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Pahlavi Texts, Part IV (SBE37), E.W. West, tr. [1892], at


Bakŏ Nask.

1. The sixteenth fargard, Spentâ-mainyû 3, is that the religion is lodging in him who is himself wise, or becomes a hearer of the wise. 2. This, too, that the deeds of complete mindfulness are practised 4 and taught by him who becomes himself completely mindful. 3. This, too, that whoever shall openly perform good works becomes a nourisher of good works.

4. This, too, that the spirit of fatherhood becomes lodging in him who nourishes the creatures with propriety 5. 5. This, too, that pasture is given 6 to cattle is taught by him who shall provide care for cattle, because the giving of pasture to them with care is advantageous.

6. This, too, that all for his good who becomes a benefit to him who is good 7through that which

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has come to him—is every benefit which occurs to him who is good; all for his good every benefit is given to every one good by way of similarity in race, species, and nature, and every benefit is given in the way of complete giving which is possible for it.

7. This, too, that whoever shall justly inflict sentence and judgment, really according to the declaration regarding one acquitted or convicted 1, becomes praiseworthy; even for this reason, because the origin of the judgment is the ritual of the ordeal. 8. And this, too, that by him who gives to him who is wise that which is needful for him, an immense 2 and strong foundation for learning is produced, and the knowledge in the world is augmented.

9. Perfect excellence is righteousness.


370:3 See Chap. XVII, 1 n; it is here written spendmatŏ in Pahlavi.

370:4 See Pahl. Yas. XLVI, 2 c.

370:5 Ibid. 2 d.

370:6 Ibid. 3 c.

370:7 Ibid. 5 b.

371:1 See Pahl. Yas. XLVI, 6 b.

371:2 Ibid. 6 c.

Next: Chapter LXIII