The Jataka, Vol. III, tr. by H.T. Francis and R.A. Neil, , at sacred-texts.com
30I. CULLAKĀLIṄGA-JĀTAKA 1
A king, being eager to fight, finds occasion to quarrel with another king. Misled by a prophecy of victory and neglecting the omens, he is defeated by his adversary.
302. MAHĀASSĀROHA-JĀTAKA 1
A king, being defeated by rebels, finds a hospitable shelter with a poor countryman, and rewards his benefactor with the half of his kingdom.
303. EKARAJA-JATAKA 9
A king is taken prisoner and tortured, and by his patience under suffering wins his enemy to repentance.
304. DADDARA-JĀTAKA 10
How two brothers were driven from their father's kingdom, and how their pride was humbled by the contumely they suffered in their exile.
305. SĪLAVĪMAṀSANA-JĀTAKA 12
A teacher tests the virtue of his pupils by tempting them to steal. The only youth, that stands the test, is rewarded by marrying his master's daughter.
306. SUJĀTA-JĀTAKA 13
How the daughter of a fruiterer became a queen, and by her pride nearly lost her position.
307. PALĀSA-JĀTAKA 15
A brahmin pays honour to a tree-spirit and is rewarded by the discovery of a buried treasure.
308. JAVASAKUṆA-JĀTAKA 17
The story of the woodpecker and the ungrateful lion.
309. CHAVAKA-JĀTAKA 18
How a pariah, who stole mangoes, ventured to reprove a king for allowing a priest to teach him from a lower seat.
310. SAYHA-JĀTAKA 20
How a brahmin refused to give up the ascetic life in order to become family priest to a king.
311. PUCIMANDA-JĀTAKA 22
How a nimb-tree spirit frightened away a robber whose presence endangered the safety of the tree.
312. KASSAPAMANDIYA-JĀTAKA 24
A father and son in journeying together fall out by the way, and the old man is reproved for his want of self-restraint.
313. KHANTIVĀDI-JĀTAKA 26
How a wicked king cruelly maltreated an ascetic, and how the patience of the holy man endured to the end, and the king was cast into Hell.
314. LOHAKUMBHI-JĀTAKA 29
A king is terrified by hearing awful cries in the night and is urged by his family priest to avert the evil omen by the sacrifice of living creatures. A young brahmin interprets the sounds to be the cries uttered by lost souls in Hell, and the king takes comfort and forbids the sacrifice.
How four young merchants tried to wheedle a hunter out of his venison, and how one alone by his cunning address succeeded.
316. SASA-JĀTAKA 34
How a hare, in default of other food, offered its own flesh to be eaten, and was rewarded by having its form supernaturally impressed on the face of the moon.
317. MATARODANA-JĀTAKA 38
How a youth, when his brother died, demonstrated the folly of grieving for the dead.
318. KANAVERA-JĀTAKA 39
How a courtezan rescued a robber by betraying her lover to death, and how she was afterwards punished for her treachery.
319. TITTIRA-JĀTAKA 43
A decoy-partridge is troubled with scruples of conscience.
320. SUCCAJA-JĀTAKA 44
How a prince requited his wife's devotion with base ingratitude, until he was brought to a better mind by the admonition of his minister.
321 KUṬIDŪSAKA-JĀTAKA 47
How a monkey, through envy, destroyed a bird's nest.
322. DADDABHA-JĀTAKA 49
Of the timid hare and the flight of the beasts.
323. BRAHMADATTA-JĀTAKA 52
Of the ascetic who for twelve years had not the courage to ask for a trifling boon.
324. CAMMASĀṬAKA-JĀTAKA 55
Of a foolish mendicant who met his death by mistaking the butting of a ram for a respectful salutation.
325. GODHA-JĀTAKA 56
How a greedy ascetic was outwitted by a lizard.
326. KAKKĀRU-JĀTAKA 58
How a wicked priest was punished for assuming virtues to which he had no claim.
327. KĀKĀTI-JĀTAKA 60
How a roc carried off a king's wife to his island home, and was afterwards outwitted by the king's minstrel.
328. ANANUSOCIYA-JĀTAKA 62
The story of the holy man who found a wife by means of a golden image, and how on her death he neither fasted nor wept.
329. KĀLABĀHU-JĀTAKA 65
The story of the parrots and the black monkey, and how the monkey fell into disgrace and the parrots regained the king's favour.
330. SĪLAVĪMAṀSA-JĀTAKA 66
Of the man who tested the power of virtue and of the moral lessons he learned from the hawk and the piece of meat and from the slave-girl to whom loss of hope alone brought peace.
331. KOKĀLIKA-JĀTAKA 68
How a talkative king was admonished by the fate of the young bird that cried "cuckoo" too soon.
332. RATHALAṬṬHI-JĀTAKA 69
Of the priest and the carters and the danger of giving judgment before hearing both sides.
333. GODHA-JĀTAKA 71
How a roasted lizard ran away and how a king was convicted of ingratitude to his wife.
334. RĀJOVĀDA-JĀTAKA 73
A king is taught by the parable of the sweet and bitter fig how his realm is affected by a just or unjust rule.
335. JAMBUKA-JĀTAKA 74
Of the fate of the jackal that presumed to play the part of the lion.
336. BRAHĀCHATTA-JĀTAKA 76
How a prince by means of a spell discovered buried treasure and substituted grass for gold.
337. PĪṬHA-JĀTAKA 78
The duty of hospitality inculcated by the story of the merchant and the ascetic.
338. THUSA-JĀTAKA 80
How a king was saved from being killed by his son, through the repetition of a spell at critical moments.
339. BĀVERU-JĀTAKA 83
How a crow was ousted from a position of favour when a peacock appeared.
340. VISAYHA-JĀTAKA 85
How a rich merchant, after he was reduced to beggary, continued to exercise charity.
341. KAṆḌARI-JĀTAKA 87
(See Kunūla-Jātaka, No. 523.)
342. VĀNARA-JĀTAKA 87
The crocodile outwitted by the monkey.
343. KUNTANI-JĀTAKA 89
The heron's revenge for the loss of her young ones.
344 AMBACORA-JĀTAKA 90
How a false ascetic robbed a mango orchard and charged some innocent maidens with the theft.
345. GAJAKUMBHA-JĀTAKA 92
Of a slothful king admonished by the example of a lazy tortoise.
346. KESAVA-JĀTAKA 93
The sick hermit and his friend, or love the best physician.
347. AYAKŪṬA-JĀTAKA 96
How a king who had forbidden the sacrifice of living creatures was shielded by a god from the vengeance of a goblin.
348. ARAÑÑA-JĀTAKA 98
Of a virtuous youth led astray by evil communications.
349. SANDHIBHEDA-JĀTAKA 99
A jackal by slanderous words brings about a fatal quarrel between a lion and a bull.
350. DEVATĀPAÑHA-JĀTAKA 101
351. MAṆIKUṆḌALA-JĀTAKA 102
(Same as No. 303.)
352. SUJĀTA-JĀTAKA 103
A father is cured of inordinate grief by the feigned madness of his son.
353. DHONASĀKHA-JĀTAKA 105
How a king, who was guilty of gross cruelty, met with fitting retribution.
354. URAGA-JĀTAKA 107
How, when a brahmin lost his son, neither he nor any of his family lamented or wept, and of their exceeding great reward.
355. GRATA-JĀTAKA 111
(Same as No. 303.)
356. KĀRAṆḌIYA-JĀTAKA 113
A teacher is taught by his pupil the folly of preaching to unwilling hearers.
357. LAṬUKIKA-JĀTAKA 115
How a quail brought about the destruction of an elephant that had killed her young ones.
358. CULLADHAMMAPĀLA-JĀTAKA 117
A king, being jealous of his queen's affection for her child, has the boy mutilated and killed, and is punished by being cast into Hell.
359. SUVAṆṆAMIGA-JĀTAKA 120
How a stag caught in a snare was released from death by the devotion of his doe.
360. SUSSONDI-JĀTAKA 123
(Same as No. 327.)
361. VAṆṆĀROHA-JĀTAKA 126
The jackal as calumniator tries in vain to set a lion and a tiger at variance.
362. SĪLAVĪMAṀSA-JĀTAKA 128
How a man tried his own reputation for virtue.
363. HIRI-JĀTAKA 129
(Imperfect. Same as Akataññu-Jātaka, No. 90.)
364. KHAJJOPANAKA-JĀTAKA 130
(See Mahāummagga. )
365. AHIGUṆḌIKA-JĀTAKA 130
How a monkey that had been beaten was not to be cajoled by soft words.
366. GUMBIYA-JĀTAKA 132
How a merchant warned the members of his caravan against eating strange food, and how those that neglected his warning were poisoned by an evil spirit.
367. SĀLIYA-JĀTAKA 133
The biter bit, or the story of the knavish doctor who was killed by the snake which he pretended was harmless.
368. TACASĀRA-JĀTAKA 134
The same story as the preceding one, to which is added how certain lads were acquitted of the charge of having caused the death of the doctor.
369. MITTAVINDA-JĀTAKA 136
(A fragment of No. 41.)
370. PALĀSA-JĀTAKA 137
How a Judas tree was destroyed by the parasitic growth of a banyan shoot.
371. DĪGHITIKOSALA-JĀTAKA 139
A prince spares the life of the king who had slain his father and thereby wins him to repentance.
372. MIGAPOTAKA-JĀTAKA 140
An ascetic is admonished against excessive grief for the loss of a pet deer.
373. MŪSIKA-JĀTAKA 142
A king by repeating a spell at critical moments baffles the attempts of his heir to kill him.
374. CULLADHANUGGAHA-JĀTAKA 144
A woman who betrayed her husband to death, and was afterwards deserted by her lover, has her folly brought home to her by witnessing the fate of a greedy jackal.
375. KAPOTA-JĀTAKA 148
How a greedy crow was made ridiculous and tortured to death.
376. AVĀRIYA-JĀTAKA 151
How a foolish ferryman behaved when offered good advice instead of his fare.
377. SETAKETU-JĀTAKA 153
How caste and feigned sanctity were foiled.
378. DARĪMUKHA-JĀTAKA 156
How a king renounced his kingdom on the advice of an old friend, who had become a paccekabuddha.
379. NERU-JĀTAKA 159
How royal birds avoid a golden mountain which makes all birds appear alike.
380. ĀSAṆKA-JĀTAKA 161
How a king spent three years in finding out the name of his future queen.
381. MIGĀLOPA-JĀTAKA 164
How a disobedient vulture perished.
382. SIRIKĀLAKAṆṆI-JĀTAKA 165
How precedence was settled by a good merchant between the goddesses of Good and Ill Fortune.
383. KUKKUṬA-JĀTAKA 168
How a cat failed to deceive a cock.
384. DHAMMADDHAJA-JĀTAKA 170
How a hypocritical crow was put to death.
385. NANDIYAMIGA-JĀTAKA 171
How a good deer brought blessings to his kindred and to all animals.
386. KHARAPUTTA-JĀTAKA 174
How a king got a charm from a nāga by which he understood the sounds of all animals: his queen tried to get the charm from him, but was foiled through some advice given by Sakka, disguised as a goat.
387. SŪCI-JĀTAKA 178
How a young smith made a marvellous needle, and thereby won to wife the daughter of a head-smith.
388. TUṆḌILA-JĀTAKA 180
How a pig explained to his younger brother that death is not to be feared.
389. SUVAṆṆAKAKKAṬA-JĀTAKA 183
How a farmer was saved by a good crab from being killed by a snake in league with a crow: the two latter were themselves killed.
390. MAYHAKA-JĀTAKA 186
How a greedy, murdering uncle was compared to a certain bird, and so converted.
391. DHAJAVIHEṬHA-JĀTAKA 189
How a wicked person, disguised as a Brother, caused the expulsion of Brethren from a kingdom, and the spiritual ruin of the people: Sakka interfered and saved the kingdom.
392. BHISAPUPPHA-JĀTAKA 191
How a brahmin was accused of stealing the smell of a flower.
393. VIGHĀSA-JĀTAKA 193
How certain self-indulgent monks were warned by a parrot.
394. VAṬṬAKA-JĀTAKA 194
How a quail explained to a crow how to get fat.
395. KĀKA-JĀTAKA 195
How a greedy crow was made ridiculous and put to death.
396. KUKKU-JĀTAKA 197
How a king was converted by certain parables.
397. MANOJA-JĀTAKA 199
How a lion was enticed to his death by the counsel of a jackal.
398. SUTANO-JĀTAKA 201
How a king, falling into the power of a man-eating goblin, sent people daily to be eaten: a young man got the better of the goblin and converted him.
399. GIJJHA-JĀTAKA 204
How a good young vulture was loosed from a snare by a hunter.
400. DABBHAPUPPHA-JĀTAKA 205
How two otters, who had caught a fish, were cheated by a jackal.
40I. DASAṆṆAKA-JĀTAKA 207
How a king was cured of a sickness, born of longing for his wife, by seeing a man swallowing a sword.
402. SATTUBHASTA-JĀTAKA 210
How an old brahmin was sent away by his wife to beg: a snake got into his meal-bag unperceived: a young brahmin preacher guessed that the snake was there, and then exposed the wife's wickedness.
403. AṬṬHISENA-JĀTAKA 216
How a brahmin explains to a king why he makes no petition.
404. KAPI-JĀTAKA 218
How a naughty monkey brought ruin on his kindred.
405. BAKABRAḤMA-JĀTAKA 219
How an angel was converted from heresy.
406. GANDHĀRA-JĀTAKA 221
How two kings became ascetics, and one was admonished in a fault by the other.
407. MAHĀKAPI-JĀTAKA 225
How a monkey saved his followers at the cost of his own life.
408. KUMBHAKĀRA-JĀTAKA 228
How four kings became ascetics through observing a mango-tree, a bracelet, a flock of birds, and same bulls respectively: a potter and his wife separately follow their example.
409. DAḶHADHAMMA-JĀTAKA 233
How a she-elephant, forgotten by the king in her old age, was restored to honour.
410. SOMADATTA-JĀTAKA 235
How an ascetic was comforted for the loss of a young elephant.
411. SUSĪMA-JĀKATA 237
How a king became an ascetic on being shewn a grey hair by his chief queen.
412. KOṬISIMBALI-JĀTAKA 239
How a tree-spirit was frightened by a bird and comforted by a roc-king.
413. DHŪMAKĀRI-JĀTAKA 241
How a king neglected old friends for new ones: his case illustrated by a story of a brahmin goatherd and some deer.
414. JĀGARA-JĀTAKA 243
How an ascetic kept vigil at nights.
415. KUMMĀSAPIṆḌA-JĀTAKA 244
How a king and queen declared the merits in former births that brought about their birth in royal rank.
416. PARANTAPA-JĀTAKA 240
How a prince understood the speech of jackals: and how a king's son discovered and avenged his father's murder after many years.
417. KACCĀNI-JĀTAKA 253
How an old woman, expelled from her son's house owing to her daughter-in-law, thought that Right was dead: and how the whole family became reconciled.
418. AṬṬHASADDA-JĀTAKA 256
How eight sounds that had frightened a king were explained to him harmlessly.
419. SULASĀ-JĀTAKA 260
How a man who would have killed his wife was killed by her.
420. SUMAṄGALA-JĀTAKA 263
How a king would not decide a case till his anger was over.
421. GAṄGAMĀLA-JĀTAKA 266
How a willing servant was reborn as a king: how he shared his kingdom for a time with a poor water-carrier who had shown himself an honest fellow: how a barber got from the king the explanation of his birth in the kingly rank, and became a paccekabuddha, honoured by the king.
422. CETIYA-JĀTAKA 271
How a king, who told a lie in the golden age, sank into the earth and so down to Hell.
423. INDRIYA-JĀTAKA 276
How a tempted ascetic was warned by the story of a miserable hunter.
424. ĀDITTA-JĀTAKA 280
How seven paccekabuddhas came and received gifts from a king.
425. AṬṬHĀNA-JĀTAKA 282
How an ascetic repulsed a woman who had once behaved harshly to him.
426. DĪPI-JĀTAKA 285
How a panther ate a she-goat for all her politeness.
427. GIJJHA-JĀTAKA 287
How a vulture perished, through attempting too bold a flight.
428. KOSAMBĪ-JĀTAKA 289
(Imperfect—with a reference to the story in No. 371.)
429. MAHĀSUKA-JĀTAKA 291
How a grateful parrot refused to leave a barren fig-tree.
430. CULLASUKA-JĀTAKA 294
The same story as the preceding one.
431. HĀRITA-JĀTAKA 295
Of an ascetic who would not tell a lie to conceal his sin.
432. PADAKUSALAMĀṆAVA-JATAKA 298
A boy receives, as a gift from a goblin mother, the power of recognizing footsteps even in the air, and a king, to test the boy's skill, steals his own jewels and then sets the boy to catch the thief. When the boy by a number of pointed stories convicts him of theft, the king is put to death by his own subjects and the boy becomes king.
433. LOMASAKASSAPA-JĀTAKA 306
How a king promised his daughter in marriage to an ascetic, if he would offer a living sacrifice, and how the ascetic resisted the temptation.
434. CAKKAVĀKA-JĀTAKA 309
How a crow, through his greediness, could not attain to the beauty of the ruddy goose.
435. HALIDDIRĀGA-JĀTAKA 311
A youth, who was being led astray by female seductions, is rescued by the sage counsels of his father.
436. SAMUGGA-JĀTAKA 313
How a demon, who swallowed his wife and carried her about in his belly, even so failed to keep her virtuous.
437. PŪTIMAṀSA-JĀTAKA 316
How a wise she-goat outwitted the jackal that was plotting to kill her.
438. TITTIRA-JĀTAKA 319
How a wicked ascetic killed a learned partridge, and how a lion and a tiger avenged the death of the partridge.