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The Talmud, by Joseph Barclay, [1878], at


1. "With what is a beast led forth, and with what is it not led forth?" 2 "One may lead forth the camel with a head-stall, and the she-camel with a nose-ring, and the Lydda 3 asses with a bridle, and a horse with a halter, and all animals that wear a halter they may lead forth with a halter, and they are held with a halter, and, if unclean, they may sprinkle water upon them, and baptize them in their places."

2. The ass one may lead forth with a pack-saddle when it is bound on it. Rams go forth tied up. Ewes go forth

p. 89

with tails bound back, doubled down, or put in a bag. The goats go forth bound tightly. Rabbi José "forbids all, excepting ewes, to have their tails in a bag." Rabbi Judah says "the goats go forth bound tightly to dry up their udders, but not to guard the milk."

3. "And with what must they not go forth?" "A camel must not go forth with a rag bound as a mark to its tail, nor fettered, nor with fore-foot tied doubled up, and so with the rest of all beasts; a man must not bind camels one to another, and lead them, but he may take their ropes into his hand, and hold them, guarding that they be not twisted." 1

4. One must not bring forth an ass with a pack-saddle, when it is not tied upon him before the Sabbath; nor with a bell, even though it be muffled, nor with a ladder 2 on its throat, nor with a strap on its leg; nor may cocks and hens be led forth with twine or straps on their legs. Nor may rams be led forth with a gocart under their tails, nor ewes with John wood. 3 And the calf must not be led forth with a muzzle, nor a cow with the skin of the hedgehog, 4 nor with a strap between her horns. The cow 5 of Rabbi Eleazar, the son of Azariah, used to go out with a strap between her horns, but not with the will of the Sages.


88:2 The point to be decided is the difference between what is necessary and what is a burden.

88:3 Others think "Lybian" asses.

89:1 Through fear of linen and woollen being mixed. Deut. xxii. 11.

89:2 Ladder-shaped piece of wood to prevent it rubbing its throat if it have a sore.

89:3 Wood discovered by one John, which when put into sheep's nostrils, caused them to sneeze and the maggots to fall off.

89:4 To prevent her being sucked by reptiles.

89:5 The Gemara says, the cow was his neighbour's, but as he did not object, the blame was laid on him.

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