Sacred Texts  Africa 

Charleston Street Vendor [19th cent.] (Public Domain Image)

Drums and Shadows

Georgia Writer's Project

Work Projects Administration

Mary Granger, District Supervisor

[1940, copyright not renewed]

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This collection of oral folklore from coastal Georgia was assembled during the 1930s as part of a WPA writers' program, under the supervision of Mary Granger. The accounts in this book, framed by colorful descriptions of the rural locales where they were collected, were principally from elderly African-Americans, some of them centarians. Most had been slaves. In some cases they had known first generation slaves who had been born in Africa.

This book focuses on a set of beliefs and magical practices (some of which are today known as 'Hoodoo'), including root doctoring, the existence of spirits, talismans, lucky and unlucky acts and omens and more. The interviewer also investigates the use of drums and dancing during celebrations, funeral and baptism rituals, food taboos, and other aspects of folklore and ethnology. This study dispels any lingering doubt that these beliefs are derived directly from Africa--it exhaustively cross-references the narratives with an appendix of quotes from African ethnographers, folklorists and explorers.

Do not be put off by the use of phonetic dialect spelling. This is not being used here to belittle the speakers or cast them as ignorant. Rather, this book is scrupulously non-judgmental. This is simply how oral accounts were transcribed before there were portable tape recorders or camcorders. It takes a bit of work, but after a few pages, these potent and long-dead voices come to life.

--John Bruno Hare, March 23, 2007

Title Page
Notes to the Reader
Old Fort
Tin City
Frogtown and Currytown
White Bluff
Pin Point
Grimball's Point
Wilmington Island
Harris Neck
Pine Barren Near Eulonia
Possum Point
Sapelo Island
St. Simons Island
St. Marys