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Symbolical Masonry, by H.L. Haywood, [1923], at

p. 353


Adams, John Quincy, an anti-Mason, 112.

Admission into a Masonic lodge, steps taken to gain, 47.

Ahiman Rezon, definition of, 235; liberal sciences in the, 235.

Altar, a Masonic symbol, 107; as place of prayer, 109; as station of sacrifice, 109; as a symbol of gratitude, 107; description of the, 107; position of the, 107; with what furnished, 107.

American, Freemasonry, unanimous ballot used in, 56; Indians use sign language, 132; Revolution, Masonry in the, 138; Ritual, Winding Stair in the, 218.

Ammonitish War, cause of, 239.

Amos, aim of, 177; condition of society during time of, 177; interpretation of scripture reading of, 178; method of teaching of, 177; penalty inflicted upon, for his teachings, 177; picture portrayed in scripture reading of, 178.

Anchor, displayed by early Christians, 295; Lundy's idea of symbolical meaning of, 295; symbolic meaning of, 295; symbolism among early Christians of, 295.

"Ancient Charges," traditional history or legend of the Craft, 24.

"Ancient Constitutions," traditional history or legend of the Craft, 24.

"Ancient" Grand Lodge, new Grand Lodge, 31.

Ancient Mysteries, first great secret organizations in history, 17; long period of preparation of, 70; how they resembled Freemasonry, 17; symbol of the Ark in the, 296.

Ancient temples, how built, 84.

Anderson, Dr. James, first digest of old MSS. made by, 291; his account of the foundations of the Grand Lodge of England, 27; his idea of importance of Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid as symbol, 298.

Anderson's Constitutions, 1723, model for Grand Lodge Constitutions, 62.

"Animal Symbolism in Ecclesiastical Architecture," by Evans, quotation from, descriptive of the North, 102.

Annual assembly of early times, 43.

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Anti-Masonic craze, 33; result of, on Masonry, 33.

"Antiquities of Freemasonry," by Fort, quotation concerning the North in the Middle Ages from, 102.

Apple-Tree Tavern, The, meeting place of one of the four "Old Lodges," 28.

Apprentice, as the cornerstone of Masonry, 153; born into a new world, 44; Degree divided between 1723 and 1738, 250; duties in the early days of, 43; foreign forms of word, 44; meaning of term, 44; moral requirements of an, 43; must learn to pray, 95; not full member of lodge, 44; passing to Fellow Craft first found in Schaw Statutes, 165; standing in the Northeast symbolical of the cornerstone of Masonry's temple, 154; various pictures of an, 45.

"Apprentice's Part," former name of First Degree, 41; how given in old days, 43 J. T. Thorp's theory of the, 95.

"Approach to the East," meaning of, 106; of Fellow Craft, 180.

Apron, as emblem of innocence and sacrifice, 144; as symbol of construction, 143; as used by Operative Masons, 142; as worn in American Blue Lodges, 143; as worn in English lodges, 143; badge of a Mason, 143; description of the, 140; in 1685 necessary tool of Apprentice, 142; interpretations of the, 140; Masonic, symbol of change in attitude of Society toward work, 144; meaning of, 141; size and shape of, changed, 140; use of, by other secret societies, 141.

Aprons, Masonic, texture of, 146; of the early eighteenth century, 142.

"A. Q. C.," abbreviation for Ars Quatuor Coronatorum, 76.

Architecture, importance of, in the Middle Ages, 226; Morris’ definition of, 226; of man, its reference to religion, 227; secret of Masonry's use of, 227.

Ark, and Anchor symbol, associations of, 295; Dermott's theory of symbolical meaning of, 295; meaning of, to Greeks, 296; meaning of, to Masons, 296; symbol of the, in Ancient Mysteries, 296; symbol to first Christians, 296; symbolic meaning of, to Hermeticists, 296.

"Ars Quatuor Coronatorum," transactions of Quatuor Coronati Lodge, a great encyclopædia of Masonry, 36.

Ascent, interpretation of mystical use of numbers in the, 218.

Ashlar symbolism, meaning of, in old lectures, 195.

Ashlars, distinction between Rough and Perfect, 195;

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[paragraph continues] Rough and Perfect, symbolical meaning of the, 195; symbols of the First Degree, 194.

Ashmole, Elias, initiated in 1646 in lodge almost wholly speculative, 25.

Astrology in the early days, 150.

Atholl Masons, name given to "Ancients," 31.

Aubrey, John, 1691, quoted concerning signs and passwords, 133.

Badge, definition of, 143. Ballot, abuses of the, 55; difference between Masonic and political, 59; in English lodges, custom of, 56; Masonic, passes on man's character, 59; new systems of, being tried, 58; not secret in 1720, 58; oral, objections to, 58, present form of, advantages of, 58; rules of, 56; secrecy of, reasons for, 58; use of, in Masonic Order, 55; when taken, 56.

Baltimore Convention, cable tow as defined by the, in 1842, 82.

Beast, interpretation of number of the, 219.

Bee, emblem of various peoples, 288; royal emblem of Napoleon, 288; symbol of immortality, 288; symbolism of the Greeks and other writers, 288.

Beehive, in Christian symbolism, origin of, 289; symbol of lodge of Masons, 289; woman weeping over broken, symbolism of, 289.

Bees, meaning of, to Egyptians, 289; when domesticated, 288.

Bergson, quoted concerning man and his use of tools, 156.

Bhagavad-Gita, teaching of, 91; a sacred book of India, I20.

Bible, as symbol, 119; books of, how gathered together, 118; called V. S. L., 117; importance of, as one of the Greater Lights, 117; made a Great Light in 1760, 118; number of books in, 118; symbolical use of tools in the, 228; white, symbol of innocence in the, 145.

Birth, the two Great Pillars as symbols of, 211.

Blackballs, how many necessary to reject petitioner, 57.

Block, Louis, quoted on physical qualifications of a candidate, 67.

Board of General Purposes of the Grand Lodge of England, 1875, quoted on physical qualifications of a candidate, 67.

Boaz, one of the Great Pillars, 209.

Bondmen, why not admitted to Operative Masonry, 63.

Book of Constitutions, groundwork of Freemasonry, 291; symbol of Third Degree, 291; symbolical interpretation of, 291.

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Book of Constitutions guarded by the Tiler's Sword, symbolical significance of, 292.

"Book of the Dead, The," an Egyptian memorial, 15.

Booth, Edwin, his opinion of the Hiramic Legend, 268.

Boston Tea Party, Freemasonry and the, 32.

Boswell, initiated as Speculative Mason in Scotland in 1598, 25.

Breast, as symbol in Masonry, 176.

Breasted, Professor, concerning Egyptian homes, 84.

Brotherhood, enemies of, form hoodwink, 75; Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid as symbol of, 300; lodge life a preparation for, 86; not understood by savages, 74; revealed by Masonry, 73; the power of unity of Masons, 267.

Brotherly love, how to accomplish, 255.

Browning, Robert, poem by, 205.

Buck, Dr. J. D., his definition of Masonry, 89; his interpretation of the Cable Tow, 80; his interpretation of the First Degree, 46.

Bucks, the, a secret society, 30.

Builder, symbolical meaning of, 228.

"Builders, The," by Newton, quoted on life of an Apprentice, 44.

Builders' plans before the Reformation, 265.

Burma, D.D.G.M. of, gives account of initiating a Burman, 120.

Cable Tow, Churchward's interpretation of, 78; defined by J. T. Lawrence, 77; defined by Albert Pike, 77; definition of, in Standard Dictionary inaccurate, 77; length of, in Masonic practice, 81; Mackey quoted on the, 77; obedience, theory of the, 78; of citizens, 80; Paton's interpretation of, 78; Pike's interpretation of, 78; symbolical meaning of, 78; true significance of, according to Dr. Buck, 80; use of, in English lodges, 77; use of, in Operative lodges, 77; use of, in the United States, 77; various interpretations of the, 79; Waite's interpretation of, 78.

Cable Tows, of everyday life, 81.

"Cable's length" used for Cable Tow by old writers, 81.

Caldecott, his theory of the symbolical meaning of the Pillars, 211.

Candidate, divested of metals, 150; entering a lodge must depend upon his own resources, 87; posture of, in the Northeast corner, 152; significance of preparation of, 148.

Cardinal points, symbolism of the, 102.

Carlyle, Thomas, quotation on man from, 156.

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Carr's theory of origin of Hiramic Legend, 271.

Castello, Rev. F. de P., his interpretation of "length of my Cable Tow," 81.

Catacombs, Anchor displayed in the, 295.

Cathari, Christian mystics, 71.

"Cathedral Builders, The," by Leader Scott, first brought Comacine theory to attention of Masonic scholars, 19.

Cathedrals required rare skill, 22.

Catholic, Roman, attacks on obligation since 1738, 112.

Ceremonies of Masonry not historical facts, 199.

Ceremony, old-time, of initiation, 42.

Changes in the Craft necessary for admittance of women, 64.

Character, derivation of the word, 265; how to develop, 265; present day meaning of, 265.

Charges, gradual evolution of, 290.

China has language composed of signs, 132.

Christian churches, how situated, 105.

Chronicles, book of, description of Pillars of Solomon's Temple given in, 208.

Churchward, his interpretation of the meaning of Cable Tow, 78.

Cicero, his description of an oath, 110.

Circumambulation, among the Druids, 99; among the Hindoos, 99; as drama of development of individual life, 100; as secret of human accomplishment, 101; ceremony of, of Masons similar to that of the Greeks, 177; examples of, in early Christian church, 99; inheritance from ancient times, 98; Masonic, compared with the Greek, 99; meaning of, 98; meaning of, for Masons, 99; Pierson's theory of, 100; Pike's theory of, 100; symbol of progress in Masonry, 99.

Civil War, effect of, on Masonry, 34.

Clandestine, meaning of, 293.

Clegg, Robert I., quoted concerning Masonic penalties, 114.

Cleopatra's Needle, square carved in stone of, 190.

Collegia, effect on the, of the fall of the Roman Empire, 19.

Comacine, masters organized into lodges, 20; theory, 20.

Comacines, symbolism of Lion's Paw inherited by Masons from the, 281; use of lion in their building, 281.

Common features of secret societies, 132.

Compagnonage, part of Square in symbolism of the, 191.

Compasses, as one of the Great Lights, 122; in connection with the Square, 123;

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meaning of, 122; symbol of the divine in man, 122.

Connection of early secret societies with Freemasonry, 16.

Constitution of U. S., spirit and principles of Freemasonry embodied in the, 32.

Constitutional questions in a petition, 47.

Constitutions, of 1723, by Anderson, model for Grand Lodge Constitutions, 62; of 1723, "Fellow Craft" first introduced into England by, 166; ritual, laws, etc., of today modelled on those of centuries ago, 64.

"Constitutions, The New Book of," by Anderson, extract on forming of Grand Lodge of England from, 28.

Cooke MS., second oldest form of Old Charges, 290; 1350, length of two Pillars in, 210.

Co-operation, source of power, 86.

Copernicus, revealed the meaning of the heavens, 73.

Corn, wine and oil, significance of, in Fellow Craft lecture, 240; symbolism of, 240.

Cornerstone, ceremonies of early times, 153; function of, 153; placing, origin of present day custom of, 240; what it represents, 153.

Covey-Crump, his theory of the symbolism of the Two Great Pillars, 211.

Cowan, derivation of word, 292; original meaning of, 292; present day interpretation of, 293; various theories as to importation of, 293; various uses of word, 292; when adopted by English Masonry, 293.

Craft, admits men not actual builders to strengthen the membership, 25; great ideal of, portrayed by Temple, 286; Guilds, women admitted to majority of old, 63; influences not of operative origin admitted during period of transition into the, 26; obligation to the member of, 115; oldest historical manuscript of, dated 1390, 24; teaches obedience, 45.

Cross, Jeremy, Weeping Virgin emblem invented by, 283.

Crowe, quoted concerning texture of Masonic aprons, 146.

Crown Ale-House, one of the four "Old Lodges," 28.

Crux ansata, definition of, 280; development of meaning of, 280; original use of, 280; Pike's interpretation of, 280.

Cube, old-time emblematical meaning of, 194.

Custodians of the Work, duties of, 173.

Dark Ages, studies of scholars of the, 237.

"Dawn of Astronomy," by Lockyer, extract on orientation from, 104.

Death, as a judgment day, 305; naturalness of, 305;

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statistics concerning, 305; terror to all, 257.

Decline of Operative Masonry, cause of, 201. Declaration of Independence, principles and spirit of Freemasonry written into the, 32.

Definition of Masonry, from point of view of architectural symbolism, 90; to the candidate, 88; various, 88.

Degrees, sketch of history of, 42; time between First and Second, 171.

Deity, Jewish symbol for name of, 244; name of, not pronounced by Jewish people, 261; restrictions on use of name, 261.

Dermott, Laurence, his theory of symbolic significance of the Ark, 295; secretary of "Ancient" Grand Lodge for thirty years, 31.

Desaguliers, Rev. J. T., elected Grand Master in 1719, 29. Destitution, A. E. Waite's theory of, 151.

Dextroversum, ceremony of Romans, 99.

Dionysian Artificers, a collegium dedicated to Dionysus, constructed Solomon's Temple, according to Da Costa, 19.

Discalceation, meaning of, 149. Disqualifications of Anderson's Constitutions of 1723, 63.

Divine capacity of man, Masonry's appeal to, 154.

"Doctrine of the perfect youth," a landmark, 66.

Doggerel of the liberal sciences in the Ahiman Rezon, 236.

Drama of Beginnings, the First Degree, 46.

Druids, circumambulation practised among, 99.

Drummund, Henry Josiah, leader of Masonry, 36.

"Due form," compliance of candidate with, 184; of candidate of Fellow Craft Degree, 183.

"Due Guard," use of, 134. Duke of Atholl, Grand Master of "Ancient" Grand Lodge, 31.

Duly and truly prepared, when is a candidate, 70.

Earth, an oblong square, 84. East, as place of light, 152; symbolical significance of, in Masonry, 104; why Master's station is in the, 105.

Ecclesiastes, interpretation of 12th chapter of, 256.

Egyptian, homes built to resemble earth, sea and sky, 84; sculpture, lion symbolism in, 280; winged globe, description of, 213; winged globe, symbolical meaning of, 213.

Egyptians, ancient, their belief concerning the sun, 128; as nature worshippers, 127; meaning of Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid to the, 300; Pillars venerated by,

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[paragraph continues] 207; Square a sacred symbol among, 190; symbolic meaning of Lion to, 279.

Eighteenth Century Masonry, meaning of "lodge" in, 83.

Emerson, his description of a Perfect Ashlar, 196; quoted concerning man and time, 304.

Encyclopædia Britannica, extract on the Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid from the, 299.

Encyclopædia of Freemasonry, edited by Hawkins, on initiation in the old days, 42.

England, first Grand Lodge organised in, 27; four bodies operating as Grand Lodges in, 29; Freemasonry prior to 1717 in, 41; Gothic Architecture in, 24; position in regard to physical perfection by Grand Lodge of, 67; regulations in regard to age of Apprentices in force in, 66; United Grand Lodge of, formed in 1813, 31.

English lodges, custom of balloting in, 56; early degree work in, 265; use of Cable Tow in, 77.

Enlightenment makes for brotherhood, 238.

Entered Apprentice, Degree, working tools of, 157; station the Northeast corner, 152; working tools of the, 264; youngest, duty of, in early English lodges, 265.

Entrance into lodge, of candidate, 87.

Equality, in Masonry, theory of, 189; recognized by the Fraternity, 189.

Essay, how present day lodges could use old custom of, 173; of Apprentice, significance of, 173.

Essenes, use of signs and tokens by, 132.

Eternal life as compared to future life, 274; as compared to immortality, 274; as compared to resurrection, 274; central idea of Third Degree, 274; definition of, 275; how it can be lived now, 91.

Evans quoted concerning the North, 103.

Exclusive, why Masonry is, 62.

Fabre, Henry, concerning sense of smell, 232.

Fellow Craft, and Master Mason identical terms at the time of Gothic Cathedral building, 24; Apprentice made a, after trial and examination, 43; chief task of, 177; Degree, number "5" in the, 221; Degree, working tools of, 157; entry of, according to Schaw Statutes, 165; first used by Scotch Masons as compound word, 165; how it gained present meaning, 166; introduced in England in 1723, 166; meaning of, 166; old-time meaning of, 166; working tools of the, 185, 264.

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Fergusson, quoted concerning signs and passwords of Operative Masons, 134.

Fichte, quotation of immortality from, 273.

Fifteen, mystical significance of the number, 218.

First Degree, a simple ceremony in the beginning, 41; drama of beginnings, 46; formerly called "Apprentice's Part," 41; importance of, 46; obedience great note struck in, 44; outline of, in the old days, 42; qualifications required before receiving, 43.

Five, Mackey's interpretation of the number, 220; Orders of Architecture, Five Steps interpreted as, 225; Senses, importance of lecture of, 230; Senses, use of, in Masonry, 233; Steps as Five Orders of Architecture, 225; Steps, teaching of the, 222.

Form, definition of, 183; necessity of, 183.

Formalist, definition of a, 183.

Formality, definition of, 183.

Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, accuracy of, in lecture, 298; description of drawing of, 299; historical interpretation of, 301; importance of, 298; Masonic meaning of, 300; meaning to Egyptians of the, 300; Monitorial interpretation of, 298; symbol of brotherhood, 300; various opinions on the, 299.

France, custom of balloting in, 57; Masonry in, before the Revolution, 138.

Franklin, Benjamin, quoted on "words, grips and tokens," 131.

"Free born," ancient and modern meaning given to term, 65.

Freedom and liberty, difference between, 138.

Freemasonry, a society of men held together by an oath, 111; Albert Pike's definition of, 92; condition of, following the Revolution, 32; confers power of vision, 73; developed from Guilds of working-men who had Gothic buildings in charge, 21; effect of, on Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, 32; historical connection of, with early secret societies, 16; in the colonies, 32; in the Revolutionary War, 32; nature of, 37; not organized in the beginning to include women, 64; purpose of, 37.

Freemasons, Cathedral Building Guilds so called because they were permitted to move from place to place, 23; practices of Guilds of, 23.

Friendship, importance of, 254; morality and brotherly love, vital things of world, 253.

"Full age" phrase in the old Manuscripts, 66.

Future life, meaning of, 274.

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G, substituted for Hebrew letter, 244; the letter, origin and meaning of, 242; theory that it stands for geometry, 243.

Gate Nicanor, of Solomon's Temple, 216.

Gavel, derivation of, according to Mackey, 160; functions of, 160; how used by Operative Masons, 161; meaning of, in Masonry, 160; not implement of authority of Master, 160; symbolism of, in the Middle Ages, 160; symbolism of, in Scandinavian mythology, 160; use of, by Speculative Masons, according to Monitor, 161.

Geometric symmetry of the universe, 245.

Geometry, in old Masonic Constitutions, importance of, 243; "of Freemasonry, The," by Castello, quotation on the Cable Tow from, 81; theory that the Letter G stands for, 243.

Gibson, J. G., his idea of the unanimous ballot, 57; his interpretation of "free," 65.

Gifts on altars, origin of custom of placing, 240; nature o f, 240.

Globes, symbolical meaning of, 213; theory of origin of, 213.

God, and man, results of cooperation of, 96; early belief concerning, 294; restriction placed upon name of, by Jewish people, 244.

Goethe describes Gothic architecture as "frozen music," 22; his idea of the Bible, 119.

Golden Bowl and Silver Cord, interpretation of, 256.

Golden Fleece, Order of, 147.

Goose and Gridiron Ale-House, one of the four "Old Lodges," 28.

Gormogons, a secret society, 30.

Gothic Architecture, decline of, in 15th century, reasons for the, 24; described as "frozen music," 22; how it differed from Romanesque, 21.

Gothic Constitutions produced and collated in 1718, 29.

Gothic Guilds take up domestic architecture, 24.

Gould, Robert Freke, his idea of the origin of the Masonic oath, 111; his theory of the Hiramic Legend, 269; his theory of present meaning of Fellow Craft, 166; his theory of the seven sciences, 221; quoted concerning marks in Solomon's temple, 172; quoted concerning the Hour Glass, 302; quoted concerning the Schaw Statutes, 165; quoted on signs and passwords, 132; quoted on women in Masonry, 63; refuses to accept Comacine theory, 20.

Grand Lights placed on Altar, 107.

Grand Lodge, growth of, 29; New, came into existence in

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[paragraph continues] 1751, 30; organisation of, quoted from Anderson's "The New Book of Constitutions," 28; organised in 1716 by few lodges, 27; period, number of degrees at beginning of, 249; regulations as to age of Apprentice varies, 66.

Grand Master's death, Jewish tradition of, 270.

Grand Masters, list of those first elected, 29.

Great Light of which the square is the symbol, 122.

Great Pillars, importance of, 206.

"Great Symbol, The," Klein's study of the Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, 298.

Greek circumambulation as compared with Masonic, 99.

Greeks, and Romans, nature of gifts of, 240; circumambulation practised by the, 98; customs observed by, during circumambulation, 177.

Green, Thomas, his definition of Speculative Masonry, 89.

Grip, as form of recognition among Operative Masons, 135.

Growth of membership of Freemasonry, 35.

Guilds, of Cathedral Builders given special recognition, 22; of Freemasons, practices of, 23; of workingmen on Gothic buildings lead to development of modern Freemasonry, 21.

Hail, meaning of, 115.

Halliwell MS., of 1390, 290; written in 14th century, 62.

Harleian MSS. of 17th century, obligation found in the, 114.

Harrison, J. E., her description of raising of Osiris, 280.

Hawkins, E. L., his Encyclopædia of Freemasonry on old-time initiation, 42.

Hearing, interpretation of sense of, 232.

Heart, symbolic meaning of, 294.

Hebrew tradition, importance of Mt. Moriah in, 283.

Hele, meaning of, 115.

Hemming lectures, adopted in 1813, 168; Winding Stair in the, 218.

Hermetic, explanation of the moon, 124; explanation of the sun, 124.

Hermeticists, symbolic meaning of Ark to the, 296.

Hindoos, Bee as emblem of, 288; circumambulation as practised by, 99.

Hiram Abiff Legend, part of the new Third Degree, 251; part of tradition of the Craft, 251; Templar theory of, 270.

Hiram, models used by, for Pillars of Solomon's Temple, 208.

Hiramic Legend, date of inception of, 270; Edwin Booth's opinion of the, 268; historical value of, 269; origin and interpretation of

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the, 268; present day meaning of, 273„ traced from Solomon's day to the Ritual, 271; various interpretations of, 272; various theories on the introduction of, 269; various theories of the origin of the, 271.

History of the Craft began with advent of Gothic architecture, 21.

"Hole Crafte and Fellowship of Masons," by Conder, square mentioned in, 191.

Holme, Randle, 1665, quoted concerning secret signs of Freemasons, 133.

Holy, meaning of, 150.

Hoodwink, as described by Mackey, 71; of brotherhood, 75; purpose of the, 72; symbolical meaning of, 71; the real, 75; use of, ancient custom, 71.

Hour Glass, as used in early funeral ceremonies, 302; commonest of Mason's Marks, 302; lesson of the, 302; message of the, 302; symbolical meaning of, 302.

Hughan, W. J., MSS. of Old Charges collected by, 290; quoted on qualifications of candidates, 68.

Humanists, who were the, 237. Humility and humiliation, difference between, 148; why Masonic symbols cause feeling of, 149.

Hunt, C. C., his interpretation of "oblong square," 181.

Huxley, his idea of the Bible, 119.

Ignorance, evils caused by, 223.

Imitative Societies, 30.

Immortality, meaning of, 274.

Incense, as used in Masonry of to-day, 287; as used in Old and New Testaments, 287; use of, at various periods, 287; use of, in worship, 286; why burned in ancient days, 287.

Indenture, term of Apprentice's service to a Master Mason, 43; meaning of, 171.

India, symbolic meaning of lion to people of, 279.

Influences of seventeenth century make diversity of custom and usage among lodges, 27.

Innocence, meaning of, 145. Innocent III and the Cathari, 71.

Intender, meaning of, 173. Introduction of Candidate, 87. Intruder, Masonic meaning of, 293.

Investigating Committee, importance of work of, 50; why necessary, 49.

Ireland, earliest Freemasonry in, more complex than early English Masonry, 41.

Irish Masons institute Grand Lodge in 1729, 29.

Irregular, Masonic meaning of, 293.

Israel, punishments inflicted upon, 178.

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Italian nationality, Masonry one of the secret forces of, 138.

Jachin, one of the Great Pillars, 209.

Jamblichus, quoted concerning light, 128.

James Haughfoot Lodge, 1702, entry concerning grips in the minutes of, 135.

Jameson, Mrs., quoted concerning symbolism of the Anchor, 295.

Jephthah, leader of the Israelites, 239.

Jesus, in what sense did he bring "light and immortality to light," 72.

Jewels to be found in Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, 299.

Jewish, Rabbis' idea of the symbolism of the Two Great Pillars, 211; tradition of Grand Master's death, 270.

Jews, orientation practised by, 105; sacred book of, Old Testament, 120; symbolical meaning of lion to the, 281.

JHWH, name of Deity as spelled without vowels, 261; pronunciation of, lost, 261.

John, Duke of Montagu, Grand Master in 1721, first of a long, unbroken line of noble Grand Masters, 29.

Johnston, S. P., his theory of the adoption of Temple into Masonry, 285.

Jones, John Paul, petition of, 48.

Jurisdiction, definition of, 47.

Kabbala, one of the most important non-operative influences on the Craft, 26; framework of the, 26; meaning of the word, 26; symbolic system of, 244.

Kabbalism, introduced into Order by Speculative Masons, 203.

Kabbalists, Temple symbolism inherited from, 285.

King Alfred an exemplar of the twenty-four inch guage, 158.

Kingdom of Heaven, definition of, 74.

Kings, book of, description of Pillars of Solomon's Temple given in, 208.

Kirk, Robert, quoted concerning Masonic grip, 135; quoted concerning grips, 133.

Knock for entrance, why candidate must, 88.

Knowledge, how divided in mediæval times, 221; key word to Second Degree, 167.

Koran, sacred book of the Mohammedans, 120.

Krause traced use of signs to mediæval monasteries, 133.

Lake Como, where collegia of architects took refuge from barbarian invasions of Rome, 20.

Lardner, Dionysius, quoted concerning the Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, 299.

Lateran Council prohibited

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stone worship in 452 A.D., 208.

Law, as the Cable Tow of good citizens, 80; definition of, 138; use of, to man, 138.

Lawrence, J. T., his definition of Cable Tow, 77; quoted on the Perfect Ashlar, 195.

Leader Scott, brings Comacine theory to attention of Masonic students, 19; quoted on the lion in architecture, 281.

"Learner," Apprentice is a, 44.

Lectures, Hemming's adopted in 1813, 168; theory of origin of globes in, 214.

"Length of my Cable Tow," interpretations of, 81.

Lesser Lights, interpretation of the, 126; what are the, 124; where placed, 107.

Letter G, as symbol of Deity, 244; how to learn the secret of the, 246; origin and meaning of, 242; various interpretations of, 242.

Level, a movable jewel in English system, 187; a working tool of the Fellow Craft, 187; an immovable jewel in American system, 187; and Plumb when used in cooperation, result of, 189; as symbol of equality and democracy, 188; as symbol of Masonry, 187; the official ensign of the Senior Warden, 187.

Liberal Arts and Sciences, effect on Masons of the, 237; in Second Degree, 236.

"Liberal education," in the Middle Ages, 235.

Liberty, and freedom, difference between, 138.

Life, the greatest of arts, 45; morality, the morality of the future, 159.

"Light and immortality brought to light" by Jesus, 73.

Light, first great religions the worship of, 127; meaning of, in Masonry, 129; what the Bible says about, 128.

Lights, the Three Great, 117.

Limerick, square dated 1517 in foundation of bridge near, 191.

Lincoln, Abraham, his application of the twenty-four inch guage, 158.

Lion, as favourite of symbolists, 279; as symbol of resurrection, 282; a symbol to the Jews, 281; as used by Comacines in building, 281; of the Tribe of Judah, reference to, 279; of the Tribe of Judah, significance of, 281; significance of positions of, in architecture, 281; symbolical meaning of, to early Freemasons, 282; symbolic meaning to Egyptians of, 279; symbolic meaning to people of India of the, 279.

Lion's Paw, interpretations of, of Pike and Leader Scott, 282; reference in Mackey's Encyclopædia to the, 279; symbol of life-giving power, 282.

p. 367

Lockyer, Norman, quotation from his "Dawn of Astronomy" concerning ancient worship, 127; quotation on orientation from his "Dawn of Astronomy," 104.

Lodge, a symbol of the universe, 85; as prophecy of universal brotherhood, 86; definition of the word, 83; how Fraternity came to be called, 84; meaning of, in eighteenth century Masonry, 83; meaning of, to Operative Masons, 83; of York called itself Grand Lodge in 1725, 29; Pierson's theory of the meaning of the word, 83; Quatuor Coronati established in 1886, 36; service of, to men, 85; the symbolic significance of, 83; symbolical, description of, 85; symbolical meaning of, 84.

Lodges, of instruction held in Europe, 70; of one country differed radically from those of another in seventeenth century, 27; of 17th century influenced by diversity of customs and usage, 27; of seventeenth century wholly self governed, 25.

London Society of Masons, requirements of Master Mason by the, 235.

Lost Word, as symbol of Eternal Life, 276; first search for, 261; interpretation of the, 260; legend of, in Third Degree, 263; legend of the, various forms of, 262; the master symbol, 259; origin of symbolism of, 259; spread of the, 262; symbolic idea of, in modern literature, 262; where to be found, 277.

Lundy's theory of symbolical meaning of the Anchor, 295.

"Lux e tenebris," meaning of, 128.

MacBride, A. S., gives illustration of "that which was lost," 90; gives symbolical meaning of the Square, 192; his comment on regulations as to age of Apprentices in various Grand Lodges, 66; his definition of Masonry, 88; his definition of Speculative Masonry, 89; his theory of decline of Operative Masonry, 201; his theory of the introduction of the Hiramic Legend, 269; quotation from his "Speculative Masonry" on penalties, 93; quoted concerning modernising the obligations, 114; quoted on the question of age of Apprentices, 65; quoted on universal usage of Square, 191; quoted on women in Operative Lodges, 63.

Mackey, Albert G., compares Masonic circumambulation with the Greek, 99; his definition of "oblong square," 180; his description of the Two Great Pillars, 208; his descriptions of the hoodwink, 71; his explanation of

p. 368

the Plumb Line, 185; his illustration of the North as place of darkness, 102; his interpretation of discalceation, 149; his interpretation of the symbolism of the Two Great Pillars, 211; his opinion of the Letter G as a symbol, 242; his theory of derivation of word Gavel, 160; his theory of the Middle Chamber, 198; his theory of origin of symbol of Sword Pointing to the Naked Heart, 293; leader of Masonry, 36; quoted concerning circumambulation among the Hindoos, 99; quoted concerning the Level as symbol of Masonry, 187; quoted on the Cable Tow, 77.

Mackey's Encyclopædia, interpretation of "length of my Cable Tow" in, 81; reference in, to Lion's Paw, 279.

"Made Masons," how brethren in early days were, 259.

Madrid, first lodge chartered on foreign soil, 1728, 29.

"Man, a merely natural" meaning of phrase, 91.

Man, and God, results of cooperation of, 96; as a social being, 253; as a tool using animal, 156; temporal and spiritual activities of, 275.

Manuscript Constitutions, written in 14th century, 62. Manuscripts, old, do not particularise as to age of Apprentices, 65; oldest, written about 1390, 236.

Markham, Edwin, poem by, 155.

Marks, Dr., his theory of date of Hiramic Legend.

Marks, use of, by medieval guilds, 172; use of by Operative Masons, 172; used by Operative Masons, Gould quoted concerning, 172; used by Operative Masons in many countries, 172.

Mason, as architect, 228; educated, makes better lodge member, 237; manner of structure built by a, 228, meaning of innocence of a, 145; what it is to be a, 306; "without the word," meaning of, 292.

Masonic, Apron symbol of change in attitude of Society toward work, 144; bodies continued practice of ancient customs during period of transition, 25; bodies maintained identity during period of transition, 25; ceremony of Approaching the East, 106; life, where lived, 107; lodge, how oriented, 106; lodge room, sacredness of, 150; oath, Gould's idea of the origin of the, 111; "Problems," extract on the ballot from, 57; words, grips and tokens put to use, 131.

Masonry, aid the prime function of, 222; as drama of regeneration, 91; as a sanctuary, 108; as a world-builder, 229; the author's definition

p. 369

of, 89; beginning of, depends on definition of the word, 15; Dr. Buck's definition of, 89; defined from point of view of architectural symbolism, 90; definition of, in Royal Arch Lecture, 89; democratic character of, in seventeenth century, 188; effect of anti-Masonic craze upon, 33; effect of Civil War upon, 34; first apostle of equality, 188; how defined to the candidate, 88; how old is, 15; its principle of liberty, 137; MacBride's definition of, 88; mission of, 204; moral code demanded by, 176; new phase of, following Civil War, 35; organised during building of Temple, old belief of, 284; penalty for transgressing laws of, 94; present (1923) condition of, 35; principles of, explained without soliciting membership, 53; reveals brotherhood, 73; to what causes devoted, 138; value to Society of labors of, 144; Waite's definition of, 89; why aristocratic and exclusive, 62.

Masonry's, attitude toward ignorance, 223; idea concerning the world, 204; ideal of real progress, 224; new spirit of enterprise and activity, 35; use of architecture, secret of, 227.

Masons as "sons of light," 128.

Mason's Mark, description of, 165; sacrificed, 146.

"Masons’ Word," as used in old days, 259; as used in Scotland, 27, 41; transferred to Higher Degrees, theory of, 259.

Master, how Apprentice becomes a, 43; of lodge, meaning of, in Masonic symbology, 125.

Master Mason, how one was made a, 23.

Master Mason Degree, number "5" in the, 221; working tools of, 157.

Masterpiece, how present day lodges could use old custom of, 173; of Operative Apprentice necessary for passing, 166; significance of, 173.

Master's, station in the East, 105; lodges for instruction in Third Degree, 250.

"Mature and discreet age," meaning of term, 66.

Membership, quality of, strength of Masonry, 50.

Memory test of Operatives still in use, 173.

Men, immoral or scandalous, not admitted to Masonry, 63.

Middle Ages, branches of learning taught in the, 235.

Middle Chamber, a symbol, not history, 198; as a symbol, 199; as used in Bible means "storey," 199; in Second Degree ritualism, 199; Mackey's theory of, 199; of King Solomon's Temple, use

p. 370

made of, 199; Sir Charles Warren's theory of the, 198.

Milton's idea of symbolism of the North, 103.

Mithra, an Aryan sun-god, 17.

Mithræum, meeting place of the cult of Mithraism, 17.

Mithraism, initiation ceremony of, similar to Third Degree, 17; one of the most typical of the Ancient Mysteries, 17; story of, 17.

"Modern" Grand Lodge, name given Grand Lodge organised in 1717, 31.

Mohammedans, importance of Mt. Moriah to, 284; Koran the sacred book of the, 120.

Monitorial interpretation of Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, 298.

Monks use sign language, 132.

Monoliths used by Egyptians as astronomical instruments, 207.

Monotheism, definition of, 208.

Moon, Hermetic symbolical explanation of, 124.

Moral, code demanded by Masonry of its votaries, 176; law, present day interpretation of, 294.

Morality, derivation of word, 254; meaning of, in Christian times, 254; meaning of, to Romans, 254; meaning of, in early days, 294; misuse of word, 254; necessity of system of, 254.

Morgan, William, disappearance of, in 1826, and effect on Masonry, 33.

Morris, William, his definition of architecture, 226.

Motive of candidate, 87.

Mt. Moriah, as described by the Mohammedans, 284; importance of, in Hebrew tradition, 283.

Mystic Journey, Rite of the, 98.

Myth, definition of, 199.

Napoleon, Bee as royal emblem of, 288.

"New Book of Constitutions, The," by Anderson, issued 1738, 28.

"New English Dictionary," origins of word "lodge" to be found in, 83.

New York, effect of anti-Masonry in lodges of, 33.

Newton, Dr. Joseph Fort, his theory of the introduction of the Hiramic Legend, 269; quotation of, concerning man as seeker after God, 109; quoted concerning the Bible, 119; quoted on light, 127; quoted on principles of Masonry, 137.

Newton, Sir Isaac, shows men gravitation, 73.

Nietzsche, Friedrich, nature of, 124.

Noah's Ark, ancient traditions of story of, 296.

Non-operative influences, effect of, on the Craft, 26.

Noose, examples of early use of, 76; importance of, to primitive man, 76; symbolical meaning of, 76.

p. 371

North, as Masonic symbol, 103; as place of darkness, 102, 152; in the Middle Ages regarded with terror, 102; part played by, in Masonic lodge, 103; Symbolism of, according to Evans, 102.

Northeast Corner, symbolical meaning of, 152.

Number "5," in Masonry, 221; Mackey's interpretation of, 220; meaning of, in various countries, 221; meaning of, to the Greeks, 221; meaning of, to the Pythagoreans, 220.

Number "7," symbol of perfection, 221.

Numbers, even, symbolical of the earthly, 219; odd, symbolical of the divine, 219; origin of symbolism of, 219; symbolical use of, 219.

Oath, John Quincy Adams quoted concerning the Masonic, 112; of allegiance to the King in 1642, 111.

Oaths, and obligations outside the Fraternity, 110; in England in seventeenth century, 114; institutions held together by, 111.

Obedience, first of virtues of life, 45; must precede mastery and freedom, 45; the great note of First Degree, 44; theory of the Cable Tow, 78.

Obelisk, symbol of Sun God of Egyptians, 207.

Obligation, attacked by anti-Masons, 112; in Harleian MSS. of 17th century, 114; meaning of, Ito; one object of, is secrecy, 115; use of, in Masonic degrees, 110.

Obligations, in Old Charges are brief, 114; MacBride quoted concerning modernising the, 114.

"Oblong square," C. F. Irwin's theory of, 182; Mackey's definition of, 180; objections to certain interpretations of, 181; refers to ground plan of lodge room, 180; term used in Ohio in 1819, 182; various interpretations of, 181.

Odd Fellows, secret society imitating Freemasonry still in existence, 30.

Old Charges, burned during Revival, 291; earliest, written in the 14th century, 62; legend of the two Pillars in the, 210; oldest MS. form of, 1390, 290.

Old Constitutions, collated 1719, 291.

Old Testament, sacred book of Jews, 120.

Oliver, Dr. George, his interpretations of the Hiramic Legend, 272; his position in regard to physical qualification of a candidate, 68.

Operative Apprentice, age of, varied, 66.

Operative Lodges, ceremony of passing in, 165; make use of Cable Tow, 77.

Operative Masonry, applied geometry, 243; decline of,

p. 372

[paragraph continues] 201; description of, 201; speculative elements in Old Charges of, 202.

Operative Masons, had no written Constitutions, 290; meaning of lodge to, 83; their use of the gavel, 161; use of Apron by the, 142; work and wages of, 204.

Order, of the Garter, 147; of the Star, 147.

Orient, use of sign language in the, 132.

Orientation, meaning of, 104. Osiris, raising of, 280.

Osier, Dr., statistics concerning death compiled by, 305.

Painting of the Five Senses in Congressional Library, 231.

Papal bull of 1738 first bull issued against Masonry, 112.

Parsees, Zend-Avesta the sacred book of the, 120.

Parthenon, meaning to us of the, 226.

Parvin, T. S., his position as to physical qualifications of a candidate, 68; leader of Masonry, 36.

Passing, ceremony of, in Operative Lodges, 165.

Paton, his interpretation of the meaning of Cable Tow, 78.

Payne, George, Grand Master in 1718, 28; second term as Grand Master in 1720, 29.

Penalties, in early days in England, 113; MacBride quoted concerning, 93; of wrongdoing, the actual, 94; should not be abandoned, 93.

Penalty, for transgressing law of any art, 94; the real, 93.

Perfect Ashlar, as symbol in Masonry, 195; definition of, 194; Emerson's description of a, 196.

"Perfect points," teaching conveyed by, 175.

Petition, action taken when rejected, 47; character of a Masonic, 47; course of, 47; four main points in a, 48; fundamentals of a, the same as formerly, 48.

Petitioner, rejected, may reapply, 56.

Philo, his description of an oath, 110.

Phœnician Masons’ Marks in foundation stones of Temple, 284.

Phœnicians borrowed custom of placing Pillars before temples, 208.

Physical, qualifications demanded in the Grand Lodges of the United States, 67; qualifications of Masons, a storm centre, 66; soundness necessary in Operative Lodges, 67.

Pierson, his interpretation of the Triad, 220; his theory of circumambulation, 100; his theory of the meaning of the word "lodge," 83; quoted on discalceation, 149.

Pike, Albert, his application of the twenty-four inch guage, 158; his definition of Cable Tow, 77; his definition of

p. 373

[paragraph continues] Freemasonry 92; his explanation of the symbolical meaning of circumambulation, 100; his ideas concerning explanation of Masonry's teachings, 54; his interpretation of crux ansata, 280; his interpretation of "length of my Cable Tow," 81; his interpretation of the meaning of the Cable Tow, 78; his theory of the Ashlars, 196; his theory of the introduction of the Hiramic Legend into Masonry, 269; his theory of origin of Hiramic Legend, 271; his theory of the Winding Stair, 219; leader of Freemasonry, 36; quoted concerning ancient temples, 84; quoted on principles of Masonry, 138; quoted on the conception of the S.G.A.O.T.U., 121.

Pillars, as symbols of truth in Masonry, 210; examples of worship of, in various countries, 207; height of, 210; idea of, in Bible times, 207; names and position of, 209; of primitive peoples, symbols of what, 206; of Solomon's Temple, discrepancies in descriptions of, 208; of Solomon's Temple, description of, given in Book of Chronicles, 208; of Solomon's Temple, description of, given in Book of Kings, 208; of Solomon's Temple, models used by Hiram for, 208; position of, in lodge room, 211; shape and composition of the, 209; the Two Great, Mackey's description of, 208; the Two Great, symbolism of, 206; used by Masons for symbolical purposes, 210; weight of, 209; where cast, 209; which support the lodge—85; worship of, forbidden in 52 A.D., 208; worshipped as gods, 207.

Plan of Work, how displayed, 266.

Planets, theory of influence of, 150.

Plato, quoted concerning God and Geometry, 245.

Plot, Dr. Robert, 1686, quoted describing admission into the Masonic Society, 133.

Plumb, an immovable jewel, 187; and Level when used in co-operation, result of, 189; as badge of Junior Warden, 187; Line as used by Operative Masons, 186; Line, definition of the, 185; Line, power of perception is our, 187; Line symbol of uprightness to Speculative Masons, 186; Lines of society, great characters as, 187.

"Pocket Companion and History of Freemasons," 1764, reason for non-admittance of women to Freemasonry in, 64; verses quoted from, 65.

Poem—"Man sits here shaping wings to fly," etc., 97.

"Poem of Trathal, The," as

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an illustration of "that which was lost," 90.

"Points" or rules for regulation of conduct of Fellow Craft in the Old Charges, 175.

Porch of King Solomon's Temple, symbolical term, 44.

Posture of candidate in the Northeast corner, 152.

Pot of Incense, symbolic meaning of, 287.

Pound, quoted on Preston's philosophy of Masonry, 169.

Prayer, Altar as place of, 109; Apprentice's, Thorp's theory of the, 95; as a force, 95; as spiritual work, 96; effects of, 97; place of, in the human life, 95; reasons for, 95; why in Masonic ceremonies, 95.

Preparation, first step toward introducing candidate to the lodge, 87; of the candidate, 70; room of lodge, atmosphere of, 71.

"Prepared in the heart," meaning of, 70.

Preston, William, enlargement of rite of initiation due to, 167; his idea in formation of Second Degree Lectures, 225; his lectures added to degrees, 42; his new system of lectures, 167; his purpose for Second Degree, 236; his theory of the Plumb Line, 185; short sketch of, 167; what the Pillars symbolised to, 211.

Prestonian philosophy, Pound's idea of the, 169.

Preston's age, dominating idea of, 168.

Primitive Secret Societies existed before dawn of history, 16.

Progress, Ruskin's theory of, 223.

"Psalms of Degrees" chanted in Solomon's Temple, 216.

Punishment for wrongdoing, 178.

Purpose of Masonry, 61.

Pythagoras, his discovery of Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, theory of, 298; philosophical system of, built on numbers, 245.

Pythagorean rule of discalceation, 149.

Pythagoreans, meaning of the Number "5" to the, 220; use of signs and tokens, 132.

Quadrivium, consists of arithmetic, music, astronomy and geometry, 235; meaning of, 22I.

Qualifications, for membership in Masonic Order, 60; necessary to receive the First Degree in early days, 43; of Anderson's Constitutions of 1723, 62; of earliest Old Charges, 62; of Masonry, are they too rigorous, 61.

Quatuor Coronati Lodge established in 1886, 36.

Questionnaire, necessity of, 51; sometimes used in larger lodges, 50.

p. 375

Raising, interpretation of, 277.

Ravenscroft, W. R., and the Comacine theory, 19.

Rectitude, derivation and meaning of, 186; meaning of, 175.

Reformation of men not Masonry's purpose, 64.

Regeneration, meaning of drama of, 91.

Regius MS., of 1390, 290; quoted on physical qualification of a candidate, 67; written in 14th century, 62.

Religion, eternal, consists of what, 121; the first, the worship of light, 127.

Religious cults of Græco-Roman world the first great secret organizations in history, 17.

Requirements of candidate in relation to the Craft, 175.

Resurrection, meaning of, 374.

Revelations, meaning of the word in connection with the hoodwink, 72.

Revival, of Freemasonry in 1717, 41; of 1717, Masonry made wholly speculative at, 201.

Right, definition of, 254; motive, chief essential qualification of candidate, 68.

Righteousness, meaning of, 254.

Rite, of the Mystic Journey, 98.

Ritual, complete meaning of symbolism of, 305; material in, drawn from Bible, 117; simplicity of early, 41.

Rival Grand Lodges in England, 29.

Roman, Collegia, organization of trades and crafts, 18; Eagle, Order of, 147; use of word morality, 254.

Romanesque building compared with Gothic, 21.

Romans, ceremony of dextroversum of, similar to circumambulation, 99; white, symbol of innocence among, 145.

Rome, how oriented, 105; use of signs and tokens in, 132.

Rosicrucianism, traces of, brought into the Order through Speculative Masons, 203.

Rough Ashlar, definition of, 194.

Royal Arch Lecture, definition of Masonry in, 89.

Royce, Josiah, belief of, 196. Rummer and Grapes Tavern, one of the four "Old Lodges," 28.

Ruskin's theory of progress, 223.

Rylands, his theory of the adoption of the Temple into Masonic system, 285.

Sacrifice, Apron significant of, 145; meaning of, to Masons, 109; of a Mason, 146; the Altar as a station of, 109. Salutation, meaning of Rite of, 137.

Sanctuary, the Altar used as, 108.

p. 376

Sayer, Anthony, first Grand Master of Masons, 28.

Schaw Statutes of 1598–99, description of the, 165; old Scottish document, 165.

Schools of Masonry, how they might be conducted, 174.

Scotch "Mason Word," 135.

Scotland, only degree known in 18th century in, 135.

Scottish Masons institute Grand Lodge in 1736, 29.

Scythe, effect on the mind of the Lecture of the, 304; symbolical meaning of, in Masonry, 302.

Second Degree, is second ballot necessary for, 56; outstanding ceremony of, 198; position of, in our lectures, 200; system of education in, 168.

Secrecy, of ballot, what is meant by, 58; one of famous twenty-five landmarks of Dr. Mackey, 58.

"Secret Commonwealth," 1691, extract concerning grips from, 135.

Secret, modes of recognition in ancient times, examples of, 132; societies, early, and their connection with Freemasonry, 16.

Seeing, interpretation of sense of, 233.

Senses, Five, the Five Steps represent the, 222; in man's life, part played by the, 230.

Seven, sciences, Gould's theory of the, 221; Steps, interpretation of the, 223.

S.G.A.O.T.U., conception of, 121.

Shakespeare's theory of symbolism of the North, 103.

Sharp instrument, meaning of, 93.

Shibboleth used as password, 239.

Signs, evidence of use of, goes back only to seventeenth century, 133; need of secret, 136; used by Freemasons in old times, evidence of, 133.

Smell, interpretation of the sense of, 232.

Smith, James, quoted concerning texture of Masonic aprons, 146.

Solicitation, danger of misleading by, 52; a detriment to the Order, 52; evil of, 51.

Sophocles, quotation of, concerning death, 103.

South, part played by, in Masonic lodge, 103; symbolic meaning of, 103.

Spartans' use of secret modes of recognition, 132.

Speculative, builder, man as a, 45; lodge in London working in 1631, 25; Mason, first record of admittance of, 1598, 25; Masons, acceptance of, began in latter part of 16th century, 25; Masons, work and wages of, 204; system, purpose of, 203.

Speculative Masonry, quotation from, concerning penalties, 93; MacBride's definition of, 89; Thomas Green's definition of, 89; what it inherited

p. 377

from Operative Masonry, 204.

Speth's theory of date of Hiramic Legend, 270; theory of origin of Hiramic Legend, 271.

Spiritual, result of man's search for the, 276; work, prayer as, 96.

Square and Compass, in Chinese language, 190; on tombstone of William Warrington, 1427, 191.

Square, a sacred symbol among the Egyptians, 190; as found in "Antony and Cleopatra," 191; dated 1517, in foundations of bridge near Limerick, 191; effect of application of, 176; examples of early use of, 190; how used Masonically, 121; in connection with the compasses, 123; in symbolism of Compagnonage, 191; in symbolism of occult fraternities of Middle Ages, 191; Masonic, 121; meaning of, 191; meaning of, as symbol, 122; practical use of, 192; principle of acting on the, 190; symbolical meaning of, 192; symbolisms of, 121; used to test Ashlars, 194; widespread symbolic use of the, 191; a working tool of the Fellow Craft, 190.

Steinbrenner's theory of the Lesser Lights, 125.

Stewardship, teaching of, 108.

Sts. Ambrose and Augustine, their use of the twenty-four inch guage, 158.

Sun, belief of primitive people concerning, 98; Hermetic symbolical explanation of, 124.

Sword Pointing to the Naked Heart, how introduced into Ritual, 293; origin of symbol of, 293; symbolical meaning of, 294.

Sword, symbolic meaning of, 294.

Symbolical, lodge, description of, 85; meaning of noose, 76.

Symbolism, of the Cardinal Points, 102; of quest after that which is lost, 90.

Symbols, various interpretations of, 78.

Taste, interpretation of the sense of, 232.

Temple, adopted in 1724, theory of, 285; building and Fraternity, connection between, 284; how it found its way into the Masonic system, 285; legend as symbol to Masons, 285; Masons’ Marks in foundation stone of, 284; the principal symbol of Kabbalists, 285.

Temple of Solomon, differed from present day houses of worship, 286; influence of, on early peoples, 284; placed different from other temples, 286; situation of, 283.

Temples, ancient, how situated and dedicated, 104; of Masons, 286.

p. 378

Temporalities, result of man's search for, 375.

Tennyson, his use of the symbolism of the West, 104.

Ternary, explanation of the, 220; Pierson's interpretation of the, 220.

Tetragrammaton, as center of Kabbalism, 262; legend of the, 260.

Thebes, meaning of colonnades of, to us, 226.

Theological Ladder, compared to Winding Stair, 217; introduced into Ritual, 1732, 217; symbolism of the, 217.

Third Degree, clear conception of, 277; is separate ballot necessary for, 56; ceremony of, 251; growth of, 251; in Scotch lodges, 250; new material in, 251; new material in, introduced by whom, 250; order of symbolism of the, 249; origin of, 249; purpose of, 252; secret of, 252; symbolism of, as compared to the First and Second Degrees, 249; uniformity of, in various Grand Jurisdictions, 25f.

1390, date of oldest historical manuscript of the Craft now existing, 24.

Thompson, J. R., quoted concerning the Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid, 299.

Thorp, J. T., his theory of the Apprentice's prayer, 95.

Three Great Lights, symbolism of the, 117; what are the, 117.

Three Lesser Lights, symbolism of Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid displayed in the, 300.

Three Steps, explanation of the, 222.

Tiler, derivation of word, 292; each Mason as a, 292; origin of office of, 292.

Time, definition of, 158; right use and division of, 158; wasted, cause of failures, 159; between degrees in American jurisdictions, 171; what is the secret of, 303.

Token, meaning of, 135; sign or grip of brotherly recognition, 135.

Tolstoy, quotation from his "War and Peace," 61.

Tools, builders’, origin of use as symbols of, 228; of man compared to tools of brute, 157.

Touch, interpretation of the sense of, 231.

Tower of Babel, story of, not a fable, 227.

Tracing board, definition of, 266; symbolic teaching of, 266.

"Traditions of Freemasonry," by Pierson, quotation from, on word "lodge," 83.

Triad, interpretation of the, 220.

Triangle of symbolism, importance of, to present day Masonry, 301.

Tri-gradal system slow in gaining foothold, 250.

Trivium, consists of grammar,

p. 379

rhetoric and logic, 235; meaning of, 221.

Trowel, symbol of binding power, 265; symbolic of Master Mason's work, 264; the working tool of Master Mason Degree, 264.

Truth, how different from knowledge, 129.

Try-square, the square of Masonry, 190.

T.S.G.A.O.T.U., as solace in hour of darkness, 257.

Twenty-four inch guage, as symbol, 158; description of, 158; secret of, 160.

Twinning's definition of oath, 110.

Tyler, J. E., his description of use of oaths, 110.

Unanimous ballot, almost a landmark in American Freemasonry, 56; objection to, 56.

United Grand Lodge of England formed in 1813, 31.

Upright posture of candidate in Northeast corner, 152.

Vibert's theory, of adoption of Temple into Masonic system, 285; of the introduction into Masonry of the Hiramic Legend, 269.

Villalpandus, model of Temple of, 285.

Virtue, present day definition of, 175; original meaning of, 175.

Viva voce vote, objections to, 58.

Vote against a petitioner, when one should, 60.

Voting on candidates, different customs of, 56; when is member exempted from, in Masonic Lodge, 56.

Waite, A. E., his definition of Masonry, 89; his interpretation of the meaning of Cable Tow, 78; his theory of adoption of Temple into Masonic system, 285; his theory of destitution, 151; his theory of the effect of Speculative Masonry on Operative, 203.

Wardens as representatives of law of the lodge, 137.

Warren, Dr. Joseph, a Mason, 32; Sir Charles, his theory of the Winding Stair, 216; Sir Charles, quoted concerning the Middle Chamber, 198.

Warrington, William, Square and Compasses on tombstone of, 1427, 191.

Washington, George, first Master of Washington-Alexandria Lodge, 32; made a Mason in Fredericksburg, Va., No. 1752, 32.

Watch-fob Mason, 69.

Watt, Isaac, discovered steam, 73.

Webb Monitor of 1821, defines the Plumb Line, 185.

Webb, Philip, disciple of Preston, 168.

Weed, Thurlow, leader of Anti-Masons, 33.

Weeping Virgin, interpretation

p. 380

of, 283; invented by Cross, 283; not used in all jurisdictions, 283; theories of origin of, 283.

West, symbolical meaning of, 103.

Westcott, Dr. Wynn, quoted concerning orientation, 105.

White, as symbol of innocence, 145.

Winding Stair, compared to Theological Ladder, 217; of 18th century, 218; of Second Degree unchangeable, 219; of Solomon's Temple, 216; of Three, Five and Seven Steps, 216; origin of, not generally known, 216; Preston's theory of, 218; source of the symbolism of, 216; symbolism of, 218; theory of operative origin of, 217; various theories concerning the, 218.

Wisdom, Strength and Beauty, three pillars in India, 207.

Women, changes in the Craft necessary for the admittance of, 64; why not admitted to Freemason's Guild, 63.

Woolman, John, nature of, 124.

Work of Freemasonry, Grand Lodge makes changes in, 30.

Working tools, of Entered Apprentice Degree, 157; of Fellow Craft Degree, 157; of Fellow Craft, use of the, 185; of Fellow Craft, what are the, 185, of Mason essential, 157; of Mason, how symbolised, 157; of Mason, use of, 157; of Master Mason Degree, 157.

Zend-Avesta, sacred book of the Parsees, 120.

Zohar, Kabbalist's great book, means light, 128.

Zoroaster, his theory of light, 128.