1. Now at that time the Khabbaggiya Bhikkhus
used to wear ear-rings 1, and ear-drops 2, and strings of beads for the throat, and girdles of beads 3, and bangles 4, and necklaces 5, and bracelets, and rings.
The people murmured, &c. . . . . The Bhikkhus heard, &c. . . . . They told the, Blessed One (&c., as in II, 1, 1, down to) he addressed the Bhikkhus, and said:
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to wear any of these things. Whosoever does so, shall be guilty of a dukkata.'
2. [A similar paragraph concluding]
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to wear long hair. Whosoever does so, shall be guilty of a dukkata. I allow you, O Bhikkhus, hair that is two months old, or two inches long.'
3. [Similar paragraph concluding]
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to smooth 6 the hair
with a comb, or with a smoothing instrument shaped like a snake's hood 1, or with the hand used as such an instrument 2, or with pomade 3, or with hair-oil of beeswax 3. Whosoever does so, shall be guilty of a dukkata.'
4. [Similar paragraph concluding]
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to look at the image of your faces in a looking-glass, or a bowl of water 4. Whosoever does so, shall be guilty of a dukkata.'
Now at that time a certain Bhikkhu had a sore in his face. He asked the Bhikkhus what kind of a sore he had. 'Such and such a kind of sore,' replied they. He did not believe what they said. They told this matter to the Blessed One.
'I allow you, O Bhikkhus, on account of a disease, to look at your faces in a looking-glass, or in a bowl of water.'
5. Now at that time the Khabbaggiya Bhikkhus (&c., down to)
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to anoint your faces, nor to rub (ointment, &c.) into your faces, nor to put chunam on your faces, nor to smear red arsenic on your faces, nor to paint your bodies, nor to paint your faces 1.'
Now at that time a certain Bhikkhu had disease in his eyes. They told the matter to the Blessed One.
'I allow you, O Bhikkhus, on account of disease, to anoint your faces.'
6 2. Now at that time there was a festival on the mountain-top 3 at Râgagaha; and the Khabbaggiya Bhikkhus went to see it.
The people murmured, were annoyed, and became indignant, saying, 'How can the Sakyaputtiya Samanas go to see dancing, and singing, and music, like those who are still enjoying the pleasures of the world?' And they told this matter to the Blessed One.
'You are not, O Bhikkhus, to go to see dancing, or singing, or music. Whosoever does so, shall be guilty of a dukkata.'
69:1 Vallikâ ti kannato nikkhanta-mutt-olambakâdînam etam adhivakanam. Na kevalañ ka vallikâ eva, yam kiñki kanna-pilandhanam antamaso tâla-pannam pi na vattati (B.). Compare satavallikam at V, 29, 4.
69:2 Pâmaṅga. The meaning of which is not clear from Buddhaghosa's note loc. cit. It occurs also at Dîpavamsa XII, 1, and below in Buddhaghosa's note on maddavina at V, 29, 2 (twice).
69:3 Kati-suttakam. This is not mentioned in the similar paragraph at V, 29, 2, where all special kinds of girdles are enumerated. It is forbidden below to the Bhikkhunîs at X, 16.
69:4 Ovattika. This word is explained by Buddhaghosa as the same as valayam. Ovattiya occurs, apparently in a different sense, at Mahâvagga VII, 1, 5, and the present word in Buddhaghosa on sata-vallikam at V, 29, 4.
69:5 Kâyura, on which Buddhaghosa, loc. cit., merely says that the meaning of this, and of the following words, is evident. But the Gâtaka commentary (Fausböll III, 437, 14) says kâyûan ti gîvâya pilandhana-pasâdhanam.
69:6 Osanheti. Compare the Sanskrit slakshnayati. The art of hair-dressing had, at the time when the Kullavagga was composed, been already carried to a high state of efficiency in the valley of the Ganges, as may reasonably be concluded from the numerous kinds of headdresses figured in bas-relief on some of the oldest Buddhist sculptures.
70:1 Phanakenâ ti dantamayâdisu yena kenaki (B.).
70:2 Hattha-phanakenâ ti hatthen’ eva phanaka-kikkam karonti, aṅgulîhi osanhenti (B.). It is clear from this last explanation that the phanaka was a kind of very primitive brush, but without bristles. In passing the fingers through the hair the fingers are naturally held separate, slightly forward, and stiff--precisely as one would hold them if one wished to imitate the hood of a cobra. To make a real brush with bristles was evidently beyond the mechanical appliances of those times, or such an article would certainly have been mentioned in this connection.
70:3 On the use of Telaka, compare Mahâvagga VI, 13, I, and Sittha-telaka at Kullavagga IV, 3, 1.
70:4 Compare Kullavagga X, 10, 4.
71:1 All these practices are seriatim forbidden to the Bhikkhunîs also in Kullavagga X, 10, 3.
71:2 The following section recurs, almost word for word, of the Bhikkhunîs, in the Bhikkhunî-vibhaṅga, Pâkittiya X (Sutta-vibhaṅga, vol. ii, p. 267).
71:3 Giragga-samagga. Compare Dîpavamsa XXI, 32, and Mahâvamsa, p. 214, line 2. It occurs also in the Introductory Story in the Sutta-vibhaṅga on the 37th Pâkittiya, and Buddhaghosa there explains it as follows: Giragga-samaggo ti girimhi agga-samaggo girissa vâ agga-dese samaggo. He is evidently in doubt about the word, which is probably connected with ancient local worship or custom, a worship in high-places, as little allied to Vedic Brahmanism as it was to Buddhism.