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The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30), by Hermann Oldenberg, [1892], at


1. 1 From that time he shall assume a dignified demeanour: this is in short the rule (for his behaviour).

2. Here the teachers enumerate the following (regulations).

3. Nâgâtalomnyopahâsam ikkhet.

4. Nor (should he wish for sport) with a girl who is the only child of her mother,

5. Nor with a woman during her courses,

6. Nor with one who descends from the same Rishis.

7. Let him not eat food which has been brought by another door (than the usual),

8. Or which has been cooked twice,

9. Or which has stood over night—

10. Except such as is prepared of vegetables, flesh, barley, or flour.

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11. Let him not run while it is raining.

12. Let him not take himself his shoes in his hands (when putting them on or pulling them off).

13. Let him not look into a well.

14. Let him not gather fruits himself.

15. He should not wear a scentless wreath,

16. If it is not a wreath of gold.

17. (He should not wear a wreath) of which the expression mâlâ (garland) has been used.

18. He should cause the people to call it srag (wreath). (Then he may wear it.)

19. He should avoid using the word bhadra ('blessed') without a reason.

20. 20 He should say (instead of it), mandra ('lovely').

21. 21 There are three (kinds of) Snâtakas:

22. A Vidyâsnâtaka (or a Snâtaka by knowledge), a Vratasnâtaka (or a Snâtaka by the completion of his vow), and a Vidyâvratasnâtaka (i.e. Snâtaka by both).

23. Of these the last ranks foremost; the two others are equal (to each other).

24. (A Snâtaka) should not put on a wet garment.

25. 25 He should not wear one garment.

26. He should not praise any person (excessively).

27. He should not speak of what he has not seen, as if he had seen it,

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28. Nor of what he has not heard, as if he had heard it.

29. He should give up everything that forms an impediment for his Veda-recitation.

30. He should endeavour to keep himself (pure from every defilement) like a pot of oil.

31. He should not climb a tree.

32. He should not go toward evening to another village,

33. 33 Nor alone,

34. Nor together with Vrishalas (or Sûdras).

35. He should not enter the village by a by-path.

36. And he should not walk without a companion.

37. These are the. observances for those who have performed the Samâvartana,

38. 38 And what (besides) is prescribed by Sishtas.


85:1 5, 1 seq. Rules of conduct for the Snâtaka; comp. Khâdira-Grihya III, I, 33 seq.

86:20 As to the reading, comp. Dr. Knauer's remarks in his edition of the text, p. xi of the Introduction.

86:21 21, 22. These Sûtras are identical with Pâraskara II, 5, 32. Comp. the definitions of these three kinds of Snâtakas, Pâraskara, l.l. 33-35.

86:25 Comp. above, chap. 2, 58.

87:33 That the Snâtaka is not allowed to go alone to another village, follows from Sacra 36; thus Sûtra 33 is superfluous. The commentator of course tries to defend Gobhila, but I think he has not succeeded. Probably Gobhila has taken the two Sûtras from different texts on which his own composition seems to be based.

87:38 Baudhâyana I, 1, 6 (S.B.E. XIV, 144): 'Those are called Sishtas who, in accordance with the sacred law, have studied the Veda together with its appendages, know how to draw inferences from that, and are able to adduce proofs perceptible by the senses from the revealed texts.'

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