1. The single Bhikkhu who speaks not in accordance with the right, the many who speak not in accordance with the right, the Samgha which speaks not in accordance with the right. The single Bhikkhu who speaks in accordance with the right, the many who speak in accordance with the right, the Samgha which speaks in accordance with the right 1
Now (it may happen that) the one Bhikkhu who speaks not in accordance with the right may point out (the right course) to a single Bhikkhu who speaks in accordance with the right, or gives him to understand what it is 2, or urges him to see or consider the matter in that light 3, or teaches him, or
instructs him, saying, 'This is the Dhamma, this the Vinaya, this the teaching of the Master. Accept this, and approve this.' If the dispute should be thus settled, it is settled contrary to the Dhamma, and with a mere counterfeit of the Vinaya rule of procedure (that cases of dispute must be settled before a duly constituted meeting of the Samgha, and in the presence of the accused person) 1.
[And in like manner, if he instruct the many, or the Samgha, who speak according to the right;--or if the many or the Samgha who speak not according to the right instruct the one, or the many, or the Samgha who speak according to the right;-then the dispute is settled contrary to the Dhamma (&c., as before).]
End of the nine cases in which the wrong side decides.
2:1 This short enumeration of the different categories occurring in the subsequent paragraphs is quite in the style of the Abhidhamma texts, in which such lists are accustomed to be called mâtikâ; compare the expression mâtikâ-dharo as applied to a learned Bhikkhu in the stock phrase at Mahâvagga X, 2, 1; Kullavagga I, 11; IV, 14, 25, &c.
2:2 The Samanta Pâsâdikâ here says: nigghâpetîti yathâ so tam attham nigghâyati oloketi evam karoti.
2:3 Pekkheti anupekkhetîti yathâ so tam attham pekkhati k’ eva punappunañ ka pekkhati evam karoti. (Samanta Pâsâdikâ.)
3:1 Sammukhâ-vinaya-patirûpakena. The rule of procedure, called Sammukhâ-vinaya, hereafter rendered 'Proceeding in Presence,' is one of the seven modes of settling disputes already. referred to in the closing chapter of the Pâtimokkha ('Vinaya Texts,' vol. 1, p. 68), and is more fully described below in Kullavagga IV, 14, 16, and following sections.
It will be seen below, from §§ IV, 14, 27-30, that it is involved in, or rather is supposed to accompany, each of the other Proceedings mentioned in this chapter.