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Tractate Berakoth, by , by A. Lukyn Williams, [1921], at


Reverence in Writing the Name.

T. III. 22. He who is writing the name [of the LORD] may not return a man's salutation even if it be that of a king. If he is writing five or six such names, when he has finished one of them he returns the salutation.

The Benediction of Mourners.

23. In a place where they are accustomed to say the Benediction of Mourners as three prayers, 1 we say three; where as two, we say two; where as one, we say one.

24. In a place where they are accustomed to say the Benediction of mourners as three prayers, a man combines the first with that about the Resurrection of the Dead and seals it with "Thou that quickenest the dead." [He combines] the second with "the consolation of the mourners" and seals it with "He that consoleth His people and His city." [He combines] the third with "the restitution of kindnesses," but does not seal it. He that dismisses the congregation in the cemetery has no need to seal.

On Certain Points in the Eighteen.

25. The Eighteen Benedictions which the Majority have ordered, correspond to the eighteen times that the LORD is mentioned in the Psalm beginning "Give to the LORD, O ye sons of the mighty." 2 One combines [the Benediction about] the Minim 3 with

p. 43


that about the Pharisees, 1 and that about the Proselytes with that about the Elders, 2 and that about David with that about Jerusalem. 3 If men have said each of these by themselves, their obligation is fulfilled.


42:1 as three prayers. In the house, on the part of visitors after the funeral. SA, pp. 323 sq. Cf. supra, p. 21.

42:2 Ps. 29.

42:3 the Minim. The Palestinian, or "older form of the Twelfth Benediction is, "To the apostates (mshummāddim) let there be no p. 43 hope, and the kingdom of pride do Thou quickly root out in our days. And let the Christians (notzrim), and the minim, perish as in a moment. Let them be wiped out of the book of life, and with the righteous let them not be written. Blessed art Thou, O LORD, who subdueth the proud." The common, and later, form may be found in SA, p. 48.

Next: M. VI. 1-4; T. IV. 1-7. The Proper Forms for the Different Foods