Sacred Texts  Hinduism  Index  Previous  Next 

13. Some also (teach) thus.

Moreover, the followers of one sâkhâ explicitly teach that the connexion with one and the same body is for the individual soul a source of disadvantage, while for the highest Brahman it is nothing of the kind, but constitutes an accession of glory in so far as it manifests him as a Lord and Ruler, 'Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. One of them eats the sweet fruit, the other looks on without eating' (Mu. Up. III, 1, 1).--But the text, 'Having entered by means of that gîva-self I will differentiate names and forms,' teaches that the differentiation of names and forms depends on the entering into the elements of the gîva-soul whose Self is Brahman, and this implies that Brahman also, as the Self of the individual soul, possesses definite shapes, divine, human, and so on, and is to be denominated by the corresponding names. Brahman thus falls within the sphere of beings to which injunctions and prohibitions are addressed--such as 'a Brâhmana is to sacrifice'--and hence necessarily is under the power of karman.--To this the next Sûtra replies.

Next: 14. For Brahman is without form merely, since it is the principal agent with regard to that