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Satapatha Brahmana Part V (SBE44), Julius Eggeling tr. [1900], at

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abhigit, Soma-day, Part IV, page 321 n.

abhiplava-shadaha, III, introd. xxi; V, 148; is the established (regular) shadaha, 249; used by Âdityas when contending with Aṅgiras, 152; etymology, 252, 162.

abhisheka, III, 68; the 'Vasor dhârâ' and Vâgaprasavîya oblations performed on completed fire-altar are a consecration-ceremony superior to the ordinary one, IV, 213 seq.; and including the consecration of both Râgasûya and Vâgapeya, 225.

abhishekanîya, III, introd. xxvi; 68 seq.; stotras of, 69.

abhîvarta-sâman, III, 16.

abhri (spade), lies on left side of Âhavanîya, III, 299; made of bamboo, 199.

adâbhya-graha, is speech, up-breathing, ear, V, 205; etymology, 205-7.

âdâra, plants, how produced, V, 451; = pûtika, 451; they are fragrant and blaze up in fire, 452.

adhrigu, litany, V, 385-6.

adhvan, ghee-offering to, in the house of the courier, III, 64.

Adhvaryu, seated towards east, III, 108; his fee at Dasapeya a golden mirror, 119; their fee a sterile cow for pañkabila oblation to Mitra-Varuna, 122; spreads the sacrifice, 142; his fee at Sautrâmanî three garments; the Asvins the Adhvaryus of the gods, IV, 23; sings the Sâmans over the completed altar, 181; in drawing the Soma-cup he takes Pragâpati's vital fluid, 282; must pronounce his Yagus indistinctly, 340; is summer whence he is as if scorched, V, 45; how he is to step past the vedi when calling or having called for the sraushat, 578; initiated by Pratiprasthâtri for sattra, as the mind, 136; they drink the Âsvina cup of Sautrâmanî, the Asvins being the Adhvaryus of the gods, 245; is scorched, as it were, 503.

Aditi, by sixteen syllables gains the shodasa-stoma, III, 40; karu to, 60; is this earth, 60; 378; V, 6, 281, 293; the wife of the gods, III, 60; urusarmâ (of wide shelter), 90; Aditi and Diti, 93; prayugâm havis (pap), 125; reddish-white cow pregnant with calf her victim at oblation of teams, 125; is speech, 237; offers fire-pan to her sons, the gods, 238; gives (dad) everything here, 378; back of Aditi (the earth), IV, 27; Aditi and Pûshan, connected with trinava-stoma, 69; ruler of the Fathers, 74;--(additional) pap at New moon, V, 5, 6; paps at Sautrâmanî, 213 n., 268.

Âditya (the sun), even rising burns up plants, III, 78; how created, 248; his union with sky, 249; with him the Âdityas placed in sky, 150; is the Agni on the altar, 252, 194; with Parameshthin connected with sky,

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[paragraph continues] 189; is space-filler, 189; regent of sky, 204, (286); a thunderbolt, 208; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya all the light, 210; none other than the width of the sky can contain him, 216, 364; placed upwards from here in the east, 223, 275; is the truth, 265; the twenty-first, or twenty-one-fold, 265, 308; IV, 62, 163; V, 37, 291; was Agni's protector against the Rakshas, III, 266; is the hook (âsañgana) to which the worlds are fastened by means of the quarters, 269; encompassed by the two worlds, 271; is the fire on Âhavanîya, (fire-altar), 309; is the vigour that went from Pragâpati, 312; white horse his representative, 359; kisses all creatures by his rays, 359; strings these worlds to himself on a thread (the wind), 360; IV, 141; is settled on earth by his rays, III, 365; is the Brahman, firstborn in front (east), 366; man (purusha) in his disk (mandala), 367; looks downward and gives warmth by his rays, 367; like a drop leaping to the sky and the earth, 368; moves round these worlds from left to right, 400; the brilliant face (front) of the gods, 408; he is (sûrya) the soul of everything that moves and stands, 408; is the all-embracer (? all-expander, all-opener) and becomes the eye, IV, 8; is the upper region, 27; is placed within the southern region, 27; the sustainer of air and regions, and ruler of beings, 28; when he sets everything holds its peace, 62; is the sixteenfold wielder of the (fifteenfold) thunderbolt, 85; is the extent (vyakas), 88; is a bright razor (kshura bhrâga), 89; (unclimbable, 89); Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya move hither-wards and thitherwards, 90; is Indra, 92; all hymns are in praise of him, 92; has the earth as his foundation, 95; the all-embracer, connected with the west, 106; burns only on this side of the sky. 130; the luminous Âditya is on the back of the sky, 131; shines for all the three worlds, 132; passes by these worlds and revolves incessantly round them from left to right, 134, 136; is the vital power (âyus), 142; animates all this universe, which is in his shadow, 142; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the hearts of the gods, 162; is the heart of Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 1-80; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the Pravargya (vessels), 187; in the air, half-way between the two worlds, 196; keeps measuring in the middle of the sky, and even in rising fills the three worlds, 196; is a showering ocean, and a ruddy bird, 197; traversing guards the ends of these worlds, 197; connected with the Trishtubh, 197; Âditya the man (nara) of the sky as (part of) the All (visva), 208; is the eye, 208; is the highest of all the universe, 240; is the Dhâtri (orderer), 264; is the year and the one hundred and one-fold Agni (fire-altar), 313; his rays are a hundredfold, 313, 322; is established in the seven worlds of the gods, 314; is Agni (Pragâpati), ascended to heaven, 349; is the Arka, 349; Agni considered as Âditya, 363, triad--Agni, Âditya, Prâna--are the eater, the Arka, the Uktha, the Purusha, 398, 399; Âditya one of the six doors to the Brahman, V, 66, 67; to Âditya offering is made in Agni at Agnihotra, 112 seq.; slaughtered by Pragâpati as sacrificial animal, and consequently endowed with certain powers, 128 seq.; Agni, Âditya, Vâyu are light, might, glory (fame), 173; the Sacrificer is Âditya, 248; Âditya is the divine Kshatra, the glory (slit, the supreme lordship, the summit of the fallow one, the realm of light, 291;--cf. Varuna Âditya.

âditya-nâmâni (pârthâni), III., 83.

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Âdityas, by fifteen syllables gain pañkadasa-stoma, III, 40; animal offering to (instead of to Aditi), 126; twelve, born from Vâk, 149; placed with Âditya in the sky, 150; fashioned the sky by means of Gagatî, 234; pap at dîkshâ of Agnikayana, 247;--produced, IV, 33; Âdityas and Maruts, connected with embryos and the pañkavimsa-stoma, 68; Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas separated and were the lords when heaven and earth separated, 75; lords of the western region, 101; connected with Varuna, saptadasa-stoma, &c., 101; Vasus, Rudras, Âdityas, Maruts, Visve Devâh build on different sides of altar (E. S. W. N. Upper), 118;--the twelve Âdityas enumerated, V, 116; Âdityas and Aṅgiras con tending for getting first to heaven, 152; arise by performance of third pressing, 173; the sacrificial horse to go the way of the Âdityas, 288; consecrate king by the Gagatî, 313; obtain the part of Vishnu, the sacrifice, corresponding to the evening-pressing, 443; Indra, with Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas, receives offering of gharma, 479-80,

Âgâtasatrava. See Bhadrasena,

Agâtasatru, king of Kâsî, III, 141.

age-grades (vayâmsi), oblations relating thereto, forming part of Vasor dhârâ, IV, 218.

âghâra (libation of ghee), III, 172.

Âgîgarta, father of Sunahsepha, III, 95.

Agni, by one syllable gains the breath, III, 40; is all deities, 44; the lower end, 44; the sacrifice, 45; gold his seed, and the fee for his oblations, 45, 59; is fiery spirit or brightness (tegas), 46, 82; with Indra smites the Rakshas, 51; is Varuna and Rudra, 51; the giver, 54; Vaisvânara, twelve-kapâla cake to, 57; Anîkavat, eight-kapâla cake to, 58; Agni Grihapati, eight-kapâla cake of quick-grown rice, 69, 89; pârtha-oblation to, 82; to him belong shoulder-pieces of yoke, 101; rathavimokanîya-oblation to, 101; Agni Dharmanaspati, 112; assists Varuna, 113; at upasad eight-kapâla cake to 118; pañkabila ditto on east part of vedi, 120, 121; fee is gold, 121; prayugâm havis, eight-kapâla cake, 125; Pragâpati-Agni, the Purusha, 144; the Brahman (triple science) in Agni's mouth, 146; etymology (agri), 146; is trivrit, the altar consisting of nine substances, 147; gâyatra, 148, 161; union with earth, 148; with Agni the Vasus placed on earth, 150; restores Pragâpati, hence Pragâpati called Agni, 151, 152; Agni Kitya. 151 seq.; is the sun (as an Âditya), 152; Pragâpati's son and father, 154; is speech, 154; becomes a bird to bear sacrifice to sky, 157; his eight or nine forms (Rudra, Sarva, Pasupati, Ugra, Asani, Bhava, Mahân devah, Îsâna, Kumâra), 159, 160; is all bright (kitra) things, 161, 369; his forms coveted by Pragâpati, 161; he-goat slain for him, 162; home prepared for him by slaying animals (and preparing food), 165; five Agnis (layers), 165; is this earth, 169; is the (ten) regions, 183; is Savitri, 191; Virâg, 196; Agni the cattle, went away from the gods, and is searched for, 196 seq.; is cattle (animals), 197; is threefold, 197; enters seed, 198; regent of earth, 204, 286; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are all the light, 210; (the fire) belongs to Indra and Agni, 212, 253; is Âditya, 216; the child of the two worlds, 224; the sea-born child of the waters, 226; a conqueror, overpowering in battle, 259; burns up the evil (enemies) of the gods, 259; is the brahman and kshatra, 260; born from Dyaus, 272; nourished by day (dawn) and night, 273; shining moves between heaven and earth, 273; is sap and substance in this world, 278;

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golden-handed (?), 283; distributed in many ways, 284; overthrows Peru, the Asura, in battle, 292; his splendour in the heavens is Âditya, 304; that on earth this fire, 304; that in the air the wind, 304; Agni Purîshya, the son of the earth, 311; Agni the mouth of the gods, 312; his glory (sravas) and vigour is the smoke which announces him in yonder world, 349; son of heaven and earth, 350; leading forward of Agni, 356 seq.; went away from the gods and entered the water, 360; Agni found by a white horse (Pragâpati) on a lotus-leaf, 360; Agni scorches him, 360; Agni the repeller of all evil, 360; taken up by Agnikit into his own self, 362; is the rakshas-killing light, 372; takes away Pragâpati's fiery spirit (tegas) to the south, 374; becomes Pragâpati's right arm, 374; Agni Vaisvânara, Âditya, creeps as a tortoise over the three worlds, 392; Agni yavishtha, 413;--is Pragâpati, IV, introd. xvii seq.; the divine Sacrificer, and priest of the sacrifice, xix; the child of the universe, xx; Agni, Âditya, and Vâyu his three forms, xx; Agni the altar, a bird carrying the sacrifice to heaven, xxi; is attended to in front (of the altar), 3; is the existent (bhuva), 4; through Agni everything exists, 4; becomes the breath, 4; from fire breath fashioned, 4; Agni Vaisvânara is the year, 33; connected with priesthood and trivrit-stoma, 67; is Virâg, regions and vital airs, 70; is the Brahman (deity), 85; Agni, Vâyu, .and Âditya move hitherwards and thitherwards, 90; connected with Vasus, trivrit, âgya-sastra, rathantara, 100; protector of the east, 101, (105); his rays like those of the sun, 105; has distinction (srî) bestowed upon him by the gods, 113; lord of the good, 123; his paths lead to the gods, 123; his path becomes black, when fanned by the wind, 141, 142; in his immortal form is Rudra, 156; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the hearts of the gods, 162; nothing greater than Agni, the fire-altar, 163; the Rudras invoked in the Satarudriya are Agnis, 167; the fire-altar is speech, 173; is the head of Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 178, 179; is offspring and the lord of offspring, 181; injures by his heat, fire, and flame (haras, sokis, arkis), 182; in men, water, plants, trees, 183, 184; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the Pravargya (vessels), 187; leading forward of Agni, 188 seq.; regaling him with food (sixteen ladlings of ghee), 189; Agni is Visvakarman, 189, 190; is the eye of gods and men, 200; created as the hundred-headed Rudra, 201; is thousand eyed, 201; is a well-winged bird, 201; seated on the back of the earth he fills the air with his shine, props the sky with his light, and upholds the quarters by his lustre, 202; the fire-altar his seat, 202; oblation to (Agni) Visvakarman, 204; taken by Pragâpati to his bosom as his own son, 206; Agni, the fire-altar, is the Purusha, made up of seven purushas, the fire being his head, 206, 207; Agni the man (nara) of the earth as (part of) the All (visva), 208; is speech, 208; Agni's universal sovereignty, 228; Agni as Gandharva, with the plants as Apsaras his mates, 231; lord of the world and lord of creatures whose dwellings are on high and here below, and who is both brahman and kshatra, 234, 235; Agni, when completed and consecrated, becomes a deity, Varuna, 238; Agni, the fire-altar, is a heavenly bird, 250; one potent drop (indu), the faithful eagle, the golden-winged bird, 251; Agni Vaisvakarmana, 268; name to be given to the fire on the altar, 269; the

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chiefest of the fires of the five races of men, 269; Agni Vaisvânara, verses to, 276; Agni the gods’ prâna, 295; is all objects of desire, 313; the nature of Agni as the vital airs, 331-3; Agni and Indra created as brahman and kshatra, 342; they joined each other as the gold man and the gold plate, 342; they are the light and immortal life, 343; they are the fire-altar, Agni what is baked by fire (bricks) and Indra the purîsha, 343; Agni and Indra are the Visve Devâh, and the three are brahman, kshatra, and vis, 344; is Pragâpati, 345; Agni (-Pragâpati), on ascending, is Âditya, 349; the vital breath, 349; Agni considered as Vâyu or as Âditya, or as the year, 363; as speech, 364; as Death, 365; the direction in which Agni (the fire-altar) is to look, 390 seq.; (Agni) Vaisvânara, views regarding his nature, 393 seq.; is the Purusha, 398; triad--Agni, Âditya. Prâna--are the eater, the Arka, the Uktha, the Purusha, 398, 399;--Agni Dâtri, eight-kapâla cake at New moon, V, 8; Agni Pathikrit, expiatory eight-kapâla cake at New moon, 10; ditto at Agnihotra, 191; at Asvamedha, 350; Agni Vaisvânara, ditto twelve-kapâla one, 11; Agni created out of Pragâpati with a life of a thousand years, 15; Agni and Soma become eater and food, 16; Agni created by the Brahman and placed on earth, 27; takes Srî's food and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (eight-kapâla cake), 62-65; Agni (fire) one of the six doors to the Brahman, 66; Agni the teacher of the brahmakârin, 86; evolved from the earth, and from him the Rig-veda, 102; to Agni offering is made in Âditya at Agnihotra, 112 seq.; Agni's breath taken by the sun, whence fire has to be fanned, 130; triad--Agni, Arkya, Mahad uktham, 172; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are light, might, glory (fame), 173; Agni Viviki, expiatory eight-kapâla cake at Agnihotra, 192; Agni Samvarga, ditto cake, 193; Agni Apsumat, ditto, 193; Agni Suki ditto, 194; the first of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblations of drops, 280; Agni the dark-necked, 316; Agni sacrificed as animal victim, 319; Agni as the chamberlain of king Marutta, 397; oblation to Agni Âyushmat, 439; is the good abode, 457; is the self of all the gods (and regent of the earth), 505.

Agnîdh, ox his fee at Dasapeya, III, 119; gold for pañkabila oblation, 121; bullock for Sautrâmanî, 142;--sprinkles fire-altar with water to appease it, IV, 169; is Agni, 169; follows the fire with the single sword (-line), 192.

Âgnîdhra (= Agnîdh), same as Agni, III, 122; is the spring season, V, 44; is under the Brahman, 137.

Âgnîdhra, n. (fire-shed), is the air, IV, 196; associated with Trishtubh, V, 495; between it and kâtvâla is the gate of sacrifice, 497.

Âgnîdhrîya, III, 97; taken out of Gârhapatya, 265; is the wind in the air, 315, 317; the through-breathing, 317; prepared first of dhishnya hearths, IV, 242; at Agnikayana built of eight bricks, 243.

Agnihotra, both oblations offered with the same formula, IV, 297; the offerer of the Agnihotra, in the other world, eats food in the morning and evening, 299, 325; to be offered by the Sacrificer himself on new and full moon, V, 21; the four oblations are what, in the Asvamedha, are those to the horse's feet, 34, 35; esoteric theories on Agnihotra, 46 seq.; how performed when staying abroad, 47; six couples in Agnihotra, 48; disputation about Agnihotra, 79 seq., 112 seq.; speculations on the effect

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of the two oblations, 114; expiations of mishaps, 178 seq.; Agnihotra a long sattra terminating with death or old age, 178; Agnihotra cow and calf are speech and mind, 46; the sky and wind, 182; Agnihotra cow is Aditi, the earth, 181; Agnihotra is conducive to heaven, 190; directions in case of Agnihotrin dying whilst from home, 197 seq.; is the mouth of sacrifices, 502.

Agnikayana, III, introd. xxvi, xxvii, 143 seq.; is a uniform (comprehensive) ceremony, 343: IV, introd. xiii seq.; includes all sacrificial rites, IV, 266; shown in detail, 296 seq.; not to be performed for another, 279.

Agnikit, is born in the other world as one made of gold, IV, 295; must not eat of the flesh of any bird (saysome), 296; he becomes of Agni's form and all food belongs to him, 296; he becomes the deity Agni, and hence immortal, 296; in the other world eats food every hundred years or not at all, 299.

Agnikityâ, a supernumerary (special) rite, III, 246.

agnikshetra, preparation of (ploughing, &c.), III, 325 seq.

âgnimâruta-sastra, connected with Brihaspati, the Visve Devâh, the upper region, &c., IV, 103; on second day of Asvamedha, V, 382.

âgnimâruta-stotra (= yagñâyagñîya), IV, 252 n.

Agni-nâmâni (pârthâni), III, 82.

Agninetrâh (devâh), seated in east, III, 148.

Agni-Pûshan, eleven-kapâla cake to, III 55.

Agnirahasya, IV, 281 seq.

Agnisava, IV, 298.

Agnîshomîya, animal offering, IV, 245; is without Samishtayagus, 260; twenty-one at Asvamedha, 372, 375; eleven at Purushamedha, 404.

Agnishtoma, III, introd. xii seq.; victim of, 11; the stomas used, 127; three different modes of its performance, IV, 287; V, 140; the stotras and sastras of Gyotishtoma Agnishtoma form a bird, hence equal to Mahâvrata-sâman and Mahad uktham, IV, 287, 289; a hundred and six or a hundred and twelve in the year's session, V, 147.

Agnishtoma-sâman, III, introd. xiii seq.; 12; IV, 252; on first day of Asvamedha, V, 376.

Agnishtut Agnishtoma, V, 418.

Agni-Soma, eleven-kapâla cake to, III, 45, 56, 69; animal offering to, 68; cake at Full moon, V, 6.

Agni-Vishnu, eleven-kapâla cake to, III, 44, 54; ditto at dîkshâ of Agnikayana, 247.

agniyogana (yoking of fire-altar), IV, 249 seq.

Agnyâdhâna, not to be performed under special nakshatras; but at new moon (of Vaisâkha or other), V, 1, 2.

âgrayana-graha, III, 6; produced from nidhanavat-sâman, and from it the trinava and trayastrimsa, IV, 11.

âgrayaneshti, offering of first-fruits, instituted by the gods, III, 46.

âgur, formulas, V, 32, 157.

âgûrtin, V, 32; 33 n.

âgyabhâga, at animal sacrifice, V, 124.

âgya-sastra, connected with Agni, the Vasus, the east, trivrit, and rathantara, IV, 100.

Âhavanîya; (sâlâdvârya) set up on cart, III, 104; head of sacrifice, 233; (in ukhâ) sacrificer's divine body, 262; if it goes out, is again taken out of Gârhapatya, 265; is the sun (or heavenly Agni), 309; its hearth is the sky, its fire the sun and moon, 315; is the world of the gods, 344; the sky, IV, 196; V, 178; or fire-altar, is the Sacrificer's divine body, IV, 226; place for, 307; atonement for Âhavanîya going out, lest the eldest son die, V, 82; ditto for Agnihotra fire going out, 187 seq.; is the (immortal) womb of the gods, 271.

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ahîna, III, introd. xix, xx.

âhuti, oblation, etymology, V, 27.

Aibhâvata. See Pratîdarsa.

aida-sâman, produced from the anushtubh, and from it the manthin (graha), IV, 10; how chanted, ib. Aikshvâka. See Purukutsa.

Aindravâyava-graha, III, 6.

air (antariksha), its union with Vâyu, III, 148; connected with Indrâgni, Visvakarman, and Vâyu, 188; heals what is injured and torn in the earth, 221; air-world fashioned by Rudras by means of trishtubh, 234; the home of the waters, 416; supported by the sun, IV, 28; is of trishtubh nature, 57; is the expanse (varivas), 88; is the lower abode, 203; three oblations of air (or wind, vâta) on chariot, thereby yoking it, 235; air, space, invisible, V, 17; steadied by birds and sun-motes (? sunbeams), 126; connected with Sarasvatî, 241; is a place of abode for all the gods, 505.

airs, vital. See prâna.

Aishâvîra, a family of priests, V, 45.

Akkhâvâka, cart laden with barley and yoked with ox his fee at Dasapeya, III, 119; is under Hotri, V, 137.

akshara, III, 158; part of speech, 203; (the imperishable) is the one brick constituting Agni, the great Brahman into which all beings pass, IV, 343.

aksharapaṅkti metre, is the heavenly world, IV, 88.

akshâvâpa (keeper of dice) one of king's ratnâni, III, 63, 107.

akshâvapana, III, 64.

Aktâkshya, III, 153.

all-herb seed, sown on site of burial ground, V, 432.

alms, begging of, by Brahmakârin, V, 49, 50.

altar. See fire-altar.

amâvâsyâ, the night of the sun and moon's staying together; new moon, V, 9.

ambâ, ambikâ, ambâlikâ, V, 321.

amrita, the nectar of immortality. See immortality.

amritavâkâ, a certain bird, (keeps most apart of birds), produces the kshiprasyena (quick eagle), V, 370.

Amsa, pârtha-oblation to, III, 82.

amsu-graha, drawing of, III, 5; is Pragâpati, the body of the sacrifice, the mind, the out-breathing, the eye, V, 105, 106.

anaddhâ-purusha (sham-man), III, 197, 206; looked at, 227,

añgali, joining of hands, a sign of reverence, IV, 165.

Aṅgiras, is the breath, III, 254; Aṅgiras and Âdityas contending for getting first to heaven, V, 152; the Veda of the Apsaras, 366; with Yama and the Fathers receive offering of Gharma, 481.

anîka, III, 58.

anîkavat, III, 58.

animal, domestic, seven kinds of, possessed by Maruts, III, 40; five sacrificial, 162; delight near fire, 164; are Agni, 197; horse, ass, and he-goat, search for Agni, 198, 204-206; consists of body and vital air, 293; born with bones, though not introduced with bones into womb, 254; mounted on its middle body from left side, 361; having received the foetus standing, gives birth whilst lying down, 363; left side of well-filled animal more raised than right, 400; do not diminish, being established in the womb, 401; are the vital airs, 402; the kimpurusha, gaura âranya, gavaya, ushtra, sarabha unfit for sacrifice and not to be eaten by Brâhmana, 412; of animals the head born first,. IV, 40; biggest about the middle, 40, 50; the right side the stronger, 40; there are animals in the air, 46; are food, 46; four-footed (live) in the air, 50; four kinds of four-footed domestic animals, 56; four-footed, connected with Vasus and Rudras, freed from death through the katurvimsa-stoma, 68; tame, ruled over by Brihaspati, 74; one-hoofed, ruled over by Varuna, 75; small, ruled over by

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[paragraph continues] Pûshan, 75; wild, ruled over by Vâyu, 75; threefold (father, mother, child; or embryo, amnion, chorion), 110; seven domestic animals, 211, 277; seven wild ones, 277; five (sacrificial)--man, horse, bull, ram, he-goat, 299; by these Pragâpati could not attain heaven, 300; Pragâpati the one proper sacrificial animal, 304; sacrificial animal is Pragâpati, and represents all deities, 404; draught animal pulls with all four limbs, V, 78; walks on two feet at a time, 78; one-hoofed originates from Indra's ear, 215; are sixteenfold, 252; tame and wild ones bound at Asvamedha, 306; if so, gain earth and heaven respectively, 306; the wild ones set free, 307.

animal-brick (cattle-brick), III, 155, 166, 187.

animal sacrifice (pasubandha), III, introd. xii; to Vâyu and Pragâpati, 171 seq.; chief oblations of, 175; consists of omentum, animal cake and chief oblations, 180; a. s. of Soma-day (savanîya pasu), IV, 260; the performer of it eats food every six months in the other world, 299; esoteric remarks on, V, 118 seq.; is a ransoming of one's own self, 118; should be performed at least once a year, 119; either of the havirvagña, or the Soma-sacrifice order, 119; is a great Soma-sacrifice, not an ishti, 120; with or without Soma, 122, 123; Kâturmâsya animal sacrifice, 402.

animal victim, five, III, 156; their heads, 164; heads placed in fire-pan in first layer, 400; ropes of unequal length, 166; now only two slaughtered, 171; by male victims the Sacrificer ransoms himself, V, 119;--to whom does it belong? (Pragâpati, Sûrya, Indra-Agni), 127, 128.

anirukta, III, 110, 179; V, 506.

aṅkâṅka (metre), is water, IV, 89.

anna-homa, III, 37; V, 295, 377.

anointment, of Sacrificer, at Râgasûya (on tiger skin), III, 80; at Agnikayana (on black antelope skin), IV, 226; (on skin of he-goat), 227; by Soma and the nectar of immortality, 251; with fat gravy at Sautrâmanî: (on black antelope skin), V, 250 seq., 252.

ant (vamrî and upadîkâ), gnaw Vishnu's bowstring, obtain the taste of food, and find water where they dig, V, 442; are the firstborn of the world (?) 450; ant-hill, III, 206; is this earth, 207; used for the clay of Pravargya vessels, V, 450.

antariksha (air), etymology, III, 318; IV, 50.

Antarvat, a Gandharva, V, 30.

antaryâma-graha, III, 6; produced from svâra-sâman, and from it the pañkadasa-stoma, IV, 7.

antelope skin, black, sign of initiation, III, 186; is the sacrifice, 215, 266; IV, 226; V, 249, 447; its hair the metres, III, 255, 266; V 249, 448; is the earth, III, 216; the seat of the good work, 219; therein gold plate sewn, 266; anointing of Sacrificer on, IV, 226; used in burning dead body, V, 200, 203; for consecration at Sautrâmanî, 249.

anumantrana, V, 40, 42, 483, 484.

Anumati, eight-kapâla cake to, III, 42; is this earth, 44; a garment the fee, 44; pap to her, (the extreme end of) one of the four regions, IV, 264.

Anumlokantî, the Apsaras, is an intermediate quarter (? N. W.), or the night, IV, 107.

anupraisha, V, 244.

anusâsana, precepts (? the Vedâṅgas), to be studied, V, 98.

Anushtubh, connected with north, autumn, vairâga, ekavimsastoma, III, 91; produced from the autumn, and from it the aida-sâman, IV, 10; in the form of it four-year-old kine produced, 39; is the northern region, 45; is speech, 89, 144, 277; of thirty-two syllables, 206; is the voice (of Pragâpati), 327, 328; what takes place after the three savanas is of Anushtubh nature, V, 106; the horse is of,

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[paragraph continues] Anushtubh nature, 304; Anushtubh related to the north, 304.

anuvâkyâ, is in the Gâyatrî metre, V, 26.

anuyâga, eleven, III, 183; are thunderbolt, hail, and (heavenly) firebrand, V, 42, 43.

Anvâdhyas, the guardians of one of the four regions, V, 359.

anvâhârya, mess of rice, the dakshinâ at Darsapûrnamâsa, V, 7; etymology, 23.

Anvâhârya-pakana fire, atonement for its going out lest his cattle die, V, 83; is the air, 178; blood milked by Agnihotra cow to be boiled on enclosed Anvâhârya, 183.

anvâkhyâna, old tale, regarding battles between gods and Asuras, not true, V, 14.

anvârambhanîyeshti, III, 42 n.; of Agnyâdhâna at preceding full-moon, V, 2.

Anyatahplakshâ, a lake in Kurukshetra, visited by swan-maidens, V, 70.

âpah, etymology, III, 146.

apâmârga (achyranthes aspera), thereby the gods wiped away the Rakshas, III, 52; of a backward effect, 54; used for cleansing one's self after a burial, V, 437.

apâmârga-homa, III, 52.

apâna, downward air, becomes the upward air, IV, 16.

apâna-bhrit, the eye-sustainer, IV, 15

apasyâ bricks, III, 388; laying down of them in first layer, 413 seq.; are waters, 413; IV, 2; of second layer, 23, 34 seq.; are rain, 34.

apendra, III, 130.

apradakshinam (apasalavi), V, 323, 467.

apratiratha, is Indra, IV, 192; hymn muttered by Brahman, as the fire is led forward, 192.

âprî verses, twelve, III, 169, 173; for sautrâmanî, V, 244.

Apsaras,--from Pragâpati couples issue in the form of Gandharvas and Apsaras, IV, 229; Gandharvas and Apsaras made offering to in râshtrabhrit oblations, 230 seq.; Gandharvas and Apsaras affect sweet scent (gandha) and beauteous form (nipa = apsas), 230; and worship the divine Purusha under these forms, 373; changed into swans, V, 70; Soma Vaishnava their king, the Aṅgiras their Veda, 366.

âpti, (twelve) formulas and oblations, III, 29.

Âptoryâma, III, introd. xiii, xix-xxiii; V, 419; Atirâtra, 397.

Âpyas, the guardians of one of the four regions, V, 359.

arani, two, V, 74.

aranyekya, the odd cake to Maruts, IV, 210; (extended), V, 336; is speech, IV, 210; the seven rivers flowing westwards, 212; belongs to Pragâpati, 212.

Ârbhava-pavamâna, of Vâgapeya, III, 9.

Arbuda Kâdraveya, king of snakes, V, 367.

ardhendra oblations of ghee, to Indra coupled successively with one other deity (Agni and Indra, &c.), forming part of the Vasor dhârâ, IV, 216.

Arguna, mystic name of Indra, III, 99.

arikupa (metre) is the water, IV, 88.

Arishtanemi, the chieftain (grâmanî) of the sacrifice (or the north), is the second autumn month, IV, 107.

arka, flame, the four, IV, 334 seq.; is the fire on the fire-altar, 342; the fire-altar (Agni-Pragâpati), 346, 348; is Âditya; the vital air, 349; the Arka is Agni, Âditya, Prâna, the Purusha, 398, 399; the Arka-nature of the Arkya, 402; is the waters, 402; Arka and Asvamedha, become Death, 404.

arka (calotropis gigantea), is food, IV, 157; leaf used for offering to Rudra with, 157; thrown into the pit (kâtvâla), 166; the arka sprang from Rudra's place of rest, 158; is inauspicious and hence must not be trodden upon, 166; arka flowers, leaves, &c., 334 seq.

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arka (? hymns of praise), food for the gods, V, 232.

arkâsvamedhasamtati, oblations, IV, 239.

arkis,--haras, sokis, arkis (heat, fire, flame), of Agni, IV, 382.

ârkshyat, V, 155 n.

Arkya, is the fire (Agni-Pragâpati) and the food thereof, IV, 342 seq.; the Arka-nature of the Arkya, 402; triad-Agni, Arkya, Mahad uktham, V, 172.

arm, exerts strength, III, 200; stroking arms of king, 88; is fifteen-fold, IV, 79; food is eaten therewith, 306; arms and legs consist of twenty-five parts each, 325; parts of arm, V, 75, 77; the different parts, 162.

arm-pit, from it water springs, IV, 169.

arrow, three, III, 88; arrow's range = Pragâpati's width, 27; = Pragâpati's height, 25; arrow's width, 236; arrow is strength, 236.

ârsheyam (ancestry), III, 190.

ârtava (?seasonal period), the ruler of seasons, IV, 74.

Aruna Aupavesi, (Gautama), a teacher, IV, 393, 394.

Âruneya. See Svetaketu.

Âruni, betwitches Bhadrasena Âgâtasatrava, III, 140; his view on Darsapûrnamâsa, V, 37; on Agnihotra expiation, 182; cf. Uddâlaka.

arvan, horse, carries the Asuras, IV, 402.

Ârya, and Sûdra, ruled by day and night, IV, 74; Sûdra woman the Arya's mistress, V, 326.

Aryaman, his path above upper region, III, 59, 122; pârtha-oblation to, 83.

Asamaratha, Âditya's chieftain (grâmanî), is the second rainy month, IV, 106.

âsandî. See throne-seat.

Âsandîvat, a city, V, 396.

Asani, a form and name of Agni, is the lightning, III, 160.

asapatnâ, bricks, of fifth layer, IV; 83 seq.

ashâdhâ (ishtakâ), the, earth, III, 154, 387; IV, 95; conn. with Savitri, III, 190; made by Sacrificer's wife, 190; forming of, by the mahishî, 238; is speech, 239, 387; IV, 95; etymology, III, 387; is the vital airs, 388; laying down of, 388, 389; is the mahishî, 392; IV, 2.

ashes, the foul part (pâpman) of food eaten by Agni, III, 261; thrown out in the evening and morning, 261; taken to the water, 293; some of it brought back and put in the pan, 294, 295.

ashtâdasa-stoma, is speed, and the year, IV, 63.

ashtâkatvârimsa-stoma, the revolving sphere, the year, IV, 66; the last of the even stomas, 218.

ashtamî, eighth day after full moon, sacred to Pragâpati, III, 280; is a joint of the year, 280.

Asita Dhânva, king of the Asuras, V, 368.

Asitamrigas, a branch of the Kasyapa family of priests, win the Soma-drink from the Bhûtavîras, IV, 345 n.

asman, etymology, III, 248.

asrîvayas, a metre, is all food, IV, 52.

ass (râsabha) how created, III, 147; substitute for cow and sheep, 197; he-ass doubly impregnates, 197; searches for Agni, 204, 205; is addressed, 224; imbued with burning (pain), 225; represents Vaisya and Sûdra, 227.

Asuras, arrogance and defeat of, III, 1; repulsed by Indra and Brihaspati in the south, IV, 192; contend with the gods for the regions, 193; hold to untruth, and the gods to truth, 257; serve the divine Purusha as Mâyâ, 373; carried by horse Arvan, 402; created from the downward breathing of Pragâpati, V, 23; smitten with evil and darkness, 13, 14; the tales of their fights with the gods not true, 14; through arrogance offer into their own mouths and come to naught, 22; contend with the gods for Pragâpati, the sacrifice, 105; Asita Dhânva their king, magic art their Veda, 368; Asuravidyâ, 368 n.; driven from the regions, 423; from the

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earth, 429; people of Asura nature (the Easterns and others) make their burial-places round, 423; and line them with stone, 430.

âsuta and suta, V, 242 n.

Âsuri, on truth, V, 447.

asva, etymology, III, 146; V, 328.

Asvamedha, III, introd. xxvi; a supernumerary (special) rite, 246; is the sun, IV, 239, 404; how produced, 403; Arka and Asvamedha become Death, 404; the Darsapûrnamâsa the original (normal) Asvamedha, V, 33; Asvamedha the moon, 33, 34; performance, 274 seq.; is the bull among sacrifices, 276; wealth (? distinction), royal sway, departs from him who performs the Asvamedha, 285; means royal sway, 288; Asvamedha performed by Pragâpati, 289; from of old a hero was born to the performer of the Asvamedha, 295; where they perform it, Parganya rains whenever they list, and security of possession is assured to the people, 295; the Asvamedha Pragâpati reserves for himself, assigning the other sacrifices to the gods, 295; is the king of sacrifices, 298; the victims tied to the stakes, 298 seq.; is the royal office, 303; a disused sacrifice, 334; belongs to all the deities, 336; is a Kshatriya's sacrifice, hence commenced in summer, 347; but rather in spring, 347.

Asvapati Kaikeya, a king and theologian, IV, 393.

Asva Sâmudri, V, 302.

asvastomîyâ, oblations, V, 337, 342.

Âsvatarâsvi. See Budila.

asvattha (ficus religiosa), leaves used for salt-bags, III, 33; tree on which the Maruts stayed, 34, 84; branch broken off by itself used for making a bowl, 67; consecration vessel, for a Vaisya to sprinkle with, made thereof, 84; originates from Indra's skin, (and honour), V, 215; means honour, 220; not to stand near a grave, 427; is the abode (of plants?), 433.

âsvina-graha, III, 6.

âsvina-sastra, III, introd. xviii, xx.

Asvinau, by two syllables gain two-footed men, III, 40; two-kapâla cake to, 62; are twins, 62; reddish-white he-goat their victim at Sautrâmanî, 129; cure Indra from the effects of over-draught of Soma, 132; drink Soma with Namuki, 135; two-kapâla cake at Sautrâmanî for healing, 137; lay down the second layer of altar, as physicians and Brâhmanas, IV, 23, 30; are the Adhvaryus of the Agnikityâ and the gods, 23; took the part of Pragâpati below waist and above feet which is sacred to them, 28; became everything here, 30; (with the help of Sarasvatî) they heal Indra, when his vital energy is taken from him by Namuki, V, 216, 223; the he-goat their guerdon, 216; are the physicians of the gods, 217; he-goat immolated to them, 217; are the eyesight, and fiery spirit, 217, 218; she-goats sacred to them, 218; bring the Soma (plant) from Namuki which Sarasvatî then distils, 232; connected with the earth (and the morning-pressing), 241, 247; possess healing-power (bhaishagya), 243; are the Adhvaryus of the gods, 245; connected with spring and summer, 247; together with Sarasvatî they prepare the Sautrâmanî to heal Indra, 249; Asvinau, Sarasvatî, and Indra are everything here, 253; and have a share in the gharma, 475; two he-goats black (? white) on lower part of the body their victims at Asvamedha; 300; restore Dadhyañk Âtharvana's head after becoming his pupils, 444, 445 475.

âsvinî, regional bricks, IV, 23 seq.; what part of the body they represent, 28.

Atharvan, is the breath, III, 217;

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the Atharvans the Veda of the Gandharvas, V, 365.

Atharvâṅgiras, the study of their texts, V, 97.

âti, an aquatic bird, V, 70.

atigrâhya-grahâh, III, 6.

atikkhandas, comprises all metres, III, 104; V, 497; the covering (including) metre in form of which the lions were produced, IV, 38; beyond all metres, 110, 385.

Atirâtra, III, introd. xiii, xvii-xx, xxiii; confusion of its sâmans in session of a hundred Atirâtras, V, 92; two in the year's session, 147; Atirâtra with all the stomas, 330, 333, 395.

atirikta-stotra, III, introd. xx, xxii.

âtithya (guest-offering), ends with the Idâ, IV, 259; is the head of the (Soma-) sacrifice, V, 491.

Atnâra, Âtnâra. See Para.

Atyagnishtoma, III, introd. xiii; last day of Atirâtra, avivâkya, xvii.

Audanya (son of Udanya). See Mundibha.

Audbhari. See Khandika.

audgrabhana-oblations, III, 249; at Asvamedha, V, 289 seq.

Aupamanyava. See Mahâsâla.

Aupavesi. See Aruna.

Aupâvi Gânasruteya, descends to earth from upper region, III, 2, 3.

ausana-sâman, how chanted, IV, 7.

austerities. See tapas.

autumn, produced from the ear, and from it the anushtubh, IV, 10; consists of months Isha and Ûrga, 49; rainy season and autumn are the air-world and the middle of the year, 49; in autumn creatures are brahmanvat (? rich in growth), 45.

avabhritha, III, 185; at the animal sacrifice, V, 121; at Sautrâmanî, 264.

avakâ plants, placed below and above tortoise, III, 392; means water, 393; IV, 49; below and. above the lower ritavyâ bricks of third layer, IV, 48; drawn across the altar to appease it, 174; etymology, 175; afford least subsistence, 175; sepulchral mound covered therewith, V, 436.

avakâsa, formulas, V, 469; are the vital airs, 469, 492.

avatâna, 'unstringing' formulas and oblations, IV, 163.

avi (ewe), is this earth, III, 156; victim, 156; created from Pragâpati's ear, 402; sacred to Varuna, 411; is the skin of (supplies a covering for) the two-footed and four-footed, 411; fashioned first of forms by Tvashtri, 411.

âvid-formulas, III, 89.

Âvikshita. See Marutta.

âvis, III, 89.

âvitta, III, 89.

avivâkya, III, introd. xvii.

axle, demoniacal voice in, III, 291.

Ayasthûna, a performer of a sattra, V, 61.

Ayavas,--Yavas and Ayavas the former and latter fortnights, connected with creatures generally, and the katuskatvârimsa-stoma, IV, 69; the lords of creatures, 76.

Âyogava. See Marutta.

Âyus, is Agni, III, 323.

Âyushtoma, form of Agnishtoma, IV, 287.


Bahishpavamâna. of Vâgapeya, III, 8; of Abhishekanîya, 69; at Asvamedha, is heaven, V, 305, 306; when chanted 'outside,' 305.

bahvrika, theologians of the Rig-veda, V, 72.

Bâlâki, V, 165.

balance, the right edge of the vedi is a balance in which the Sacrificer is weighed, V, 45.

Balhika, Prâtipîya, a Kauravya king, V, 259.

balvaga, grass used for winding round-throne-seat, V, 461.

bamboo. See reed.

barefooted, consecrated king never stands barefooted on earth, III, I29.

Bârhaduktha, Âprî-verses, V, 302.

Bârhaspatya pap, III, 21, 28, 36.

barhis, is the sky, V, 248.

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barley-corn, V, 405.

barren, wife possessed with Nirriti, III, 65.

bath, purificatory, V, 438.

beasts, wild (svâpada, tiger, &c.), spring from Soma flowing from lower opening, III, 131.

bee, wounds the horse's thigh, V, 330.

Belief and Unbelief, as two women with a man (Wrath) between them, V, 111, 112.

belly, gets and eats the food, IV, 115; food of all kind meets together there, V, 37

Bhadrasena Âgâtasatrava, bewitched by Âruni, III, 141.

Bhaga, pârtha-oblations to, III, 82.

bhâgadugha, carver or tax-gatherer, III, 62; one of the ratninah, 63.

Bhâllaveya, V, 354, 393; cf. Indradyumna.

Bharadvâga, rishi, III, introd. xiv; is the mind, 107; etymology, 107.

Bhâradvâga, a teacher, IV, 352.

Bharata, is Pragâpati, III, 292;--Bharata Dauhshanti, son of Sakuntalâ, performed the Asvamedha, V, 399; seizes the sacrificial horse of the Satvats, 401.

Bharatas, the throne of, III, 105; Bharatas, V, 399, 401.

Bhauvana. See Visvakarman.

Bhava, a form and name of Agni, is the rain-cloud (parganya), III, 160.

Bheshaga, (medicine) a work of the Âtharvanikâh, V, 365 n.

Bhîmasena, performs Asvamedha, V, 396.

Bhrigu Vâruni, sent out by his father Varuna to gain knowledge, V, 108 seq.

Bhrigus, one is to sacrifice along with them, IV, 200; sacrifice was offered by them, 262.

bhrûnahatyâ, V, 341.

bhûh, bhuvah, svar,--sâman on, IV, 145; are the three worlds, 145; the first words spoken by Pragâpati, V, 12; the five syllables made by Pragâpati the five seasons, 13; luminous essences evolved from triple science, 103; expiatory oblations to be made therewith, 103, 104; are all-expiatory, 180; some perform the sprinkling of the Sacrificer with these at Sautrâmanî, 253.

bhûta, living being, existing thing (? spirit)--freed from death through trayastrimsa-stoma, connected with Ribhus and Visve Devâh, IV, 70; the bhûtânâm patih their lord, 73; Pragâpati Parameshthin their lord, 76, 350, 354; daily offerings to them, V, 95.

bhûtânâm patih (Pragâpati, the year), husband of Ushas, III, 158; IV, 73.

Bhûtavîra, a family of priests, IV, 345 n.

Bhûti, goddess of prosperity, homage paid to her, III, 324.

bhuvah. See bhûh.

bifurcate. See forking.

bilva (Aegle Marmelos), V, 374.

birds,--how created, III, 148; when born, body produced first, IV, 136, 139; flesh not to be eaten by Agnikit (say some), 296; contract and expand their wings and tail, 300 seq.; the little bird which bustles with 'ahalak,' V, 325; birds the people of Târkshya Vaipasyata, the Purâna their Veda, 369.

bird-like body, is the fire-altar, IV, 285; takes Pragâpati to heaven, 300.

black, is sickly, IV, 137.

blood, oblations of, V, 394.

boar, produced from ghee, III, 102; boar and cow friendly together, 103; shoes of boar's skin, 102; vicious boar (durvarâha) unclean, V, 178; earth torn up by boar, used for Pravargya vessels, 451.

body, founded on the mind, III, 270; linked to food by the (channels of the) vital airs, 270; is kindled by the sun, and hence warm, IV, 135; produced before wings and tail, 136; has thirty limbs, 167, 222; is twenty-five-fold, 168, 222; if immortal, is boneless, 178; the fire-altar, Mahâvrata, and Mahad uktham are the Sacrificer's

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divine, immortal body, 299; consists of couples, 284; consists of five mortal parts (hair, skin, flesh, bone, marrow) and five immortal parts (mind, voice, breath, eye, ear), 290; the immortal parts are the vital airs, 292; body (fifteenfold, 309; fivefold, 309); consists of 101 parts and has as many vital airs, 325, 326; parts constituting (Pragâpati's) body, 347; of thirty parts, 383, 387; body of dead man how to be treated, V, 201 seq.; body of man is of three parts, 261.

bone,--bricks are Agni's bones, IV, 20; bones run both lengthwise and crosswise in the body, 135; in wings and tail of birds no transverse bone, 135; is one of the mortal parts of the body, 178; bones are the 'srî' (? goodness, strength) of men, 326; are the enclosing-stones, hence 360 of them, 387; V, 169; bones of fat and lean persons are alike, V, 20; hones of dead man are collected, 117, 443 n.; brought home, arranged on black antelope skin and burnt, 200; buried, 433; arranged like bird's body, 435.

boon, choosing of, III, 105.

bow, strung; III, 87; is the Râganya's strength (vîrya), 89; with three arrows given as sacrificial fee, V, 11; Vishnu's bow and three arrows, 442.

brahmahatyâ, redeemed by Asvamedha, V, 328; atonement for it, 340, 341.

Brahmakârin, not delivered to Death, V, 48; cuts off a night from his life by not bringing firewood, 48, 49; his life a sacrificial session, 49; begging alms, 49, 50; brings firewood to teacher, 53, 54, 85; initiation of Brahmakârin, 86 seq.; teacher, by laying his right hand on him, becomes pregnant with him, and in the third night he is born as a Brâhmana with the Sâvitrî, 88; whether allowed to eat honey or not, 90; may initiate the Unnetri, 137.

brahmakarya, religious studentship, V, 86 seq.

Brahman (n.), is Brihaspati, III, 3, 21; IV, 192; (prayer), III, 21; (priesthood) connected with the east, Gâyatrî, Rathantara, Trivrit, spring-season, 91; the Brahman (trayî vidyâ) first created, 145, 146; is the foundation of everything, 145; is Agni's mouth, 146; Pragâpati is the whole Brahman, 353; constitutes the fourth layer of altar, IV, 59; (priesthood) delivered from death through the trivrit-stoma, 67; Brahmanaspati its lord, 73; is Agni, 85; Agni created as the Brahman, 342; the firstborn Brahman, the Rishis, 100; the Brahman, the Yagus, its power in the other world, 173; (holy writ) seven-syllables (rik, yagus, sâman, brahman), 314; (mystic science) the greatest, 338; established as the vis, V, 41;--is the highest of gods, IV, 59; upholds heaven and earth, 59; is the vital airs, 59; is Pragâpati, 59, 60; is the Gâyatrî, and the sun's disk, 94; is the universe, 315; the (imperishable) akshara, the one brick (of) Agni into which all beings pass, 343; the true Brahman is the Purusha, 400; the universe in the beginning was the Brahman who created the gods, V, 27; the Brahman, having placed the deities in the three worlds and in the higher worlds, went to the sphere beyond these, whence it descended again by means of its manifestations Form and Name, 27; only on being possessed of the Brahman the gods became immortal, 28; delivers creatures to Death, except the Brahmakârin, 48; six doors to the Brahman, 66 seq.; sacrifice to Brahman (study of the Veda), 95 seq.; is a light equal to the sun, 388; the ultimate thing of the universe, 409; Brahman Svayambhu, performs austerities, 417; offers himself up in the

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creatures, and the creatures in his own self, 418; is the firstborn, yonder sun, 459.

Brahman (m.), priest, mounts cartwheel, III, 22; beats the drum, 24; presented with gold honey-cup, 29; gets gold satamânas as fee for protecting sacrifice in south, 108; (V, 211); his fee at Dasapeya twelve heifers with first calf, III, 119; bull his fee for pañkabila-oblation to Indra, or brown ox for ditto to Soma, 122; white-backed bullock for Brihaspati's ditto pap, 122; neither performs, nor chants, nor recites; yet gets gold satamâna, 141; is, the entire sacrifice, 185; as representative of Brihaspati mutters Apratiratha hymn whilst Agni is led forward, IV, 192; is the autumn, V, 45; uses the whole trayî vidyâ, 104; initiated for sattra (as moon and plants), 135; if he does not know certain rites he may allow another to act for him, 211, 212; formerly they had to be of the Vasishtha family, 212; is the heart of the sacrifice, 245; one fettering the sacrificial horse without announcing it to Brahman is liable to incur injury, 277; the spotless Brahman, is the moon, 317, 318; (? Pragâpati), is the horse, 318; boon granted to him, 350; is the highest seat of speech, 391; the guardian of the sacrifice, 459; the best physician amongst priests, 483; is seated, 503.

Brâhmana (m.), not to be fed upon, having Soma for his king, III, 72, 95; IV, 249; sprinkling of king from palâsa vessel, III, 83; sprinkles him in front, 94; comes after king, 96; is stronger than king, 110; is followed by the three other castes, 227; Brâhmana and Kshatriya never go behind Vaisya and Sûdra, 227; into him, as the representative of the Brahman, all beings pass and are reproduced therefrom, V, 85; effect of the study of the Veda on him, 99 seq.; not to engage with Râganya in disputation, 114; as the scapegoat receives the Sacrificer's pain and evil, 181; the Brâhmana descended from Rishis, represents all deities, 195, 196; Brâhmana, if going away offended, is presented with a cow longing for a bull, 195; Brâhmana accepting earthen vessels of dead man, is a remover of corpses, 205; the Soma his drink, 217; not to drink raw spirituous liquor, 260; is a form of the priestly office, 286; king can oppress him, but fares the worse for it, 286; to the Brâhmana belongs the fulfilment of wishes, 287; was of old born endowed with spiritual lustre, 294; every Sacrificer becomes a Brâhmana, 348; Brâhmana knowing nothing- of the Asvamedha, may be despoiled, 360.

brâhmana (n.), mystic sense, or dogmatic explanation of an oblation, IV, 240.

Brâhmanâkkhamsin,--bull his dakshinâ at Dasapeya. III, 119; is under the Brahman priest, V, 136.

Brahmanaspati, lord of the priesthood, IV, 73; is the sun, V, 453.

brahmaudana, priests’ mess of rice, V, 274; is seed, 275, 348.

brahmodya, theological disputation, V, 79; between Brahman and Hotri, 314; all priests, 388-390.

breast-bone, IV, 114.

breath. See prâna.

brick. See ishtakâ.

Brihaduktha Vâmadevya, V, 302.

brihad vakas, III, introd. xv.

Brihaspati, gains Pragâpati and ascends to upper region, now his own, III, 2, 59, 122; is the Brahman (priesthood), 3, 21; IV, 192, 229; V, 258, 314; wild rice-pap on seventeen plates, III, 21, 28; afraid of the earth and vice versâ, 34i with Brihaspati's rulership the Sacrificer is consecrated at Vâgapeya, 39; by eight syllables gains Gâyatrî, 40;

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pap to Brihaspati, 99; is Purohita of gods, 59; V, 258; white-backed bullock his fee, III, 59; his the smaller and broken rice-grains, 67; (? is Varuna, 68); pap of wild rice to Brihaspati Vâk, 70; pârtha-oblation to Brihaspati, 82; IV, 228; assists Varuna, III, 113; samsrip-oblation (pap), 116; pañkabila (pap) on centre of Vedi, 120, 121; white-backed bullock fee to Brahman for Brihaspati's oblation, 122; prayûgâm havis (pap), 125; Savitri and Brihaspati connected with the regions and the katushtoma, IV, 69; ruler of tame animals, 74; protector of upper region, 103; connected with Visve Devâh, trinava and travastrimsastomas, &c., 102, 103; as Brahman assists Indra Apratiratha in fighting the Asuras, 192; takes Srî's holy lustre and receives (mitravindâ) pap, V, 62-65; the eighth of the ten deities ('all the gods’) receiving oblations of drops, 281; offering of barren cows, 402, 411; Brihaspati, with the Visve Devâh, receives offering of Gharma, 480; is the wind, 480.

Brihaspati-sava, III, introd. xxiv, xxv, 4; the same as Vâgapeya, 34.

Brihatî, metre,--the fire-altar becomes like it, III, 219; is the year, 220; consists of thirty-six syllables, 318; in the form of it oxen were produced, IV, 38; is the air, 53; a thousand brihatîs, 111; is the mind (of Pragâpati), 327, 328; 12,000 make up the whole Rik, 352; twenty-one brihatîs, as the measure of the universe, 384-387; the katurmâsya formulas amount to 362 brihatîs, and hence to the year and Mahâvrata, V, 78; by it the gods reached heaven, 156, 172; the Tâpaskita-sattra amounts thereto, 172; cattle related thereto, 221; the pressing-stones are of brihatî nature, 243.

brihat-sâman, III, introd. xv, xvi, xx-xxiii; connected with Indra, xv; with Kshatra, &c., 91; produced from pañkadasa-stoma, IV, 7; (brihak khandas) is heaven, 19; connected with Indra, the Rudras, the south, &c., 101; sung over completed fire-altar, is the sky, 179.

brihat-stotra, Vâgapeya-sâman, III, 11.

Budila Âsvatarâsvi Vaiyâghrapadya, a teacher, IV, 393.

bull, liberated as fee for Agni-Soma cake, III, 45; fee for Indrâgni cake, 46; dark-grey, fee for Pûshan's trishamyukta, 56; brown, for Soma's, 56; is the Pragâpati of cows, 58; belongs to Indra, 60; spotted, 61; fee for oblation to Maruts, 61; sacrificial animal, 162, 165 seq.; slaughtered for Indra, 162; eight-hoofed, 177; (ukshan) is vigour, produced in the form of the Kakubh, IV, 38; two-year-old (dityavâh) produced in the form of the Virâg, 39; other ages of other metres, 39; originates from Indra's mouth, V, 215; has an excrescence (hump), 276.

burial-place (smasâna), V, 421 seq.; four-cornered, 423; is made round by people of Asura nature, the Easterns and others, 423, 424; the site for it, 424 seq.; size, 428, 435; ploughing of site, 431.


calf, year and a half old, is vigour, produced in the form of the trishtubh, IV, 39; white calf of black cow, 200.

carpenter, his house is the resting-place of the sacrificial horse and its keepers, V, 360.

cart. See chariot.

castes, four, do not vomit Soma, III, 131.

cattle, belong to Pûshan, III, 55; (Rudra, 52); are purîsha, 201; represented by the khandasyâ (metre-) bricks, IV, 36; thrive when it rains, 36; become metres, 36; Pragâpati, in the shape of Gâyatrî, overtakes the

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cattle, 37; thrive exceedingly in the homestead of him who possesses many of them, V, 126; their eye taken by the sun, whence they only know things by smelling, 130; bovine cattle represent all animals, 332.

chamberlain. See kshattri.

chanting-place, of bahishpavamâna-stotra, V, 305.

chariot, -race, introd. xxiv, 17 seq.; taken down from stand and turned, III, 18, 98; with three horses, warrior and charioteer, 50, 102; gods driving on, 289; placed north of fire with pole to the east, 290; offering made on head of chariot, IV, 233; chariot shifted sunwise round the fire on the brick-altar, 234; is the sun, 235; by oblations of air the gods yoked the chariot for the obtainment of all their wishes, 236; two smashed chariots joined together, V, 198; made complete by means of cords, 318.

charioteer, not to get down from chariot along with king, III, 104.

child, born with head first, III, 233; in womb grows by warmth, 254; tries to speak and- stand up at the end of a year, V, 13; first speaks words of one or two syllables, 13; born after being fashioned for a year, 88.

circumambulation, (thrice) of altar (to atone for ordinary walking round), IV, 170; of sacrificial horse (by the king's wives), V, 322, 323.

clavicle. See collar-bone.

clay, produced from foam, III, 147, 157; lump of, is Agni, 206 seq.; ditto for Pravargya vessels, V, 449.

clod-bricks, are the regions, III, 345, 348; vital sap, 345; IV, 44; clod of earth deposited midway between a grave and the village, V, 440.

cloud, originates from smoke, III, 85; is the udder whence the 'shower of wealth' flows, IV, 221.

coin. See gold coin.

cold, is the body of him about to die, IV, 136.

collar-bone, classed with the ribs, V, 164.

colour (outward appearance), is everything, V, 354.

commander of army. See senânî.

conception,--one born a year after conception may perform Agnikayana without having carried the Ukhya Agni for a year, IV, 274.

consecration. See anointment. copper, piece of, put in mouth of eunuch, III, 90; melts, V, 493.

cord, is Varunic, III, 222, 236; cf. rope.

costal cartilages, IV, 114.

cotton tree, (salmalia malabarica), the highest tree, V, 317.

couch, no sleeping on during initiation, III, 185.

counter-charm, III, 53, 371.

couples, sustain the realm, IV, 230.

courier. See palâgala.

cow, dakshinâ for first-fruits, III, 46; her Varunic nature, 51; yoke-trained cow dakshinâ for Indraturîya, 51; belongs to Rudra, 52; dakshinâ for oblation to Aditi, 60; cow-raid, 98; cow and boar friendly together, 103; means these worlds, 156; has four nipples, 237; most fit to yield a livelihood, 237; when milked out is worn, 257; (or bull) created from Pragâpati's breath, 402; is (the supplier of) food, 406; not to be injured, 406; milch cow (dhenu) is vigour, produced in the shape of the gagatî metre, IV, 39; the bricks of altar made such, 172; milked by sitting person, 172; milk of black cow, with white calf, offered to Agni about to be laid on fire-altar, 200; black cow and white calf are night and sun, 200; cow of plenty, seen and milked by Kanva, 203; offering of barren cow (to Mitra-Varuna), 263-265; brings forth within a year, V, 12; cow suckling a strange calf, her milk used for offering in case of an

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[paragraph continues] Agnihotrin dying, 198; cow, wont to cast her calf, victim of Indra at Asvamedha, 300; barren cows immolated, 402, 411; tail of barren cow tied to the left arm of a dead man, 438 n.; of Pravargya, see gharmaduhâ.

cow-dung, smeared over fire-site, V, 191; used for burning dead body, 202.

creation, III, 145 seq.; nine primary substances, 147.

creator. See Dhâtri.

creatures (pragâ), produced from Pragâpati, the sacrifice, III, 40; in all quarters, IV, 31; Pragâpati their lord, 73; Yavas and Ayavas their lords, 76.

crosswise, offering made on Svayamâtrinnâ of completed altar, IV, 183.

crow, is untruth, V, 446.

cubit, means the (fore-)arm, V, 449.

curds and whey, sour curds. See dadhi.

cushions, wrought of gold threads, for the priests to sit on, V, 360, 361.


dadhi, sour curds, is life-sap, III, 374; belongs to Indra, 375; a form, or the life-sap, of the earth-world, 389, 390; mixed with honey and ghee, for sprinkling completed fire-altar, IV, 182 seq.; globule of sour curds put on Samidh, as a form of cattle, 203.

dadhigharma, V, 502.

Dadhikrâ, III, 27.

Dadhikrâvan, III, 27; V, 326.

Dadhyañk Âtharvana, is speech, III, 218; knew the pure sacrificial essence (the Madhu), 444; is decapitated by Indra, and restored by the Asvins, 443, 444.

Daivâpa. See Indrota.

Daiyâmpâti, instructed by Sândilyâyana, IV, 273.

Dâkshâyana, form of Full and New-moon sacrifice, to be performed for fifteen years, V, 5,

dakshinâ (sacrificial gift), (cows), the way along which they pass, III, 99, 101;--dakshinâ as Apsaras, the Gandharva Yagña's mates, IV, 232; the sacrifice is praised for them, 233; no bargaining for, as depriving the priests of their place in heaven, 280; wins food, 285; no oblation without dakshinâ, V, 7; stand south of altar, 17; time for bringing them up at animal sacrifice, 120; are healing medicine, 217; is the glory, 446; must not be given away by the priest, at least not on the same day, 446.

Dânava (Asuras), V, 95.

dandavadha, III, 108.

darbha-grass, bunch of, put on ploughed Agnikshetra, III, 332; contains food and drink, 332; grew up from waters loathing Vritra, 332; IV, 44; handful put on mixture of ghee (with gold chips), sour curds and honey for sprinkling therewith (with the tops) on completed fire-altar, 182; a means of purification, V, 195, 274; piece of gold tied thereto and taken westwards (as the sun), 195; ditto of silver, taken eastwards, (as the moon); 196; rope thereof for tying sacrificial horse, 274; sepulchral mound covered therewith, 436.

darkness, after the creation of the earth, III, 319.

Darsapûrnamâsa, the offerer thereof eats food every half-month in the other world, IV, 299; esoteric remarks on, V, 1 seq., 52 seq.; to be performed for thirty years (twice 360 full and new moons) thereby gaining the 360 days and nights of the year, 4, 5; first performed by Parameshthin Prâgâpatya, 15; after him Pragâpati, Indra, Agni, and Soma, 15, 16.

Dasapeya, III, introd. xxvi; requires special offering-place, 68, 113 seq.; etymology, 114; an Agnishtoma, 118.

Dasaratha, king of Ayodhyâ, III, 97.

Dasarâtra, V, 140; last day of, called avivâkya, III, introd. xvii; compared to the seat (or

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body) of a chariot, the two shadahas being the wheels, V, 149; 155 n., 159.

dative of purpose, III, 198,

Dauhshanti. See Bharata.

daurgaha, V, 397.

dawn, precedes the sun, III, 273.

day, a separator, IV, 89; originates from the light emitted by the gods when created, V, 14; the (one) day (after day) is the year, 155.

day and night, nourish Agni, III, (271), 273; encompass the universe, 287; days and nights are endless, 352; rulers of Arya and Sûdra, IV, 74, 75; are Pragâpati's joints, 281; are forms of Brahman and Kshatra, V, 286.

dead man, his bones arranged in bird-form, V, 435.

Death; seizes creatures whilst in Pragâpati's womb, IV, 67; created above (mortal) beings as their consumer, 290; searches for (the half-mortal) Pragâpati who has entered the earth, 290; is the year, 356 seq.; he is the ender, 356; has only the body for his share, 357; those who do not become immortal come to life again and become the food of Death time after time, 358; Agni as Death, 365; Death is immortal, and the man in the sun, 366; Death is both the man in the sun and that in the right eye, 371, 374; is both one and many, being the man in the sun, he is numerously distributed on earth among creatures; whence also both near and far away, 372; Death becomes the self of him who knows, and makes him immortal, 374; Death, hunger, being alone in the beginning, creates Mind, 402; Arka and Asvamedha become Death, 404; creatures delivered to him, except Brahmakârin, V, 48; deaths take place in any world, 339; oblations to Deaths, 340.

deity, only he is a deity to whom offering is made, IV, 238, 246, 266; different deities and metres identified with parts of the body, 330, 331; the ultimate deity not to be questioned beyond, V, 117.

Devaganavidyâ, the Veda of Rakshas, V, 368.

devasû (divine quickeners), offerings to, III, 69, 72; IV, 246.

dewy season, consists of the months Tapa and Tapasya, IV, 126; which are supreme, 126, 127; is the sky, 127; is the year's head, 127.

dhâmakhad, seat-hiding (?) verse, IV, 291.

Dhânva. See Asita.

Dharma Indra, king of the gods, V, 370.

Dhâtri (creator), connected with gods generally, and the Vis, IV, 68; lord of the seven Rishis, 73; is Pragâpati, 263; the sun, 264; offering of twelve-kapâla cake to, 264.

Dhîra Sâtaparneya, instructs Mahasâla Gâbâla on the nature of Agni, IV, 331.

dhîshanâ, III, 243.

dhishnya hearths, III, 317, 318; preparation of; IV, 241; are the clansmen to the fire-altar, as chief, 241; consist of a single layer, 242; only with lokamprinâ bricks, 242; enumeration of, 242 n.; eight, 360.

dhrishti, fire-tongs, V, 39 n., 500.

Dhritarâshtra, V, 401.

dhriti, four oblations offered every evening of preliminary year of Asvamedha, V, 285, 288, 364.

dhruva-graha, III, 11.

Dhvasan Dvaitavana, king of the Matsyas, performed the Asvamedha, V, 398.

dice, game at, III, 106, 112; V, 330.

dîkshâ, III, 68; at Agnikayana to last a year, 181; insignia of, 185; of Agnikayana, 246 seq.; is speech, IV, 67; springs from faith (sraddhâ), 138; is the body of the sacrifice, 240; of seven days at Asvamedha, V, 290 seq.; twelve, 371; is the vital airs, 291; twenty-three days at Purushamedha, 403.

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dîkshanîyeshti, III, 44; IV, 258; without samishtayagus, 258.

disâm aveshtayah, III, 120.

disyâ, regional bricks, in first layer, III, 188 seq.; in second layer (= âsvini), IV, 31 seq.; in third layer, 43 seq.; are the regions and the sun, 43, 44; are the metres, 45.

Diti (and Aditi), viewed by Mitra and Varuna, III, 93.

dog, the moon is the heavenly dog, watching the Sacrificer's cattle (to seize them) and coming down at new moon, V, 10; dog's clutch (svalukita), a burning pain, 10; dog driven away by bow or staff, 11, 12; an unclean animal, 178; four-eyed dog killed at Asvamedha and plunged under horse's feet, 279; dog is untruth, 446.

dribâ (drivâ), arrow, III, 88.

drops, oblation of. See stokîyâ.

drought, produces a lawless condition, V, 18.

drums, seventeen put up, III, 23; one beaten by Brahman priest, 24.

dûrvâ, grass (and brick), III, 187, 379; is cattle, 379; etymology, 380; is the kshatra, breath and vital sap, 380; grows up joint by joint, knot by knot, 381; spreads and branches out by a hundred shoots, 381; IV, 2.

Dushtarîtu Paumsâyana, a king, V, 269, 272.

Dvâdasâha, opening Atirâtra of, III, introd. xix.

Dvaitavana. See Dhvasan.

dvâpara, die, III, 107.

dvâvimsa-stoma, is vigour, the year, IV, 63.

dvipadâ, the ample metre in the form of which sheep were produced, IV, 38; of twenty syllables, 385; offering of, V, 342.

Dviyagus brick, is this earth, seen by Indrâgnî, III, 381; is the Sacrificer, 381; his human body, 382; laying down of, 383; is the hip of Agni, the sacrificial animal, 400; IV, 2.

Dyaus, gives birth to Agni, III, 272.


Eagle. See syena, suparna.

ear, one of the five vital airs (of the head), III, 402; as the regions, is the child of heaven, IV, 10; from it autumn is produced, 10; is Visvâmitra (all-friend), 10; introduced from the left (or upper) side, 11; is one only, 11; sustained by the upward vital air (udâna), 15; one of the five divisions of vital air in the head, 190; the ear evolved from the eye, and from it work, 378, 379; the two ears connected by channel, V, 36; what is thought by mind is spoken by speech, and heard by the ear, 263; Adhvaryu and Sacrificer whispering in the (right) ear of the horse, 287.

earth, three of them, III, 27; afraid of consecrated Brihaspati and vice versa, 34; ditto of Varuna, 103; union with Agni, 148; (bhûmi) a foundation, 147, 158; (prithivî) the broad, 148, 158; is the Gâyatrî, 148; connected with Pragâpati and Agni, 187; created as one consisting of eight syllables, 232; fashioned by Vasus by means of Gâyatrî, 233; navel of the earth, 258; a firm resting-place, 278; surrounded by ocean, 301; is circular, 309; the mother of Agni Purîshya, 311; is Pragâpati's Gârhapatya, 314; after its creation, darkness was everywhere, 319; Pragâpati its begetter, 346; spread on waters like a lotus leaf, 364; is Agni's womb, 364; is established on truth, 364; is the truth, the most certain of worlds, 364; sheds seed upwards in the form of smoke (steam) which becomes rain, 383; bears everything breathing, 387; is measured out, fashioned (mitâ); is the course (eva), IV, 88; on earth one thinks with the heart, and the mind, 95; is the most substantial (rasatama) of worlds, 179; is the right wing of Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 179; steadied by mountains and

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rivers, V, 126; is the Kshatriya's world, 133; connected with the Asvins, 241; is higher than the water, 267; he who hides himself, or goes elsewhere, is ultimately found on the earth, 284, 285; no creature, walking erect or horizontally, can go beyond it, 285; is the great vessel, 315; in the beginning of the size of a span, 451; raised up by boar Emûsha (Pragâpati, her husband), 451; is a good abode on which all creatures abide, 457; is white, as it were, 463; her over-lords (Agni, Indra &c.), 464 seq.; becomes a mare and carries Manu, her lord (Pragâpati), 466; is a place of abode for all the gods, 505.

east, connected with priesthood &c., III, 91; Agni's region, 206; IV, 199; is towards the gods, III, 215, 355; IV, 226; is the Gâyatrî, IV, 45; is a queen, 46, 100; the Vasus its lord, 100; protected by Agni, too; connected with trivrit-stoma, âgyasâstra, and rathantara-sâman, 100; is strength and the sky, V, 16, 17; the region of the gods, 485.

easterns. See prâkya.

eater, the, is Agni, Âditya, the breath, IV, 398.

egg. See golden egg.

eight, symbolical significance, IV, 190.

eighteenfold, is the year, IV, 66.

eighty (asîti), means food, IV, 92, 112, 161; of formulas (to the Rudras), 161, 223.

ekâdasinî, of sacrificial stakes, V, 301 n., 309; is heaven, 310; offspring and cattle, 310; a virâg, 335, 404, 405.

ekapadâ, the gapless metre in the form of which goats were produced, IV, 38; of ten syllables, 385.

ekatrimsa-stoma, is design, the year, IV, 64.

ekavimsa, the twenty-first or twenty-one-fold, is the sun, III, 265, 308; IV, 62; V, 331, 333, 334, 335, 378, 402; produced from manthi-graha, and from it the vairâga-sâman, IV, 10.

ekavimsa-stoma, connected with Anushtubh &c., III, 91; at morning-service of Kesavapanîya, 127; is the upholder (a foot-hold), the sun, IV, 62; through it, connected with Mitra Varuna, rain and wind freed from death, 68; the foundation (the feet), 78; connected with Soma, the Maruts, north &c., 102; second day of Asvamedha an ekavimsa-day, V, 378; the foundation of Stomas, 378.

ekoti, V, 150.

elevation (high-lying ground), people in danger take thereto, V, 300.

embryonic water of calving cow, III, 78.

embryos. freed from death through pañkavimsa-stoma, connected with Âdityas and Maruts, IV, 69; killer of embryo is despised, 272.

Emûsha, the boar (Pragâpati) raises the earth (his wife), V, 451.

enclosing-stones. See parisrit.

enemies (or enemies' sons), when meeting, get on well together on addressing one another by name, V, 288.

entrail (vrikalâ), if not cleansed of contents in dead body, a tiger springs therefrom when burnt, V, 203, (215).

Eshavîra, a family of priests, V, 45 n.

etarhi, one-fifteenth part of a kshipra, V, 169.

eunuch, long-haired, III, 90; malted rice bought from him, V, 219; is neither man nor woman, 219.

eva, at least, IV, 29 (u eva).

exorcism, IV, 171.

eye, food flowed from eye of fallen Pragâpati, III, 312; one of the five vital airs (of the head), 402; there is always water in it, 416; produced from the sun, and from it the rain, IV, 8; is the Rishi Gamadagni, 9; introduced from behind, 9; is one only, 9; sustained by the downward vital air (apâna), 15; one of the five divisions of vital air in the head, 190; the man in the

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[paragraph continues] (right) eye is the man in the sun and the gold man of the altar, 368; he is the same as Indra, and has a mate in the left eye, who is Indrânî, 369; the two persons descend to the cavity of the heart and enter into union, and at the end of their union the man sleeps, 370; from the union of these two divine persons all that exists originates, 371; the man in the right eye (and in the sun) is Death, his feet stick fast in the heart, and on his pulling them out and coming out, he dies, 371; that man in the eye is the vital air and leads forward all creatures, 371; whilst being one only he is numerously distributed among creatures, 372; the eye evolved from breath, and from it the ear, 377, 378; what were man without eyes, V, 124; white, black, and pupil, 165, 246, 354; white and black, 354; by means of it the body moves, 346.


faggots, three bundles of, lighted and offered upon whilst held at different heights, V, 494.

faith,--truth in faith, V, 46; the initiation sprung from faith, 138.

falcon. See syena.

fanning, of the sacrificial horse, by the king's wives, V, 323; of the (Pravargya) fire, by the Adhvaryu and his assistants, 467.

fast-milk, living on, is penance (tapas), IV, 256; milk of three, two, one teat during days of initiation, and of none on day of preparation, 256.

father, is gentle and kind to his son, IV, 25; when asked for anything by his sons, says 'So be it,' 60; takes his dear son to his bosom, 206; sons in early life subsist on father, the reverse in later life, V, 157; returning from abroad is received kindly by sons, 204; father and sons part in time of peace, 308.

Fathers, the hollow is sacred to them, III, 31; are the clansmen, with Yama for their chief, 299; Aditi their ruler, IV, 74; the south their region, 226; are the six seasons, 243; he who does not eat becomes consecrated to the Fathers (dies), V, 20, 21; daily offering of the svadhâ to them, 95, 96; sacrificial practices appropriate to offerings to Fathers, 198 seq.; the world of the Fathers is in the south, 225; the surâ-liquor of the Sautrâmanî falls to the share of the Fathers of him who drinks it, 233; those who perform on southern fire, go down to the world of the Fathers, 236; live in Yama's realm, 236, 237; the path of the Fathers and that of the gods by one of which all living beings have to pass, 237, 238; are asleep, 265; placed in the immortal womb, 272; are the subjects of Yama Vaivasvata, the Yagus their Veda, 365; the uneven number, and the single nakshatra belong to them, 423; the door to their world is in the south-east, 424; their world inclines towards the south, 424; to them belongs the (sod) filled with roots, 427; they are the world of plants, and hide among the roots of plants, 429; not seen together with the living. 440; three in number, 455; with Yama and the Aṅgiras, receive offering of Gharma, 481.

female, lies on left side of male, III, 199; injures no one, 202; after birth conceives again, 311.

fever, one suffering therefrom is consumed by his vital airs, IV, 348.

fifteen, IV, 74, 309.

fifteenfold, is the thunderbolt, III, 413; IV, 85; V, 384; the arm, IV, 79; the neck, V, 163.

fig-tree, Indian. See Nyagrodhas.

finale. See nidhana.

fingers (and toes), have a common connecting link (or limb), III, 417; consist of four parts each, IV, 325; the different

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fingers, V, 75; the different fingers and their joints, 161.

finger-breadth, the lowest measure, IV, 300; thereby fire-altar measured, 300.

fire, when it goes out it is wafted up in the wind, IV, 333; Fire evolved from Work, 380; is the womb of the sacrifice, V, 3; is one of the six doors to the Brahman, 66; sacrificial fires only desire flesh of victims and the Sacrificer, 119; four kinds of fires, (three worlds and the regions; Agni, Vâyu, Âditya, Kandramas), 127; there is a fire in every piece of wood, 187; circumambient fire shuts out the Asuras, 271; carried round victims, 307.

fire-altar (agni); the way in which it is mounted (like a horse), III, 361; building of, 362 seq.; a four-footed animal, IV, 19; contraction and expansion (of animal's body), 20 seq.; of eagle-build, 21; is the year and the three worlds, 29; constructed so as to extend (fly) eastwards, 115; Agni its head, the earth its right, the sky its left wing, Vâyu (the air, vital air) its body, the moon its tail, the sun its heart, 178-80; the Sacrificer's divine body, 226, 256; the body of all the gods, 256; substitutes for complete fire-altars at repeated Soma-sacrifices, 271; is an ocean of Yagus, 278; Fire-altar, Mahâvrata and Mahad uktham are the Sacrificer's divine, immortal body, 279; is a bird-like body, 285; is the earth, the mind, the trunk, the head, 286; is measured by finger-breadths, 300; the sevenfold, 306; for this a vedi of ninety steps, 308; different forms of, from sevenfold to one hundred and one-fold (the latter of which is to be fourteen times that of the former), 309 seq.; by building a smaller fire-altar, one curtails Pragâpati, and by one larger than the largest one exceeds the universe, 312; the hundred and onefold contains all objects of desire, is the year, and the. sun, 313; it is equal to the sevenfold one, 314; is built between the two performances of the upasads, 316; each layer of bricks and earth takes (or represents) a month to build, 318; the hundred and onefold the normal one (?), 321 seq.; it gains the immortal light, 323; it is a sevenfold one by its layers, 324; the fire (altar) is fivefold (by food, drink, excellence, light, and immortality), 326; is the food prepared for Pragâpati and becomes the body itself, 341; is the man in the sun, 366; is the earth, air, sky, the sun, the nakshatras, the metres, the year, the body, all beings and all gods, 381-390.

firebrand, belongs to Rudra, V, 201.

fire-pan. See ukhâ.

firmament (nâka), is the heavenly world above the Virâg (layer), IV, 93, 100; is the regions, 100; in the world of righteousness (sukrita) above the third luminous back of the sky, 122; the heavenly world, the back of the sky, 198; the heavenly world beyond the highest fire-altar, 250, 304.

first-fruits, offering of. See Âgrayaneshti.

fivefold, is the animal sacrifice, V,125; the Asvamedha becomes so, 308.

flax, forms amnion of Agni's womb, III, 252; foul smell of, 252.

flesh, not to be eaten during initiation, III, 185; of fat person fat, of lean lean, V, 20; is the best kind of food, 119.

foam, produced from water, III, 147, 157.

food, kinds of, given to Sacrificer, III, 36; one kind to be renounced by him, 37; satisfies if proportionate to body, 260, 330; IV, 189; to food the body is bound by the vital airs, III, 270; is taken in from the front (mouth) backward, 402; the resort of the waters, 416; the

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purîsha is Agni's food, IV, 20; is seventeenfold, 79; whilst eating food one drives away evil that is above him, 87; is asked for by sick -man when he gets better, 87; is of three kinds, 93; its essence is invisible, 95; threefold (ploughing, rain, seed), 110; benefits the body only if put in the body, 135; put in (a channel of) the vital air benefits the whole body, 139; are sustained by food, 139; they close up if food is not eaten, 139; is the arrow of the Rudras of the earth, 165; sour curds, honey, and ghee are every kind, or the best kinds, of food, 184, 185; is variegated (varied), 196; is served from the right side, 226; is of two kinds, immortal and mortal, 285; food taken by the arm at a cubit's distance, 306; food, when enclosed in the body, becomes the body itself, 341; the food consumed by man in this world consumes him in the other, V, 260.

food-brick, III, 155, 166.

foot, is a support, IV, 137.

foot-print of the horse, offered upon, V, 363.

forest-fires, take place in spring, V, 45.

forking, (bifurcated) branches, of udumbara samidh, IV, 203; mean cattle, 203.

form,--hair and form, IV, 295; form and name, the two forces of the Brahman (the former being the stronger), V, 27, 28; oblation to Forms, see prakrama.

fortnight (paksha), the former and latter, called Yavas and Ayavas, IV, 69, 76.

forty-four-fold, is the trishtubh and thunderbolt, IV, 85.

frog, drawn across the altar, to appease it, IV, 174; arose from the water dripping off the altar, 174.

Full and New-moon sacrifice. See Darsapûrnamâsa.

fumigation, of pan, III, 240; of Pravargya vessels, V, 455, 456.

funeral ceremonies, V, 421 seq.

funeral pile, V, 201, 202, 203.

furrow, what it yields, III, 329; are the vital airs, their meeting-place speech (voice), 332.


Gâbâla. See Mahâsâla, Satyakâma.

gâgata, of Gagatî nature, cattle (animals), V, 252, 284, 313.

Gagatî, gained by Visve Devâh, III, 40; connected with Visve Devâh &c., 91; of twelve syllables, 169; of forty-eight, 183; is the earth, 169, 183; V, 245; all the metres, III, 169, 183; the triple science, 193; gains these worlds from above hitherwards, 281; produced from rainy season, and from it the riksama-sâman, IV, 8; in the shape of it milch cows were produced, 39; is the western region, 45; cattle, 52; V, 313; is the Brahman, and the sun's disk, IV, 94; is the downward breathing (of Pragâpati), 327-329; a Ribhu of the Gagat metre (the ârbhava-pavamâna) baring the Sacrificer to bliss, V, 173; thereby the Âdityas consecrate the king, 313.

Gâmadagna, âprî-verses, V, 302.

Gamadagni, rishi, is the eye, IV, 9; is Pragâpati, V, 302.

Ganaka, of Videha, questions Yâgñavalkya as to Agnihotra, V, 46; obtains Mitravindâ sacrifice from Yâgñavalkya, 66; questions Brâhmanas regarding Agnihotra, 112 seq.; teaches Yâgñavalkya, 114; becomes Brahman, 115; has a sacrifice performed with 1,000 cows as dakshinâ, 115.

Ganamegaya Pârikshita, IV, 345 n.; cups of fiery liquor poured out in his palace, V, 95; performs Asvamedha, 396.

Gana Sârkarâkshya (Sâyavasa), a teacher, IV, 393, 396.

Gânasruteya. See Aupâvi.

Gândhâra (Nagnagit), IV, 21.

Gandharva, the heavenly, thought-cleansing, III, 5; is yonder sun, Savitri, 195;--twenty-seven of them, 19; were the first to yoke the horse, 20; from Pragâpati

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couples issue in the form of Gandharva and Apsaras, IV, 229; Gandharva and Apsaras made offering to in râshtrabhrit oblations, 230 seq.; Gandharva and Apsaras affect sweet scent (gandha) and beauteous form (rûpa = apsas), 230; and worship the divine Purusha under those forms, 373; carried by horse Vâgin, 401; three Gandharvas (Yavamat, Uddâlamat, Antarvat) point out to the Rishis imperfections in their sacrifice, V, 29, 30; get the Apsaras Urvasî back from Purûravas, 69; produce a flash of lightning, 70; teach Purûravas how to produce a sacred fire, to become one of themselves, 73: the people of king Varuna Âditya, the Atharvans their Veda, 365.

garbha, of prishtha-sâman, III, introd. xx seq.

Gârhapatya, thence fire of ukhâ is taken, III, 263; if it goes out, is produced by churning, 264; building of, 298 seq.; outlines of hearth, 302; is Agni himself, 309; is the earth, 309; IV, 196; V, 178; the world of men, III, 344; ascended by the gods, 319; on the fifth layer of the fire-altar, IV, 99, 117 seq.; is food, 118; Gârhapatya hearth is a womb, 119; is the vedi, 121, 307; the original Âhavanîya (of the hall) is the womb in which the gods begat the Gârhapatya of Agnikayana, 308; from it the Âhavanîya is born, 308; atonement for Gârhapatya going out, lest master of the house die, V, 83; ditto for going opt at Agnihotra, 188 seq.

garment, made to float away, in avabhritha, V, 267; a hundred garments the priests’ fee, 353; garments man's outward appearance, 353.

Garutmat. See suparna.

Gâtavedas, etymology, IV, 274.

gâthâ, V, 101 326 seq.;--cf. Nârâsamsî-gâthâh.

gâtru, V, 163 n.

gaura, III, 410.

Gaurîviti Sâktya, V, 250.

Gautama. See Kusri, and Aruna.

Gavâm ayanam, a sattra, V, 139 seq.; deities of, 140 seq.; the three great rites of it (Katurvimsa, Vishavat, Mahâvrata), 144.

gavaya, V, 338.

gavedhukâ seed (coix barbata), is refuse, III, 51, 71; used for oblation to Rudra, 51, 63, 71, 158;--grass used for smoothing newly-made vessel, V, 455.

gâyatra, Agni, III, 148, 161; IV, 277, 300; (khandas) is Agni, IV, 178.

gâyatra-sâman, produced from Gâyatrî, and from it the upâmsugraha, IV, 4; when used in stotras, 4; sung over completed and appeased altar, is Agni, 178.

Gâyatrî, is Agni's metre, III, 31; Brihaspati's, 40; connected with the brahman, &c., 91; is the earth, 148; how produced, 158; of twenty-four syllables, 167; IV, 300; is the vital air, III, 167, 218, 253; produced from spring season, and from it the gâyatra-stoma, IV, 4; in the shape of it two and a half year old kine were produced, 39; is the eastern region, 45; the breath (of Pragâpati), 327; Gâyatrî tripadâ, 385; the golden, brilliant-winged Gâyatrî who bears the Sacrificer to heaven, V, 53; is the vedi, 56; Gâyatrî in bird's shape fetches Soma from heaven, 122; a falcon of the Gâyatrî metre (the bahishpavamâna) bearing the Sacrificer to bliss, 173; thereby the Vasus consecrate the king, 312; is fiery mettle, 312.

generation, threefold (father, mother, son), III, 240; only takes place above the earth, IV, 128; is stationary, on the other side of the sky and sun, 128; only on this side of the sky, 130.

generative power, is immortal, III, 354; is only on this side of the sky and sun, IV, 128.

gharma, hot draught of milk and ghee, V, 442; is the sun, 463, 481; revered as the lord of all

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worlds, and of thought and speech, 471, 489; is cow's milk (and ghee), 475.

gharmadughâ (samrâg-cow), is Idâ, Aditi, Sarasvatî, V, 474; is bound by its horns, 474; is given to Adhvaryu, 503.

ghee, in consecration water, III, 79; is seed, 211 &c.; the life-sap of the universe, of waters and plants, 333; a form, or the life-sap, of the air, 390; with gold chips in it offered on completed fire-altar, IV, 182; mixed with sour curds and honey for sprinkling on ditto, 182 seq.; belongs to Agni, 189; is fiery mettle, V, 274, 296, 312; is the gods’ favourite resource, 296, 410.

Ghora, a work of the Atharvans, V, 366 n.

ghosha (roar), pârtha-oblation to, III, 82.

ghriki, the apsaras, is an intermediate region (? N.W.), or the offering-spoon, IV, 107.

girdle, sign of initiation, III, 185.

go, ox, III, 119.

goat, (he-), means Pragâpati; III, 35; brings forth thrice a year, 35; (aga) how created, 147, 173; he-goat sacrificial animal, 162, 165 seq.; slaughtered for Agni, 162; for Pragâpati, 171; searches for Agni, 204, 205; addressed, 225; represents Brâhmana, 227; is the form of all cattle, 230; sprung from Pragâpati's head, 245; from his voice, 402; eats all kinds of herbs, 245; produced in form of ekapadâ metre, IV, 38; the grey (smoke-coloured) animal originates from Indra's eyes, V, 214; hornless he-goat one of the three chief victims in Asvamedha, 298; produced from the heat in Makha's head, 452.

goat's hair, cut off, III, 229; mixed with clay, 230.

goat's milk III, 245; used for cooling Pravargya vessels, V, 452, 457, 477.

goat's skin, of he-goat, III, 35.

gods, offer to one another, III, 1; are thirty-three (or four), 9, 99; V, 258; slay Vritra, III, 48; smite the Rakshas and gain universal conquest, 49; sweep away the Rakshas, 52; obtained possession of man by trishamyukta, 54; love the mystic (mysterious), 144 seq.; created from (Pragâpati's) upper vital airs, 150; saw second layer of altar, 189, 190; were produced from out of these worlds, 239; are threefold, 239; wives of gods placed fire-pan in lap of the earth, 242; wives of gods are the plants, 242; gods make food of whoever hates them and give it to Agni, 259; Âhavanîya is the world of the gods, 344; their life is longer than man's, 344; one must do as the gods did, 357; become the truth, 363; have their birthplace in the east (the Âhavanîya), 389; order: Agni (and Dîkshâ), Indra and Vishnu, gods generally and creator, Mitra and Varuna, Vasus and Rudras, Âdityas and Maras, Aditi and Pûshan, Savitri and Brihaspati, Yavas and Ayavas, Ribhus and Visve Devâh, IV, 67-69; gods generally (man-viewers) connected with the creator (Dhâtri) and the Vis, 68; become complete through offspring (or subjects) and mates, seat themselves on the firmament, in heaven, 108; entered heaven from below, 109; draw together round Indra, 127; are just as many now as there were of old, 128; Agni, Vâyu, Âditya, the hearts of the gods, 162; gods holding to truth, and Asuras to untruth, 257; created from the breath (prâna), 289; seven worlds of the gods, 277; (the three worlds and four quarters), 314; are of joyful soul, 339; the true knowledge belongs to them alone, and he who knows it is not a man, but one of the gods, 339; were first mortal, and only after gaining the year,

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became immortal, V, 5; created from Pragâpati's breath of the mouth, 13; the tales of their fights with the Asuras not true, 14; created by the Brahman, and placed in the three worlds and those above them, 27; were mortal, and only on being possessed of the Brahman, became immortal, 28; daily offering to them with svâhâ, 96; contend with the Asuras for Pragâpati, the sacrifice, 105; number of gods (8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, 12 Âdityas, Indra, Pragâpati), 115 seq.; the one god, Prâna, 117; the world of the gods in the north, 225; the path of the Fathers, and that of the gods, by one of which all living creatures have to pass, 237, 238 all the gods enumerated as ten, 280, 281; are of three orders, 291; did not know the way to heaven, 320; Dharma Indra their king, the Sâman their Veda, 370; reside on earth, in the air, the heavens, the regions, the nakshatras, the waters, 505, 506; Agni, Vâyu, Sûrya, Kandra, Varuna are the Self of the gods, 505, 506.

gold, is immortal life, III, 35, 84, 93, 265; IV, 343; V, 239; gold threads woven in strainers, III, 84; its uses, 141; produced from ore, (147), 158; is immortal, 203; is light, 366; IV, 343; V, 203, 303; immortality, V, 147, 203; is Agni's seed, 187; a piece of it tied to darbha plant and taken westward (as the sun), 195; originates from Indra's seed, 215; a piece of it used for purifying the surâ at Sautrâmanî, 220, 235, 236; sacrificers and priests cleanse themselves by means piece of gold held over kâtvâla, 239; originates from seed of immolated horse (Pragâpati), 275; (satamâna) piece given as fee with brahmaudana at beginning of Asvamedha, 275; by means of the golden light Sacrificer goes to heaven, 303; is a form of the Kshatra, 303; is fire, light, immortality, 348; as dakshinâ, 356, 358; gold stools and cushions, 360, 361; slab of gold as seat, 361; repels the Rakshas (as Agni's seed), 467; dissolves (melts), 493; is lying (settled) glory, 503.

gold brick; III, 155, 166.

gold chips, thrust into (the organs of) the victims’ heads, III, 402-401; fire-altar bestrewed with 5 and 200, IV, 146 seq.; make Agni thousand-eyed, 201; some thrown into ghee for oblation on (svayamâtrinnâ of) completed altar, 182; these chips complete making Pragâpati's body immortal, 291, 294; seven inserted in the seven openings of vital airs of dead body before being burnt, V, 203.

gold coin (nishka) worn as prize, V, (51), 53.

golden egg, produced from the primordial waters, V, 12; floated about for a year, as the only resting-place, 12.

gold man (purusha), laid on gold plate in first layer, III, 366; is Pragâpati-Agni, 366; the Sacrificer, 368, 382; when laid down, one must not walk in front of him, 369; two offering-spoons his arms, 373; covered and viewed by Sacrificer whom he represents, 375, 376; is the Sacrificer's divine body, 382; his body co-extensive with altar. IV, 18, 146; gold man and gold plate are Agni and Indra, 342; is the man in the sun, and both are the man in the right eye, 368; is the foundation of the Yagus, as one of the only three bricks of which the altar consists, 374.

gold plate, III, 35; trodden upon by consecrated king, 92; with 100 holes, 93; (gold piece) on gaming-ground offered upon, 112; hung round Agnikit's neck, 265; is the truth and Âditya, 265; with twenty-one knobs, the sun's rays, 265; means vital

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energy and vigour, 266; sewn up in antelope skin, 266; worn over navel, 267; is Pragâpati's vigour which went out of him and became the sun, 212, 213; put down on lotus-leaf in centre of altar-site under first layer, 364; IV, 246; gold plate and gold man are Indra and Agni, 342; gold plate is the orb of the sun, and both are the white of the eye, 367, 368; is the foundation of the Rik, as lane of the only three bricks of which the altar consists, 374; gold and silver plates beneath feet of Sacrificer whilst consecrated at Sautrâmanî, V, 252; the two there represent lightning and hail, 251; placed on top of Pravargya pot, 467; given to Brahman priest, 503; cf. nishka.

gomriga, one of the three chief victims at Asvamedha, V, 298, 338.

Goshtoma, form of Agnishtoma, IV, 287.

Gotama Râhûgana, originator of Mitravindâ sacrifice, V, 66.

Gotama's Stoma (Katushtoma), V, 375.

go-vikartana, huntsman (?), one of the king's ratnâni, III, 63.

govinata, form of Asvamedha, V, 400, 401.

graha (cup of Soma), after their drawing chanting of stotra and recitation of sastra, IV, 13; is the draught of Pragâpati's vital fluid, 282.

graha oblations of ghee relating to Soma cups and implements, forming part of the Vasordhârâ, IV, 216.

grain, are a form of day and night, V, 296; parched grain, a form of the Nakshatras, 296.

Grâmanî (headman), one of the ratninah, III, 60; is a vaisya, 61; III.

Grâvastut priest, is made the Hotri, V, 137.

grave. See burial-place.

great region. See upper region.

Grihapati, III, 258; V, 131; initiated first (being the earth), 135.

grîvâh. See neck.

groats, parched, are a form of the gods, V, 296.

guda prâna, intestinal vital air, IV, 17.

guest-offering, III, 355.

guhû. See spoon.

Gumbaka (Varuna), V, 340, 343.

Gyotishtoma, form of Agnishtoma, IV, 287.


hail, a terrible form of rain, V, 251.

hair, of lion, wolf, tiger thrown on flesh-portions of Sautrâmanî, III, 132; ditto in cups of Surâ, V, 218; these are a form of Rudra, 229; purîsha formulas are Agni's hair, IV, 20; hair and form, 295; how the hair grows and gets grey, V, 52, 55; comes off when wetted, 313.

hair-pit,--from Pragâpati's hair-pits the stars originate, IV, 361; as many as there are twinklings of the eye, V, 169.

Hairanyanâbha. See Para.

Hâliṅgava, a teacher, his view of the nature of Agni, IV, 363.

hand, laid down, palm upwards, for protection, V, 465.

haras,--haras, sokis, arkis (heat, fire, flame) of Agni, IV, 182.

hare, in the moon, V, 10; leaps in bounds, 390.

haridru (deodar tree), not to stand near a grave, V, 427.

Hariskandra, father of Rohita, III, 95.

havirdhâna, associated with Gâyatrî, V, 494.

haviryagña, killed by mortar and pestle, V, 2; as distinguished from the Soma-sacrifice, 119.

haya, horse, carries the gods, IV, 401.

hazel-cock (kapiñgala), springs from Visvarûpa's head, III, 130.

head, of child born first, III, 233; IV, 287; ditto of animals, IV, 40, (287); human head is placed on ukhâ, III, 311; is the birth-place of the vital airs, 396; measures a span, if four-cornered, contracted in the middle, 396; is (the focus) of

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the ten vital airs, IV, 57; is threefold, and consists of two kapâlas, 78, 387; is of Gâyatrî nature, and threefold, 114; fivefold vital air of head (mind, speech, breath, eye, ear), 190; becomes 'sharpened,' 190; threefold (skin, bone, brain), V, 163, 499; three heads of the Asvamedha, 335; is a span high, contracted in the middle, 454.

headman. See King-makers.

heart, on earth one thinks with one's heart and mind, IV, 45; Agni, Vâyu, Âditya the hearts of the gods, 162; is round and smooth, 180; is near the right arm-pit, 180, 181; is secret, V, 36.

heaven, a counterfeit (pratimâ) of the earth, IV, 52; is single, V, 297; by means of the golden light the Sacrificer goes to heaven, 303.

heaven and earth, when they separated, the Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas separated and became the lords, IV, 75; propitiatory cake on one kapâla, when sacrificial horse, or anything else, is lost, 347; with Sûrya and Vâyu, 347; between them everything is contained, V, 484; are the out- and up-breathing, 488.

heavenly world, above the Virâg, is the firmament, IV, 93; is the firmament, 100, 304; and the regions, 100; is the year,--100; is entered from below, 109; the heavenly world, the light, is entered from the sky, from the back of the firmament, 199; those going there do not look round, 199; heavenly world beyond the highest firmament, 250; the world where the sun shines, 304; is (the place of) safety, V, 238; Kshatriyas remain Kshatriyas in the other world, 250; is equal in extent to a thousand, 280; lies 'straight away,' 281, 297.

hemp, layer of it put in fire-pan, as the chorion, III, 252; hempen sling for gold plate worn round Agnikit's neck, 266.

herald. See King-makers.

him, makes Sâman complete, IV, 178; is the Sâman, V, 306.

hiranya; etymology, III, 367.

Hiranyagarbha, is Pragâpati and Agni, III, 172; came first into existence, 388;--IV, introd. xiv, 295 n.

hita, III, 151.

honey, used with consecration water as the essence (flavour) of water, III, 78; not to be eaten during initiation, 186; a form, or the life-sap, of the sky, 390; mixed with sour curds and ghee for sprinkling on completed fire-altar, IV, 182 seq.; the remainder (or essence) of the triple science and therefore may be eaten by Brahmakârin, V, 90; not, according to others, 90; a form of Soma, 243; means breath, 467.

honey-cup. See madhugraha.

hoof-cup, thirty-three of fat gravy offered at Sautrâmanî, V, 252.

horn, of black antelope, III, 96.

horse, asva, produced from the water, III, 19; V, 304, 318; stands lifting one foot on each side, III, 19; sprinkling of horses for race, 19; right horse yoked first, 19; horses smell Brihaspati's oblation, 22, 28; Varuna's sacrificial animal, 60; how created (etymology of asva), 146; sacrificial animal, 162, 165 seq.; slaughtered for Varuna, 162; is hornless and with mane, 177; its halter lies round the mouth, 198; is the sun, 199, 208, 359; searches for Agni, 204, 205; whilst running shakes itself, 207; steps on lump of clay, 207; is a thunderbolt, 209; the most highly-favoured of animals, 209; horse's footprint offered upon, 212; horse is addressed, 224; represents kshatra, 227; sacred to Pragâpati, 240; white horse led in front of the bricks of the first layer being carried forwards, 359; is made to step on altar-site from the north, 359; smells the first layer of bricks, 359, 361; IV, 141; white horse

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[paragraph continues] (Pragâpati) finds Agni on lotus-leaf, III, 360; the white horse scorched by Agni, whence its mouth is scorched, and it is apt to become weak-eyed, 360; whoever seeks Agni in the shape of a white horse finds him, 360; horse led round on prepared altar-site towards sunset, 361; created from Pragâpati's eye, 402; V, 328; is the speed of the wind, III, 405; the one-hoofed animal, 410; yoked (tied) below shaft, IV, 237; right horse first by gods, the left by men, 237; carries (draws) men, 401; the sea its birth-place, 401-403; sacrificial horse (Pragâpati, the Purusha), 401; prizewinning horses constantly sprinkled (?), V, 95; sacrificial horse sacred to Pragâpati, 277, 278; horse the most vigorous, powerful, famous, and the swiftest of animals, 278; is a thunderbolt, 279; sacrificial horse generated by sky and earth, 287; synonyms of horse, 287; when let loose returns to its chain, 288; born from of old as a runner, 294; is the kshatra, 303; of Anushtubh nature, 304; sacrificial horse put to chariot, 311; is the great bird, 315; is trimmed up with the reins, 318; is Brahman (m.), 318; knows the way to heaven, 320; lying down near sacrificial horse insures fertility, 322; is sacred to the All-gods, 332; horse stands on three feet; but scampers off on all four, 332; is the highest (noblest) of animals, 332; worth 1000 cows, 353; steps on chanting-place, 384.

horse-dung, seven balls of, used for fumigation, III, 240; V, 455.

horse-hoof, oblation on, V, 339.

hotrâ, the seven, are the regions, III, 368.

Hotri priest, seated towards the west, III, 108; gold plate his fee at Dasapeya, 119; piebald bullock his fee for pañkabila oblation to Visve Devâh, 122; Hotri means abundance, 142; his fee at Sautrâmanî three milch cows, 142; is Agni, 219; black antelope skin his own place, 219; the guardian of undisturbed rites, 219; follows behind the bricks of first layer carried forward, defending it from behind, 358; is winter, V, 45; the six hotels (priests generally), 121; initiated for sattra, as Agni and speech, 136; is the voice of the sacrifice, 245; is the sacrifice, 459, 460, 504.

Hotrîya hearth, of Agnikayana, of twenty-one bricks, and as many enclosing-stones, IV, 243.

householder (grihamedhin) unlearned in scriptures, V, 362.

hunger, death is hunger, IV, 402; Yûpa bent at top, and bent outwards in middle, is a type of hunger, V, 124.

hungry, hungry man is consumed by his vital airs, IV, 347, 348.


Idâ, mother of Purûravas, V, 68; Manu's daughter (is the Agnihotra cow), 81.

idâ, invocation of, III, 41, 113; IV, 248; is food, V, 19; the central air, 20; is faith, 42.

idam, III, 143;--(ida) one-fourteenth part of an etarhi, V, 169.

idâvatsara (third year of cycle), IV, 21.

idvatsara (fourth year of cycle), IV, 2I.

immortal, is the food that is baked, III, 164; immortal body is boneless, IV, 178; immortal bricks are the six Sâmans sung over the completed altar, 180; going to the heavenly light and becoming immortal and Pragâpati's children, 220; the immortal light is distributed amongst beings by Savitri, 322; the immortal light (and life) to be gained by the hundred and onefold altar or by a life of a hundred years, 323, 324; the body is not immortal, being the share of death, 357; after separating from the body one becomes immortal, be it by knowledge or holy work (the

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fire-altar); coming to life again, one attains immortal life, 357; the Amrita threefold, 365; by performing the animal sacrifice once a year--the year being life--one gains immortal life, V, 119.

immortality, is light (ruk), III, 383; IV, 238; man's highest form, IV, 147, 177; the highest thing in the universe, 148, 181; is the vital airs, 178; the nectar of immortality (Soma), the Agnikit consecrated therewith, 251, 252; the nectar of immortality, Soma, departs from the gods and is recovered by penance, 255, 256; the immortality bestowed on Agni and Sacrificer, 256; beyond the year lies the wish-granting world, the immortal (immortality) which is the light (arkis) that shines yonder, 322; it is to the other world what life is to this, 327.

impure speech, if used, the vital airs pass away, V, 326.

Indra, performed Vâgapeya and won everything, III, 3; is the kshatra, 3, 59; IV, 229; is the Sacrificer, III, 13, 54; by eleven syllables gains the Trishtubh, 40; slays Vritra by cake-offering, 45; is energy and vital power, 46, 82; generative power, 46; with Agni smites the Rakshas, 51; eleven-kapâla cake to, 59; bull his sacrificial animal, 60; Indra gyeshtha, pap of red rice to, 70; by anointing Indra, the gods guide him past his enemies, 74; by drinking Soma, Indra becomes a tiger, 81, 92; pârtha-oblation to, 82; calls on Maruts staying on Asvattha tree, 84; Indra Vriddhasravas, 89; kills Namuki, 92; mystically called Arguna, 99; rathavimokanîya oblation to, 102; Indra Visaugas, 109; assists Varuna, 113; samsrip-oblation (eleven-kapâla cake), 116; pañkabila oblation on south part of vedi, 120, 121; fee a bull, 122; slays Visvarûpa, Tvashtri's son, 130; Indra Sutrâman, 135; eleven-kapâla cake at Sautrâmanî, 136, 137; is the central vital air, 143; etymology (indh) 'the kindler,' 143; is breath, 154; bull slaughtered to him, 162; repels Vritra, 179; afraid of Vritra not being killed, enters the waters, 365; takes away Pragâpati's vigour (ogas) to the north, 374; becomes Pragâpati's left arm, 374; sour curds (dadhi) belong to him, 374; ruler of the kshatra, IV, 74; is Âditya, 92; Indra's heaven is the undiminished virâg, 94; ousted from this world by wrong sacrificial procedure, 94; protector of the south, 101; connected with Rudras, pañkadasa-stoma, praüga-sastra, brihat-sâman, 101; the gods draw together round Indra, 127; magnified by all beings, 140; the greatest of charioteers, 140; to him belongs the 'purîsha' of the altar, 140; equal to all the gods, 140; Indra the highest, mightiest, and strongest of gods, assisted by Brihaspati, fights the Asuras, 192; is Apratiratha (irresistible car-fighter), 192; of trishtubh nature, 262; the deity of the sacrifice, 262; Indra Vimridh, verses to, 276; Agni and Indra created as brahman and kshatra, 342; they join each other as gold man and gold plate, 342; they are the light and immortal life, 343; they are the fire-altar (Agni the bricks, Indra the purîsha), 343; for killing Vritra, &c., is deprived of the Soma-drink, and Kshatriyas with him, 345, n.;--Indra Vimridh, (additional) cake at Full-moon, V, 5, 6; Indra slays Vritra by Full-moon offering, 6; Indra Pradâtri, clotted curds for, at New-moon, 8; Indra Vritrahan, expiatory eleven-kapâla cake at New-moon, 11; statements regarding his battles mere illusion, 14; Indra created out of Pragâpati with a life of a thousand years, 15; Indra

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becomes speech, 16; takes Srî's power and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (eleven-kapâla cake), 62-65; brahmakârin his disciple, 86; Indra is the thunder(-cloud), the thunder being the thunderbolt, 116; covets Vasishtha's (knowledge of the) Virâg, 222; slays Visvarûpa, and drinks Tvashtri's Soma, 223 seq., 248; has his Soma-drink and vital energy taken from him by Namuki, and is restored by the Asvins, 226; bull immolated to him at Sautrâmanî, 217; cows sacred to him, 228; Indra's cake of eleven kapâlas to win his energy, 222, 223; slays Namuki with foam of water, 223; drinks separately the Soma from the mixture of Soma and blood in Namuki's head, 223; Indra Sutrâman, 224; connected with the sky (and the third pressing), 241, 247; with summer, 247; with winter and dewy season, 247; heated by Asvins and Sarasvatî by means of the Sautrâmanî, 249; Asvins, Sarasvatî, and Indra are everything here, 253; and have a share in the gharma, 475; the seventh of the ten deities ('all the gods’) 'receiving oblations of drops, 281; a cow wont to cast her calf his victim at Asvamedha, 300; Dharma Indra, king of the gods, 370; draws his glory by taking in Vishnu (Makta) whence he is Makhavat (Maghavat), 443; decapitates Dadhyañk Atharvana, 444; offering made at Pravargya to Indra, with the Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas, 479, 480; is the wind, 479.

Indra-Agni, lay down third layer of fire-altar, IV, 41; the best (chiefest) of gods, 42; fire-altar belongs to them, 278; the most powerful of gods, V, 278; are all the gods, 392.

Indra-Brihaspati, animal sacrifice to, V, 402.

Indradyumna Bhâllaveya (Vaiyâghrapadya), a teacher, IV, 393, 396.

Indrânî, Indra's beloved wife, V, 474.

Indra-Pûshan, karu to, III, 55.

Indra-Soma, karu to, III, 56.

Indrastut Ukthya, V, 429.

Indraturîya offering--cake to Agni, karu to Varuna and (gavedhukâ) to Rudra, and sour curds to Indra--III, 50, 51.

Indra-Vishnu, karu to, III, 54; (traidhâtavî) twelve-kapâla cake at Sautrâmanî, 138; connected with kshatra and pañkadasa-stoma, IV, 68; animal sacrifice to, V, 402.

indriya, III, 226, 143.

Indrota Saunaka, V, 393; Indrota Daivâpa Saunaka, 396.

intercourse, sexual, is an Agnihotra offering, V, 114.

intestine. See entrail.

irina, III, 43.

iron, is the vis, V, 304; iron bowl, oblation in, 339.

Îsâna, a form and name of Agni, is the sun, III, 160.

Isha, first autumn-month, IV, 49.

ishtakâ (brick) yagushmatî and lokamprinâ (nobility and peasantry), III, 153; formulas of settling (sâdana), 153, 254; five kinds, 155, 166; head of, 155; are Agni's limbs, 156; made of clay and water, 164, 210; etymology, 164; amriteshtakâ and anriteshtakâ, 271; sharp-edged thunderbolts, 357; are all creatures, 359; special ishtakâ marked with lines, parallel to spine, IV, 18; are the bones, 20, 135; number of, 50; are the creatures that went out of Pragâpati, 54; size and markings, 137; become milch cows, 172; are Pragâpati's joints, the days and nights, 281; made up of Pragâpati's body, 290; three thousand additional marked bricks constituting the highest form of the bird's form and plumage, 303; the one brick, Akshara, Agni, the Brahman, 343; are Pragâpati's lights, 349 seq.; bricks are threefold in respect of gender (sex), 364 seq.; the fire-altar consists of three bricks, Rik,

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[paragraph continues] Yagus, and Sâman, having for their foundations the gold plate, the gold man, and the lotus-leaf, 374; on tomb, V, 434, 435.

ishtâpûrta, V, 287 n.

ishti, (i.e. kâmyeshti) performed in a low voice, IV, 248.

island, neither earth nor water, V, 497.

itihâsa, legend regarding battles between gods and Asuras not true, V, 14; to be studied, 98; is the Veda of water-dwellers, 369.

itihâsa-purâna, to he studied, V, 98.


joy (ânanda), is the soul (of knowledge and life), IV, 339, 340.

jujube (fruit of Zizyphus Jujuba), three varieties of, used in the Sautrâmanî, V, 214, 215, 219.


Ka, Pragâpati, III, 173, 175, 221; V, 86; IV, introd. xiv; the four rites relating to Ka, IV, 334 seq.

Kâdraveya. See Arbuda.

Kaikeya. See Asvapati.

Kakra. See Revottaras.

Kakubh metre, in the form of it bulls were produced, IV, 38; is the prâna, 88.

kâleya-sâman, III, introd. xvi.

kali, die, III, 107; dominant over the other dice, 108.

Kalpa (prospering) oblations, with which the Vasor dhârâ concludes, IV, 220.

kâma, III, 163.

kamasa cups, III, 114.

Kâmpîla, V, 321, 322.

kâmyeshti, performed in a low voice, IV, 248 n.

kandramas. See moon.

Kaṅkatîyas, instructed by Sândilya in the sacrificial art of the fire-altar, IV, 254.

Kanva, saw the cow of plenty and milked her, IV, 203; his hermitage Nâdapit, V, 399.

kapâla, potsherd, of broken ukhâ, III, 263.

kapotî (kapotin), a particular form of a tree, 123.

kapya, a dish, V, 220.

Karakâdhvaryu, IV, 25, 129.

Karakâh, III, 171, 175.

Kârotî,--there Tura Kâvasheya built a fire-altar, IV, 279.

kârshmarya (gmelina arborea), a Rakshas-killing tree, III, 373.

karûkara (? vertebra), V, 165.

sya (of the Kâsis), V, 401.

Kasyapa, all creatures descended from him, III, 390; officiates at Sarvamedha of Visvakarman, V, 421;--the Kasyapas, a family of priests, IV, 345 n.

katurdasa-stoma, gained by Vasus, III, 40.

kâturmâsya, seasonal offerings, instituted by the gods, III, 47; he who offers them eats food, every four months, in the other world, IV, 299;--esoteric remarks upon them, V, 74 seq.; by them Pragâpati fashioned for himself a body, 74; amount to the year and the Mahâvrata, 78; are the year, 309; kâturmâsya victims at Asvamedha, 309, 383; seasonal animal sacrifices, 402.

katurvimsa, first day (after opening day) of Sattra and formerly one of the three 'great rites' of the year, V, (139), 144, 156, 167.

katurvimsa-stoma, is the womb, the year, IV, 64; through it, connected with Vasus and Rudras, the four-footed are freed from death, 68.

katushtoma, is the stay, support, Vâyu, IV, 66; connected with Savitri and Brihaspati, frees the quarters from death, 69; V, 78, 329; is the Krita among dice, 330; the highest of stomas, 332; Gotama's Stoma, 375.

katuskatvârimsa-stoma, connected with Yavas and Ayavas, frees creatures from death, IV, 69; is trishtubh (4 and 22) and thunderbolt, 85.

katustrimsa-stoma, is the range of the ruddy one (sun), the year, IV, 65.

kâtvâla (pit), is the same (in cubit extent) as Agni (fire-altar), III, 309; arka-leaf thrown in, 166; is fire, 166; is the place for cleansing, V, 489 n.; between

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it and the Âgnîdhra is the gate of sacrifice, 497.

Kauravya. See Balhika.

Kausalya, V, 397.

Kausâmbeya, (? a native of Kausâmbî). See Proti.

Kaushya. See Susravas Kaushya.

Kausurubindi. See Proti.

Kâvasheya. See Tura Kâvasheya.

keepers, of sacrificial horse, V, 355.

Kelaka Sândilyâyana, a teacher, his views regarding Agni, IV, 364,

Kesavapanîya, III, introd. xxvi, 126 seq.; stomas of the three savanas (ekavimsa, saptadasa, pañkadasa), 127; may conclude the Râgasûya, 129; Shodasin forms part of Kesavapanîya Atirâtra, IV, 405.

Kesin, a noble race, as performers of a Sattra, V, 131; exist to this (the author's) day, 134.

khadira (acacia catechu), throne-seat thereof at Abhishekanîya, III, 105; is the bone, V, 373-375.

khandasyâ bricks, are the metres and cattle, III, 414; IV, 2;--of second layer, IV, 36;--of third layer, 51 seq.;--of fifth layer, 87 seq., 92, 99, 109 seq.; are Pragâpati, 114.

Khandika Audbhâri, a Kshatriya, skilled in sacrificial matters, V, 131.

khandoma days, V, 156 n.

khara (mounds), III, 10; V, 452 n., 485, 489.

khila (unploughed ground) between two cultivated fields, IV, 54.

kîkasâh, breast-bone, V, 164 n.

kim-purusha, III, 409.

kine, are man's form (wealth), V, 261.

king, he and srotriya upholders of the law, III, 106; if weaker than priest he is stronger than his enemies, 110; king, when consecrated,. is entreated by people (for blessings), IV, 220; only he becomes king whom other kings allow to assume royal dignity, 224, 229, 233, 247; are realm-sustainers, 229; maintains his rule by offspring, 230; kings both combine and keep asunder, V, 41; can oppress the Brâhmana, but fares the worse for it, 286; when clad in mail performs heroic deeds, 300; cannot rear cattle, 326.

King-makers, the non-royal, heralds and headmen, V, 304.

king's brother, III, 110.

king's son. See râgaputra.

kiti, layer of altar, five, III, 150, 191; IV, 147, 204; seven, 249, 253, 358; IV, 205; five, six, or seven, IV, 96; or three, 97;--by whom seen,' and what their ancestry, III, 186 seq., 190; are the seasons, IV, 96;--are sacrificial food, whence the first is sprinkled with ghee, III, 356; the first is led forward on red ox-hide, 256, 257;--building of first layer, 362 seq.; is the earth and the spring season, and the feet, 386; IV, 1 seq.; plan, 17;--second layer, 22 seq.; seen by the gods and laid down by Asvins, 23; plan, 24; is nest-like, 25; is the space between earth and air; and the summer-season, 29; the part between feet and waist, 30;--third layer, 41 seq.; seen by the gods, laid down by Indra and Agni, and settled by Visvakarman, 41; plan, 48; is the air, and rainy season and autumn, 49; is the belly, 138; the waist, 149;--fourth layer, 53 seq.; is the Brahman, 59; upholds heaven and earth, 59; is the space between air and heaven, and the winter-season, 70; the part between waist and head, 71; between waist and neck, 149; plan, 71; is the larger of the Brahman, Pragâpati, the Rishis, Vâyu, the Stomas and vital airs, 81, 82;--fifth layer, 82 seq.; is the shining (virâg) heaven, 82; the fifth (including sixth and seventh) is the head and dewy season, 127; plan, 98; the fifth is the neck, the sixth the head, the seventh the vital airs, 149;--symbolical meanings

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of layers, 147, 148; ditto as regards the bodily parts, 148, 149; the layers of brick are the immortal, and those of earth the mortal, parts of Pragâpati's body, 290; the mortal ones enclosed in the immortal, and made immortal, 290, 291; the seven layers, 291; how the six layers of brick, and six of earth, correspond to the vital airs and the mortal parts of the body respectively, 292 seq.; each layer of bricks and earth takes (or represents) one month, 318.

kitra, name of Agni, III, 161; IV, 269 n.

kitra-sâman, III, 369 (corr. IV, 146).

kitya, III, 151 seq.

klipti, (six) formulas and oblations, III, 30.

knee, consists of two plates (bones), V, 500;--knee-high, IV, 158; V, 249; lifting of sacrificer on throne-seat, 254.

knife, for slaughtering the horse is made of gold, that of paryaṅgyas of copper, and that of the others of iron, V, 303.

knife-paths, V, 326.

knowledge, superior to brick-built altars, IV, 380; by knowledge one ascends to where all desires have vanished, and all sacrificial gifts and mere rites do not attain, 389.

Koka, son of king Sona, V, 400.

Kosha, a priestly, race, IV, 392; cf. Susravas Kaushya.

Kraivya, the Pâñkâla king, performed the Asvamedha, at Parivakrâ, 397.

krânta, one of Vishnu's steps, III, 96.

Kratusthalâ, the Apsaras, is an intermediate quarter (? N.E.), or (Agni's) battle, IV, 105.

krimuka tree, how produced, III, 254; wood red and sweet, 254; has no ashes, 255.

krita, dice, III, 107; V, 330.

Krivi, old name for Pañkâla, V, 397.

krivi (vv. ll. kavi, krayi), III, 98.

Kshatra, nobility, connected with South region, trishtubh, brihat-sâman, pañkadasa-stoma, summer, III, 91; (political power) concentrated in one, 248; connected with Indra-Vishnu, and freed from death through pañkadasa-stoma, IV, 68; Indra its lord, 74; is the eater among the people, 125, 132, 242; attaches to a single individual, 132, 241; stands, as it were, 210; is built up by (social) layers, 242; Indra created as Kshatra, 342; established on the Vis, V, 41; produced from out of the Vis, 225; produced from out of the Brahman, 227; not to be detached from the Vis, 228; Sacrificer consecrated by the Kshatra (a Kshatriya), 253, 254; takes no delight in the priestly office, 286; spiritual lustre takes no delight in the Kshatra, 286.

kshatra-dhriti, III, introd. xxvi, 129.

Kshatriya (cf. râganya), and Vis, III, 100; followed by the other three castes, 226; Brâhmana and Kshatriya, never walk behind Vaisya and Sûdra, 227; Kshatriya and Purohita alone complete, 259; are everything, 260;--Kshatriya destroys enemies and raises his relations, 260; grants settlement with approval of clan, 299; deprived of the Soma-drink, IV, 345 n.; his world is the earth, V, 133; remain Kshatriya in heaven, 250; Kshatriya consecrates Kshatriya, 254; whilst sacrificing becomes a Brâhmana, 348.

kshattri, chamberlain, one of the ratninah, III, 61; is a prasavitri, 61; addresses the Pâlâgalî, V, 387.

kshetrapati,--prayugâm havis (pap) to, III, 125.

kshipra, one-fifteenth part of a muhûrta, V, 169.

kshipra-syena (? the quick eagle), produced from the amritavâkâ, IV, 370.

kshumâ (v. l. kshupâ), name of an arrow, III, 88,

Kubera Vaisravana, king of the Rakshas, V, 367.

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Kuhû, pap offered to her, (the extreme end of) one of the four regions, IV, 264.

Kumâra (the boy, Agni), born from Ushas, III, 159, 160.

kumbhî, pot, III, 270; perforated with a hundred holes, V, 220, 234 n.

kumbyâ (? an explanatory passage), V, 101.

kuntâpa, V, 164 n., 374.

kûrka, a (gold) stool for Sacrificer, V, 360.

kûrma, etymology, III, 390; the same as kasyapa, 390.

Kurukshetra,--Purûravas wanders about in Kurukshetra, V, 70; is the gods’ place of divine worship, 441.

Kuru-pañkâla, III, 124; V, 51.

kurupisaṅgilâ, V, 389, 390.

kusa-grass, garment made thereof, worn for purification, III, 31; is pure, 32, 356.

Kusri Vâgasravasa (Gautama), a teacher, IV, 345 n., 390.

kya, (belonging to Ka), IV, 334 seq.; is the food of Agni, 342 seq., 347 Seq.


ladder (nisrayanî), leant against sacrificial post and mounted by Sacrificer and wife, III, 32.

lakshman, mark,--is lucky on right side of (body of) man, or left side of woman, IV, 81; mark in mouth lucky, 81; lucky on any side, 95.

layer, of altar. See kiti.

lead, piece of, put on tiger's skin and kicked off, III, 91; compared with gold, 92; originates from Indra's navel, V, 215; with lead malted rice bought at Sautrâmanî, 219.

league, a thousand, the farthest distance, IV, 163.

leg,--arms and legs consist of twenty-five parts each, IV, 325; parts of leg, V, 75.

life,--of gods longer than men's, III, 344; life (âyus) and vital air the highest (endowments), IV, 144; life (âyus, vitality) the same as vital air, 143; is food, 196; life of a hundred years is immortality, 299; gains the immortal light, heaven, 323; therefore one must not shorten one's life, 323; consequences of shorter lives, 323, 324; it requires many sacrifices to gain one day or one night (of life), 324; life is to this world what immortality is to the other, 327; those who do not become immortal come to life again, and become the food of Death time after time, 357, 358; retribution in future life, V, 109 seq.

lifting-sticks (saphau or parîsâsau), V, 458; are heaven and earth, 476; therewith Pravargya pot is lifted, 477.

light (ruk), is immortality, III, 383; IV, 238.

lightning, is the teat whence the 'shower of wealth' flows, IV, 221; one of the six doors to the Brahman, V, 66, 67; a terrible form of rain, 261.

lightsome (ruṅmatî) oblations, (to Agni and Varuna), IV, 237-239.

limbs, dependent on vital airs, III, 151; IV, 19;--thirty of the body, IV, 167, 222; are tripartite and furnished with two joints, V, 77.

lines, three drawn round for protection, III, 212; on bricks, IV, 137.

lion, produced from Soma flowing from Indra's nose, III, 131; is vigour, produced in the form of the atikkhandas metre, IV, 38.

liquid,--the means of drinking off one of two liquids mixed together, V, 223.

liquor, spirituous. See parisrut, surâ.

logeshtakâ (clod-bricks), III, 345.

loka, space and world, III, 180.

lokamprinâ, brick, is the peasantry, III, 153;--of Gârhapatya, 308;--their number on fire-altar, IV, 41; two laid down in corners and thence filling up of layer, 22, 41, 58, 82;--is the sun, 96, 131, 134, 135; the nobility, 132, 242; is the body, 134; the vital air, 13; when made milch-cows by the gods, stand with averted faces, having received

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no names, 174; therefore called 'virâg,' 174; 10,800 in fire-altar (10,701 in Âhavanîya, 21 Gârhapatya, 78 dhishnyas), 357, 360; it is the gold man in the sun, and the one brick (? akshara) in which the lire-altar results; also the man in the eye, whence two lokamprinâs are laid down, 369; Agni the one lokamprinâ, 381.

long-haired man (eunuch), III, 9, 90.

lost thing, recovered by offering to Heaven and Earth, Vâyu, and Sûrya, V, 347.

lotus-flower, and plant,--golden flower as fee, III, 115 seq.; its leaves a symbol of sky and stars, its seed-stalks of the air, and its suckers of the earth, 117; lotus plant means the waters, 364.

lotus-leaf, placed on antelope skin, III, 215; is speech, 215; the sky, 216; time womb, 222; placed on Âhavanîya site, 343; Agni found on lotus-leaf by white horse (Pragâpati), 360; lotus-leaf as womb, laid down in centre of altar-site under first layer, 363; means water and earth-spread out thereon, 364; (pushkara), the essence of waters, made a stronghold by the gods for Indra, 365; represents the waters, Agni's maternal womb, IV, introd. xx; marks the commencement (womb) of altar, 44, 118, 119; is the immortal light, 365; is the light of the sun, and both are the black of the eye, 367, 368; is the foundation of the sâman as one of the only three bricks of which the altar consists, 374.

lute,--played to one is a form (sign) of wealth (? distinction), V, 285; a Brâhmana and a Râganya play the lute and sing praises of Sacrificer at Asvamedha, 285 seq., 356 seq.

lute-players, masters of, V, 362 seq., 372.


Mâdhava, second spring-month, III, 386.

Madhu, the sweet doctrine (brâhmana), V, 444 n., 471.

Madhu, first spring-month, III, 386.

madhu-graha, III, 11; held by Vaisya or Râganya, 29; presented to the Brahman priest, 29.

Madhuka Paiṅgya, remark on animal sacrifice, 122.

Mâdhyandina-pavamâna (at Vâgapeya), III, 8.

Mâgha, month suitable for erecting of sepulchral mound, V, 423.

maghavat = makhavat, V, 443.

Mahâdeva, V, 81.

Mahad uktham, IV, introd. xxv; in bird's shape, xxv; 110 seq.; (? a different recension, 111 n., 168 n.); the Satarudriya accounted to be equal to it, 168, 273; an ocean of riks, 278; not to be recited for another, 279, 367; fire-altar, Mahad uktham, and Mahâvrata are the Sacrificer's divine, immortal body, 279;--281 seq.; originated from the vital fluid (rasa) of Pragâpati's dismembered body, 282; the Hotri thereby puts Pragâpati's vital fluid into the Soma-cup, 283; it is equivalent to all the riks, 283; is a bird-like body, 286; is the sky, speech, the body, 286; thereby the Hotri puts flavour into the Mahâvratîya cup, 346; is the orb of the sun, 366; triad, Agni, Arka, Mahad uktham, V, 172;--cf. uktha.

mahânâmnî verses, III, introd. xx, xxi.

Mahân Devah, a form and name of Agni, is Pragâpati, III, 160.

mahas (wealth, or joy), as a formula pronounced after the Agnihotra, V, 126.

Mahâsâla Gâbâla, instructed by Dhîra Sâtaparneya on the nature of Agni, IV, 331, 393; (? the sane as Prâkînasâla Aupamanya), 393 n., 395.

Mahâvîra pot (Vishnu and the Sun), etymology, V, 443; making of, 447 seq.; its form, 454; anointed with ghee, 462; is revered (as the sun), 469.

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Mahâvrata, IV, introd. xxv seq.; 110, 168; the last day (before concluding day) of Gavâm ayanam, and formerly one of the three great rites of the Sattra, V, (139), 144, 167.

Mahâvrata-sâman, in bird's shape, IV, introd. xxvi, 110; an ocean of sâmans, 278; not to be chanted for another, 279, 367; fire-altar, Mahâvrata and Mahad uktham are the Sacrificer's divine, immortal body, 279; thereby the Udgâtri puts Pragâpati's vital fluid into the Soma-cup, 282; is equivalent to all (other) sâmans, 283; composition of (Gâyatra, Rathantara, Brihat, Bhadra, and Râgana-sâmans), 282, 283; is a bird-like body, 286; is the air, breath, 286; the vrata of the great one (Agni), 342; thereby the Udgâtri puts flavour into the Mahâvratîya cup, 346; is the light of the sun, 366.

mahâvratîya-graha, IV, introd. xxvi, 282; by offering it, the Adhvaryu puts the vital fluid into Pragâpati, 284; is Pragâpati's food, 346; is offered with 'vaushat,' 202, 346.

mâhendra-graha, belongs to Indra, III, 13, 17;--drawing of, 41, 81, 113.

mahiman, two Soma-cups (drawn for Pragâpati) at Asvamedha, day and night, IV, 401; V, 327; mahiman, is royal power, 327; the first drawn in gold vessel, 391; the second in silver vessel, 394.

mahishî, first wife, III, 238; lies down near the sacrificial horse, V, 386; addressed by Brahman, 386.

Mâhitthi, III, 175; IV, 105-8, 271.

maiden,--beautiful maiden is apt to be loved (by men), V, 295; given as dakshinâ, 402.

Maitrâvaruna, his hearth, III, 80, 81; sterile cow his fee at Dasapeya, 119; is under Hotri, V, 137; is the mind of the sacrifice, 245.

maitrâvaruna-graha, III, 6.

Makha, is the sacrifice, III, 233; Vishnu, V, 443; his head restored, 450 seq.;--Makha Saumya, 454.

male, is pre-eminently endowed with power, IV, 230; m. organ, (of three parts), V, 19; has one joint, 19.

malt, of rice and barley, V, 219, 223 n., 240.

man,--is skinless, III, 32; men belong to Vishnu, 54; lives up to a hundred years, 93, 135, 405; V, 261, 275; has a hundred powers or energies, III, 93, 135; V, 275; is born into a (future) world made by him, III, 181; the sham-man his sacrificial substitute, 197; is a fathom high, 309; is Pragâpati, 309; man's life shorter than the gods’, 344; tends upwards by his vital airs, 368; is not held down by food and breath, 379; man's human form is clay, 382; men have their birthplace in the west (the Gârhapatya), 389; man created from Pragâpati's mind (manas), 402; is the first and strongest of animals, 402; is produced in the shape of the paṅki, IV, 38; (male) is lucky if marked on right side, 31; single man has many wives, 230; man with upstretched arms the measure for the fire-altar, 305; that is his highest measure, 305; fivefold (by food, drink, excellence, light, and immortality), 326, 327; when man dies he, by his five vital airs, passes into fire, sun, moon, the quarters, and the wind, and becomes one of them, 333; must not eat food in the presence of his wife, 369; man at the end of sexual union becomes apathetic and sleeps, 370; is king Soma, V, 6; of sixteen parts, 20; man is born thrice (through birth, sacrifice, and death), 23, 24; daily offering to men (by entertaining guests), 95; black, yellow-eyed man (Wrath) between two women (Belief and Unbelief) in North-East quarter, 110-112; man's thought taken by sun (whence saying, 'the divine

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thought protect thee, not man's thought!'), 130; man as the year (year's sattra), 144, 145, 168 seq. man does not know clearly the way to heaven, 305; men the subjects of Manu Vaivasvata, the Rik their Veda, 362.

man in the eye. See eye.

man in the sun. See sun.

manas. See mind.

manthin (graha), III, 6; puroruk formula of, 111; produced from aida-sâman, and from it the ekavimsa-stoma, IV, 10.

Manu, is Pragâpati, III, 250; carried by the earth (his wife, a mare), V, 466.

Manu Vaivasvata, king of men, V, 361.

Mânutantavya. See Saumapa.

Manyu, the one god who did not abandon Pragâpati, IV, 157; becomes Rudra, 157.

mare, brings forth within a year, V, 12; mare with foal the dakshinâ at Sautrâmanî, 218, 222; mares enclosed to make the sacrificial horse whinny, 306,

Mârgâlîya hearth, at Agnikayana constructed of six bricks (the seasons, the Fathers), IV, 243; used for cleansing, V, 490.

mark, on body. See lakshman.

marrow,--the formula used in laying down the brick is the marrow, IV, 20; is the light of man's body, 327; is the Yagushmatî bricks, hence 360 parts of marrow in the body, 387; V, 169.

marud-netrâh (devâh), seated in the north, III, 49.

Maruts,--(uggeshâh) offering of sterile cow to, III, 13; are the peasantry (vis), 13, 34, 61; staying on Asvattha tree, 34, 84; by seven syllables gain the domestic animals, 40; seven-kapâla cake to, 61; rathavimokanîya oblation, 101; dappled cow their victim at oblation of teams, 125; Âdityas and Maruts connected with embryos, and pañkavimsa-stoma, IV, 68; lords of the north, 102; connected with Soma, ekavimsa-stoma, nishkevalya-sastra, vairâga -sâman, 102; Vasus, Rudras, Âdityas, Maruts, Visve Devâh, build on different sides of altar (E. S. W. N. Zen.), 118; rule over rain, 170; seven cakes of seven kapâlas to them, 208 seq.; these are the vital airs (of Vaisvânara, the head), 209; they are the vis, 210; their cakes offered to sitting, 210; with the hand, with Svâhâ (without a proper anuvâkyâ and yâgyâ), 211; are the rays of the sun, 212; the stormy (region), the troup of the Maruts, is the air, 236; are the guardians of one of the four regions, V, 359; Maruts, as guards-men of king Marutta, 397; animal sacrifice to, 402; Maruts, as the people, surround the (samrâg) Pravargya, 466.

Marutta Âvikshita, the Âyogava king, performed the Asvamedha, V, 397.

marutvatîya-sastra, connected with Varuna, the Âdityas, the west, &c., IV, 101, 102; on second day of Asvamedha, V, 379, 380.

mate, makes man complete, IV, 132; is one half of one's self, 132.

Matsya Sâmmada, king of water-dwellers, V, 369; cf. Dhvasan.

Maudgalya. See Nâka Maudgalya.

Maya--as such, Asuras serve the divine Purusha, IV, 373.

Menakâ, the Apsaras, is the southern quarter, or heaven, IV, 106.

metres,--connected with the Brahman, &c., III, 91; Gâyatrî, Trishtubh, Gagatî, Anushtubh, 201--202; immortal metres, 203; identified with the white and black hair of the black antelope skin, the rik and sâman, 266; mounting of those four metres (representing the worlds), 276, 277; are vital sap, 352; the oceanic (samudriya) metre, 352; the seven, 353; IV, 277, 314; looseness in calculating, III, 353; are life-sustaining gods, IV, 32; the cattle become metres, 36; different kinds of metres, 36 seq.; are cattle, 45; and food, 87; the eight defined and the undefined ones, 53, 88 seq.; etymology, 87; the khandasyâ

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bricks representing the ten principal metres, 109, 110; seven, increasing by four (syllables), 212; these are the seven vital airs, 327-9; the different metres and deities identified with parts of body, 330, 331; do not fail by excess or deficiency of one or two syllables, V, 157.

milch-cow,--the bricks of altar are made such, IV, 172; in the other world one will get many such by the Brahman, the Yagus, 173; with calf given as dakshinâ for Aditi's pap at Sautrâmanî, V 268.

milk,--used with consecration-water, III, 78; is breath (life), 245; laid in female, 245, 311; milk from black cow which has a white calf, offered to Agni, about to be laid down on fire-altar, IV, 200; milk is breath, 200; is vital sap, 201; milk (cups of) at Sautrâmanî represents Soma, and the Kshatra, V, 225, 228; cups of milk there to Asvins, Sarasvatî and Indra, 240, 241.

milking-bowl (pinvana), made, V, 454 seq.; milked into, 475.

milling-pail (dohana),--milk offered from it, IV, 200.

millet, originates from Indra's hair, V, 215.

mind (soul, manas),--everything gained by it, III, I00; union of Mind and Speech, 149; is Sarasvat, 398; is the foundation of the body, 270; the first of vital airs, 402; in it all the vital airs are established, 402; originates from Vâyu, in right side of body, IV, 6; from it the summer is produced, 6; is one only, 7; is the moon, 11; from it speech is produced, 11; sustained by the circulating vital air (vyâna), 15; is the fifth to the four vital airs, 73; mind (-metre) is Pragâpati, 88; one of the five divisions of vital air in the head, 190; Manas as Gandharva, with Riks and Sâmans as Apsaras, his mates, 233; Mind alone existed in the beginning, 375; thence the other four vital airs (speech, breath, the eye, the ear), and after them work and fire, were evolved each one from the preceding one by worshipping with its thirty-six thousand Arka-fires, 375 seq.; Mind preceded and created by Death, hunger, 402; the libations to Mind and Speech (Sarasvat and Sarasvatî) are such to Full and New moon, V, 28, 31, 32, 35; Sacrificer is mind, manifested in speech, 262; what is thought in mind is spoken by speech, and heard by ear, 263; is the overlord of vital airs, 504; all is gained thereby, 507.

mithuna, not to take place during dîkshâ, III, 185; or prior to maitrâvaruna curds, 186.

Mitra,--by one syllable gains trivrit-stoma, III, 40 is the Brahman, 67; to him belongs wood broken off by itself, and naturally produced butter, 67; the larger rice-grains, 68; what is cooked by hot steam, 68; injures no one but is every one's friend, 68; Mitra Satya, pap of nâmba seed to, 71; prayugâm havis (pap), 125; Mitra is the breath, 230; (together with the Vasus) mixes the clay, 231; is the wind, 245; the out-breathing (prâna), IV, 68; takes Srî's noble rank (kshatra) and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (pap), V, 62-5; the ninth of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblation of drops, 281.

Mitra-Brihaspati, a pap to, III, 66; are the path of the sacrifice, 67.

Mitra-Varuna,--are anointed as kings by the gods, III, 73; to them the Râganya belongs by his arms, 88, 93; are dhritavratau (upholders of the sacred law), 89; mount the chariot and thence behold Aditi and Diti, 93; are the directors (prasâstârau), 99; dish of clotted curds (payasyâ) to them, 105, 186; (pañkabila) dish of clotted curds (payasyâ) on north part of vedi, 120, 121; Adhvaryu's fee

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for it sterile cow, 122;--are the out-breathing (prâna) and up-breathing (udâna), 122; V, 181; connected with rain and wind, and the ekavimsa-stoma, IV, 68; payasyâ to, is a divine mate for Sacrificer (since prior to it he must not touch woman), 270; this payasyâ is seed, put into Pragâpati, 270; are this and the other worlds, V, 268; the prâna and apâna, 269; offering of barren cows, 402; seasonal animal sacrifice, 402, 411.

mitrâvaruna-netrâh (devâh), seated in the north, III, 49.

Mitravindâ, form of sacrifice (ten oblations), V, 62 seq.

month,--twelve or thirteen in the year, III, 119; a thirteenth, 182; has sixty days and nights, 184; the year their ruler, IV, 74; the thirteenth is Agni's trunk, 167; the thirteenth is the year itself, V, 247; is an excrescence of the year, 276.

moon,--slain when set at liberty, III, 45; is Vritra and Soma, 45; (Kandramas) how created; 149; is seed, 149; the Visve Devâh placed with moon in the quarters, 150, is Pragâpati, 178; dwells on earth at new-moon, 178; slaughtered by the gods at full-moon, 178; is Vritra, 178; one of Agni's forms, 230; is the hook or point to which the year is linked by the seasons, 269; created-with the regions, 286; sun and moon Pragâpati's eyes, the moon the eye on which he lay, hence much closed up, 313; is Somas highest glory in the heavens, and causes him to be celebrated there, 355; is mind, and becomes (or gives birth to) speech, IV, 11; is the year and all living beings, 54; is the (thunderbolt and) pañkadasa-stoma (because of its waxing and waning fifteen days), 62; is the tail of Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 179; the essence of oblations goes up to the moon, 179; (Kandramas), as Gandharva, with the stars as Apsaras, his mates, 232; when the moon sets it enters the wind, 333; is Âditya's (Agni-Pragâpati's) food, 349; is king Soma, 349; V, 6, 9, 10; is the ascended Pragâpati-Sacrificer, made up of all existing things, IV, 354; is the bolt of the gate of sacrifice, V, 1; the heavenly dog watching the Sacrificer's cattle (to seize them), 10; the hare-marked one, 10; full and new moon variously identified, 30 seq.; moon (Soma) is the Asvamedha, 33, 34; the moon, one of the six doors to the Brahman, 66, 67; his light taken by the sun, 130; represented by piece of silver tied to a darbha plant and taken eastwards, 196; is born again and again, 315; the type of vitality, 315; is the spotless Brahman (masc.), 317, 318; Kandra (the regent of the regions or of the Nakshatras?) is the Self of the gods, 505.

mortals, created from lower (downward) vital airs, III, 150; IV, 289.

mortar and pestle, put in first layer, III, 393--396; mean food, 393 seq.; the mortar is the womb, the pestle the sisna of the Agni-animal, 400; IV, 2.

mother, bears son on her lap, III, 232.

mouth,--peculiar mark in mouth is lucky, IV, 81; (parisrit) reaching up to mouth, 159; lifting of sacrificer on throne-seat up to the mouth, V, 254.

mrityumohinî, the first four stoma-bricks of fourth layer, IV, 59 n.

muhûrta, a fifteenth part of the day (and a thirtieth part of day and night), IV, 351 seq.; 10,800 in the year, 352; V, 169; in each muhûrta a fourscore of syllables completed to make up the trayî vidyâ, Pragâpati's body, IV, 353; consists of fifteen kshipras, V, 169.

Mundibha Audanya, discovers atonement for slaying of Brâhmana, V, 341.

muñga-grass, layer of it put in fire-pan, as the womb, III, 251.


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nabhas, the first rainy month, IV, 48.

nabhasya, the second rainy month, IV, 48

dapit (Kanva's hermitage), V, 399.

nada-verse, IV, 113.

nadîpati, III, 75.

Nagnagit,--Svargit Nagnagit (or Nâgnagita), the Gândhâra (a râganyabandhu), IV, 21.

Nâka Maudgalya, a teacher, V, 201.

nâkasad, bricks of fifth layer, are the gods (seated on the firmament), IV, 97 seq.; are the four priests with the Sacrificer, 103; are the (Sacrificer's) Self, 100; the regions, 104.

nakshatra, III, 19; Agnyâdhâna not to be performed under a special nakshatra, V, 1; single nakshatra, 423; are a place of abode to all the gods, 505; (Kandra, or Varuna? their regent), 505, 506.

nâmba (âmba) seed, growing on unploughed ground, III, 71.

name, giving of, frees from evil, III, 159; Oblations to names (of Agni) forming part of the Vasor dhârâ, IV, 219; he who is consecrated (anointed) comes to have two names, 247; form and name, as two forces of the Brahman, the former being the stronger, V, 27, 28.

nameless finger, III, 221, 294.

Namuki, an Asura, killed by Indra, III, 92; drinks Soma with the Asvins, 135; takes Indra's Soma-drink and vital energy, V, 216; wins Indra's source of strength by means of the Surâ-liquor, 222; is slain by Indra with foam of water, being neither dry nor moist, neither staff nor bow, neither palm nor fist, 223; is evil, 223; in his severed head was Soma-juice mixed with blood, 223; the Asvins bring away the Soma from him, and Sarasvatî distils (presses) it, 232.

Nârâsamsî-Gâthâh, to be studied, V, 98.

Nârâyana,--Purusha Nârâyana, exhorted by Pragâpati to sacrifice, V, 172, 173.

naudhasa-sâman, III, introd. xvi.

navadasa-stoma, is heat and the year, IV, 63.

navel, goes all round, III. 86; navel of the earth (is the place where ukhâ is standing), 258; gold plate worn by Agnikit over navel, 267; sun stands over navel of the earth (or sky), 267; below navel is seed, 267; part of animal above navel is sacrificially pure, 267; immortal part of vital air is above navel, 267; the intestinal (channel of) vital air round about the navel, IV, 17; navel-high (parisrit), 158; the food above the navel is immortal, below mortal, 285; navel-high, lifting of Sacrificer on throne-seat, V, 254.

neck (grîvâh), consists of fourteen joints, V, 163.

needle,--copper, silver and gold ones (or wires) used for making the 'knife-paths,' V, 326, 327.

Neshtri, draws cups of Surâ, III, 10; leads forth patnî, 31; garment his fee at Dasapeya, 119; is under Adhvaryu, V, 137; Neshtri (or Pratiprasthâtri) leads up the king's wives, 321.

netting (sikya), for carrying the Ukhya Agni, III, 268; is the regions, 268; with six strings of reed grass, 269; is the seasons, 269.

New and Full-moon sacrifice. See Darsapûrnamâsa.

new moon,--thence the sacrifice is spread, III, 180; the night of new moon is the gate of the sacrifice, V, 1; then the moon comes down to this world, 2; new moon an additional offering in honour of Indra for having slain Vritra (at full moon), 6, 7; is a single nakshatra, 423.

nidhana,--prastâva and nidhana, IV, 145, 146.

nidhanavat-sâman, produced from paṅkti, and from it the âgrayana-graha, IV, 11.

night, is a uniter, IV, 89; is the goodness (well-being) of the year, as then all beings dwell together, 326; originates from

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the darkness arising from the Asuras when created, V, 14; means peaceful dwelling, 285.

nigrâbhyâh (water used for moistening Soma-plants), V, 106; are the divine waters, 107.

nîlakantha, IV, 162 n.

nineteen, IV, 71.

ninety,-- sixteen nineties (of dhriti oblations) are the horse's chain, V, 288.

nipples, on fire-pan, III, 237.

Nirriti (evil, corruption), oblation of spilled rice to, III, 43; is this earth, 43, 322; pap of black rice split by finger-nails, 65; her bricks and altar, 319 seq.; to her belong husks, 320; is black, 320; south-west her region, 320; her bricks laid down in a cleft of ground or natural hollow, or where no plants grow, 321; Nirriti visits him who does not offer Soma, 321; is sharp-edged, 321; binds with an iron band, 322; of one mind with Varna and Yamî (Agni and the earth), 322; the awful goddess, 322; the sling sacred to her, 323; in the direction of Nirriti's region (S.W.) stone is thrown (thereby expelling all heat and suffering from the world), IV, 171, 361.

nishka, Worn by Sacrificer round his neck, V, 338; given to Adhvaryu, 350.

nishkevalya-stotra and -sastra, belong to Indra, III, 13, 81; connected with Soma, the Maruts, north, &c., 102; on second day of Asvamedha, V, 380.

niyut (team of Vâyu), is the up-breathing (udâna), III, 173, 177.

north, connected with Anushtubh, autumn, &c., III, 91; is Rudra's region, 97; IV, 158; V, 488; northwards Sacrificer and wile ascend the sacrificial post, III, 32; northwards he puts the Ukhya Agni on the chariot, 290; palâsa branch thrown out northwards, 299; thither he relegates decline, sickness, 348; hungry people live in that region, 348; horse and ram most plentiful in the north region, 404; is the anushtubh, IV, 45; the Maruts its lords, 102; Soma its protector, 102; connected with ekavimsa-stoma, nishkevalya-sastra, vairâga-sâman, 102; self-ruling, 46, 102; north side of altar offering-place to Rudra, 158; is the waters and the law, V, 18; is the region of men, 448; the region of (the Sacrificer's) offspring (or subjects, people), 485.

north-east, standing towards, Pragâpati creates creatures, III, 252, 276; is the quarter of gods and men; 252; IV, 227; there is the gate of heaven, III, 252; in that direction one offers libations and leads up the dakshinâs, 252; towards northeast, the Agnikit stands whilst holding the Ukhya Agni up towards the east, 272 (275), and north-east, 280; the Vishnu-strides made in that direction, 276; animals let loose towards north-east, 239; ditto oxen after ploughing the agnikshetra, 331; ditto white horse, 359; the direction of the sun, V, 485.

nose, a partition between the eyes, and the persons therein (Indra and Indrânî), IV, 369.

nostrils, are the path of breath (prâna), V, 263.

number, the highest and lowest, IV, 172.

nyagrodha (ficus indica), therefrom consecration vessel for a friendly Râganya to sprinkle, III, 83; originates from Indra's bones (and sweet drink), V, 213, 216; means sweet drink, 220; takes root when turned downwards, 317; not to stand near a grave, 427.


oblations, are flesh, IV, 206.

ocean, lord of rivers, III, 75; flows round the earth from east southwards, 301; is a moat, 301; flows round, and encompasses these worlds, IV, 169; flows from left to right, 169; the

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cloudy ocean, the sky, 235; three of Yagus, Sâman, and Rik (Agni, Mahâvrata and Mahad uktham), 278; the year's sattra likened to the crossing of an ocean, V, 145 seq.; (the aerial), is the wind, 479.

offspring, is all the light, III, 239.

ogress-ridder, is the wind, V, 479.

ointment, for eyes and feet, V, 439.

old ox, old barley, and old arm-chair, as fee for oblation to Agni Âyushmat after burial, V, 439.

omentum. See vapâ.

one, is speech, IV, 73.

ore, produced from stone, III, (147), 158.

ox, tired out by drawing the cart, III, 257; is Agni, 355; ox will do for (white) horse in leading forward Agni, 360; (pashthavâh) is vigour, produced in the shape of the brihatî metre, IV, 38; horn from of old as a draught animal, V, 294; holding on to the tail of an ox, while returning horse from burial, 438.

ox-hide, red, for the layers of bricks to be put on, III, 355; Râganya shoots arrows at two ox-hides, IV, 283 n.

padapaṅkti (metre), is the earth, IV, 88.

pail. See milking-pail.

Paiṅgya, remark of his on the shadahas, V, 162.; cf. Madhuka.

palâgala, courier, one of the ratninah, III, 64; to him belong skin-covered bow, leathern quiver, and red turban, 64,

pâlâgalî, addressed by chamberlain, V, 387.

palâsa, (butea frondosa), is the Brahman, III, 53, 83, 258; V, 221; consecration vessel therefrom, for Brâhmana to sprinkle, III, 83; resin of palâsa for boiling water, 229; palâsa is Soma, 229, 258; site of Gârhapatya swept with palâsa branch, 298 not the Âhavanîya, 343; sacrificial stake to be made thereof, V, 123, 373-375; palâsa branch for sweeping burial-place, 430; palâsa peg, 436.

pañkabila pap, consisting of five oblations, III, 120.

pañkadasa-stoma, gained by Âdityas, III, 40; connected with Kshatra, &c., 91; at evening service of Kesavapanîya, 127; produced from antaryâma-graha, and from it the brihat-prishtha, IV, 7; is bright, the thunderbolt, and the moon, 62; through it, connected with Indra and Vishnu, the Kshatra is freed from death, 68; is the arm, 79; connected with Indra, the Rudras, the south, &c., 101.

pañkakûdâ, bricks of the fifth layer, IV, 99, 103 seq.; are the hotrâs, 103; etymology, 103; are the (Sacrificer's) mate, 104; offspring, 104; the regions beyond the sun, 104; shafts and missiles protecting the worlds, 104, 105.

Pañkâla, formerly called Krivis, V, 397; cf. Sona.

pañkavâtîya offering, III, 48.

pañkâvattîya, III, 48.

pañkavimsa-stoma, is the embryos, the year, IV, 64; through it, connected with Âdityas and Maruts, embryos are freed from death, 69.

pañkedhmîya, III, 48.

paṅkti metre, connected with sâkvara and raivata-sâmans, &c., III, 91; produced front winter, and from it the nidhanavat-sâman, IV, 11; is the slow metre, in the form of which men were produced, 38; ditto bullocks (anaduh), 39; is the upper region, 45; consists of five feet; is the ear (of Pragâpati), 327-329; of 10,800 paṅkti consists the whole Rik, and of as many the Yagus (7,200) and Sâman (3,600), 352, 353.

Para Atnâra Hairanyanâbha, king of Kosala, performed the Asvamedha, V, 397.

Parameshthin, Parameshthin and Âditya connected with the sky, the third svayam-âtrinnâ, and fifth layer, III, 188, 190; Pragâpati Parameshthin, lord of beings (bhûta), IV, 76; Parameshthin

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takes Pragâpati's head which is sacred to himself, 142; Parameshthin Prâgâpatya created out of Pragâpati with a life of a thousand years, V, 15; the first who performed New and Full-moon offering, 15; performs it for Pragâpati, as a wish-granting sacrifice, 15; is the heavenly waters (? Parganya) in the highest place, 15.

Parganya, rain-cloud and rain-god, is Bhava (Agni), III, 160; gods become like him, 277; licks the ground and strokes the plants, 277; scarcely born, lights up everything, 278; is beyond the reach of our arms, 278; does not rain in the region where kimpurusha, &c., are, 412; is the boon-bestower, the upper region, IV, 107; animal sacrifice to Parganya, V, 402.

paridhi, enclosing-sticks,--on the middle one the yoking or unyoking of the fire-altar is performed, IV, 250, 252; round tomb, V, 430.

Pârikshita. See Ganamegaya.

Pârikshitîya, V, 396.

parimâd (sâmans), preceding the mahâvrata-sâman, IV, 283 n.; are cattle, 288; how performed, 2881 n.

paripasavya, oblations, V, 321.

pâriplava legend, V, 361 seq.

parîsâsa. See lifting-stick.

parisrit (enclosing-stone),--are the womb of the fire, III, 301, 344; the waters (ocean), 301; IV, 187, 244; are the bones, III, 302; twenty-one for Gârhapatya, (301), 308, 344, 359; offering to Rudra on three of them (the three Agnis), IV, 157; anointing takes place close to enclosing-stones, 227; parisrit of dhishnya hearths, are merely laid down, 294; are the clansmen, 244; represent the additional height obtained by man (with upstretched arms) standing on tiptoe, 305; a line dug for them outside (the altar-ground), 306; are of the nature of nights (protective), 326; are the nights of the year, Pragâpati's body, 354, 358; three hundred and sixty for fire-altar, (261 of Âhavanîya; 21 Gârhapatya; 78 Dhishnyas), 357-358; are the waters encircling the earth (the fire-altar) 381.

parisrut (immature liquor), III, 9, 131, 133; originates from Indra's generative organ, V, 215; not to be consumed by Brâhmana, 260.

Parivakrâ, a city in Pañkâla, V, 397.

parivatsara (second year of cycle), IV, 21.

parivriktâ, discarded wife, addressed by Hotri, V, 387.

pariyagña, enclosing sacrifices, III, 4.

parna,--branch, driving away the calves therewith at new moon, V, 8.; --tree originated from fallen feather of Gâyatrî, (or leaf of Soma), 122; tree in the abode (of plants?), 433.

pârtha-oblations, twelve at Râgasûya, III, 81; twelve at Agnikayana, IV, 225; are the year, 228.

pârthurasma-sâman, V, 333.

partridge (tittiri), springs from Visvarûpa's head, III, 130.

paryagnikarana, V, 307.

paryaṅgya, victims, at Asvamedha, V, 299 n.

paryâya, III, introd. xviii.

pasu, etymology, III, 162; cf. victim.

Pasupati, a form and name of Agni, III, 159; is the plants, 159.

pasu-purodâsa, III, 136, 137, 173, 175; IV, 245, 247, 248; their object, 247 n.; directions (praishas), 265; should belong to the deities to whom the victims are devoted, V, 221.

tava. See Revottaras.

path,--two paths, that of the Fathers, and that of the gods, V, 237, 238.

Pâthya, the bull, is the mind, III, 218.

patnî. See Sacrificer's wife.

patnisâlâ, IV, 307.

patnîsamga, their symbolic import, V, 44.

Paulushi. See Satyayagña.

Paumsâyana. See Dushtarîtu.

paurushamedhika, the central (day), V, 419.

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pavamâna-stotra,--(bahish-pavamâna) is heaven, V, 305, 306.

pavamânî-verses, V, 235.

pavitra, a Soma-sacrifice, III, introd. xxvi, 42.

pavitra, strainer, filter,--gold weaved therein, III, 84. (of goat's hair and sheep's wool), V, 235.

payasyâ (dish of clotted curds), to Mitra and Varuna, III, 105, 186, 120; is the essence of cattle, 105.

pearls, 101; gold pearls woven into hair of sacrificial horse, V, 313.

pebble, (gravel) produced from sand, III, (147), 158; used instead of bricks for the sepulchral mound of a non-Agnikit, V, 440.

phâlguna,--full moon of second phâlguna is the first night of the year, III, 179; V, 348.

pilippilâ (?smooth, glossy ),V, 315, 316.

pisaṅgilâ (? tawny), V, 316, 389.

pîtadâru (deodar), V, 373, 374.

Pitarah,--somavantah, barhishadah, agnishvâttâh, libations of Surâ to, III, 136; cf. Fathers.

pitcher, with a hundred or nine holes, III, 135.

plaksha (ficus infectoria), mat of, V, 394.

plants, grow three times a year (spring, rainy season, autumn), III, 340; shoot out a hundredfold and a thousandfold, 340; plants as Apsaras,--the Gandharva Agni's mates, IV, 231; delighted in by every one, 231.

plough (sîra), yoking of, III, 326; etymology, 326; of udumbara wood, 326; its cords of muñga grass, 326.

poison, in Pragâpati's body (from Rudra's shaft), V, 36.

pond, water from, III, 77.

pool, water from, III, 76.

porcupine, V, 390.

post, sacrificial, See yûpa.

Potri, garment his fee at Dasapeya, III, 119; is under the Brahman priest, V, 137.

pradakshinam (prasalavi), V, 323, 468.

Pragâpati, seventeen victims to, III, introd. xxiv, 14; is the sacrifice and food of the gods, 1; lord of speech, 5;--seventeen-fold, 8; IV, 190, 347; V, 352 the thirty-fourth god, III, 9, 79; man is nearest to him,, 5; means productiveness, 151 is the sacrifice and the year, 30, &c.; he who offers Vâgapeya becomes Pragâpati's child, 32; Pragâpati delivers creatures from Varuna's noose, 47; Pragâpati-Agni, the Purusha, 144; Pragâpati becomes relaxed and is restored by Agni, hence called Agni, 151, 152; is Agni's father and son, 153, 154; Agni's father, 360; bhûtânâm patih (the year), husband of Ushas, 158; is Mahan Devah (Agni), 160: covets Agni's forms, 161; is all the metres, 169; a he-goat slaughtered for him, 171; Pragâpati is hornless, 171; twenty-one-fold, 172; one half of him is Vâyu and one half Pragâpati, 175; is the moon, 178; the eighth day after full-moon sacred to Pragâpati, 180; Pragâpati (and Agni) connected with the earth and the first svayamâtrinnâ, 187, 190; is these worlds and the quarters, 193; harnesses the mind, 193; the inspirer of devotion, 194; he is the immortal one, and the gods his sons, 194; digs for Agni, 215; is undefined, 215; both the defined and the undefined, 341; V, 455; the manly-minded, III, 284; is both gods and men, 290; after producing creatures, becomes relaxed, and is restored by the gods, 312; without him there was no firm foundation, 312; is food, 312; the vital air that went from him is Vâyu; his lost vigour is Âditya, 312; his downward vital air is the fire on earth, the air his body, the wind in the air is the vital air in his body, the sky his head, the sun and moon his eyes, 313; Pragâpati is the begetter of the earth, 346; is the whole. Brahman (n.), 353; Pragâpati becomes a white horse and finds Agni on a lotus-leaf, 360; is the Man, 366; the vital air his pleasing form, 367;

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[paragraph continues] Agni and Indra take away his fiery spirit and vigour, 374; they become his arms, 374; his hair becomes the herbs, 380;--IV, introd. xiv seq.; his dismemberment the creation of the universe, xv; is the Sacrificer, ib.; the Arch-sacrificer, xix; the one god above all other gods, xx; the thirty-fourth, xx; V, 151, 211; the food of the gods (Soma), IV, introd. xxi; Father Time or Father Year, xxii seq.; is Death, xxiii; is the Rishi Visvakarman, IV, 28, 37; Pragâpati, the highest lord (parameshthin), becomes a metre, 37; in the form of Gâyatrî overcomes cattle, 37; in the air Pragâpati is Vâyu, 57, 58; is the Brahman (n.), 59, 60; is (aerial) space, and the saptadasa-stoma, 62; becomes pregnant with living beings (bhûta), 67; Pragâpati Parameshthin, the lord of living beings (bhûta), 76; the progenitor (praganayitri), 76; is the mind (-metre), 88; enters heaven last of gods, 113, 117; consists of sixteen parts (kalâ), 189; takes Agni, as his dear son, to his bosom, 206; those going to the heavenly light and becoming immortal become Pragâpati's children, 220; from him couples issue in the form of Gandharvas and Apsaras, and he, becoming a chariot, encloses them, 229, 234; Pragâpati Visvakarman, who has wrought the universe, 233; is Dhâtri, 263; one half of Pragâpati mortal, and the other immortal, 290, 292; becomes clay and water, and enters the earth, afraid. of Death, 290; is recovered in the form of bricks, 290; is built up so as to become immortal, 291; his body in part of Agni's, Indra's, and the All-gods’ nature, 291; he (by chips of gold) finally makes his body of golden form, 295; Pragâpati is the (sacrificial) animals--man, horse, bull, ram, he-goat, 299; Pragâpati goes up to the world where the sun shines, and becomes the one sacrificial animal, 301; is Savitri's well-winged eagle, 30; Father Pragâpati requires his due proportions, 309; Pragâpati's body contains Agni, all objects of desire, 313: poured, as seed, into the ukhâ, 341; is Agni. 345: Pragâpati, the year, and his lights, 349 seq. Pragâpati, the year, has created all existing things, 350; to encompass all beings he divides himself into different bodies, 350 seq.; Pragâpati's body contains (or consists of) the threefold science, 352; Pragâpati and Sacrificer, being composed of all existing things, on ascending, become the moon, and the sun is their foundation, being generated out of their own selves, 354, 355;--Pragâpati, the sacrifice, is the year, V, 1; the Purusha, Pragâpati, born in a year, from a golden egg, 12; his first words, 'bhûh, bhuvah, svar,' 12; born with a life of a thousand years, 13; Pragâpati smites the Asuras with evil and darkness, 13, 14; Pragâpati, by the Full and New-moon sacrifice, becomes the vital air and Vâyu, 15; Pragâpati is everything endowed with breath, 16; gives himself up to the gods and creates the sacrifice as a counterpart of himself, 22; Pragâpati and his daughter, 36 n.;--poison in his body, 36; Srî issuing from him, 62; brahmakârin committed to him, 86; Father Pragâpati resorted to by the gods for advice, 91 seq.; Pragâpati alone in beginning, from him the three worlds, 102; the seventeenfold-Pragâpati, what he consists of (as regards the trayî vidyâ), 170; exhorts Purusha Nârâyana to sacrifice, 172; victim before initiation for Sattra, formerly to Savitri, now to Pragâpati, 174; Pragâpati, the sacrifice, is king Soma, 205 seq.; by producing the sacrifice he lost his greatness which went

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to the great sacrificial priests, 275; the most vigorous of gods, 278; Pragâpati performs Asvamedha, 289; is the chief (mukha) of deities, 292; victim to Pragâpati, 371; is the Brahman (n.), 409; Manu Pragâpati carried by the earth (his wife, a mare), 466.

Pragâpati-hridaya (Pragâpater hridayam), a sâman sung over the completed altar, IV, 180.

prâgvamsa, IV, 307 n.

Prâkînasâla Aupamanya, a teacher, IV, 393 n.; (?) is the same as Mahâsâla Gâbâla, 393 n.; 395 n.

prâkînavamsa, IV, 307 n.

Prâkînayogya. See Satyayagña, Saukeya.

prakrama, step, movement,--forty-nine oblations to forms of the horse, V, 282, 363, 364.

Prâkyas, being, of Asura nature, make their burial-places round, V, 423; and line them with stone, 430.

Pramlokantî, the Apsaras, is the western quarter, or the day, IV, 106, 107.

prâna (vital air), water therein, III, 584; nine, 93, 196, 218, 296; (seven of head and two downward ones), IV, 243; V, 150; ten, III, 174, 297; IV, 51, 165, 243, 246; V, 24; three, III, 218, 385; six, 270: were the Rishis, 143; are good for all beings, 151; is Pragâpati, 192; the sruva, 192; are the thoughts, 193; are Agni, 196; is Mitra, 230; immortal part of vital air is above navel, the mortal part passes by and away from the navel, 267; link the body to food, 270; are the divine inspirers, 305; three downward vital airs, 315; the three compared with the three fires, 317; number of viral airs in body uncertain, 331; food for them placed in mouth, 332, 388; seven vital airs in the head, 340, 402; seven in each victim (or its head), 403; is Pragâpati's pleasing form, 367; belongs to the whole universe, 385; is taken in from the front backwards, 391; is the male, the mate of speech, 391; the head is the birth-place of all the vital airs, 396; the five (of the head)--mind (soul), eye, breath (prâna), ear, voice (speech), 402; depart from Pragâpati, IV, 3; create food with Pragâpati, 3; spring-season produced from breath, 4; the Rishi Vasishtha is breath, 5; are connected and one, 5; five (prâna, apâna, vyâna, udâna, samâna), 15; prâna becomes the apâna, 16;--intestinal vital air (guda prâna), 17; run in body both lengthwise and crosswise, 18; must reach every limb, 19; pass not only backward and forward but everywhere, l9; contracts and expands the body and limbs, 21; are life-sustaining gods, 32; up, down, and through-breathing, 34, 47; ditto and out-breathing, 43; breath necessary for all, 48; separated from each other by the width of a horsehair (vâla), 55; seven in front (upper half of man), 55, 57; seven counter-breathings behind, 55, 58; one in each limb, 55; ten focussed in the head, 57; out-breathing (prâna) is Mitra, the down-breathing (apâna) Vanilla, 68; three (prâna, udâna, vyâna), 73; four prâna, with mind as the fifth, 73; seven in the head, the seven Rishis, 73; nine, 73; ten with the âtman as the eleventh; 74; prâna and apâna, 86; prâna, vyâna, udâna, 90, 237; V, .246; pass backwards and forwards, IV, 90; prâna, apâna, vyâna, 131, 186; V, 89, 90; is kindled by the sun, and hence is warm, IV, 135; without vital air a limb would shrivel up, 136, 140; prâna, vyâna, udâna, 143; they are the same as vital power (âyus), 143 the highest thing in universe, 149; are the immortal element, 178, 327; (prâna, apâna), 167; are the gods of the gods, 185;

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are not eaters of oblations, 185; without them no dwelling-place becomes pure, 186; they are neither in the sky nor on earth, but whatever breathes therein, 186; connects head with body, 188; in the head fivefold (mind, speech, breath, eye, ear), 190; (prâna, breath) is one of the five divisions of vital air (prâna) in the head, 190; eight limbs and eight prânas, 190; vital airs kindle (the body), 205; the vital airs are the immortal part of the body, 292; how they are represented in the layers of the altar (Pragâpati's body), 292 seq.; by the prâna gods eat food, by the apâna men, 295; are the perfect (sâdhya, blessed) gods, 304; vital air is the light of the body, 326; a hundred and one in the body, 326; is not the immortal element, but something uncertain, 327; are the seven metres, 327-330; vital airs consume him who is hungry and feverish, 347, 348; breath evolved from speech, and from it the eye, 377; triad--Agni, Âditya, Prâna--are the eater, the Arka, the Uktha, the Purusha, 398, 399;--Vâyu, on entering man, is divided into the ten vital airs, V, 3; âsya, 'the breath of the mouth,'--therefrom the gods created, 13; from the downward breathing (avâna) the Asuras, 13; downward breathing abhorred by other breathings, but in it everything that enters the others meets, 19; prâna (breath of mouth) is the eater of food, udâna (of the nose) fills man, and (of the eyes, ears, &c.) is the giver of food, 31; prâna and apâna move in a forward and a backward direction respectively, 43; prâna entering udâna and reversely, 83; vyâna entering udâna, 84; central prâna belongs to Indra, 121; with five breathings (prâna, vyâna, apâna, udâna, samâna) five Brâhmanas (or the father himself) to breathe over child (before navel-string has been cut) to ensure long life, 129, 130; two downward (avâna) breathings and udâna (by which men rise, ud-yanti), 165; two, five, six, seven, twelve, or thirteen, 168; prâna and ana, each equal to the twinkling of the eye, 169; 10,800 breathings of man in day and night, 170; prâna and udâna, moving downward and upward, 230; all vital airs established on speech, 246; all vital airs established on prâna and udâna, 262; etymology (pra-nî), 263; nostrils are the path of prâna, 263; food eaten by prâna is pervaded by vyâna, and its essence shed as seed, 264; vital airs of him who speaks impure speech pass away, 326; the mind (soul) their overlord, 504.

prânabhrit, bricks, are the vital airs, IV, 1; how placed, 2; laid down by tens, 3; etymology, 12; are the limbs, 13;--of second layer, 23, 33 seq.;--ten of third layer, 51; are the moon (being food as making up a virâg), 54.

pranîtâh, lustral water, is the head of the sacrifice, V, 35, 492; at the haviryagña, 119; etymology, 270.

prasalavi. See pradakshinam.

prastâva,--prastâva and nidhana, IV, 145, 146.

Prastotri, a horse his fee at Dasapeya, III, 119; under Udgâtri, V, 136.

prâtaranuvâka, III, introd. xviii; IV, 249; of Atirâtra superseded by Âsvina-sastra, but is to be repeated in a low voice by Maitrâvaruna, V, 92, 93.

Pratîdarsa Aibhâvata (king of the Svikna), as authority on the Sautrâmanî, V, 239.

Pratihartri, priest, is under Udgâtri, V, 137.

Prâtipîya. See Balhika.

Pratiprasthâtri, III, 111; gold mirror his fee at Dasapeya, 119; is under Adhvaryu, V, 137; offers the cups of Surâ-liquor on the Southern of the two

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[paragraph continues] Eastern fires, 232; Pratiprasthâtri (or Neshtri) leads up the king's wives, 321.

pratishthâ (stand), is threefold (tripod), IV, 116.

praüga-sastra, connected with Indra, the Rudras, the South, &c., IV, 101.

Pravargya, III, 355; IV, 187; 'setting out,' IV, 187; V, 493 seq.; Pravargya vessels are Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya, IV, 187; the head of the Sacrifice, 188; performed as long as the Upasads, 317; is the sun, 317; V, 445; on Satarudriya day, day of preparation, and sutyâ day, IV, 320;--performance, V, 441 seqq.; time of performance, 458; is Vâyu-Pûshan, 475; when performed, 490 seq.; combined with Upasad, 493; is the year, the worlds (and Agni, Vâyu, and Sûrya), the Sacrificer, &c., 507 seq.

prayâga, mystic significance of, V, 40.

prâyana, III, 305.

prâyanîya offering, III, 325; ends with the Samyos, IV, 258, 259;--Prâyanîya Atirâtra, 254.

prayugâm havîmshi (twelve oblations of teams), III, 123; for yoking the seasons, 123.

prelude. See prastâva.

pressing-stones, (grâvan), are of Brihatî nature, V, 243; the vital airs, 486.

priests, officiating, are the limbs of the Sacrifice, IV, 280; V, 236; are of the same world as the Sacrificer, IV, 280; must not bargain for dakshinâs, 280; sixteen, 348; the order in which these are initiated for a sattra, V, 135 seq.; messes of rice for them, 343; the quarters (regions) parcelled out between them, 402, 412, 420;--priest's mess of rice, see brahmaudana.

prishtha-sâman, six, III, introd. xx-xxiii; V, 148 n.; seven, IV, 277, 314.

prishtha-stotra, III, introd. xvi, xx seq., 333, 376; are the seasons, V, 331.

prishthya-graha, belongs to Agni, Indra, and Sûrya, III, 6.

prishthya-shadaha, III, introd. xxi; V, 148; used by Aṅgiras when contending with Âdityas, V,. 152; etymology, 152, 162,

Prithin Vainya, consecrated first of men, III, 81.

Priyavrata Rauhinâyana, directs the wind, IV, 340.

procreation. See generation.

prospering-oblations. See kalpa.

Proti Kausâmbeya Kausurubindi, residing as religious student with Uddâlaka Âruni, V, 153.

prushvâ. (mist, moisture, or hoar-frost), III, 77.

punaryagña, IV, 121.

punaskiti, on fifth layer of fire-altar, IV, 99, 119 seq.; is seed and generative power, 119; etymology, 121; on what part of the altar to be laid, 121; is the uttaravedi, 121; as substitute for complete altar, 271.

Puñgikasthalâ, the Apsaras, is the (eastern) quarter, or (Agni's) army, IV, 105.

Purâna (stories of old time), to be studied; V, 98; the Veda of birds, 369.

puraskarana, IV, 337.

purastâd bhâgah, III, 333; IV, 185; cf. uddhâra.

purîsha, III, 201; its formulas are Agni's hair, itself his food, IV, 20; covering of soil, 26; is food, 95, 96, 139; is the pericardium, 96; is flesh, 138, 149; vital air, 139; belongs to Indra, 140; is one half of the altar, 140; symbolical meaning of its layers (1st cattle, 2nd birds, 3rd stars, 4th sacrificial gifts, 5th progeny and subjects, 6th gods), 147 seq.; 'earth to earth,' V, 203.

Purîshya (Agni, the altar), III, 201; favourable to cattle, cattle-loving, 206, 214; (? rich, plentiful), 310; Agni Purîshya, the son of the Earth, 311.

pûrnâhuti, III, 42; V, 504.

Purohita, one of the ratninah, III, 59; anoints (sprinkles) king in front, 94; hands the sphya to consecrated king, 110; Kshatriya anti Purohita alone complete, 259; are everything, 260;

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is perfect in sanctity and power, 260; his fire used by king for offering during dîkshâ, V, 371.

Pûru, an Asura-Rakshas, overthrown by Agni in battles, III, 292.

Purukutsa, the Aikshvâka, performed the Asvamedha, V, 397.

Purûravas, son of Idâ,--Purûravas and Urvasî, V, 68 seq.; wanders about in Kurukshetra, 70; becomes a Gandharva, 74.

purusha,--seven purushas (the seven Rishis) made into one, III, 144; IV, 205;--the Purusha, 304, 305; is Pragâpati-Agni, III, 144 (man) a sacrificial animal, 162; 165 seq.; slaughtered for Visvakarman, 162; has twenty-four limbs, 167; twenty-one parts, 172; hornless and bearded, 177; Purusha, IV, introd. xiv seq.; (man in the sun, and in the eye, the gold man), xxii; this divine person (in sun, and eye) is variously served as Agni, Sâman, Uktham, &c., IV, 373; (Agni) Vaisvânara is the Purusha, 398; the Agni-like, Arka-like, Uktha-like Purusha, 399; is the true Brahman, 400; Purusha Pragâpati, born from golden egg, V, 12; Purusha Nârâyana exhorted by Pragâpati to sacrifice, 172, 173; is established in five things, 389; Purusha Nârâyana, 403; Purusha born from Virâg, and Virâg from Purusha, 403;--purushas (men) as victims, 407 seq.;--cf. sun, eye.

Purushamedha, III, introd. xxvi; V, introd. xxi seq., 403 seq.; five sutyâs, 405; etymology, 407.

Purusha-Nârâyana (litany), V, 410; cf. purusha.

purusha-sâman, (III, 369); IV, 146.

purusha-sûkta, IV, introd. xiv.

pûrvâbhisheka, IV, 249.

Pûrvakitti, the Apsaras, in an intermediate (? upper) quarter, or the dakshinâ, IV, 108.

Pûshan, by five syllables gained the five regions, III, 40; pap to, 55, 63; lord of cattle, 55; V, 346; represents productiveness, III, 56; dark grey bullock the fee for oblation to Pûshan, 56, 63; pârtha-oblation to Pûshan, 82; Pûshan Visvavedas (all-possessing), 89; assists Varuna, 113; samsrip oblation (pap) to, 116; prayugâm havis (pap), 125; is this earth, 205; V, 352; Aditi and Pûshan connected with trinava-stoma, IV, 69; rules over small animals, 75; is cattle, 195; V, 293; takes Srî's wealth and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (pap), V, 62-65; protector of travellers, 293; watcher of men, 293; expiatory pap, 346; lord of roads, 352, 353; is (Vâyu) the wind, 474.

pushkara, etymology, III, 365.

pûtîka. See âdâra.


quarters. See regions.

queen, one of the ratninah, III, 60; lies down near sacrificial horse, V, 322.


race. See chariot race.

ganya, shoots seventeen arrows’ ranges, III, 25; word of four syllables, 25; takes part in chariot race, 29; holds honey-cup and cup of Surâ, 29; sprinkles king from nyagrodha vessel, 83; the bow his strength (vîrya), 89; ten Râganyas drink of Sacrificer's cup, 114; armoured Râganya driving round sacrificial ground, shooting arrows at two ox-hides, IV, 283 n.; not to be engaged with in disputation by Brâhmanas, V, 114; hired by some to drink the Surâ-liquor, 233; a form of the kshatra, 286; battle is his strength, 287; the grandeur of heroism bestowed on him, 294, 295; born (from) of old as one heroic and victorious, skilled in archery, certain of his mark, and a mighty car-fighter, 294, 295; unfit to be consecrated (king), 360; Râganya lute-player, 364 seq.

ganyabandhu, IV, 21; keep most apart (? from their wives in eating) whence a vigorous son is born to them, 370; Ganaka

p. 562

of Videha called thus, V, 113.

gaputra, a hundred princes born in wedlock to be the guardians of the sacrificial-horse, V, 288; those who reach the end of the year's keeping become sharers in the royal sway, 288, 289.

gastambâyana. See Yagñavakas Râgastambâyana.

gasûya, III, introd. xi, xxiv-xxvi; belongs to king and makes him king, III, 4; inferior to Vâgapeya, 4; IV, 225; performance, III, 43 seq.; is Varuna-sava, 76; a supernumerary (special) rite 246.

raggudâla (Cordia Myxa) V, 373; 374.

Râhûgana. See Gotama Râhûgana.

Raikva, III, 107.

rain, from clouds arising from smoke (steam), III, 185; from smoke sent up by the earth, 383; falls both on ploughed and unploughed land, 336; represented by the apasyâ bricks, IV, 34; falls everywhere in the same direction, 35; is in the wind, 35; falls abundantly in the rainy season, not in autumn, 49; rain and wind, connected with Mitra-Varuna, freed from death through ekavimsa-stoma, 68; is the arrows of the Rudras in the sky, 164; is ruled over by Maruts, r 70; produces a well-ordered state of society, V, 18; sounds like a chant, 45; rain-drops, as many as sweat-pores, hair-pits, and twinklings of the eye, 169; hail and lightning two terrible forms of it, 251; the sky, rain, the first conception, 315.

rainy season, produced from the eye, and from it the Gagatî, IV, 8; consists of months Nabhas and Nabhasya, 48; rainy season and autumn are the air-world, and the middle of the year, 49.

raivata (and sâkvara) -sâman, is a prishtha-sâman, III, introd. xxi, xxii; connected with paṅkti, trayastrimsa, &c., 91; sâkvara and raivata produced from trinava and trayastrimsa, IV, 12; connected with Brihaspati, Visve Devâh, the upper region, &c., 103.

Râkâ, pap offered to her, (the extreme end of) one of the four regions, IV, 264.

Rakshas,--safety from, III, 45; suck out creatures, 49; smitten by Indra and Agni, 51; swept away by the gods, 52; kept by continuous libation from coming after the gods, 191; kept off from south, and sacrifice spread in place free from danger and devilry, 199; seek to hinder the gods from sacrificing, 357; are the associates of the night, 361; rakshas-killing counter-charm, 53, 371, 372; repelled by thunderbolt, 372; harass those wandering in a wild forest, V, 160; Kubera Vaisravana their king, the Devaganavidyâ their Veda, 367, 368.

rakshovidyâ, V, 368 n.

ram, sacrificial animal, III, 162, 165 seq.; slaughtered for Tvashtri, 262; is vigour, IV, 38; vicious ram (aidaka) an unclean animal, V, 178; originates from Indra's nose, 215.

Râma, son of Dasaratha, III, 97.

Râma Mârgaveya, one of the Syâparna family of priests, IV, 345 n.

rampart, threefold, III, 212, 213.

râshtrabhrit oblations, at (consecration of). Agnikayana, IV, 229.

rasmi, rein, III, 101.

Rathagritsa, Agni's commander-in-chief (senânî), is the first spring-month, IV, 105.

rathantara-sâman, III, introd. xiv, xv; connected with Agni, xv; with the brahman, &c., 91; at kesavapaniya used for first prishtha and for sandhi-stotra, 127; produced from trivrit, IV, 5; (rathantara-khandas is the earth, 89); connected with Agni, the Vasus, east, trivrit and âgyasastra, 100; sung over completed altar, is this earth, 179; etymology, 179.

Rathaprota, Âditya's commander-in-chief,

p. 563

is the first rainy month, IV, 106.

Rathasvana, Vâyu's commander-in-chief, is the first summer month, IV, 106.

Rathaugas, Agni's chieftain (grâmanî), the second spring month, IV, 105.

rathavimokanîya oblation, III, 101.

Rathekitra, Vâyu's chieftain (grâmanî), is the second summer month, IV, 106.

ratna-havîmshi (ratninâm havîmshi), III, 58 seq.

ratninah, III, 65; do homage to king, 108.

râtrî (night performance), III, 127.

râtrî-paryâyâh, III, 12.

rattan (vetasa), mat used to cut the sacrificial horse on, V, 304, 329, 394; rattan grows in water, 304, 329.

rauhina, plates. V, 454 seq.; cakes, cooked, 468; offered, 472, 489; they are Agni and Âditya; day and night, heaven and earth, 4738 474.

Rauhinâyana. See Priyavrata.

raurava-sâman, is an aida-sâman, IV, 10.

realm, sustained by kings, IV, 229; by couples (offspring), 230.

red, includes all colours, III, 355.

reed (muñga), entered by Agni, III, 198; is Agni's womb, 200; (vetasa) rattan branch drawn across altar to appease it, IV, 174; plucked out from its sheath, V, 267; a bundle held upwards while sepulchral mound is raised, and afterwards put up in the house, 436; sheaths of reed grass kindled, 463.

region (quarter),--five, III. 40, 108; IV, 246; four, III, 203; six, 268; seven, IV, 277; nine, III, 196, 296; ten, 183, 297; IV, 164, 246; ruled over by Pûshan, III, 40; ascent of, 91; connected with the Brahman, &c., 91; how created, 149; are parts of Vâyu-Pragâpati, 152; are Agni, 183; connected with Vâyu, and third layer of altar, 188; heal what is injured, 221; put in the world by Visve Devâh, 235; are both inside and outside of these worlds, 235; by them the worlds are fastened to the sun, 269; created with the moon, 286; are between these two worlds, 349; IV, 26; are the upper sphere, IV, 9; above everything, 10; are the heavenly world, to; become the ear, 10; are in all four directions, 26; face each other, 27; are supported by the sun, 28; names of the five regions (East queen, South far-ruler, West all-ruler, North self-ruler, Great-region supreme ruler), 46, 100 seq.; freed from death through katushtoma, connected with Savitri and Brihaspati, 69; encircling (paribhû), 88; are the firmament, the heavenly world, 100; five on this side of the sun, 104, 195, 200; five on the other side of the sun, 104, 200; four on the other side (?), 198; five propitiatory oblations to (the five) regions (disâm aveshti), 245; how laid down in the several layers, 263, 264;--created by the five gods Parameshthin, Pragâpati, Indra, Agni, Soma, V, 16 seq.; guardians of the four regions are the Âpyas, Sâdhyas, Anvâdhyas, and Maruts, 359; parcelled out between the priests, 402, 412, 420; are a place of abode to all the gods, and Kandra their regent (?), 505.

regional bricks. See disyâ, and âsvinî.

renunciation, of one kind of food for life, III, 337; IV, 224.

retahsik, bricks,--two, are these two worlds, III, 383; IV, 26; are the testicles, III, 384; are the ribs of Agni, the sacrificial animal (bird), 400; IV, (2), 16; their range (or rim), 17, 23, 26.

retribution in future life, V, 109 seq.

Revottaras Sthapati Pâtava Kâkra, (short Sthapati Kâkra, or Kâkra Sthapati), priest and teacher, V, 236, 269.

Ribhu,--Ribhus and Visve Devâh

p. 564

connected with beings (bhûta) and trayastrimsa-stoma, IV, 69;--a Ribhu of the Gagat (Gagatî) metre (is the ârbhava-pavamâna) bearing the Sacrificer to bliss, V, 173; Savitri, with Ribhus, Vibhus, and Vâgas, receives offering of Gharma, 480.

ribs, are the middle of the body, IV, 20, 31, 32; fastened on breastbone and costal cartilages, 114;--parsu and prishti, V, 164 n.

rice, different kinds of, III, 69-70; originates from Indra's marrow (and Soma-drink), V, 216.

Rik, was in Vritra, III, 138; part of triple Veda, 139, 141; thereon the Sâman is sung, IV, 13; wife of Sâman, 14; Riks and Sâmans as Apsaras, the Gandharva Manas' mates, 233; they are wishes, as thereby one prays, 233; by the Mahad uktham it enters Pragâpati as his vital fluid, 284; consists of 12,000 Brihatîs, 20,800 Paṅktis, 352,353; a hymn to be recited of the Rik, the Veda of men, V, 362.

riksama-sâman (? vairûpa-sâman, or such as are merely sung, not chanted), produced from Gagatî, and from it the Sukragraha, IV, 7.

Rishabha Yâgñatura, king of the Sviknas, V, 250, 399, 400.

Rishi,--were the non-existent, III, 143; the vital airs, 143, 333; IV, 60, 100, 185; etymology, III, 143; saw the fourth layer of altar, 189, 190; have a fore-share in Agni, 333; the seven Rishis are the seven vital airs in the head, IV, 73; Dhâtri their lord, 73; the first-born Brahman, 100; Rishis spin the thread (of the sacrifice), 124; first made up (constructed) the fire-altar, 174, 185; the seven purushas made into one purusha were the seven Rishis, 205; established in the seasons, 212; the last-born Rishis, 250, 267;--have mistakes in their sacrifice pointed out to them by Gandharvas, V, 29; the seven (Ursa major), 425.

rishîkâ, bear or ogre, V, 307.

ritavyâ, seasonal bricks, are the seasons, III, 386; IV, 29; the three worlds, 129; the nobility, 129; stepping-stones for the gods and Sacrificer to ascend and descend the worlds, 129; the two of first layer are the spring months, Madhu and Mâdhava, III, 386; IV, 2; two of second layer, 24; are the summer months, Sukra and Suki, 29;--two lower of third layer, the two rainy months Nabhas and Nabhasya, 48; the two upper, the autumn months Isha and Ûrga, 49;--two of fourth layer, the winter months Saha and Sahasya, 70;--two of fifth layer, 99, 125 seq., are the dewy months Tapa and Tapasya, 126.

rite. See vrata.

river,--seven flowing eastwards, IV, 211; seven flowing westwards (identified with downward vital air), 212; those drinking thereof become most vile, blasphemous, and lascivious of speech, 212.

Rohinî, the nakshatra, falls on new moon of month Vaisâkha, V, 2.

Rohita, son of Hariskandra, III, 95.

rope, of darbha grass, for tying horse, greased with ghee, V, 374; twelve (or thirteen) cubits long, 276.

royal dignity, means unlimited prosperity, V, 249.

rubbing down of Sacrificer with fragrant substances, at Sautrâmanî, V, 252.

Rudra, is Agni, III, 52, 64; gavedhukâ pap to, 51, 63; rules over beasts, 52, 205; hankers after killed cow, 63; Rudra-Pasupati, gavedhukâ pap to, 70; the North his region, 97; IV, 158; V, 488; Rudra Suseva (most kindly), III, 110; a form and name of Agni, 159; Satarudriya, IV, 250 seq.; is Agni in his immortal form, 156; oblations of wild sesamum, on an arka leaf, to, 156; was originally Manyu, 157; etymology, 257; V, 116; hundred-headed, thousand-eyed,

p. 565

hundred-quivered, IV, 157; oblations of gavedhukâ flour on an arka leaf, 158; is the Kshatra (whilst the Rudras are the Vis), 159, 162; the golden-armed leader of hosts, 160; worshipped with mystic utterances, 161; Agni created as the hundred-headed Rudra, 201; his shaft piercing Pragâpati's body, V, 36 n.; the ruler of animals, 229; by hairs of lion, wolf, and tiger being put in cups of Surâ representing wild animals, Rudra's shaft is only directed against these, and he spares domestic cattle, 230; consecrates king by the Trishtubh, 312.

Rudras, by fourteen syllables gain katurdasa-stoma, III, 40; eleven, born from Vâk, 149; placed in the air with Vâyu, 150; kindle the sun, 231; Vasus (with Mitra) and Rudras mix the clay, 231; fashion air-world by means of trishtubh, 234; Rudras and Vasus sing praises of (bricks in) second layer, IV, 25; how produced, 33; Vasus and Rudras connected with embryos and katurvimsa-stoma, 68; Vasus, Rudras and Âdityas separate, and are the lords when heaven and earth separate, 75; connected with Indra, &c., 201; the lords of the south, 101; Vasus, Rudras, Âdityas, Maruts, Visve Devâh build on different quarters of the altar (E. S. W. N. Zen.), 118; of earth, air, and sky, 158-159; originate from drops of oblations, 159; are the Vis (whilst Rudra is the Kshatra), 159; are spread by thousands over these worlds, 168; in tribes (gâtâni), 160; the arrows of the Rudras of sky, air and earth are rain, wind and food, 164, 165; the Rudras invoked in the Satarudriya are Agnis, 167; the eleven Rudras enumerated, V, 116; arise by performance of midday pressing, 173; obtain the part of Vishnu, the sacrifice, corresponding to the midday pressing, 443; Indra, with Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas, receives offering of Gharma, 479, 480.

rugâ, an arrow, III, 38.

ruṅmatî, oblations to Agni and Varuna, IV, 237-239.

rûpa, farm,--oblations to forms. See prakrama.


Sacrifice, path of, not to be swerved from, III, 24; V, 20; west (to east?) path of sacrifice, III, 347; sacrifice is happiness, 351; performed from the left (north) side, IV, 107; of ever-flowing blessings, 107; all beings are settled in the sacrifice, 144; has only one finale, heaven, 146; is all-sustaining, 199; they who perform it are wise, 199; Yagña as Gandharva, with the Dakshinâs, as Apsaras, his mates, 232; comparative efficacy of sacrifices, 299; is a Man, 300, 305; Pragâpati, the Sacrifice, is the Year, V, 1; 38; the fire its womb, 3; is a counterpart of Pragâpati, 22; becomes the Sacrificer's body, 23, 27; bolt of the sacrifice (yagñameni), 42; the successful issue of the sacrifice, 66-68; the five great (mahâyagña), 95; sacrifice is cattle, 116; animal sacrifice fivefold, 125; like a forest with desert places and ravines, the sacrifice not to be entered without knowledge, 160; (true) form of sacrifice ensures entrance to the heaven of the living, 212; is devotion, 231; a web, 252; the navel of the earth, 390; passage between Âgnîdhra and Kâtvâla is the gate of the sacrifice, 497; sacrifice is the self of all beings, 504.

Sacrificer, is Indra, III, 13; 18; at Vâgapeya sprinkled with remains of offering material, 38; the child of the earth, 125; he is Agni, 212; is really intended to be born in heaven, 345; is Pragâpati, Agni, the sacrifice, IV, introd. xv seq.;

p. 566

carried to heaven by, or flying there in shape of, birdlike altar, IV, introd. xxi seq.; becomes Death, xxiii; ousted from his realm (yagamânaloka) by wrong sacrificial procedure, IV, 94; is the fire on fire-altar, 94; sits down with the Visve Devâh on the higher seat (in the sky), 124; is established with Visve Devâh, 202; the fire-altar, Mahâvrata, Mahad uktham, his divine immortal body, 279; is the body of the sacrifice, 280; V, 236; in entering on the fast he gives himself up to the gods, and by the sacrifice he becomes an oblation to the gods by which he redeems himself from them, V, 26; 27; and is freed from sin, 38; Sacrificer dying whilst away from home, 197 seq.; when about to die, 201 seq.; when dead, goes to the place won by him in heaven, 204; symbolically placed in heaven, provided with the Soma-drink, 231; drinks Aindra cup at Sautrâmanî and has his abode with Indra, 245; is Âditya, 248; requests invitation from priests for partaking of cup (of vasa), 259; arises in the other world with a complete body and all limbs, 259; by means of the golden light (or a gleam of light shining after him) goes to heaven, 303; with Vâvâtâ and other wives, 349; whilst sacrificing becomes a Brâhmana, 348.

Sacrificer's wife, led forth by Neshtri, III, 31; puts on garment of Kusa grass, 32; discarded when without son, 65; Sacrificer's wives sprinkle the horse, V, 313; they weave pearls into its hair, 313; they cleanse sacrificial horse, 321-323; walk round it, 322, 323; fan it, 323; the four wives in attendance at sacrifice, 349;--she is made to look upon the Mahâvîra, 472.

sacrificial post. See Yûpa.

sâdana, settling of bricks, III, 154; sâdana and sûdadohas, 301, 305 seq.; 379; V, 5.

sadas, associated with Gagatî, V, 495.

sadasya, a seventeenth priest recognised by the Kaushîtakins, IV, 348 n.

sâdhyas, the guardians of one of the four regions, V, 359.

sagâta, III, 107, 111.

sagûrabdîya, oblation on the darbha bunch on freshly ploughed altar-site, is Agni's fore-share, (III, 332, 333); IV, 185.

sagush, IV, 32.

saha, the first winter-month, IV, 70.

Sahaganyâ, the Apsaras, is an intermediate quarter (? S. E.), or the earth, IV, 106.

sahasradakshina, III, 140.

sahasya, the second winter-month, IV, 70.

Sailâli, V, 393.

Saindhava (horses), are the Hotris and Adhvaryus, V, 94.

Sâkalya, chosen to quench the firebrand Yâgñavalkya, V, 115; questions beyond the deity (Pragâpati-Brahman) and dies in misery, 117.

Sâkâyanins,--their doctrine regarding the nature of Agni, IV, 363.

Sâktya. See Gaurîviti.

Sakuntalâ, the Apsaras, mother of Bharata, V, 399.

sâkvara (and raivata) -sâman, a prishtha-sâman, III, introd. xx-xxii; connected with Paṅkti, Trinava, &c., 91; sâkvara and raivata produced from trinava and trayastrimsa, IV, 12; connected with Brihaspati, Visve Devâh, the upper region, &c.,

sakvarî (verses), V, 331, 333.

sâlâ, III, 117.

sâlâvrika (or sâlâvrika), hyena (?), V, 71.

salt, means cattle, III, 33, 299; seventeen bags (asvattha leaves) thrown up by peasants to Sacrificer, 34; scattered over Gârhapatya site, 299; is the amnion of the fire, 302, 344; saline soil

p. 567

means cattle, 343; is seed, V, 426.

Salva, a people, IV, 344.

Sâman, III, introd. xiii seq.; was in Vritra, 138;--(= vâginâm sâman) sung by Brahman, 23; part of triple Veda, 139, 141; is sung on the rik, IV, 13; the husband of the Rik, 14;--sâmans sung on svayamâtrinnâs, 144; are sap (rasa) laid into the worlds, 145; on bhûh bhuvah svar, 145; six Sâmans snag (by Adhvaryu) over appeased altar, 177 seq.; are the vital airs, 177; make body boneless and immortal, 178; those six Sâmans are immortal bricks, 181; Riks and Sâmans as Apsaras, the Gandharva Manas’ mates, 233; are wishes, as one prays with them, 233; by the Mahâvrata-sâman the Sâman (veda) enters Pragâpati as his vital fluid, 284; Sâman (veda) consists of 4,000 brihatîs, and Yagus and Sâman of (7,200 and 3,600) 10,800 paṅktis, 353; sâman sung (by Brahman) at Sautrâmanî, the Sâman representing lordship (kshatra) or imperial sway, V, 255; is the essence of all the Vedas, 255; is the Veda of the gods, 370; a decade of it recited, 370; sung at pravargyotsâdana, 496; drives off the Rakshas, 496.

samânabhrit (holders of the pervading air) are the speech-sustainers, IV, 15.

sâma-nidhana, IV, 176.

sambhâra, III, 36; V, 447.

Samgîvî-putra, IV, introd. xviii.

samgrahîtri, charioteer, one of the ratninah, III, 62, 104.

samî (acacia soma), a samidh of, IV, 202; etymology, 202; for appeasement, not for food, 202; peg on tomb, V, 436.

samidh, eleven, III, 259; twelve for Kshatriya and Purohita, 259; three udumbara ones, soaked in ghee, put on the fire prior to its being led forward, IV, 189; are Agni's food, 191, 202; three (samî, vikaṅkata, udumbara) put on 202, 203; samidh means vital air, 205.

sâmidhenî, twenty-four, III, 167; twenty-one, 172; seventeen, 174; eleven, the first and last of which recited thrice, V, 25, 39.

samishtayagus, III, 85; nine (eleven) at Agnikayana Soma-sacrifice, IV, 257 seq.; not performed at Dîkshanîyeshti, &c., 258 seq.; at etymology, 261; the nine to complete the nine incomplete offerings, 261 seq.; is food, V, 44.

samkriti-sâman, V, 333.

mmada. See Matsya.

samrâg, is Pravargya, V, 443; his throne-seat, 461.

samrâg-cow (of Pravargya), killed by a tiger, atonement, V, 131 seq.; cf. gharmadughâ.

sâmrâgya (imperial dignity), III, introd. xxiv; represented by throne-seat at Sautrâmanî, V, 249.

samrâtsava, III, introd. xxv.

samsrip-oblations, III, 114 seq.

samsthâ, III, introd. xi; the samsthâ is the year, V, 248.

samstubh (metre), is speech, IV, 89.

Sâmudri (son of Samudra). See Asva.

samudriya-metre, III, 352 (cf. samudra-metre, = the mind, IV, 88).

samvatsara, (?) year of cycle, IV, 21; etymology, V, 14.

samyañk, IV, 26, 27.

Samyos, makes good all imperfections in sacrifice, V, 29;--samyorvâka, a resting-place, 44.

sand (sikatâ), produced from clay, III, 158; scattered over saline soil on Gârhapatya site, 300; on Âhavanîya site, 344; is the ashes of Agni Vaisvânara, 300; his seed, 300, 302, 311; emptied fire-pan filled with it, 311; on uttara-vedi, 349; two kinds, black and white, 352; is the lost part of the Brahman (Pragâpati), 353; is unnumbered, unlimited, 353; number of sand grains, 353; represents bricks with formulas, 353; the sediment of water, 416.

p. 568

sandhi-stotra, III, introd. xviii, xix, 12; is trivrit at Kesavapanîya, 127.

Sândila, fire-altar, IV, 167, 222, 272, 274.

Sândilya, III, 414; IV, introd. xviii, instructs the Kaṅkatîyas, IV, 254, 279; disputing with his pupil Sâptarathavâhani, 295; instructs Vâmakakshâyana, 345; his doctrine of the Brahman, 400.

Sândilyâyana, instructs Daiyâmpâti, IV, 273; cf. Kelaka Sândilyâna, 364.

sântadevatya, the same as satarudriya, IV, 156.

sap, vital (rasa), unites head and breath (vital air), IV, 201.

sapha. See lifting-stick.

saptadasa-stoma, III, introd. xxiii; connected with Vis, &c., 91; used at Dasapeya, 118; at midday-service of Kesavapanîya, 127; produced from sukra-graha, and from it the vairûpa-sâman, IV. 9; is space, Pragâpati, the year, 62; connected with gods generally and the creator, frees the Vis from death, 68; is food, 79; connected with Varuna, the Âdityas, the west, &c., 101, 102.

Sâptarathavâhani, disputing with his teacher Sândilya, IV, 295.

sapti, leader or side-horse, III, 20, 21.

Sarasvat, is the mind, III, 398; V, 32, 35.

Sârasvata wells, III, 398.

Sarasvatî, victim to, III, introd. xviii, xxiv; is Vâk, 39, 80, 398; V, 32, 35, 293, 476; pârtha-oblation to, III, 82; assists Varuna, 113; samsrip-oblation (pap), 115; prayugâm havis (pap), 125; ewe with teats in dewlap her victim at Sautrâmanî, 129; cures Indra of effects of Soma, 135; with Sarasvatî Vâk's support the Sacrificer is anointed at Agnikayana, IV, 228; takes Srî's prosperity (pushti) and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (pap), V, 62-65; is healing medicine, and assists the Asvins in curing Indra, whence she gets the ram for her guerdon, 216, 223; ram immolated to her, 217; ewes sacred to her, 218; she distils the Soma (plant) brought away front Namuki by the Asvins, 232; connected with the air (and the midday-pressing), 241, 247; bestows food, 243; connected the rainy season and autumn, 247; together with the Asvins she prepares the Sautrâmanî to heal Indra, 249; Asvins, Sarasvatî and Indra are everything here, 253; have a share in the Gharma, 475; an ewe her victim at Asvamedha, 300; assists the Asvins in restoring the head of Makha, 475.

Sarasvatî, river, water from it used for coronation of king, III, 73.

sârathi, III, 62.

sarîra, etymology (sri), III, 144.

Sârkarâkshya. See Gana.

Sârñgaya. See Suplan.

sarpana, III, 114; with the horse, to the Pavamâna-stotra, V, 305.

sarpanâma-formulas, III, 369; etymology, 370.

sarpavidyâ, the Veda of snakes, V, 367.

Sarva, form and name of Agni, III, 159; is the waters, 155.

Sarvamedha, III, introd. xxvi; V, 417 seq.; a ten-days’ sacrifice, 418.

Sarvaprishtha, III, introd. xxii; IV, 246.

sarvastoma, IV, 246.

sarvavedasa, sarvasva (all one's property),--substitutes in giving it away, IV, 321 n.

sastra, III, introd. xii; attended by Sacrificer, 41; is the Sacrificer's subjects, 41; same as stotra, IV, 14; (professional) reciter is despised, 367; (uktha) without it, the stotra is in vain, V, 257.

sasvat, III, 98; V, 250 n.

sata, a bowl (of reed), V, 220, 252.

satamâna, round (gold) plate, III, 104; presented to Brahman, 141; fee for bahishpavamâna of Asvamedha, V, 306.

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Satânîka Sâtrâgita, performed the Asvamedha, V, 400, 401.

Sâtaparneya. See Dhîra Sâtaparneya.

Satarudriya, IV, 150 seq.; etymology, 156, 157; amounts to the year, 166, 167; to the Mahad uktham, 168, 320.

satasârsha-rudra-samanîya, IV, 157.

satâtirâtra session, V, 91 seq.

satobrihatî metre, in the form of it steers were produced, IV, 38.

Sâtrâgita. See Satânîka.

Sâtrâsâha. See Sona.

Sattra, sacrificial session,--of a hundred Agnishtomas, Ukthyas, Atirâtras, V, 91, 135 seq.; performance of a year's Sattra is like the crossing of an ocean, 145 seq.; of a thousand years, and its substitutes, 170 seq.

Sattrin,--whether to have separate or common hearths, V, 175; if taken ill, keep apart and offer Agnihotra, 175; in case of death, Sattrin to be burnt by his own fires, 175.

Satvats, V, 401.

Satyakâma Gâbâla, V, 392.

satya-sâman, III, 361, 363 (corr. IV, 146).

Satyayagña Paulushi (Prâkînayogya), a teacher, IV, 393, 394.

Sâtyayagñi, V, 3541 395; cf. Soma-sushma Sâtyayagñi.

Sâtyâyani, IV, 21; his view as to the nature of Agni, 363.

Saukeya Prâkînayogya, in disputation with Uddâlaka Âruni, V, 79 seq.

Saulvâyana, an Adhvaryu priest, V, 61.

Saumapa Mânutantavya, V, 392.

Saunaka. See Svaidâyana, Indrota.

Sausromateya. See Âshâdhi.

Sautrâmanî, III, introd. xxvi, 129 seq.; castrated bull the fee, 137; a draught mare, 138; a sattra, III, introd. xii, 140; performance, V, 213 seq.; is both an ishti and an animal sacrifice, 220; is Soma, 220; by Sautrâmanî one's enemy is overcome, 223; should be performed after each Soma-sacrifice to replenish one's self, 239; becomes (or is) a Soma-sacrifice, 240, 245, 264; belongs to Indra, 245; is the year, 247, 248; is the moon, 248; prepared by Asvins and Sarasvatî to heal Indra, 249; a Brâhmana's sacrifice, 260; is the body of man (Sacrificer), 262; Yagña, the Sautrâmanî, at first with the Asuras, went over to the gods, 270.

savana, the three (Soma-pressings), of Gâyatrî, Trishtubh, and Gagatî nature, are devoted to Agni, Indra, Visve Devâh respectively, V, 106, 443, 444; (Asvins, Sarasvatî, Indra), 241; (Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas), 241 n., 443.

Savanîya victims, on first day of Asvamedha, V, 377; on third, 395.

savimsa-stoma, is victorious assault, the year, IV, 63.

sâvitra, formulas and libations, III, 190, 196; IV, 266; are one half of the year, 347; an Anushtubh one (not approved of), V, 89.

Savitri, the impeller, speeder, III, 2, 61; preliminary oblation to, 4; by six syllables gained the six seasons, 40; twelve or eight-kapâla cake, 61, 115; ditto of fast-grown rice, 69; Savitri Satyaprasava, 69, 109; pârtha-oblation, 82; assists Varuna, 113; samsrip-oblation (twelve or eight-kapâla cake), 115; prayugâm havis (ditto), 125; ditto cake at Sautrâmanî, 136; saw the Sâvitra formulas, 190; is Agni, 191; poured out as seed, 192; is the mind, 193; (the dappled steed) with his rays (reins) measures out earth and regions, 195; is yonder sun, 195; the heavenly Gandharva, 195; he who chooses his friendship chooses glory and prosperity, 251; Savitri and Brihaspati, connected with the regions and the katushtoma, IV, 69; the sun-rayed, golden-haired Savitri raises the light, 195; is the guardian of all beings, 195; Savitri, the sun's well-winged eagle, is Pragâpati, 305;

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distributes the immortal light among creatures, plants and trees, more or less, and, along with it, more or less life, 322; takes Srî's dominion, and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (eight or twelve-kapâla cake), V, 62, 65; brahmakârin committed to him, 86; victim before initiation for Sattra, formerly to Savitri, now to Pragâpati, 174; Savitri's cake is on twelve kapâlas, to win the food of the year, 222; connected with the rainy season, 247; receives oblation at Sautrâmanî (for having assisted in healing Indra), 252; the fourth of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblations of drops, 280; three ishtis to Savitri Prasavitri, Savitri Âsavitri, Savitri Satyaprasava, 284; Savitri is this earth, 284; takes the sacrificial horse to heaven, 319; cake (on twelve kapâlas) to Savitri Prasavitri, 355; ditto to Savitri Âsavitri, 356; ditto to Savitri Satyaprasava, 358; three oblations to Savitri, 409; deposits the dead man's bones in the earth, 433; Savitri, with the Ribhus, Vibhus, and Vâgas, receives offering of gharma, 480; is the wind, 480.

sâvitrî, the sacred (Gâyatrî) formula, taught to Brahmakârin at once, formerly after a year, V, 87, 89.

savyashthri (savyastha, savyashthri, savyeshtha), III, 62, 102.

Sâyakâyana. See Syâparna.

Sâyavasa. See Gana.

science,--sciences (vidyâh) to be studied, V, 98. See triple science.

sea, the womb of waters, III, 416.

seasons; Six, III, 31, 220, 351; IV, 228; V, 287; ruled over by Savitri, III, 40; connected with the metres, castes, sâmans, stomas, 91; the five bodily parts of Pragâpati, 152; seven, 249, 358; IV, 177, 211, 277, 314; the six seasons fasten the year to the moon, III, 269; are the Visve Devâh, 311; three seasons of growth (spring, rainy season, autumn), 340; by seasons the age of embryo and man is computed, 386; consist of two months, 386; IV, 29; the Ârtava their rulers, 74; they move hitherwards and thitherwards (come and go), 91; five, 120; in each season there is the form of all of them, 126; everything fits in with its place by means of the seasons, 126; are (? rise) upwards from this earth, 128; are deranged for him who dies, 129; seven or five, 163; the six seasons are the Fathers, 243; a dying man changes to the season he dies in, 244 n.;--originated from the words 'bhûh, bhuvah, svar,' V, 13; the sun is their light, 149; are continuous, all first, all intermediate, all last, 248; the year is the bull among the seasons, 276.

seed (retas), produced from whole body, III, 349; white and speckled, 351; moist, 352; is twenty-five-fold (or twenty-fifth), 353; possessed of vital air, otherwise becomes putrid, 354; is virile power, 354; cast silently, 358; IV, 208; shed only by testiculati, III, 384; when productive, V, 53, 56; after seed is implanted, birth takes place, 180; from seed of man and animal everything is generated, 180; the essence of food, 264; of the sacrificial horse (Pragâpati) becomes generated, 275.

self-surrender. See surrender.

Senagit, Parganya's commander-in-chief (in the upper region), is the first winter month, IV, 108.

serpents, are the worlds, III, 369; different kinds of, 370; great serpent an object of wonder, V, 40.

sesamum, oblations of wild sesamum to Rudra, IV, 156.

seven, IV, 277, 314.

seventeen, IV, 74,

seventeenfold, is Pragâpati, III, 8, 79; V, 384; Brihaspati-Pragâpati, III, 21, 22;

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man, 174 Pragâpati, space, IV, 62; Pragâpati, the year, 76; food, 79; the chest, V, 163.

shadaha, sixty in the gavâm ayanam, V, 147; the two kinds (Prishthya and Abhiplava) are two revolving wheels of the gods, crushing the sacrificer's evil, 149; the two kinds to be worked into each other like the threads of one web, 149; alternate in sattra, 162 n.

shaddhotri formula, V, 121.

shattrimsa-stoma, is the firmament, the year, IV, 65.

sheep (see avi, and ram;) produced in the form of dvipadâ metre, IV, 38; with sheep's wool malted barley bought at Sautrâmanî, V, 219.

shodasa-stoma, gained by Aditi, III, 40.

shodasin,(sacrifice), III, introd. xvi seq., xxiii; victims of, 12; forms part of Kesavapanîya Atirâtra, IV, 405; twelve in the year's session, V, 147.

shodasi-graha, belongs to Indra, III, 6.

shodasi-stotra, III, 127.

shoes, of boar-skin, III, 102; he who has performed Râgasûya is never to stand on ground without shoes, 129.

sick man, when he gets better, asks for food, IV, 87.

sickle, the crops go nigh to, III, 327.

side, right side of animal the stronger, IV, 115.

silk-cotton tree. See cotton tree.

silver, piece of, tied to a darbha plant and taken eastwards (as the moon), V, 196; gold and silver plates (lightning and hail) beneath feet of Sacrificer whilst consecrated at Sautrâmanî, 251; as dakshinâ, 357; silver plate inserted under sand, 462.

Sinîvalî, is Vâk, III, 231; pap to her, (the extreme end of) one of the four regions, IV, 264.

sipita, (? bald part), V, 9.

Sipivishta, (? bald), Vishnu, V, 9.

siras, etymology (srî, sri), III, 144, 145, 401.

sisna, man sports therewith, V, 76.

sitting,--one who has gained a position in the world is anointed sitting, IV, 227.

six, its symbolic meaning, III, 268, 269; IV, 166.

sixteenfold, is Âditya as the wielder of the fifteenfold thunderbolt, IV, 85; animals (cattle), V, 252; man, animal, universe, 302 n.

sky (dyaus), union with the sun (Âditya), III, 149; connected with Parameshthin and Âditya, 188; is the waters, 216; fashioned by the Âdityas by means of Gagatî, 234; udder of, is the waters, 284; is Pragâpati's head, 313, 317; sheds seed in the form of rain produced by smoke (steam), 383; the seat of the waters, 416; is blissful (sambhû), IV, 88; above the third luminous back of the sky is the world of righteousness (sukrita), 122; is the left wing of the Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 179; is the higher abode, 202; the highest home, 203; steadied by clouds and stars, V, 126; connected with Indra, 241; the sky, rain, the first conception, 315, 389; is, as it were, yellow, 467; is a place of abode for all the gods, 505.

slaughtering-knife. See knife.

sleep, not to be disturbed, as during it the union of the two divine persons in the eyes takes place, IV, 371; mouth of him who has been asleep is clammy, 371; in sleep man's functions cease, 372.

sloka (noise, praise), pârtha-oblation to, III, 82.

smasâna. See burial-place; etymology, V, 422.

smoke, is the breath of the sacrifice, III, 240; is seed shed by the earth, and becomes rain, 383; is the vigour of fire, IV, 250.

snake, is neither worm, nor non-worm, III, 90; are the people of Arbuda Kâdraveya, the Sarpavidyâ their Veda, V, 367.

Snâtaka, may initiate the Unnetri priest, V, 137.

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sokis,--haras, sokis, arkis (heat, fire, flame) of Agni, IV, 182.

Soma, the moon, III, introd. xxviii; means truth, light, 8; glory, 56; princely power (kshatra), 82; by four syllables gained four-footed cattle, 40; pap to, 56; brown bull is of his nature, 57; Soma Vanaspati, pap of syâmâka millet to, 70; Soma, king of Brâhmanas, 72, 95; pârtha-oblation to Soma, 82; tiger-skin his beauty, 81, 92; rathavimokanîya-oblation to, 102; assists Varuna, 113; (upasad) pap to, 118; (pañkabila) pap on south part of veda, 120, 121; fee to Brahman, brown ox, 122; prayugâm havis (pap), 125; Soma withheld from Indra, 130; Soma juice flows from Indra, 131; Soma bought at new moon after year's initiation, 18r; is paramâhutih, 258; the blowing wind (Vâyu), 342; the vital airs, 342; the breath, 354; life-sap, 342; buying, driving about, &c., 342; is the drop, 405; the imperishable, 405; is Pragâpati, IV, introd. xxi; rules over trees, IV, 76; protector of the north, 102; connected with Maruts, ekavimsa-stoma, nishkevalya-sastra, vairâga-sâman, 102; the nectar of immortality, 251, 252; with Agnikayana, Soma to be pressed for a year, 320; is the moon, 349; V, 6, 9, 10; pressed at full moon, and in the subsequent half-month enters waters and plants, 10; Soma created out of Pragâpati with a life of a thousand years, 15; Agni and Soma become eater and food, 16; Soma, the moon, is the Asvamedha, 33, 34; takes Srî's royal power and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (pap), 62-65; fetched from heaven by Gâyatrî in bird's shape, 122; Pragâpati, the sacrifice, is king Soma, 205 seq.; one purged by Soma offers the Sautrâmanî, 217 seq.; is the drink of the Brâhmana, 217; is Indra's faithful companion, 226; contributes to joy (intoxication), 227; sukra somapîtha, 231; sukra madhumat, 232; taken from Indra by Namuki, and brought away again by the Asvins and distilled by Sarasvatî, 222, 232; the second of the ten deities 'all the gods' receive oblations of drops, 280; Soma Vaishnava, king of the Apsaras, 366; Soma is the seed of the vigorous steed, 390; king Soma's throne-seat, 461.

Soma-netrâh (devâh), seated above, III, 49.

Soma-Rudra, pap to, cooked with milk from white cow with white calf, III, 65; they removed darkness from the sun (Sûrya), 66.

Soma-sacrifice, interlinked with Agnikayana, III, 343; the performer of it eats food once a year in the other world, IV, 299; is (Pragâpati's) seventeen-fold food, 348; as distinguished from haviryagña, V, 119.

soma-samsthâ, III, introd. xi, xii.

Somasushma Sâtyayagñi, disputation on Agnihotra at Ganaka's house, V, 112, seq.

somâtipavita, III, 129; somâtipûta, V, 226.

somavâmin, III, 129; V, 217, 226.

soma-vendor, malted rice bought from him at Sautrâmanî, V, 220.

son,--sons treated kindly by father, IV, 25; when asked by father to do anything, say 'what will therefrom accrue to us?' 59; dear son a favourite resort, 161; taken by father to his bosom, 206; sons in early life subsist on father, the reverse in later life, V, 157; father returning from abroad is received kindly by his sons, 204; father and son part in time of peace, 308.

Sona Sâtrâsâha, king of Pâñkâla, performed the Asvamedha, V, 400.

sounding-holes, are the vital airs, V, 487.

South, connected with Kshatra, &c., III, 91; kine and goats most

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plentiful in south region, 404; is the trishtubh, IV, 45; is virâg (wide-ruling), 46, 101; the Rudras its lords, 101; Indra its protector, 101; connected with pañkadasa-stoma, praüga-sastra, and brihat-sâman, 101; connected with Vâyu, 106; region of Fathers, 226; V, 485; is space and the air, V, 17.

South-east, Ukhya Agni (the sun) held up towards, III, 280; sacred to Agni, IV, 80; the sun is placed there, 133; in that region is the door to the world of the Fathers, V, 424.

sowing, of all kinds of herb-seeds on agnikshetra, III, 337.

space (aerial expanse) is Pragâpati the year, and the Saptadasa-stoma, IV, 62.

spade, is a thunderbolt, V, 448; of udumbara or vikaṅkata wood, 448.

sparrow (kalaviṅka), springs from Visvarûpa's head, III, 130.

speech (voice), lord of, is Pragâpati, III, 5; based on vital air, 151; is the sruk, 192; world of speech, 145, 192; there is a keen edge to it on one or both sides, 200; speaks truth and untruth, divine and human, 200; consists of vâk (voice) and akshara (syllable), 203; is a spade, 215; is of three kinds, rik, yagus and sâman; or low, half-loud and loud, 239; is healing medicine, 341; by speech the gods conquered the Asuras and drove them out of the universe, 387; the breath is the male, or mate, of speech, 391; a vital air, 402; produced from mind (and the moon), and from it the winter, IV, 11; is the Rishi Visvakarman, 12; sustained by the pervading vital air (samâna), 15; made by the gods their milch-cow, 173; one of the five divisions of vital air in the head, 190; by speech one gets into trouble, 210; speaks both truth and untruth, 257; Agni as Speech (the trayî vidyâ), 364 seq.; is the sun, 365; evolved from mind, and from it breath, 376, 377; the libations to Mind and Speech, (Sarasvat and Sarasvatî) are such to the Full and New moon, V, 28, 31, 32, 35;--single of vital airs, 246; mind is manifested as speech, 262; what is thought in mind is spoken by speech and heard by ear, 263; by mind and speech all is gained, 507.

sphûrgaka, tree, not to stand near a grave, V, 427.

sphya (sacrificial wooden sword), handed to consecrated king, III, 110; gaming-ground prepared therewith, 111.

spinal column, is continuous, V, 35.

spoon, (cf. sruk, sruva), taking up of the two offering-spoons (guhû and upabhrit), V, 56; not to clink together, 57, 60, 61.

spring-season, connected with east, gâyatrî, &c., III, 91; is the earth, 386; consists of months Madhu and Mâdhava, 386; produced from breath, and from it the Gâyatrî, IV, 4; in spring forest-fires occur, V, 45; the Brâhmana's season, 348.

sprinkling,--of Sacrificer with remains of (prasavanîya) offering-material at Vâgapeya, III, 38; of fire-altar with water, IV, 169, 174; of completed fire-altar with mixture of dadhi, honey and ghee, as Agni's after-share, 185; of sacrificial horse with water, V, 278, 316.

sprit, bricks of fourth layer, IV, 66 seq.; free creatures from death, 67.

spriti, oblations, V, 133.

Sraumatya, a teacher, his view of the nature of Agni, IV, 363.

Sraushat, different modes and tones in uttering it, V, 57 seq.; its five formulas are the unexhausted element of the sacrifice, 170;--482, 502.

srî, excellence, III, 144, 163, 392; distinction (social eminence), IV, 110, 132, 241; V, 285, 313; goodness (?), 326, 327; prosperity, V, 18, 59; beauty, 315.

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Srî, goddess of beauty and fortune, springs from Pragâpati, and is despoiled by the gods, V, 62.

Sriñgaya, a people, V, 269.

srishti, bricks of fourth layer, IV, 71 seq.; ? throwing of prastara (sacrificer) into the fire, V, 24; creation (?), 458.

Srotriya, is an upholder of the sacred law, III, 106.

sruk (offering-spoon), is speech, III, 192; the two serving as Agni's (the golden man's) arms, 373; of udumbara for Vasor dhârâ, IV, 214.

Srutasena, performs Asvamedha, V, 396.

sruva, (dipping-spoon), thrown eastward or northward, III, 53; is breath, 192; two oblations therewith, IV, 204.

staff, as sacrificial fee, V, 11, 12.

stake, sacrificial. See Yûpa.

stambayagus, III, 325.

standing, one is stronger than sitting, IV, 172, 178; he who has not yet gained a position (hut is striving to gain it) is anointed standing, 227.

stars (nakshatra), how created, III, 149; are the lights of righteous men who go to heaven, 244; are the hair (of the world-man), IV, 288; as Apsaras, the Gandharva Kandramas’ mates, 232; are lightsome (bhâkuri), 232; originate from Pragâpati's hair-pits, 361.

steer (rishabha) is vigour, produced in the form of the satobrihatî metre, IV, 38.

step, is the briskness in man, V, 266.

sthâlî, cauldron, III, 270.

sthapati (governor), III, 111. Cf. Revottara.

sticks, striking king with, III, 108.

stobha, III, introd. xxiii.

stokîyâ, oblations of drops, a thousand to ten deities, V, 279, 280.

Stoma,--are laid down as bricks in fourth layer, IV, 59; are the vital airs, 61; are food, 218; oblations relating to the Uneven and Even stomas, forming part of the Vasor dhârâ, 217, 218; seven, 277, 314; do not tail by excess or deficiency of one stotriyâ, V, 157; increasing by four (verses), 166, 167.

stomabhâgâ, bricks of fifth layer, are the essence of food, IV, 92 seq.; are the firmament (nâka), 93, 97; the first twenty-one are the three worlds and four regions; the last eight are the Brahman, the disk of the sun, 94; are the heart, 96, 94, 115.

stone,--hunger is laid into it, hence it is hard and not fit for eating, IV, 170; put in water-pitcher and through it in Nirriti's region, 171; it should break there, 171; variegated stone set up whilst Agni is led forward, 195; is the sun, 196; is the vital air and vital power, 196; is put into the Âgnidhriya dhishnya, 243, 360.

stool, gold, for Sacrificer, and Adhvaryu, V, 360, 361.

stotra, III, introd. xii seq.; attended by Sacrificer, 41; is the Sacrificer's own self, 41; stotras of Abhishekanîya, 69; the same as the sastra, IV, 14; connected with the production of food (life), 72.

stotriya-trika, IV, 14.

stronghold, threefold, III, 213.

sû, 'to animate, speed,' III, 2.

Subhadrikâ, dwelling in Kâmpîla, V, 321.

Subrahmanyâ, priest, is made the Udgâtri, V, 137.

sûdadohas, and sâdana, III, 301, 305, &c.; is the breath, 302, 354; IV, 5.

Sûdra,--Ârya and Sûdra ruled by day and night, IV, 74, 75; Sûdra woman as the Arya's mistress, V, 326; Sûdra is untruth, 446.

suk, heat, pain, suffering, IV, 171; V, 497 n.

Suki, second summer month, IV, 29.

Sukra, first summer month, IV, 29.

Sukra-graha, III, 6; puroruk formula of, 111; produced from riksama-sâman, and from it the saptadasa-stoma, IV, 8.

Sûktavâka, a completion of the sacrifice, V, 44.

sûlâvabhritha, V, 122.

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summer-season, connected with the South, Trishtubh, &c., III, 91; produced from the mind, and from it the Trishtubh, IV, 6; consists of months Suki and Sukra, 29; is the part between earth and atmosphere, 29; is scorched, V, 45; the Kshatriya's season, 347.

Sun, twenty or twenty-first-fold, III, 265; IV, 163; V, 37, 291, 305; there is a man in the sun's disk (mandala), III, 367; its disk is the Brahman, and the Gâyatrî, IV, 94; is smooth and round, 180; its disk is variegated, 196; when the sun sets it enters the wind, 333; is a baker of the baked, 352; is the foundation of Pragâpati and the Sacrificer, and generated out of their own self, 354, 355; the sun--its orb, light, and man--is the triple science, the Mahad Uktham, Mahâvrata, and Fire-altar, 366; the man in it is Death, who is immortal, 366; its orb is the gold plate and the white of the eye; its light the lotus-leaf and the black of the eye; its man the gold man (in the altar) and the man in the right eye, 367, 368; is the goal, the resting-place, V, 37; the towering form of the bull, 107; (Âditya) slaughtered as an animal victim by Pragâpati, and consequently endowed with certain powers, 128 seq.; represented by piece of gold tied to darbha plant and taken westwards, 195; established on the. Brihatî, 255, 256; walks singly, 314; is spiritual lustre, 314, 315; not rivalled by any one, 354; no one able to turn him back, 359; is a remover of evil, 426; originates from Vishnu's head when cut off, 442; whilst the sun shines the performer of Pravargya is to wear no garment, nor to spit, nor to discharge urine, 447; is Brahmanaspati, 453; is the truth, 457; the Brahman (n.), 460; Yama, 460; Makha, 460; is the child (garbha) of the gods, 469; the lord of creatures, 469; the sustainer of sky and gods, 470; the never-resting guardian, 470; is the father, 472; is a web-weaver, 484; the quarters are its corners, 498; is the fallow stallion, 501.

Sun and Moon (sûryâkandramasau), are Pragâpati's eyes, III, 113.

Sunahsepha, legend of, III, 95, 109.

Sunâsîrya, seasonal offering, III, 48; Sunâsîrîya, part of Pragâpati's body, V, 77; oblations of, 77 n.

sun-motes, III, 79, 80; as Apsaras, the Gandharva Sûrya's mates, IV, 231; they float clinging together, 231.

sun-rain, III, 76.

sun-rays, are the Visve Devâh, V, 196.

sunwise motion, III, 359; leads to the gods, 372, 373.

Suparna, eagle (or falcon), Savitri's (garutmat) Suparna, (is Pragâpati), IV, 105; a Suparna of the Trishtubh metre (is the mâdhyandina-pavamâna) bearing the Sacrificer to bliss, V, 173.

Suplan Sârñgaya, V, 239.

surâ, cups of, III, 8; mean untruth, &c., 8, 9; drawn by Neshtri, 10; one of them held by Vaisya or Râganya, 29; oblation of, 133; offered to Fathers from pitcher with a hundred, or nine, holes, 136; originates from Indra's hips, V, 215; preparation of surâ, 223, 224; it means food, and the Vis, 225; contributes to joy (intoxication), 227, 228; is the essence of waters and plants, 233; gladdens the Sacrificer, 233; is drank by him and priests, being unpropitious for a Brâhmana, 233, 245; others make a Râganya or Vaisya drink it, 233; it falls to the share of the Fathers of him who drinks it, 233; purifies the Sacrificer whilst itself is purified, 236.

surrender (paridâ), of one's self, IV, 186, 239, 251, 269; V, 236.

Sûrya, as Gandharva, with the sun-motes, as Apsaras, his mates, IV, 231;

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is the highest of all the universe, 240; created by the Brahman and placed in the sky, V, 27; evolved from the sky, and from him the Sâma-veda, 102; Sûrya's daughter purifies the Soma with tail-whisk, 226; she is Faith, 226; Sûrya, the highest light, is heaven, 267; sacrificed as animal victim, 320; expiatory pap, 346, 347; is the eye of creatures, 346; Sûrya, Vâyu, and Heaven and Earth, 347; walks singly, 388; one of his rays is the rain winner, 478; is heaven, the highest light, 502; (regent of the sky) is the self of the gods, 505.

Sûryâkandramasau, are Pragâpati's eyes, III, 313.

Sûryastut Ukthya, V, 419.

Sushena, Parganya's chieftain (grâmanî) in the upper region, is the second winter month, IV, 108.

Susravas Kaushya, a teacher, IV, 391.

Sûta, one of the ratninah, III, 60; is the spiriter (sava), 60-62; 111.

suta and âsuta, V, 241 n.

Svadhâ, as such the Fathers worship the divine Purusha, IV, 373; the Father's food, V, 96-98, 234; the autumn is the Svadhâ, 423.

svâdhyâya, the study of one's daily lesson of the scriptures, V, 100 seq.

svâhâ, therewith logs are consecrated, III, 261; is food, IV, 159; is distinct (definite), 183; is the Vashat, 277.

Svaidâyana, a Saunaka, and northern Brâhmana, defeats Uddâlaka Âruni, V, 50 seq.

svar,--cf. bhûh.

svarâg, metre, III, 364; of thirty-four syllables, IV, 385.

svâra-sâman, produced from Trishtubh, and from it the Antaryâma-graha, IV, 6, 7; how chanted, ib.

svara-sâman days, performed either as Agnishtomas or as Ukthyas, V, 147.

Svarbhânu, an Asura, smites the sun with darkness, III, 65, 406.

Svargit Nâgnagita, or Nagnagit, the Gândhâra, a râganyabandhu, IV, 21.

svayam-âtrinnâ brick, represents the three worlds, III, 155; the first belongs to Pragâpati, 187, 378; second to Indrâgnî and Visvakarman, 188; third to Parameshthin, 188,--laying down of first, as earth, food, and vital air, 377 the lower vital air, 399; IV, 2; the second (in the third layer) is the middle part of the body and its vital air, 42; the air, 44, 45; the third (in the fifth layer), 96, 99; the vital air in the middle of the body, 114, 116, 140 seq.; oblations thereon, 182; is an uttaravedi, 182; svayamâtrinnâs as substitutes for fire-altar, 271.

Svetaketu Âruneya, has sacrifice performed for him by Vaisvâvasavya, IV, 333; his view regarding the fore-offerings, V, 40; regarding the nature of honey, 90; disputation on Agnihotra at Ganaka's house, 112 seq.; questioned by his father regarding the fording-footholds of the year, 147.

Svikna. See Pratîdarsa, Rishabha.

Svishtakrit, performed between two oblations, III, 40; the same for kâmyeshtis, IV, 248; is fervour (tapas), V, 41; the Kshatra, 253; three oblations of blood at Asvamedha, 337, 338; is Rudra, 338.

swan maidens, V, 70.

sweat-pores, as many as there are hair-pits and rain-drops, V, 169.

Syaita-sâman, III, introd. xvi; sung by some over completed altar, IV, 180.

syâma, III, 14.

syâmâka, millet, III, 70.

Syâparna, a people, IV, 344 n.; Syâparna Sâyakâyana, III, 171; IV, 274, 344.

syena, falcon or eagle, one of the Gâyatrî metre (is the bahishpavamâna) bearing the Sacrificer to bliss, V, 173; the talon-slaying

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syena, the king of birds, originates from Indra's heart, 215; with two feathers of syena the sacrifice is purified (swept up and down) at Sautrâmanî, 230.


tail,--twenty-one-fold, IV, 222; contraction and expansion of bird's tail, 301 seq.;--tail whisk as purifier, V, 220, 235.

ndya, III, 153.

tanu, (five bodily parts), III, 152.

Tapa, the first dewy season, IV, 126; is the sun, 126.

tapas, (austerities) to be practised; of him who does so every part shares in the world of heaven, IV, 362; there is no perpetuity in it, 418.

tâpaskita, (the fire-altar used at the sacrificial session of that name), IV, 317; substitute for a session of a thousand years, V, 171 seq.; amounts to a Brihatî, 172.

Tapasya, the second dewy season, IV, 126.

Târkshya, the commander-in-chief of the sacrifice (or north), is the first autumn month, IV, 107; Târkshya Vaipasyata, king of birds, V, 369.

târpya, III, 85.

teacher, of brahmakârin, whether to carry on sexual intercourse, or not, V, 90.

testicles, V, 500.

thighs, joined to body at upper end, III, 306; thigh-bone the largest bone, IV, 137.

thirteen, IV, 74.

thirty,--limbs of body, IV, 167.

thirty-one, IV, 76.

thirty-three, IV, 76; V, 164.

thousand,--means everything, IV, 147, 304; V, 348;--the benefits of a life of 1,000 years, how to be gained, IV, 362.

thread,--with it fried rice-grain is bought at Sautrâmanî, V, 219.

threefold, the, belongs to gods, III, 21.

throne-seat, of udumbara, for consecration at Vâgapeya, III, 35; of khadira at Abhishekanîya, 105; rising from, 128; thereon Ukhya Agni placed and carried, 267 seq.; represents the earth, 267; of udumbara wood, 267; V, 249; represents imperial dignity, 249; royal dignity, 249; the womb and navel of the Kshatra, 250; throne-seat, of Pravargya, the samrâg, 461; of udumbara, shoulder-high, 461; wound with grass-cords, 461.

thunderbolt, is fifteenfold, III, 413; the (sixteenfold) sun (Âditya) is its wielder, IV, 85; has a sling (or handle) on its right side, 86; Indra drives off the Asuras therewith, 193; is the thunder, V, 116.

tiger, skin of, used at consecration ceremony of Râgasûya, III, 81; is Soma's beauty, 81, 92; produced in the shape of the virâg metre, IV, 38; is vigour, 38; springs from entrail of dead body, if not cleaned out before being burnt, V, 203; springs from Indra's entrails, 215.

tilvaka, tree, not to stand near a grave, V, 427.

tongue, distinguishes the essence (taste, flavour) of food, V, 263.

tooth,--how teeth grow and decay, V, 52, 54.

top,--of grass-stalks is sacred to the gods, IV, 185.

tortoise (kûrma), how created, III, 147; a living one placed in first layer, 389; is the life-sap of these worlds, and these worlds themselves, 389; the lower shell the earth, the upper one the sky, and what is between is the air, 389; is anointed with dadhi, honey, and ghee, 389; is the same as the sun (Âditya), 390; is the vital air, 391; Agni Vaisvânara, Âditya, creeps over the three worlds in the shape of a tortoise. 392; the lord of the waters and the bull of bricks, 392;--how laid down on the altar, IV, 2.

traidhâtavî, offering at Sautrâmanî, III, 139; at Purushamedha, V, 412.

trayastrimsa (-stoma), connected with paṅkti, raivata, &c., III, 91;

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trinava and trayastrimsa, produced from the âgrayana and from them the sâkvara and raivata-sâmans, IV, II, 12; is a foundation, the year, 65; connected with Ribhus and Visve Devâh, frees living beings (bhûta) from death, 70; is connected with Brihaspati, the Visve Devâh, the upper region, &c., 103; last of the uneven stomas, 217; trayastrimsa day, 420.

trayî vidyâ, III, 139; (the brahman) first created, 145, 192; is all the metres, 193; consists of hymns, tunes, and prayers, 196; dug out by the gods from the mind-ocean, 415; (stoma, yagus, rik, sâman, brihat, rathantara) is food; mentioned in final benediction of the Vasor dhârâ consecration, IV, 220; is the truth, 258; the (Soma)-sacrifice, 261; contains all existing things, 352; Pragâpati's body contains (or consists of) it, 352; consists of 10,800 eighties of syllables, 353; is Speech, and Agni (the fire-altar), 364 seq.; is the Universe, 403; constitutes the (new, divine) body of the Sacrificer, V, 38; evolved from Agni, Vâyu, and Sûrya, and from it the luminous essences bhûh, bhuvah, svar, 102, 103; the Brahman priest to use the trayî vidyâ, 104; is the unexhausted element of the sacrifice, 170.

trayodasa-stoma, gained by Vasus, III, 40.

trayovimsa-stoma, the array, the year, IV, 63.

trees, all except udumbara side with the Asuras against the gods, III, 256; ruled over by Soma, IV, 76.

tretâ, die, III, 107.

trikakubh (metre), is the udâna, IV, 88.

trinava-stoma, connected with Paṅkti, sâkvara, &c., III, 91; with trayastrimsa produced from the âgrayana-graha, and from them the sâkvara and raivata-sâmans, IV, 11, 12; is strength, the year, 64; connected with Aditi and Pûshan, 69; connected with upper region, Brihaspati, Visve Devâh, &c., 102, 103; is the two sides (flanks), V, 164; trinava day, 420.

tripâna, III, 85.

triple science. See trayî vidyâ.

trishamyukta, offerings, III, 54, 56.

trishtubh, gained by Indra, III, 40; is vigour, strength (vîrya), 64; is the one rule which the gods keep, 447; IV, 262, 308; V, 311, 312; connected with kshatra, &c., III, 91; is the body, self, 167, 218, 253; produced from the summer, and from it the svâra-sâman, IV, 6; year-and-a-half-old calves produced in the form of it, 39; is the south, 45; the air of trishtubh nature, 57; Vâyu connected with it, 142; is the thunderbolt, 193, 308; connected with the sun, 197; of eleven syllables, 308; is the generative breathing (of Pragâpati), 327-379; an eagle of the trishtubh metre (midday Pavamâna) bearing the Sacrificer to bliss, V, 173; thereby the Rudras consecrate king, 312.

trivrit-stoma, gained by Mitra, III, 40; connected with brahman, &c., 91; produced from upâmsugraha, and from it the Rathantara, IV, 5; the swiftest of stomas, 61; is Vâyu, 61; is breath, 66; through it (connected with Agni) the priesthood delivered from death, 67; is the head, 78; connected with Agni, the Vasus, the east, âgya-sastra, rathantara-sâman, 100.

truth, remaining with the gods, and untruth with Asuras, IV, 257; he who holds to it, though first poor, in the end prospers, 257; truth in faith, V, 46; conquers pain, always to be spoken, 85.

Tura Kâvasheya, IV, introd. xviii; builds fire-altar at Kârotî, IV. 279.

Tvashtri, assists Varuna, III, 113; rules over living forms, 113, 115; (samsrip) ten-kapâla cake to, 115; prayugâm havis (ten-kapâla

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cake), 125; his son Visvarûpa, 130; V, 213; ram slaughtered for him, III, 162; fashioned first the sheep, 411; takes Srî's forms and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (ten-kapâla cake), V, 62-65; practises mystic rites on India and excludes him from the Soma-draught, 213 seq.; 248; Tvashtri, the seminal, is multiform, 293; fashioner of the couples of animals, 293.

twenty-five, IV, 75.

twenty-five-fold, is seed, III, 353; is the body, IV, 168, 222.

twenty-four-fold, is man, III, 167; the wing (paksha), IV, 222;

Pragâpati, the year, V, 141.

twenty-nine, IV, 75.

twenty-one, IV, 75, 191; V, 150.

twenty-one-fold (or twenty-first), is man, III, 172; (stoma) the sun, 127, 265; IV, 163; V, 37, 150 (cf. note), 305 note, 333, 335; the tail, IV, 222; the belly, V, 164; the altar, &c., 334, 335; the head of the sacrifice, 335.

twenty-three, IV, 75.

twinkling of the eye, as many as there are spirations, and hair-pits, V, 169.


udâna, becomes the vyâna, IV, 16; (breath of the nose) fills man, V, 31.

udânabhrit (holders of the upward air), are the ear-sustainers, IV, 15.

udavasânîyeshti, III, 115, 139; IV, 269.

udayanîya (Atirâtra), IV, 254.

Uddâlaka-Âruni, son of (Aruna) Gautama, a Kurupañkala Brâhmana, [IV, 333 n., 393 n.;] V, 50 seq.; in disputation with Saukeya Prâkinayogya, 79 seq.; teacher of Proti Kausurubindi, 153.

Uddâlavat, a Gandharva, V, 30.

udder, in one third of cow, III, 237.

uddhâra, share,--purastâd--, uparishthât, IV, 162.

Udgâtri priest, seated towards north, III, 109; gold wreath his fee at Dasapeya, 119; by means of the Mahâvrata (sâman) he puts the vital fluid into Pragâpati, the altar, IV, 282; is the rainy season, V, 45; initiated for Sattra (as being the thundercloud and rain), 135; holding on to him from behind, 173; not to chant the Udgîtha of bahishpavamâna at Asvamedha, 305; is the friend of the gods, 388; the .Udgâtris do, as it were, the Patnî's work at the sacrifice, 504.

udgîtha,--of bahishpavamâna at Asvamedha performed by the horse, V, 305.

udumbara (ficus glomerata), means substance, food, III, 35, 36, &c.; strength, life-sap, 373; used for throne seat at Vâgapeya, 35; for food-vessel, 36; for consecration water-vessel, 73, 80; ditto for the king's kinsman to sprinkle from, 83; branch hidden in wheel-track, 104; how produced, 256; sides with the gods, whilst all other trees do so with the Asuras, 256; contains the vital sap of all other trees, 256, (267), 394; produces fruit (thrice a year) equal to that of all other trees, 297; is always moist, 257; udumbara jar used for sowing seed on Agnikshetra, 337; etymology, 395; samidhs of, IV, 189, 191: samidh with forking branches, 203; offering-ladle of, for vasor dhârâ, 214; originates from Indra's flesh (and force), V, 215; means strength, force, 220, 448.

uggiti, formulas and oblations, III. 40.

Ugra, form and name of Agni, III, 159; is Vâyu, 160.

Ugrasena, performs Asvamedha, V, 396.

ukhâ, fire-pan,--materials collected for, III, 180; belongs to Pragâpati, r80; eight parts of, 180; thereinto the Sacrificer pours his own self, 180; represents the three worlds, 210, 233 seq.; 313; fashioning of, 233 seq.; is a cow, 237; is Agni's self (body), 239; is the Sacrificer's own self, 251; baking of pan, 252 seq.; instructions in case

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of its breaking, 263; ditto in case of fire therein going out, 263; etymology (ut-khan), 270; filled with sand and milk, 310, 311; not to be looked at when empty, 310; placed on mortar in first layer, 396-398; is the belly of the animal Agni, 400; shaping and baking of it side by side with the building of fire-altar, IV, introd. xix; a representation of the three worlds, ib.; is placed on the mortar, 2; Pragâpati and Sacrificer are poured therein as seed into the womb, 341; therein, as the three worlds, Pragâpati pours his own self, 354.

Ukhya Agni, III, 263, 265; is held up towards east, 272, (275); towards south-west and northeast, 280; carried about for a year, 269; placed on chariot and driven about, 290 seq.; poured on Gârhapatya, 310; IV, 191 n.; 308 n.; by building an altar without carrying him for a year one kills all beings in the form of an embryo, 272; one must not officiate at such a sacrifice, 272; relaxations of rule, 273, 274; only one who has carried Agni for a year attains immortal life, 324; placed on fire-altar with 'vashat,' 202, 341.

ukkhishtakhara, V, 489 n., 500.

uktha, III, introd. xiv-xvi; (= mahad uktham), the food of Agni, IV, 342; the uktha is Agni, Âditya, Prâna, the Purusha, 399; (= sastra), V, 257.

uktha-stotra, III, introd. xiv seq., 127.

ukthya-graha, III, II.

Ukthya sacrifice, III, introd. xiv-xvi; victims of, 12; two hundred and forty, or two hundred and thirty-four in a year's session, V, 147.

ulûkhala, etymology, III, 395.

unbelief and belief, as two women with a man, (wrath) between them, V, 111-112.

uneven, belongs to the Fathers, V, 423.

universe, in the beginning was neither existent, nor non-existent, IV, 374; is Mind alone, 375; is only Death, hunger, which creates Mind, 402; universe originally was nothing but a sea of water, V, 12; in the beginning was the Brahman, 27.

Unnetri, priest, initiated last for sattra by non-initiated Snâtaka or Brahmakârin, V, 137.

unstringing (formulas). See avatâna.

untruth,--remaining with Asuras, and truth with the gods, IV, 257; he who speaks untruth, though first flourishing, comes to nought in the end, 257; women, the sûdra, the dog and the blackbird (crow) are untruth, V, 446.

upabhrit. See spoon.

upahita, III, 151.

upâmsu-graha, III, 6; is the mouth of the sacrifice, 53; produced from gâyatra-sâman, IV, 4; from it the trivrit, 5.

upanayana, initiation of Brâhmanical student, V, 86 seq.

upanishad (mystic import), the essence of the Yagus, IV, 339; regarding the nature of Agni, 363 seq.; V, 155.

uparishtâd bhâgah, IV, 185; cf. uddhâra.

Upasad, III, 116, 118, 355; IV, 187; with three kindling-verses, and without prayâgas and anuyâgas, IV, 259; the two performances are two strongholds between which the fire-altar is built, 316; are the fervour in the sacrifice, 317; are day and night, and Pravargya the sun, 317; three, six, twelve, or twenty-four Upasad-days, or a year, 317, 318; on Satarudriya-day, day of preparation, and sutyâ-day, 320; like after-offerings of a backward direction, V, 43; twelve Upasad-days at Asvamedha, 371; ditto at Purushamedha, 403; is combined with Pravargya, 493.

upasaya, supernumerary, V, 220 n.

upasthâna, of fire on fire-altar, IV, 269; with seven-versed Aindra-hymn, 274, 275.

upayag, by-offering, eleven, III, 163.

upayamanî, (supporting) tray, V, 458;

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is the air, the Pravargya pot placed thereon, 477, 481, 488.

upper (or great) region,--is the sun, IV, 27; the paṅkti, 45; sovereign mistress (adhipatnî), 46, 102; the Visve Devâh its lords, 102; connected with Brihaspati, the trinava, and trayastrimsa stomas, the sâkvara, and raivata sâmans, 102, 103; a boon-bestower, is Praganya, 107; is the Sacrificer's region, 485.

Ûrga, second autumn month, IV, 49.

Urvasî, an Apsaras,--is the upper region, or the oblation, IV, 108; Urvasî, and Purûravas, V, 68 seq.

Ushas, wife of Bhûtânâm patih (Pragâpati, the year), III, 158.

ushnih,--in the form of it three-and-a-half-year old kine produced, IV, 39; is the eye (of Pragâpati), 327-328.

ushnîsha, turban, III, 86.

usurer (money-lender), V, 368.

utkara, heap of rubbish, is the seat of what is redundant (superfluous), IV, 137.

utsâdana,--of Pravargya, IV, 187; V, 493 seq.

utsarga, formulas of removal (of distress), III, 408.

uttaramandrâ (tune or lute), V, 356.

uttara-nârâyana (litany), V, 412.

uttara-vedi (high, or upper, altar), is the sky, III, 349; the womb, 349; the air, V, 248; on the uttara (northern) vedi, 225; used for 'setting out' the Pravargya vessels, 498; its navel is the voice, 498.


ga (food, race, strength), III, 204.

ga-Savitri, with Ribhus, Vibhus, and Vâga, receives offering of gharma, V, 480.

gapeya, III, introd. xi, xxiii seq.; by offering it one ascends to upper region, 2, 3; to the light, 33; becomes immortal, 33; wins Pragâpati, 3; it belongs to Brâhmana and Râganya, 3; by offering it one becomes samrâg, 4; it is superior to Râgasûya, 4; IV, 225; number seventeen prevails thereat, III, 8; etymology, 13 seq.; is a supernumerary (special) rite, 246.

gapeya-graha, belongs to Indra, III, 6; five such, 8.

gapeya-sâman, III, introd. xxiii. 11, 12.

gaprasavîya, (seven) oblations as Vâgapeya, III, 37; with remains thereof Sacrificer sprinkled at Vâgapeya, 38; (fourteen) oblations (of all-herb-seed) at Agnikayana, IV, 223 seq.; are all food, 224.

gasravasa. See Kusri Vâgasravasa.

vâghat, III, 218, 223.

gin, horse, carries the Gandharvas. IV, 401.

ginâm sâman, III; 23.

vai, meaning of, III, 198.

Vainya. See Prithin.

Vaipasyata. See Târkshya.

vairâga-sâman, III, introd. xx, xxii, xxiii; connected with Anushtubh, ekavimsa-stoma, autumn, 91; produced from ekavimsa-stoma, IV, 10; connected with Soma, Maruts, north, &c., 102.

vairûpa-sâman, III, introd. xx, xxii; connected with vis, Gagatî, &c., 91; (?) = riksama-sâman, IV, 8, 9; is an aida-sâman, 10; connected with Varuna, the Âdityas, the west, &c., 102.

vaisâkha, month, new moon of, coincides with the nakshatra Rohinî, V, 2.

Vaishnava. See Soma Vaishnava.

Vaisravana. See Kubera Vaisravana.

Vaisvadeva, seasonal offering, III, 47; part of Pragâpati's body; V, 74; oblations, 74 n.; at Asvamedha (to Ka, Pragâpati, Aditi, Sarasvatî, Pûshan, Tvashtri, Vishnu). 289 seq.; 292 seq.

vaisvadeva-sastra, connected with Brihaspati, the Visve Devâh, the upper region, &c., IV, 103; on second day of Asvamedha, V, 381.

vaisvadevî (âmikshâ), III, 108;--bricks, IV, 23, 30 seq.; represent creatures, 31.

vaisvakarmana, formulas and oblations (corresponding to the

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[paragraph continues] Sâvitra ones), IV, 266; Agni Vaisvakarmana, 268; are the second half of the year, 347.

Vaisvânara, twelve-kapâla cake to, III, 57; Vaisvânara is the year, 57, 170; prayugâm havis (twelve-kapâla cake), 125; pasupurodâsa, 170; twelve-kapâla cake at dîkshâ of Agnikayana, 247; Vaisvânara is all the fires, 248; is Agni, 248; is the Kshatra, 248; the Gârhapatya is Agni Vaisvânara, 300; the year, IV, 33, 207; twelve-kapâla cake which makes Agni Vaisvânara a deity after being set up on fire-altar, 207; etymology, 208; is the Kshatra, 210; is the sun, 212; views regarding his nature, 393 seq.; is the Purusha, 398; expiatory cake, V, 346; Vaisvânara is this earth, 346.

Vaisvâvasavya, officiates to Svetaketu Âruneya, and is examined by his patron's father (Uddâlaka Âruni), IV, 333.

Vaisya, takes part in chariot race, III, 29; holds honey-cup and cup of surâ, 29; sprinkles king from asvattha vessel, 84; hired by some to drink the surâ-liquor, V, 233; son of Vaisya woman not anointed, 326.

Vaivasvata. See Manu, Yama.

Vaiyâghrapadya. See Budila, and Indradyumna.

k, victim to, III, 15; (Sarasvatî) the leader, 39, 80; (Brihaspati) Vâk, pap of wild rice to, 70 the triple Veda the thousandfold progeny of Vâk, 140; out of her Pragâpati produced the waters, 145, 192; union with mind (manas), 149; bears the eight Vasus, eleven Rudras, twelve Âdityas, and the Visve Devâh, 149; Vâk, the voice, speaks to a span's distance, 200; is part of speech, 203; is a mahishî (consecrated queen), 239;--cf. Sarasvatî Vâk.

vâkovâkyam, dialogue, to be studied, V, 98.

vâlakhilyâ, bricks of the third layer are the vital airs, 54 seq.; etymology, 55; by means of them the gods ranged over these worlds upwards and downwards, 56.

Vâmadevya, son of Vâmadeva. See Brihaduktha.

vâmadevya-sâman, III, introd. xvi, 12, 274; how chanted, IV, 7; sung over completed altar, is the breath (vital air) and Vâyu, 179; is Pragâpati, V, 333.

Vâmakakshâyana, III, 314; instructed by Sândilya, IV, 345.

vapâ,--of five cuttings (portions), V, 125; vapâ offering on second day of Asvamedha, 392 seq.; victims with and without vapâ, 420.

vâr, etymology, III, 146.

varana wood, peg of, V, 436; enclosing-sticks, 439; sruva-spoon, 439.

vâravantîya-sâman, III, introd. xiv-xxi; used for Agnishtoma-sâman on first day of Asvamedha, V, 376.

Vârkali, V, 169.

vârshâhara, sâman, V, 501.

vârtraghna, are the âgyabhâgas, V, 350.

Varuna, by ten syllables gains Virâg. III, 40; his noose, 47, 57, 280; Varuna is Agni, 51; (? Brihaspati, 68); barley pap to, 57, 60; to Varuna belongs the black, hence black cloth the fee for oblation to Varuna, 58; knot sacred to Varuna, 58; is the spiriter (sava) of gods, 60; the horse his sacrificial animal, 60; to Varuna belongs what is hewn by axe and what is churned, 67; what is cooked by fire, 68; what grows in ploughed ground, 71; the flowing water that does not flow, 76; the garment of initiation (at Abhishekanîya), 87; Varuna Dharmapati, barley pap to, 71; Varuna consecrated king, 98, 103; upholder of the sacred law, 106; Varuna Satyaugas, 109; on being consecrated Varuna's lustre (bhargas) departs from him, 113; assists himself, 113; samsrip-oblation (barley pap) to, 116; seizes creatures, 116; prayugâm havis

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[paragraph continues] (pap) to, 125; barley pap at Sautrâmanî, 136, 137; Varuna is the injurer, 137; horse slaughtered for him, 162; to him belongs the sling, 279, 280; the sheep sacred to him, 411; Mitra and Varuna, out-breathing and down-breathing, connected with ekavimsa-stoma, IV, 68; rules over one-hoofed animals, 75; protector of the west, 101; connected with the Âdityas, saptadasa-stoma, marutvatîya-sastra, vairûpa-sâman, 101, 102; ruṅmatî (lightsome) oblation to, 238; is Agni (when completed and anointed), 238; is the kshatra, 239; Varuna and horse, V, introd. xix seq.; part of Pragâpati's body affected by Varuna, 36; takes Srî's sovereign power and receives (mitravindâ) oblation (ten-kapâla cake), 62, 65; sends out his son Bhrigu to improve his knowledge, 108 seq.; through (a cake to) Varuna one delivers one's self from Varuna's power and noose, 221; Varuna's cakes of ten kapâlas, for Varuna is Virâg, the lord of food, 222; connected with winter, 247; upholder of the sacred law, 251; is the king of the gods, 251; receives oblation in Sautrâmanî (for assisting in healing Indra), 252; swearing by the inviolable waters a sin against Varuna, 265; Varuna's son or brother is a whirlpool, 266; the last of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblations of drops, 281; Varuna Gumbaka, 343; propitiatory barley pap, 346; Varuna seizes upon the drowned, 346; barley sacred to him, 346; Varuna Âditya, king of the Gandharvas, 365; (the regent of waters, ? and Nakshatras) is the self of the gods, 505, 506.

Varuna-praghâsâh, seasonal offering, III, 47; part of Pragâpati's body, V, 75; oblations of, 75 n.

varuna-sava, III, introd. xxv, 76, 103.

Vâruni. See Bhrigu.

varunic nature, of cow, III, 51.

varunya, III, 57.

vasa, hymn, IV, 112, 223.

vasa (? desirable or submissive), III, 77.

vasatîvarî water, at Asvamedha of four kinds, from the four quarters, 275.

Vashat, uttered with ten oblations of the Darsapûrnamâsa, V, 3; is the sun and Death, and by it the Sacrificer is regenerated and delivered from death; 26; produces wasting away of cattle in winter, 45;--277 note.

Vasishtha, the Rishi, is breath, IV, 5; his (knowledge of the) Virâg coveted by Indra, V, 212; formerly only one of his family could become Brahman priest, 212.

Vasor dhârâ, shower of wealth, IV. 213 seq.; is Agni's Abhisheka (consecration), 213; its mystic meaning, 221 seq.; corresponds to year and Mahad uktham, 221, 222.

Vasu, dwelling in the air, III, 103, 281.

Vasus, by thirteen syllables gain the trayodasa-stoma, III, 40; eight Vasus produced from Vâk, 149: placed on earth with Agni, 150: (with Mitra) mix the clay, 231; fashioned this earth-world by means of Gâyatrî, 233; Rudras and Vasus sing praises of (brick in) second layer, IV, 25; how produced, 33; Vasus and Rudras, connected with the four-footed and the katurvimsa-stoma, 68; Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas separated, and were the lords when heaven and earth separated, 75; connected with Agni, &c., 100; the lords of the east, 100; Vasus, Rudras, Âdityas, Maruts, and Visve Devâh build on different quarters of altar E. S. W. N. U., 118; the eight Vasus enumerated, V, 116; arise by performance of morning pressing, 173; consecrate the king by the Gâyatra metre, 312; obtain the part of Vishnu, the sacrifice, corresponding to

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the morning-pressing, 443; Indra, with Vasus, Rudras, and Âdityas, receives offering at Pravargya, 479, 480.

vâta. See wind.

vâtsapra, hymn and rite, III, 261, 283; an unyoking-place, 286.

vatsara, (fifth year of cycle), IV, 21.

Vâtsya, a teacher, IV, 272, 345 n.

vaushat, etymology, IV, 541, 346;--forms part of the unexhausted element of the sacrifice (and trayî vidyâ), V, 170.

vâvâtâ, addressed by Udgâtri, V, 387.

vayasyâ, bricks in second layer, IV, 24.

Vâyu, how created, III, 148; his union with the air, 148; and the regions, 188; with him the Rudras in the air, 150; is the released Pragâpati, 152; Vâyu Niyutvat, 173; the out-breathing, 173; one half of Pragâpati, 175; regent of the air, 204, (210, 286); Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya, are all the light, 210; goes along by the breath of the gods, 221; is the vital air that went out of Pragâpati, 312; is Visvakarman (the maker of everything), IV, 6; blows most in (from) south, 6; becomes the mind, in right side of body, 6; wind produced by the prânabhrits, 33; everywhere between the two worlds, 34; runs everywhere in the same direction, 34; is in the regions, 34; wind has rain in it, 35; overlord of the air world, 48; is Pragâpati (of the air), Agni, the Sacrificer, 57, 58; takes the part of Pragâpati between head and waist, 60; becomes the deities and the forms of the year, 60; is the trivrit-stoma, and the swiftest, 61; the support of all beings, 66; encloses all beings, 66; rules over wild animals, 75; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya move hitherwards and thitherwards, 90; the all-worker (visvakarman), in the south, 106; blows sideways in the air, 130; wind and sky the highest, and close together, 140, 141; is only on this side of the sky, 141; is the thread by which the sun strings the worlds to himself, 141; is of trishtubh nature, 142; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the hearts of the gods, 162; is the self (body) of all the gods, 179; is the body (âtman) of Agni-Pragâpati, the altar and universe, 479; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are the Pravargya (vessels), 187; Vâyu is the man (nara) of the air as (part of) the All (visva), 208; is the breath, 208; Agni considered as Vâyu, 363; Vâyu, the one wind, when entering man is divided into ten parts. V, 3;. Pragâpati becomes vital air, and Vâyu, 15; created by the Brahman and placed in the air, 27; Vâyu one of the six doors to the Brahman, 66, 67; offering for expiation to Vâyu in the direction in which the wind blows, 84; all beings (at death) pass over into the wind, and from thence are again produced, 84; is evolved from the air, and from him the Yagurveda, 102; Vâyu's form taken by sun, whence wind is invisible, 130; Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya are light, might, glory (fame), 173; the swiftest of gods, 278; the fifth of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblation of drops, 281; is a singer of praises, 312; Vâyu cooks the food, 316; sacrificed as animal victim, 319; expiatory milk oblation, 345, 347; Vâyu is the transformer of seed, 345; Vâyu, Sûrya, and Heaven and Earth, 347; is Pûshan, since he supports (push) everything, 474; (regent of the air) is the self of the gods, 505.

Veda, triple (yagus, rik, sâman), III, 139, 140, 141; the thousandfold progeny of Vâk, 140; the three Vedas (cf. trayî vidyâ), consist of 10,800 eighties of syllables, IV, 353; study of the Veda, V, 95 seq.; beneficial effects thereof, 99 seq.;

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[paragraph continues] Rik; Yagus and Sâman are light, might and glory (fame), 174.

vedi, is this earth, III, 345, 349; IV, 235; V, 248; is the world of the (? place for) gods, IV, 118; measuring of vedi (for fire-altar), 30 seq.; (mahâvedi) equal to vedi of sevenfold fire-altar, 306; vedi of ninety steps (for the sevenfold fire-altar), 308; is fivefold, 309; right edge of vedi a balance in which the Sacrificer is weighed, V, 45; is the golden, brilliant-winged Gâyatrî who bears the Sacrificer to heaven, 56; how to step past it, 57 seq.; two vedis at Sautrâmanî, 225; is the farthest end of the earth, 390.

vet, sacrificial call, is indistinct (indefinite), IV, 183; used with oblation of ghee (with gold chips in it), on completed fire-altar, 183; used (with 'svâhâ') after final benediction of Vasor dhârâ consecration, 220; with 'vashat,' or 'svâhâ,' is food offered to the gods, 221.

vetasa (bamboo), etymology, IV, 174; cf. reed.

vibhîtaka nut, used as dice, III, 106; tree, not to stand near a grave, V, 427.

Vibhus,--Savitri, with Ribhus, Vibhus, and Vâgas, receives offering of Gharma, V, 480.

victim, animal, is Pragâpati, and re, presents all deities, IV, 404; number of, at Asvamedha, V, 309 seq.; is quieted (killed), 321; human (symbolic), 407; set free, 411; enumerated, 413 seqq.

vikaṅkata, (flacourtia sapida), is the thunderbolt, III, 53; how produced, 256, 448; pieces laid round Pravargya pot, representing the Maruts, V, 466; the vital airs, 486.

vikarnî, brick in sixth or seventh layer, IV, 96, 99, 140 seq.; is Vâyu, 140; is vital power (âyus), 141, 291.

vikramana, one of Vishnu's steps, III, 96.

vikrânta, one of Vishnu's steps, III, 96.

vikriti, (fashioning) formula, III, 283.

village-boundaries, contiguous in time of peace, V, 306, 307.

vimita, shed, put up on gaming ground, III, 11.

virâg, bricks of fifth layer, IV, 83.

Virâg, metre; gained by Varuna, III, 40; of ten syllables, 183, 196; V, 403 n.; is Agni, III, 196; is food, IV, 50, 204; all food, IV, 12, 87; V, 408, 418; the unassailable metre in form of which tigers were produced, IV, 38; also two-year-old kine, 39; is food, 50, 204; of thirty syllables, 94, 385; the undiminished Virâg is Indra's heaven, 94; the ten vital airs are the Virâg, the sacrifice, V, 3; possessed by Vasishtha, and coveted by Indra, 212; is the earth, 212; created by Pragâpati, enters the sacrificial horse, 310; born from the Purusha, and the Purusha from Virâg, 403.

vis, (peasantry, clan), food for the noble, III, 13; connected with west, Gagatî, vairûpa-sâman, saptadasa-stoma, rainy season, 91; connected with the gods generally, and the creator, is freed from death through saptadasa-stoma, IV, 68; less powerful than nobility, and differing in speech and thought from each other, 133; is the sacrifice, 144; sits as it were, 210; is indefinite, 210, 245; speak to the kshatra now in a loud, now in a low voice, V, 41; obedient to the kshatra, 227; not to be equal and refractory, but obedient and subservient, to kshatra, 303.

Vishnu, by three syllables gained the three worlds, III, 40; is the upper end of the gods, 44; the sacrifice, 45, 113; V, 179; three-kapâla cake, or pap to, III, 54; men belong to him, or are of his nature, 54; three steps (strides), 96, 261, 275; by Vishnu, Pragâpati created

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the worlds, 276, 286; assists Varuna in recovering his lost vigour, 114; (upasad) three-kapâla cake, or pap, 118; as embryo a span long, 235, 255, 260, 268; Vishnu Sipivishta, pap of rice and fresh milk at New moon, V, 9; the sixth of the ten deities ('all the gods') receiving oblations of drops, 282; Vishnu nibhûyapa, Sipivishta, 293; a dwarfish animal his victim at Asvamedha, 300; enters the world in three places, 388; first reaches end of sacrificial session, and attains excellence among gods, 441; is the sacrifice, 442; unable to control his ambition, 442; with his bow and three arrows, 442; his head is cut off, and becomes the sun, 442; is divided into three parts (the pressings of the Soma-sacrifice), 443.

Vishnu-strides, a feature of the haviryagña, V, 120.

vishtârapaṅkti (metre), is the regions, IV, 88.

vishtâvrâga, III, 50, 53.

vishthâvrâgin, III, 123.

vishtuti, III, introd. xxii.

Vishuvat, central day of Gavâm ayanam, and formerly one of the three 'great rites' of the year's sattra, V, (139), 144; is in excess of the year, 158.

visvadeva-netrah, (devâh), seated in the west, III, 49.

Visvagit Atirâtra, with all the prishthas and giving away of all one's property, a substitute for a year of Soma-pressing (with Agnikayana), IV, 320, 321; V, 420, 491.

visvagyotis (bricks) are (all the light), Agni, Vâyu, and Âditya, respectively, III, 210, 239; making of, 239; mean offspring, progeny, 239, 385; IV, 129; laying down of the first (Agni), III, 384; is breath, 385; IV, 2; Agni, 130; that of third layer, Vâyu, 47, 130; is offspring, 47; is breath, 47; the fifth layer, 99, 129; possessed of generative power, 129; is the sun, 130; is breath, 131; Sûrya its lord, 131.

Visvakarman, the purusha (man) slaughtered for him, III, 162; Visvakarman and Indrâgni connected with the air and the second svayamâtrinnâ, 188, 190; IV, introd. xiv; is Vâyu, 6, 106; the Rishi Visvakarman is speech, 12; he is Pragâpati, 28, 233; settles the third layer of altar, 41, 47; is Agni, 189, 190, 204; oblation to, 204; is the lord of all that exists, 204; eight oblations to (Agni) Visvakarman corresponding to the Sâvitra oblations, 266; Visvakarman Bhauvana performs Sarvamedha, and promises the earth to Kasyapa, 421.

Viskî, the Apsaras, is the northern quarter, or the vedi, IV, 107.

Visvâmitra, rishi (All-friend), is the ear, IV, 10.

Visvantara Saushadmana, IV, 344 n.

Visvarûpa, the three-headed son of Tvashtri, slain by Indra, III, 130; V, 213.

Visvâvasu, the Gandharva, IV, introd. xiv.

Visve Devâh, by twelve syllables gained Gagatî, III, 40; pañkabila oblation (pap) on west part of vedi, 120, 122; piebald bullock the Hotri's fee, 122; animal offering to them (instead of to Maruts), 126; born from Vâk, and placed with the moon in the quarters (regions), 150; they and Brihaspati no special class of deities, 150; put the quarters in the world, 235; are the seasons, 311; sing praises of (bricks in) second layer, IV, 26; produced, 33; Ribhus and Visve Devâh connected with living beings (bhûta) and trayastrimsa-stoma, 69; are the lords of the upper region, 102, 103; connected with Brihaspati, &c., 103; Vasus, Rudras, Âdityas, Maruts, Visve Devâh, build on different sides of altar (E. S. W. N. U.), 118; sit down with the Sacrificer on the higher seat (in the sky), 124; are Indra and

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[paragraph continues] Agni, and the three are brahman, kshatra, and vis, 394; the most famous of gods, V, 278; are all the gods, 392; the counsellors of king Marutta, 397; offering of barren cows, 402, 411; Visve Devâh, except the Asvins, 441; with Brihaspati, receive offering of gharma, 480; are the vital airs, 488.

vital airs. See prâna.

vital power, vitality (âyus). See life.

vrata, rite (of abstinence), III, 185; (fast-milk), 262; the four rites, and rites of rites, IV, 333 seq.; 342; entering upon at New moon, V, 7 seq.; vrata (food) brought at haviryagña. 119; is the head of the sacrifice, 240.

vratadughâ, cow, given to Hotri and Udgâtris, V, 504.

vridhanvant, V, 351.

Vritra, slain by Indra by means of cake-offering, III, 45; by Full-moon offering, V, 6; is the moon, III, 45; slain by gods, 48, 49; rik, yagus, and sâman were in him, 138; his retreat shattered by Vishnu, 139; repelled by Indra, 179; waters loathing him, 332; verses relating to the slaying of Vritra, IV, 275; is evil, sin, V, 11.

vritra-saṅku (peg), V, 437.

vyâhriti, mystic utterance, used with offerings to Rudra, IV, 161.

vyâna, becomes the udâna, IV, 16.

vyânabhrit (holders of the circulating air) are the mind-sustainers, IV, 15.

vyushti-dvirâtra, III, introd. xxvi, 129.


wain, as the mark of a sacrificial horse, V, 354.

walking round altar (in sprinkling), means slighting it, IV, 170; made good by circumambulation, 170.

warm, is the body of him who is to live, IV, 136.

water (âpah), different kinds of, for consecration, III, 73 seq.; produced out of Vâk, 145, 192; from Pragâpati, 157; heals what is injured, 220; the waters the udder of the sky, 284; the foundation of the universe, 293; therefrom the universe was produced, 294; water first made of this universe, 363; are unsettled, 301; waters beyond and below the sun, 305; jarful of water poured out as a thunderbolt to clear himself of all evil (nirriti), 324; three jarfuls poured on every four of sixteen furrows of Agnikshetra, 335; three additional ones on whole of Agnikshetra, 336; is the sky, 343; there is water not only in the channels of the vital airs, but in the whole body, 337; are the tenth, 363; whenever water (rain) flows everything that exists is produced, 363; possess self-rule, 364; the deepest place of the waters is where the sun burns, 391; are founded on the mountains (rocks), 405; the eye is their abode, the ear their goal, the sky their seat, the air their home, the sea their womb, sand their sediment, 416; is food, IV, 35; is the vital airs,, 35; waters (of heaven) are in the highest place, 37; sprinkling of fire-altar with water, 169; springs forth from rock, 169; is contained in rock, in the mountains, 170; waters as Apsaras, the Gandharva Vâta's mates, 232; food is produced from them, 232; universe originally nothing but a sea of water, V, 12; is everything, even in the farthest place, being Parameshthin, 15; water one of the six doors to the Brahman, 66, 67; the waters the foundation of the universe, 205; swearing by the inviolable waters, sin against Varuna, 265; waters as the third of the ten deities ('all the gods’) receiving oblations of drops, 280; water thrown for exorcising, 438; the waters a place of abode to all the gods, and Varuna their regent, 506.

water-dwellers (fish and fishermen),

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subjects of Matsya Sâmmada, the Itihâsa their Veda, V, 359.

well-water, III, 77.

west, connected with vis, Gagatî, &c., III, 91; west (? to east) path of sacrifice, 347; is the Gagatî, IV, 45; all-ruling (samrâg), 46, 101; the Âdityas its lords, 101; Varuna its protector, 101; connected with saptadasa-stoma, marutvatîya-sastra, vairûpa-sâman, 101; the all-embracer is Âditya, 106; is hope, distinction (prosperity) and the earth, V, 17, 18; the region of cattle, 485.

wheat, headpiece of sacrificial post made of, III, 31; is touched by sacrificer, 32.

wheel, mounted by Brahman priest, III 32; of cart and potter, creaks if not steadied, V, 126.

whey (vâgina), of the Maitrâvarunî payasyâ, offering of, IV, 271; dakshinâ given therewith, 271.

whirlpool, water from, III, 76.

wife, is one half of husband, III, 32; intercourse with, kept secret, 229; the husband must not eat food in her presence in order that she may bear a vigorous son, IV, 369, 370; (many) wives a sign of (social) eminence, V, 313.

wind (vâta), cf. Vâyu;--connected with Varuna, by rain freed from death through ekavimsa-stoma, IV, 68; is Vâyu, 142; is the arrows of the Rudras of the air, 165; Vita as Gandharva with the waters as Apsaras, his mates, 232; three oblations of wind on chariot, thereby yoking it, 235; is on this side of the sun, 235; also in the other world, 235; and in this (terrestrial) world, 236; wind-names uttered, V, 478; is the (aerial) ocean, flood, 479; is unassailable and irresistible, 479; an ogress-ridder, 479; identified with (aerial) ocean, flood; Indra, Savitri, Brihaspati, and Yama, 479-81; Pûshan, 486; is irresistible, an ogress-ridder, 479.

wing, of altar, crackling of, IV, 21; is of paṅkti nature (or fivefold), 115; twenty-one-fold, 222; contraction and expansion of, 300 seq.; has a bending link, 301; is crooked (? curved), 302; wings are the bird's arms, 306; the immortal wings of the Âhavanîya, V, 271.

winter, produced from speech, and from it the paṅkti, IV, 11; consists of months Saha and Sahasya, 70; is the space between air and heaven, and the part of body between waist and head, 70, 71; frog, avakâ plant, and bamboo three forms of it, 175; in winter cattle waste away, V, 45.

wish,--in wishes nothing is excessive, IV, 241, 247, 265.

wolf, springs from Soma flowing from ears, III, 131; from Indra's urine, V, 215.

woman, impure part of, below navel, III, 32; fair-knotted, fair-braided, fair-locked her perfect form, 232; on left side of man, IV, 81; lucky if marked on left side, 81; brings forth within a year, V, 12; two women (Belief and Unbelief) in N. E. quarter with black yellow-eyed man (wrath) between them, 110, 111; has beautiful form bestowed upon her, 295; given as dakshinâ, 402; is untruth 446.

womb, lies close to belly, IV, 115; lower than belly, 115; enlarges with the child before it is born, not after, 309; is the bearer . because Pragâpati by it bore creatures, V, 114.

wood, two kinds of (cut by axe and that found on the ground), III, 257.

wood-brick, III, 155, 166.

work (karman), evolved from the ear, and from it fire, IV, 379.

worlds, the, are the heavenly abodes (of the gods), III, 195; fastened to the sun by means of the quarters, 269; the two, are round, 271; ascent of the (worlds and) metres, 276-278; they are strung on a thread and joined with Âditya, 360; front them is born both what exists

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and what exists not, 366; glide along like serpents, 369; are the resting-place, and moving-place, 143; seven worlds of the gods, 277; the three worlds and four quarters, 314; were created together, 286; three and those above them in which are placed the deities higher than Agni, Vâyu, Sûrya, V, 27; the Brahman is the sphere beyond these higher worlds, 27; how they were steadied by Pragâpati, 126; have light on both sides (sun and fire), 149; the three worlds (earth, air and heaven)are light, might and glory respectively, 173; two, those of the Gods and the Fathers, 225.

Wrath, as black, yellow-eyed staff-bearing man, between two women, Belief and Unbelief, V, 111, 112.


Yagña. See sacrifice.

yagñakratu, oblations of ghee relating to special sacrifices (Agni and Gharma, &c.), forming part of the Vasor dhârâ, IV, 217.

yagñapukkha, III, introd. xx.

gñatura. See Rishabha.

Yagñavakas Râgastambâyana, to him Pragâpati revealed himself, IV, 349.

gñavalkya, IV, introd. xviii; questioned by Ganaka as to Agnihotra, V, 46; on the way in which the oblation is to be treated, 61; found by Ganaka to know the Mitravindâ sacrifice, 66; in disputation on Agnihotra at Ganaka's house, 112 seq.; taught by Ganaka, 114; claims prize as most learned in sacred writ, 115; on Agnihotra expiation, 182; on offering of omenta, 393.

yagñâyagñîya-sâman, III, introd. xiv, 274; sung over completed altar, is the moon, IV, 179; is the heavenly world, 252; is Agni Vaisvânara's chant of praise, 253; on first day of Asvamedha, V, 376.

yagñopavîtin, sacrificially invested, V, 237.

Yagus, was in Vritra, III, 138; part of triple Veda, 139, 141; the Brahman, the Yagus, its power in the other world, IV, 173; the fire-altar the ocean of Yagus, 278; is built up with the fire-altar, 282; marches in front in quest of Pragâpati's vital fluid, 282; is Vâyu, 336; the breath, 337; (yat-gûh), 337; the mystic import (upanishad) its essence, 339; is silent (muttered), indistinct, 350; he who knows the mystic science becomes the Yagus and is called thereby, 341; Yagus consists of 8,000 brihatîs, and Yagus and Sâman of 10,800 (7,200 and 3,600 resp.) paṅktis, 353; is the one brick of which the fire-altar consists, 374; all beings, all the gods become the Yagus, 390; what is performed without a yagus, is unsuccessful, V, 276.

yagushmatî, bricks, are the nobility, III, 153; placed on the body of the altar, 348; number of, IV, 22; are the peasantry, 132, 133; is food, 134; any special (extra) one to be placed in middle layer, 138; none in the dhishnya hearths, 242, (?) 244; are the days of the year, Pragâpati's body, 354; three hundred and ninety-six in fire-altar, 397; enumerated as to layers, 358, 359.

gyâ, is to be in the trishtubh metre, V, 26.

Yama, III, 49; rules over the settlements of the earth, and grants it to Sacrificer, 298; is the kshatra, 299; Yama and Yamî (Agni and Earth) of one mind with Nirriti, 322; the Fathers live in his realm, V, 236, 237; rules over, and grants, abode in the earth, 431; is the sun, 460; Yama, with Aṅgiras and Fathers, receives offering of Gharma, 481; Yama Vaivasvata, king of the Fathers, 365.

yamanetrâh (devâh), seated in the south, III, 49.

yaudhâgaya-sâman, chanted with three nidhanas, IV, 7.

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Yavamat, a Gandharva, V, 30.

Yavas and Ayavas, the light and dark fortnights, connected with creatures generally and the katuskatvârimsa-stoma, IV, 69; the lords of creatures, 76.

yâvat--tâvat, as long as, III, 244.

year, is seventeenfold (twelve months and five seasons), III, 174; twice in the year food is ripened, 244; is fastened to the moon by means of the seasons, 369;--its part in the sacrifice (as Father Time), IV, introd. xv seq.; is the fire-altar and the three worlds, IV, 29; is Agni Vaisvânara, 33; is space, 62; speeds all beings, 63; burns up all beings, 63; assails all beings, 63; the most vigorous of all things, 63; is arrayed (spread) over all things, 64; is the womb of all beings, 64; as an embryo, in the shape of the thirteenth month, enters the seasons, 64; is the strength of all beings, 64; it forms all beings, 65; is the foundation of all beings, 65; is the range of the ruddy (sun) and holds the supreme sway, 65; is the firmament (nâka), heaven, 65; all creatures are evolved from it, 66; is eighteenfold, 66; ruler of the months, 74; is generative power, 125; made continuous by the seasons, 125; contains all objects of desire, 313; is the same as the sun, 313; beyond the year lies the wish-granting world which is immortality, 322; is fivefold (viz. food, drink, excellence, light, and immortality), 326, 327; its divisions and lights, 351 seq.; is death, 356 seq.; Agni as the year, how corresponding to each other, 363; produced from the union of Death's mind and speech, 402;--Pragâpati, the sacrifice, is the year, V, 1, 38; only after gaining the year the gods become immortal, 5; the year is the imperishable world, 5; created by Pragâpati as a counterpart of himself, 14; the year (year's sattra) as man, 144, 145, 168 seq.; is that (one) day after day, 155; amounts to a Brihatî, 155; is the bull among seasons, 276.

yoke, measure of uttaravedi, I. 349;--yoke-pin, distance of throw of, III, 123.

yoking, first of the right, then of the left, ox, III, 291, 327.

youth (blitheful), in the prime of life, is apt to become dear to women, V, 295.

yûpa, sacrificial post, eight-cornered, III, 31; wrapt up in seventeen clothes, 31; with a wheaten head-piece, 31; seventeen cubits long, 31; mounted by Sacrificer and his wife, 32; V, 254; remarks on material, form, and size of yûpa, V, 123, 124; twenty-one, 373, 383.

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