Tractate Berakoth, by , by A. Lukyn Williams, , at sacred-texts.com
M.IV. 7. R. Eleazar ben Azariah used to say: The Additional Prayers are said only in the local congregation. 5 But the Teacher 6 says: Both in a local congregation and where there is no local congregation. R. Judah used to say in his name: 7 In every place where there is a local congregation the individual is exempt from the Additional Prayers. 8
And in the Additional services he prays seven 5 [Benedictions] and says [the special section for] the sanctification of the day in the middle.
11. In the case of a sabbath which falls on the first day of the month, or on the ordinary day of a festival, at morning and afternoon prayer one prays sevens prayers, and says an abstract corresponding to the needs of the occasion in the "Temple worship" Benediction. 6 But R. Eleazar says, in the Hoda’ah. If one has not said it, he is not turned back. And at the Additional Prayers he prays seven prayers and says [the special section for] the sanctification of the day in the middle.
12. On sabbath, and festival, and the Day of Atonement, one prays seven prayers, and says [the special section for] the sanctification of the day in the middle. 7
13. The case of the festival of New Year's Day, which falls upon a sabbath. The School of
The case of a festival which falls on a sabbath. The School of Shammai say: he prays eight [Benedictions], and says that for the sabbath by itself, and that for the festival by itself, and he begins with that for the sabbath. But the School of Hillel say: he prays seven, beginning with that for the sabbath, and ending with that for the sabbath, and he says [the special section for] the sanctification of the day in the middle. R. Nathan says: also he seals it with: "Blessed be Thou that sanctifiest the sabbath and Israel and the festival seasons." 3
33:1 he takes a trumpet. i.e. on New Year's Day; see Lev. 2324; Num. 291 (Oesterley and Box, p. 411).
33:2 a Lulab. A palm-branch bound with myrtle and willow at the F. of Tab. (Jew. Enc.: viii. 205). Infra, p. 80.
33:3 a roll of the Book of Esther. At Purim, Esther. 932. (Oesterley and Box, pp. 407 sq.)
33:4 he recites it—on his journey.
33:5 in the local congregation. Not alone. The reason appears to be that the synagogue service was framed after the pattern of the Temple service. See Staerk, p. 21.
33:6 the Teacher (haRab). B has ha-chakamim, the Majority.
33:7 in his name. Presumably of R. Eleazar.
33:8 It is sufficient for him to have taken part in the prayers of the congregation.
34:1 SA, pp. 51, sq.
34:2 SA, p. 50.
34:3 The 16th or 17th Benediction. SA, pp. 49 sq. Staerk, pp. 54, 18.
34:4 the Hoda’ah. The second of the last three Benedictions, i.e. the 17th or 18th, so called from the first word Modim, "we acknowledge" (SA, p. 51).
34:5 seven. "The first three, and the last three, of the Eighteen, and a special one in the middle" (Laible). See Abrahams on SA, p. 159.
34:6 Cf. SA, pp. 50, 140.
34:7 See Staerk, pp. 21 sq.