p. 257.

----- Mélanges Asiatiques, ou Choix de morceaux de critique, et de mémoires relatifs aux religions, aux. sciences, à l'histoire, et à la géographie des nations orientales. Vols. I. and II., Paris, 1825.

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RÉMUSAT, ABEL: Nouveaux Mélanges Asiatiques, on Recueil de morceaux, &c., Vol. I. and II. 1829.

----- Essai sur la cosmographie et la cosmogonie des bouddhistes d'après les auteurs chinois. In the "Mélanges Asiatiques."

----- La Triade Bouddhique (in the article entitled "Observations sur trois Mémoires de De Guignes insérés dans le tome XI. de la Collection de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, et relatifs à la religion samanéenne). Nouv. Journ. As., 2e série, Vol. VII. (1831), pp. 265, 269, 301.

----- Observations sur Histoire des Mongols orientaux, de Ssanang-Ssetsen. Paris, 1832.

----- Mémoires sur un voyage dans l'Asie Centrale, dans le pays des Afghans, et des Beloutches, et dans l'Inde, exécuté à la fin du IVe Síècele de notre ère par plusieurs Samanéens de Chine. Mém. de l'Inst. royal de France, Acad. d. inscr. 1838, p. 343.

----- Foe koue ki, ou Relations des Royaumes Bouddhiques; Voyages dans la Tartarie par Fa Hian. Paris, 1836.

Critical . diss.: Neumann: Zeitschr. f d. K. d. Morg., Vol. III., p. 105; and two articles by E. Burnouf in Journ. des Sav., 1837, pp. 160, 358; and H. H. Wilson, in Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. V. (1839), p. 108.

For remarks on these voyages see Kittoe; an English translation of Rémusat's work is noticed under Fa Hian.

----- Mélanges posthumes d'histoire et de littérature orientales. Paris, 1843.

RENOU et LATRY: Relation d'un Voyage au Tibet par l'Abbé Krick. Paris, 1854.

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RITTER, C.: Die Stupas, oder die architektonischen Denkmale an der indo-baktrischen Königsstrasse, und die Colosse von Bamian. Berlin, 1838.

See also the Narrative of Burnes.

Die Entstehung der lamaischen Hierarchie und der weltl. Suprematie der Chinesen über das Volk der Tübeter. "Erdkunde," Vol. III., pp. 274-87.

SALISBURY, E.: Memoir on the history of Buddhism. Journ. Amer. Orient. Soc., Vol. I., pp. 79-136.

SALT, H.: Account of the caves in Salsette. Trans. Lit. Soc. Bombay, Vol. I., p. 41.

SCHIEFNER, A.: Tibetische Studien. Einleitung und erster Artikel. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb. Vol. VIII., pp. 212, 259, 292, 303.

----- Beiträge zur Tibetischen Lautlehre. Bull. &c., Vol. VIII., pp. 267, 337.

----- Ueber den sogenannten Artikel. Bull. &c., Vol. VIII., p. 341.

----- Ueber die Verschlechterungsperioden der Menschheit, nach buddhistischer Anschauungsweise. Bull. &c., Vol. IX., p. 1.

----- Bericht über die in Peking für die Akademie augekauften tibetischen Werke. Bull. &c., Vol. IX., pp. 10, 17.

----- Das buddhistische Sutra der zweiundvierzig Sätze. Bull. &c., Vol. IX., p. 65.

----- Ueber das Werk; Histoire de la vie de Hiouen Thsang, &c. Bull. &c., Vol. XI., p. 97.

----- Ueber eine eigenthümliche Art tibetischer Composita. Bull. &c., Vol. XV., p. 7.

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SCHIEFNER, A.: Ergänzungen und Berichtigangen zu Schmidt's Ausgabe des Dsanglun. St. Petersb., 1852.

----- Eine tibetische Lebensbeschreibung Sâkyamuni's. Mém. des sav. étrang. St. Petersb. Vol. VI., p. 231.

----- Buddhistische Triglotte, d.h. Sanskrit-Tibetisch-Mongolisches Wörterverzeichniss. St. Pétersb., 1859.

----- Sur le grand nombre des Buddhists. Bull. St. Petersb. Acad., Vol. V., No. 5.

SCHILLING DE CANNSTADT, Baron: Bibliothèque bouddhique, ou Index du Gandjour de Nartang. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb., Vol. IV., p. 321.

----- Mahâyânasûtra, d. i. das ehrwürdige, mit Namen "Das unermessliche Lebensalter und die unermessliche Erkenntniss." Ed. by the Imp. Academy. St. Petersb., 1845.

SCHLAGINTWEIT, H., A., and R. DE: Results of a scientific Mission to India and High Asia. The Atlas contains various representations of Buddhist temples, monasteries and objects of Buddhist worship.

----- EMIL: Ueber das Mahâyânasûtra Digpa thamchad shagpar terchoi. Bull. der bayer. Akad., 1863, p. 81. (Also contained in Chapter XI. of this volume.)

SCHLEGEL, FR., Professor: Mode of expressing numerals in the Sanskrit and Tibetan language. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., P. 1.

SCHOEBEL, C.: Le Bouddha et le Bouddhisme. Paris, 1857.

SCHMARDA, L. K.: Reise um die Erde in den Jahren 1853-1857. Braunschweig, 1861. (Vol. I. in reference to Buddhism in Ceylon.)

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SCHMIDT, I. J.: Forschungen im Gebiete der älteren religiösen, politischen und literarischen Bildungsgeschichte der Völker Mittel-Asiens, vorzüglich der Mongolen und Tibeter. St. Pétersb., 1824.

----- Würdigung und Abfertigung der Klaproth'schen "Beleuchtung der Forschungen &c." Leipzig, 1826.

----- Ueber die Verwandtschaft der gnostisch theosophischen Lehren mit den Religionssystemen des Orients, vorzüglich des Buddhaismus. Leipzig, 1828.

----- Geschichte der Ostmongolen und ihres Fürstenhauses, verfasst von Ssanang Ssetsen Chungtai dschi der Ordus; übersetzt von .... St. Petersb., 1829.

For critical diss. see: Klaproth, Rémusat.

----- Die Thaten Bogda Gessers Khan's, des Vertilgers der Wurzel der zehn Uebel in den zehn Gegenden. Eine ostasiatische Heldensage, aus dem Mongolischen übersetzt. St. Petersb., 1839.

----- Ueber das Mahâyâna. und das Prajnâ Parâmita, der Bauddhen. Bull. scient. St. Petersb- Acad., Vol. I., p. 145, and Mém. de l'Acad. de St. Petersb., Vol. IV., p. 124.

----- Ueber die Begründung des Tibetischen Sprachstudiums in Russland und die Herausgabe der dazu nöthigen Hülfswerke. Bull. sc. &c., Vol. I., p. 28.

----- Ueber Lamaismus und die Bedeutung dieses Namens. Bull. Be. &c., Vol. I., P. 11.

----- Ueber einige Eigenthümlichkeiten der Tibetischen Sprache und Schrift. Bull. sc. &c., Vol. III., p. 225.

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SCHMIDT, I. J.: Ueber den Ursprung der Tibetischen Schrift. Mém. de l'Acad St. Pétersb., Vol. I., p. 41.

----- Ueber einige Grundlehren des Buddhismus. Mém. &c., Vol. I., p. 93.

----- Ueber die sogenannte dritte Welt der Buddhaisten. Mém. &c., Vol. II., p. 1.

----- Ueber die tausend Buddhas einer Weltperiode der Einwohnung, oder gleichmässigen Dauer. Mém. &c., Vol. II., p. 41.

----- Grammatik der Tibetischen Sprache. 1839.

----- Tibetisch-deutsches Wörterbuch nebst deutschem Wortregister. 1841.

----- Dsanglun, der Weise und der Thor; aus dem Tibetischen übersetzt und mit dem Originaltexte herausgegeben. 1843.

For Addenda and corrections see Schiefner.

----- Der Index. des Kanjur. St. Petersb., 1845.

----- and BOEHTLINGK, O.: Verzeichniss der tibetischen Handschriften und Holzdrucke im Asiatischen Museum der K. Akademie der Wissenschaften. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Petersb., Vol. IV., Nos. 6, 7, 8.

SCHÖNBERG, E. VON: Blick auf die buddhistischen Felsentempel Indiens. Zeitschr. d. deutsch. Morg. Ges., Vol. VII. (1853), pp. 101-3.

SCHOTT, W.: Ueber den Doppelsinn des Wortes Schamane, und über den tungusischen Schamanencultus am Hofe der Mandshu Kaiser. Abh. Berl. Acad. 1842.

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SCHOTT, W.: Ueber den Buddhaismus in Hoch-Asien und in China. Abh. Berl. Aced. 1844.

SELKIRK: Recollections of Ceylon, after a residence of nearly thirteen years; with an account of the church Missionary Society's operations. 1844.

SIEBOLD, PH. FR. v.: Nippon, Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan und dessen Neben- und Schutzländer &c. 5 Vols. Leyden, 1837.

SIRR: China and the Chinese, their religion, character, customs, and manufactures, &c. 2 Vols. 1849.

SMITH, J.: Specimen of a Burmese drama. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VIII., p. 535.

SPIEGEL, FR.: Kammavakya, Liber de officiis sacerdotum Buddhicorum. Palice et Latine primus edidit, atque adnotationes adjecit. 1841.

----- Anecdote, Palica. Nach den Handschriften der kgl. Bibliothek in Copenhagen im Grundtexte herausgegeben, übersetzt und erklärt. Leipzig, 1845.

STEVENSON : Analysis of the Ganesa Purina, with special reference to the history of Buddhism. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VIII. (1846), p. 319.

----- On the intermixture of Buddhism with Brahmanism in the religion of the Hindus of the Dekhan. Journ. R. As. . Soc., Vol. VII. (1843), pp. 1-8.

An account of the Buddho-Vaishnavas, or Vitthal-Bhaktas of the Dakhan. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VII. (1843), p. 64.

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STRACHEY, H. Captain: Narrative of a Journey to Cho Lagan and Cho Mapan. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XVII., Part. II., pp. 98, 128, 327.

STUHR: Die Religionssysteme der heidnischen Völker des Orients. Berlin, 1836.

SYKES, H. W.: On a Catalogue of Chinese Buddhistical Works. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. IX. (1848), p. 199.

----- An Account of the Caves of Ellora. Trans. Lit. Soc. Bombay, Vol. III., p. 265.

See also on these caves: Grindley, Tod.

----- On the Miniature Chaityas and Inscriptions of the Buddhist religious dogma, found in the ruins of the Temple of Sárnáth, near Benares. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XVI., p. 37.

See also on the fundamental dogma of the Buddhist faith: Hodgson's paper on Sarnath.

----- Specimens of Buddhist inscriptions, with symbols, from the West of India. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VI., Part. II., p. 1038.

SYLVESTRE DE SACY: A critic is noticed under Klaproth.

TAYLOR, COOKE: Ancient and modern India. Revised and continued to the present time by Mackenna. 1857.

TENNENT, SIR, EMERSON: Christianity in Ceylon, its Introduction and Progress under the Portuguese, the Dutch, the British, and American Mission; with an historical Sketch of the Bramanical and Buddhist Superstitions. London, 1850.

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TENNENT, SIR, EMERSON: Ceylon, an account of the island, physical, historical, and topographical; with notices of its natural history, antiquities, and productions. London, 1859.

THOMAS; E.: Note on the present state of the excavations of Sârnâth. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. XXIII., p. 469. (For further notices see Vol. XXV., p. 395.)

----- For his edition of J. Prinsep's Useful Tables see Prinsep.

THOMSON, T. D.: Western Himálaya and Tibet. London, 1852.

TIMKOWSKI: Travels of the Russian mission through Mongolia China, and residence in Peking in years 1820-21. With corrections and notes by Klaproth. 2 Vols. London, 1827.

TOD, J.: Remarks on certain sculptures in the Cave Temples of Ellora. Trans. R. As. Soc., Vol. II., p. 328.

See also about these caves: Grindley, Sykes.

TORRENS, L.: Travels in Ladák, Tartary and Kashmir, London, 1862,

TROYER, A.: Announcement of the work: Histoire du Bouddha Sakya-Mouni, par Ph. Ed. Foucaux. Nouv. Journ. As. 4e série, Vol. XIV., pp. 252-4.

----- Remarks upon the second inscription of the Allahabad pillar. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. III., p. 118.

In reference to these pillars see also: Burt, Hodgson, Mill, Prinsep, Turnour.

TURNER, S.: An account of an embassy to the Court of the Teshoo Lama in Tibet; containing a narrative of a journey through Bootan, and part of Tibet. London, 1800.

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TURNOUR, G.: Account of the Tooth relic of Ceylon, supposed to be alluded to in the opening passage of the Ferog lât inscription. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VI., p. 963.

----- Further Notes on the Inscriptions on the columns at Dehli, Allahabad, Betiah, &c. Journ. &c., Vol. VI., p. 1049.

See also in reference to these columns: Burt, Hodgson, Mill, Prinsep, Troyer.

----- Examination of the Pali Buddhistical Annals. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. VI., pp. 501 and 713; and Vol. VII., Part. II., pp. 686, 789, 919, 991.

Critical diss.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. III., p. 157, and Vol. IV.

----- The first Twenty Chapters of the Mahâwanso: and a prefatory essay on Pâli Buddhistical literature, originally published as an introduction to the above-mentioned portion of the Mahâwanso and to the epitome of the history of Ceylon, and the historical inscriptions, printed in the Ceylon Almanac of 1833 and 1834. Ceylon, 1836.

----- The Mahâwanso in Roman characters, with the translation subjoined, and an Introductory Essay on Pâli Buddhistical Literature.

----- Examination of some points of Buddhist Chronology. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. V., p. 521.

Critical diss.: Lassen, Chr.: Zeitschr. f. d. K. d. Morg., Vol. I., pp. 235-9.

UPHAM, E.: The history and doctrine of Buddhism, popularly illustrated; with notices of the Kappoism, or Demon worship, and of the Bali, or planetary incantations of Ceylon. London, 1829.

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UPHAM, E.: The Mahavânsi, the Râjâratnâcari, and the Râjâvali, forming the sacred and historical books of Ceylon; also a collection of tracts illustrative of the doctrines and literature of Buddhism. Translated from the Singhalese. London, 1833.

Critical diss.: Burnouf, Journ. des Sav., 1833, 1834.

VIGNE, G. T.: Travels in Kashmir, Ladak, Iskardo, &c. 2 Vols. London, 1842.

WASSILJEW, W.: Notices sur les ouvrages relatifs an Buddhism qui se trouvent dans la bibliothèque de l'Université de Kasan. Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb., Vol. XI., p. 337.

----- Notices sur les ouvrages en langues de l'Asie orientale qui se trouvent dans la bibliothèque de St. Pétersbourg. Bull. &c. Vol. XIII. Nos. 14 et seq.

Der Buddhismus, seine Dogmen, Geschichte, und Literatur. Deutsche Uebersetzung. St. Petersb., 1860.

Notice is given of this work by A. Schiefner, in Bull. hist.-phil. St. Pétersb., Vol. XIII.

WEBER, A.: Die neueren Forschungen über das alte Indien. Printed in the "Histor. Taschenbuch von F. Raumer." 3rd. series, Vol. VI., 1854, pp. 103-43.

Ueber das Çatrunjaya Mâhâtmyan. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Jaina. Leipzig, 1858.

----- Indische Skizzen. Berlin, 1857.

----- Die neuesten Forschungen auf dem Gebiete des Buddhismus. Separatabdruck aus den "Indischen Studien." Vol. III., p. 1. Berlin, 1853.

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WESTERGAARD, N. L.: A brief account of the minor Bauddha caves of Beira and Bajah in the environs of Karli. Journ. Bombay Branch R. As. Soc., Vol. I. (Aug. 1844), p. 438.

Ueber den ältesten Zeitraum der indischen Geschichte mit Rücksicht auf die Literatur.--Ueber Buddha's Todesjahr und einige andere Zeitpunkte in der älteren Geschichte Indiens. Translated from the Denish {Danish?--sic} by Stenzler. Breslau, 1862

WILFORD, T.: An Essay on the sacred Isles in the West, with other essays connected with. As. Res., Vol. VIII, p. 245.

For other memoirs by this author see As. Res., Vols. II., III., IV., V., VI., X.

WILSON, H. H.: Ariana antiqua. A descriptive account of the antiquities and coins of Afghanistan: with a memoir on the buildings called Topes, by E. Massop. London, 1841. 4e.

----- Buddhist Emblems. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. VI., p. 451.

----- Analysis of the Kah-gyur. Journ. As. Soc. Beng., Vol. I., p. 375.

----- Buddhist Inscription of King Priyadarsi. Journ. &c., Vol. XVI., p. 357.

----- On the Rock inscription of Kapur di Giri, Dhauli and Ginar. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XII., p. 153.

----- On Buddha and Buddhism. Journ. &c., Vol. XIII., p. 229.

----- Note on the Literature of Thibet. Glean. in Science. Vol. III., p. 243.

----- Notes of a Correspondence with Sir John Bowring on Buddhist Literature in China. With notices of Chinese Buddhist Works translated from the Sanskrit. By E. Edkins. Journ. R. As. Soc., Vol. XVI., p. 316.

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WILSON, H. H.: Notices sur trois ouvrages bouddhiques reçus du Nepal par ..... Nouv. Journ. As., 1831, p. 97.

WILSON, J.: Memoir on the Cave Temples and Monasteries and other ancient Buddhist, Brahmanical, and Jaina remains of Western India. Journ. Bombay R. As. Soc., Vol. III., Part. II., p. 36, and Vol. IV., p. .940.

YULE: A narrative of the Mission sent by the Governor General of India to the Court of Ava in 1855, with notices of the Country, Government and People. With numerous Illustrations. London, 1858.