Sacred Texts  Islam  Index  Previous  Next 

Jacob and Joseph (PUT)
Jacob is the son of Isaac ben Abraham, the friend of God, and his mother is Rebecca (Rebekah) the daughter of Bethuel, and his mother gave birth to him with a brother of his that is Esau [Arabic: Al-`Ays] and his name in Torah is `Eesu [`Esav], so Esau and Jacob are twins and born together, with Esau coming first then Jacob, and their mother is Rebecca the daughter of Bethuel ben Terah ben Nahor ben Serug, and the marriage of Rebecca and Isaac was mentioned before in the doscussion of the conditions of Isaac. Some historians said that then happened some conflict and hate between the two and Esau hated Jacob, and they say that Esau used to like hunting and had a strong soul, and his brother Jacob was a gentle man with manners and patience with faith so his mother Rebecca loved him so much and been afraid that Esau would hurt him with his wrath, and always been afraid that he would be killed by him so she suggested for him to go to his uncle Laban ben Bethuel ben Terah ben Nahor, so he went to Iraq to Padan-Aram and stayed with his uncle and under his service, then his uncle gave him his daughter Leah [Arabic: Liyyâ, Hebrew: Le'ah] for marriage and he had six children from her: Rawbeen, Sham`un, Lâwi, Yahuðâ, Riyâlun and Yashjob [in Torah they are actually seven: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah, the first four names are exact translation of the names mentioned in Arabic, but the others are not so close in spelling], and then Leah died so he got married to her sister Raheel (Rachel) and she gave birth to Joseph and Benjamin, and he got also four children from two other maids, one of them is called Zilfah (Zilpah) and the other called Bilhah, and as mentioned in Torah that Bilhah is a handmaid of Rachel and gave her to Jacob so he got two children from her, Dan and Naphtali, and Zilpah is the handmaid of Leah and also gave her to Jacob and so he got two children from her, Gad and Asher, and so the children of Jacob are twelve males as mentioned in the stories of Abdul-Wahâb Al-Najjâr, although there are some differences in the names of the children of Jacob between Torah and as mentioned by Abdul-Wahâb Al-Najjâr, but their number is agreeable by all that they are twelve males, and it might be apparent that all the children were born in Padan-Aram in Iraq while he (Jacob) was with his uncle Laban taking care of his cattles, then he got back to the land of Canaan in the lands of Shem with lot of money and fortune, and when he got back he gave his brother some while he was afraid that he would kill him but his brother Esau met him with a nice face and gentleness. They say that the children born in Iraq were only eleven except of Benjamin that was born in the land of Canaan. God did say: The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion; therefore die not save as men who have surrendered, Or were ye present when death came to Jacob (unto Him)(Al-Baqarah:132-133), and as attributed to Al-Bâqir (PUH): and Jacob was give the prophecy in the land of Canaan then went to Egypt and died there and then his body was carried back to the land of Canaan and buried there.
In Muruj Al-Ðahab for Al-Mas`udi: Isaac then ordered his son Jacob to go to the lands of Shem and told him that he got the prophecy along with his twelve children and they are: Lâwi, Yahuða, Yessâkhir, Bolon, Yousef, Binyâmin, Dân, Naftâli, Kân, Eshâr, Sham`un and Rubeel [this list seems closer to the names in Torah: Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Simeon, Reuben], and prophecy with power had been made into four of them: Levi, Judah, Joseph and Benjamin. Then he said: then Jacob been afraid a lot of his brother Esau and God made him safe from him, and Jacob had five thousand and five hundred sheeps, and Jacob gave the tenth of that for his brother Esau to prevent his evil after that God made him safe away from him, so God punished him in his children for not holding to his oath and God inspired to him: did not you believe in My promise to you? Then I will make the children of Esau rule your children for five hundred and fifty years, and that was the time period by which Romans took hold of Jerusalem and destroyed the temples and made the Israelites as slaves until the time of Omar ben Al-Khattâb [second caliphate for Sunnites] when he invaded Jerusalem.

Next: About Calling Jacob as Israel