Chapter XXXVIII.—Gods Justice Shown at the Day of Judgment.
Then Simon: “How can one and the same being be both good and righteous?” 691 Peter answered: “Because without righteousness, goodness would be unrighteousness; for it is the part of a good God to bestow His sunshine and rain equally on the just and the unjust; 692 but this would seem to be unjust, if He treated the good and the bad always with equal fortune, and were it not that He does it for the sake of the fruits, which all may equally enjoy who are born in this world. But as the rain given by God equally nourishes the corn and the tares, but at the time of harvest the crops are gathered into the barn, but the chaff or the tares are burnt in the fire, 693 so in the day of judgment, when the righteous shall be introduced into the kingdom of heaven, and the unrighteous shall be cast out, then also the justice of God shall be shown. For if He remained for ever alike to the evil and the good, this would not only not be good, but even unrighteous and unjust; that the righteous and the unrighteous should be held by Him in one order of desert.”
[Comp. Homilies XVII. 4, etc., XVIII. 1. The objection is of Gnostic origin.—R.]124:692
Matt. v. 45.124:693
Matt. iii. 12.