1. 'There are three things, O Bhikkhus, by which, when a Tagganiya-kamma is characterised, it is a proceeding in accordance with the Dhamma, a proceeding in accordance with the Vinaya, and is easy to be settled; (that is to say), when it has been carried out in a full assembly of qualified persons, according to law, and in the presence of the litigant parties--when it has been carried out after the accused person has been heard--when it has been carried out after the accused person has confessed himself guilty. A Tagganiya-kamma, O Bhikkhus, characterised by these three things is in accordance with the Dhamma, and in accordance with the Vinaya, and is easy to be settled.'
[And in a similar way the opposite of each of the twelve propositions in the last section is here laid down.]
Here end the twelve cases of a proceeding (Kamma) which is according to law.