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Ezekiel 31


1  And it came to pass1961 in the eleventh259 6240 year,8141 in the third7992 month, in the first259 day of the month,2320 that the word1697 of the LORD3068 came1961 unto413 me, saying,559

2  Son1121 of man,120 speak559 unto413 Pharaoh6547 king4428 of Egypt,4714 and to413 his multitude;1995 Whom413 4310 art thou like1819 in thy greatness?1433

3  Behold,2009 the Assyrian804 was a cedar730 in Lebanon3844 with fair3303 branches,6057 and with a shadowing6751 shroud,2793 and of a high1362 stature;6967 and his top6788 was1961 among996 the thick boughs.5688

4  The waters4325 made him great,1431 the deep8415 set him up on high7311 with854 her rivers5104 running1980 round about5439 his plants,4302 and sent out7971 her little rivers8585 unto413 all3605 the trees6086 of the field.7704

5  Therefore5921 3651 his height6967 was exalted1361 above all4480 3605 the trees6086 of the field,7704 and his boughs5634 were multiplied,7235 and his branches6288 became long748 because of the multitude7227 of waters,4480 4325 when he shot forth.7971

6  All3605 the fowls5775 of heaven8064 made their nests7077 in his boughs,5589 and under8478 his branches6288 did all3605 the beasts2416 of the field7704 bring forth their young,3205 and under his shadow6738 dwelt3427 all3605 great7227 nations.1471

7  Thus was he fair3302 in his greatness,1433 in the length753 of his branches:1808 for3588 his root8328 was1961 by413 great7227 waters.4325

8  The cedars730 in the garden1588 of God430 could not3808 hide6004 him: the fir trees1265 were not like1819 3808 413 his boughs,5589 and the chestnut trees6196 were1961 not3808 like his branches;6288 nor3808 any3605 tree6086 in the garden1588 of God430 was like1819 unto413 him in his beauty.3308

9  I have made6213 him fair3303 by the multitude7230 of his branches:1808 so that all3605 the trees6086 of Eden,5731 that834 were in the garden1588 of God,430 envied7065 him.

10  Therefore3651 thus3541 saith559 the Lord136 GOD;3069 Because3282 834 thou hast lifted up1361 thyself in height,6967 and he hath shot up5414 his top6788 among413 996 the thick boughs,5688 and his heart3824 is lifted up7311 in his height;1363

11  I have therefore delivered5414 him into the hand3027 of the mighty one352 of the heathen;1471 he shall surely deal6213 6213 with him: I have driven him out1644 for his wickedness.7562

12  And strangers,2114 the terrible6184 of the nations,1471 have cut him off,3772 and have left5203 him: upon413 the mountains2022 and in all3605 the valleys1516 his branches1808 are fallen,5307 and his boughs6288 are broken7665 by all3605 the rivers650 of the land;776 and all3605 the people5971 of the earth776 are gone down3381 from his shadow,4480 6738 and have left5203 him.

13  Upon5921 his ruin4658 shall all3605 the fowls5775 of the heaven8064 remain,7931 and all3605 the beasts2416 of the field7704 shall be1961 upon413 his branches:6288

14  To the end4616 that834 none3808 of all3605 the trees6086 by the waters4325 exalt themselves1361 for their height,6967 neither3808 shoot up5414 853 their top6788 among413 996 the thick boughs,5688 neither3808 their trees352 stand up5975 in their height,1363 all3605 that drink8354 water:4325 for3588 they are all3605 delivered5414 unto death,4194 to413 the nether parts8482 of the earth,776 in the midst8432 of the children1121 of men,120 with413 them that go down3381 to the pit.953

15  Thus3541 saith559 the Lord136 GOD;3069 In the day3117 when he went down3381 to the grave7585 I caused a mourning:56 I covered3680 853 the deep8415 for5921 him, and I restrained4513 the floods5104 thereof, and the great7227 waters4325 were stayed:3607 and I caused Lebanon3844 to mourn6937 for5921 him, and all3605 the trees6086 of the field7704 fainted5969 for5921 him.

16  I made the nations1471 to shake7493 at the sound4480 6963 of his fall,4658 when I cast him down3381 853 to hell7585 with854 them that descend3381 into the pit:953 and all3605 the trees6086 of Eden,5731 the choice4005 and best2896 of Lebanon,3844 all3605 that drink8354 water,4325 shall be comforted5162 in the nether parts8482 of the earth.776

17  They1992 also1571 went down3381 into hell7585 with854 him unto413 them that be slain2491 with the sword;2719 and they that were his arm,2220 that dwelt3427 under his shadow6738 in the midst8432 of the heathen.1471

18  To413 whom4310 art thou thus like1819 3602 in glory3519 and in greatness1433 among the trees6086 of Eden?5731 yet shalt thou be brought down3381 with854 the trees6086 of Eden5731 unto413 the nether parts8482 of the earth:776 thou shalt lie7901 in the midst8432 of the uncircumcised6189 with854 them that be slain2491 by the sword.2719 This1931 is Pharaoh6547 and all3605 his multitude,1995 saith5002 the Lord136 GOD.3069


1 καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ ἑνδεκάτῳ ἔτει ἐν τῷ τρίτῳ μηνὶ μιᾷ τοῦ μηνὸς ἐγένετο λόγος κυρίου πρός με λέγων

2 υἱὲ ἀνθρώπου εἰπὸν πρὸς Φαραω βασιλέα Αἰγύπτου καὶ τῷ πλήθει αὐτοῦ τίνι ὡμοίωσας σεαυτὸν ἐν τῷ ὕψει σου

3 ἰδοὺ Ασσουρ κυπάρισσος ἐν τῷ Λιβάνῳ καὶ καλὸς ταῖς παραφυάσιν καὶ ὑψηλὸς τῷ μεγέθει εἰς μέσον νεφελῶν ἐγένετο ἡ ἀρχὴ αὐτοῦ

4 ὕδωρ ἐξέθρεψεν αὐτόν ἡ ἄβυσσος ὕψωσεν αὐτόν τοὺς ποταμοὺς αὐτῆς ἤγαγεν κύκλῳ τῶν φυτῶν αὐτοῦ καὶ τὰ συστέματα αὐτῆς ἐξαπέστειλεν εἰς πάντα τὰ ξύλα τοῦ πεδίου

5 ἕνεκεν τούτου ὑψώθη τὸ μέγεθος αὐτοῦ παρὰ πάντα τὰ ξύλα τοῦ πεδίου καὶ ἐπλατύνθησαν οἱ κλάδοι αὐτοῦ ἀφ᾽ ὕδατος πολλοῦ

6 ἐν ταῖς παραφυάσιν αὐτοῦ ἐνόσσευσαν πάντα τὰ πετεινὰ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ὑποκάτω τῶν κλάδων αὐτοῦ ἐγεννῶσαν πάντα τὰ θηρία τοῦ πεδίου ἐν τῇ σκιᾷ αὐτοῦ κατῴκησεν πᾶν πλῆθος ἐθνῶν

7 καὶ ἐγένετο καλὸς ἐν τῷ ὕψει αὐτοῦ διὰ τὸ πλῆθος τῶν κλάδων αὐτοῦ ὅτι ἐγενήθησαν αἱ ῥίζαι αὐτοῦ εἰς ὕδωρ πολύ

8 κυπάρισσοι τοιαῦται οὐκ ἐγενήθησαν ἐν τῷ παραδείσῳ τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ πίτυες οὐχ ὅμοιαι ταῖς παραφυάσιν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐλάται οὐκ ἐγένοντο ὅμοιαι τοῖς κλάδοις αὐτοῦ πᾶν ξύλον ἐν τῷ παραδείσῳ τοῦ θεοῦ οὐχ ὡμοιώθη αὐτῷ ἐν τῷ κάλλει αὐτοῦ

9 διὰ τὸ πλῆθος τῶν κλάδων αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐζήλωσεν αὐτὸν τὰ ξύλα τοῦ παραδείσου τῆς τρυφῆς τοῦ θεοῦ

10 διὰ τοῦτο τάδε λέγει κύριος ἀνθ᾽ ὧν ἐγένου μέγας τῷ μεγέθει καὶ ἔδωκας τὴν ἀρχήν σου εἰς μέσον νεφελῶν καὶ εἶδον ἐν τῷ ὑψωθῆναι αὐτόν

11 καὶ παρέδωκα αὐτὸν εἰς χεῖρας ἄρχοντος ἐθνῶν καὶ ἐποίησεν τὴν ἀπώλειαν αὐτοῦ

12 καὶ ἐξωλέθρευσαν αὐτὸν ἀλλότριοι λοιμοὶ ἀπὸ ἐθνῶν καὶ κατέβαλον αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τῶν ὀρέων ἐν πάσαις ταῖς φάραγξιν ἔπεσαν οἱ κλάδοι αὐτοῦ καὶ συνετρίβη τὰ στελέχη αὐτοῦ ἐν παντὶ πεδίῳ τῆς γῆς καὶ κατέβησαν ἀπὸ τῆς σκέπης αὐτῶν πάντες οἱ λαοὶ τῶν ἐθνῶν καὶ ἠδάφισαν αὐτόν

13 ἐπὶ τὴν πτῶσιν αὐτοῦ ἀνεπαύσαντο πάντα τὰ πετεινὰ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ἐπὶ τὰ στελέχη αὐτοῦ ἐγένοντο πάντα τὰ θηρία τοῦ ἀγροῦ

14 ὅπως μὴ ὑψωθῶσιν ἐν τῷ μεγέθει αὐτῶν πάντα τὰ ξύλα τὰ ἐν τῷ ὕδατι καὶ οὐκ ἔδωκαν τὴν ἀρχὴν αὐτῶν εἰς μέσον νεφελῶν καὶ οὐκ ἔστησαν ἐν τῷ ὕψει αὐτῶν πρὸς αὐτὰ πάντες οἱ πίνοντες ὕδωρ πάντες ἐδόθησαν εἰς θάνατον εἰς γῆς βάθος ἐν μέσῳ υἱῶν ἀνθρώπων πρὸς καταβαίνοντας εἰς βόθρον

15 τάδε λέγει κύριος κύριος ἐν ᾗ ἡμέρᾳ κατέβη εἰς ᾅδου ἐπένθησεν αὐτὸν ἡ ἄβυσσος καὶ ἐπέστησα τοὺς ποταμοὺς αὐτῆς καὶ ἐκώλυσα πλῆθος ὕδατος καὶ ἐσκότασεν ἐπ᾽ αὐτὸν ὁ Λίβανος πάντα τὰ ξύλα τοῦ πεδίου ἐπ᾽ αὐτῷ ἐξελύθησαν

16 ἀπὸ τῆς φωνῆς τῆς πτώσεως αὐτοῦ ἐσείσθησαν τὰ ἔθνη ὅτε κατεβίβαζον αὐτὸν εἰς ᾅδου μετὰ τῶν καταβαινόντων εἰς λάκκον καὶ παρεκάλουν αὐτὸν ἐν γῇ πάντα τὰ ξύλα τῆς τρυφῆς καὶ τὰ ἐκλεκτὰ τοῦ Λιβάνου πάντα τὰ πίνοντα ὕδωρ

17 καὶ γὰρ αὐτοὶ κατέβησαν μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ εἰς ᾅδου ἐν τοῖς τραυματίαις ἀπὸ μαχαίρας καὶ τὸ σπέρμα αὐτοῦ οἱ κατοικοῦντες ὑπὸ τὴν σκέπην αὐτοῦ ἐν μέσῳ τῆς ζωῆς αὐτῶν ἀπώλοντο

18 τίνι ὡμοιώθης κατάβηθι καὶ καταβιβάσθητι μετὰ τῶν ξύλων τῆς τρυφῆς εἰς γῆς βάθος ἐν μέσῳ ἀπεριτμήτων κοιμηθήσῃ μετὰ τραυματιῶν μαχαίρας οὕτως Φαραω καὶ τὸ πλῆθος τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ λέγει κύριος κύριος


‎1 ‏וַיְהִ֗י בְּאַחַ֤ת עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה בַּשְּׁלִישִׁ֖י בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ הָיָ֥ה דְבַר־יְהוָ֖ה אֵלַ֥י לֵאמֹֽר׃

‎2 ‏בֶּן־אָדָ֕ם אֱמֹ֛ר אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֥ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֖יִם וְאֶל־הֲמוֹנ֑וֹ אֶל־מִ֖י דָּמִ֥יתָ בְגָדְלֶֽךָ׃

‎3 ‏הִנֵּ֨ה אַשּׁ֜וּר אֶ֣רֶז בַּלְּבָנ֗וֹן יְפֵ֥ה עָנָ֛ף וְחֹ֥רֶשׁ מֵצַ֖ל וּגְבַ֣הּ קוֹמָ֑ה וּבֵ֣ין עֲבֹתִ֔ים הָיְתָ֖ה צַמַּרְתּֽוֹ׃

‎4 ‏מַ֣יִם גִּדְּל֔וּהוּ תְּה֖וֹם רֹֽמְמָ֑תְהוּ אֶת־נַהֲרֹתֶ֗יהָ הֹלֵךְ֙ סְבִיב֣וֹת מַטָּעָ֔הּ וְאֶת־תְּעָלֹתֶ֣יהָ שִׁלְחָ֔ה אֶ֖ל כָּל־עֲצֵ֥י הַשָּׂדֶֽה׃

‎5 ‏עַל־כֵּן֙ גָּבְהָ֣א קֹמָת֔וֹ מִכֹּ֖ל עֲצֵ֣י הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה וַתִּרְבֶּ֨ינָה סַֽרְעַפֹּתָ֜יו וַתֶּאֱרַ֧כְנָה פארתו פֹארֹתָ֛יו מִמַּ֥יִם רַבִּ֖ים בְּשַׁלְּחֽוֹ׃

‎6 ‏בִּסְעַפֹּתָ֤יו קִֽנְנוּ֙ כָּל־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְתַ֤חַת פֹּֽארֹתָיו֙ יָֽלְד֔וּ כֹּ֖ל חַיַּ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה וּבְצִלּוֹ֙ יֵֽשְׁב֔וּ כֹּ֖ל גּוֹיִ֥ם רַבִּֽים׃

‎7 ‏וַיְּיִ֣ף בְּגָדְל֔וֹ בְּאֹ֖רֶךְ דָּֽלִיּוֹתָ֑יו כִּֽי־הָיָ֥ה שָׁרְשׁ֖וֹ אֶל־מַ֥יִם רַבִּֽים׃

‎8 ‏אֲרָזִ֣ים לֹֽא־עֲמָמֻהוּ֮ בְּגַן־אֱלֹהִים֒ בְּרוֹשִׁ֗ים לֹ֤א דָמוּ֙ אֶל־סְעַפֹּתָ֔יו וְעַרְמֹנִ֥ים לֹֽא־הָי֖וּ כְּפֹֽארֹתָ֑יו כָּל־עֵץ֙ בְּגַן־אֱלֹהִ֔ים לֹא־דָמָ֥ה אֵלָ֖יו בְּיָפְיֽוֹ׃

‎9 ‏יָפֶ֣ה עֲשִׂיתִ֔יו בְּרֹ֖ב דָּֽלִיּוֹתָ֑יו וַיְקַנְאֻ֙הוּ֙ כָּל־עֲצֵי־עֵ֔דֶן אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּגַ֥ן הָאֱלֹהִֽים׃ ס

‎10 ‏לָכֵ֗ן כֹּ֤ה אָמַר֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יְהוִ֔ה יַ֕עַן אֲשֶׁ֥ר גָּבַ֖הְתָּ בְּקוֹמָ֑ה וַיִּתֵּ֤ן צַמַּרְתּוֹ֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ין עֲבוֹתִ֔ים וְרָ֥ם לְבָב֖וֹ בְּגָבְהֽוֹ׃

‎11 ‏וְאֶ֨תְּנֵ֔הוּ בְּיַ֖ד אֵ֣יל גּוֹיִ֑ם עָשׂ֤וֹ יַֽעֲשֶׂה֙ ל֔וֹ כְּרִשְׁע֖וֹ גֵּרַשְׁתִּֽהוּ׃

‎12 ‏וַיִּכְרְתֻ֧הוּ זָרִ֛ים עָרִיצֵ֥י גוֹיִ֖ם וַֽיִּטְּשֻׁ֑הוּ אֶל־הֶ֠הָרִים וּבְכָל־גֵּ֨אָי֜וֹת3 נָפְל֣וּ דָלִיּוֹתָ֗יו וַתִּשָּׁבַ֤רְנָה פֹֽארֹתָיו֙ בְּכֹל֙ אֲפִיקֵ֣י הָאָ֔רֶץ וַיֵּרְד֧וּ מִצִּלּ֛וֹ כָּל־עַמֵּ֥י הָאָ֖רֶץ וַֽיִּטְּשֻֽׁהוּ׃

‎13 ‏עַל־מַפַּלְתּ֥וֹ יִשְׁכְּנ֖וּ כָּל־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם וְאֶל־פֹּארֹתָ֣יו הָי֔וּ כֹּ֖ל חַיַּ֥ת הַשָּׂדֶֽה׃

‎14 ‏לְמַ֡עַן אֲשֶׁר֩ לֹא־יִגְבְּה֨וּ בְקוֹמָתָ֜ם כָּל־עֲצֵי־מַ֗יִם וְלֹֽא־יִתְּנ֤וּ אֶת־צַמַּרְתָּם֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ין עֲבֹתִ֔ים וְלֹֽא־יַעַמְד֧וּ אֵלֵיהֶ֛ם בְּגָבְהָ֖ם כָּל־שֹׁ֣תֵי מָ֑יִם כִּֽי־כֻלָּם֩ נִתְּנ֨וּ לַמָּ֜וֶת אֶל־אֶ֣רֶץ תַּחְתִּ֗ית בְּת֛וֹךְ בְּנֵ֥י אָדָ֖ם אֶל־י֥וֹרְדֵי בֽוֹר׃ ס

‎15 ‏כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר אֲדֹנָ֣י יְהוִ֗ה בְּי֨וֹם רִדְתּ֤וֹ שְׁא֙וֹלָה֙ הֶאֱבַ֜לְתִּי כִּסֵּ֤תִי עָלָיו֙ אֶת־תְּה֔וֹם וָֽאֶמְנַע֙ נַהֲרוֹתֶ֔יהָ וַיִּכָּלְא֖וּ מַ֣יִם רַבִּ֑ים וָאַקְדִּ֤ר עָלָיו֙ לְבָנ֔וֹן וְכָל־עֲצֵ֥י הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה עָלָ֥יו עֻלְפֶּֽה׃

‎16 ‏מִקּ֤וֹל מַפַּלְתּוֹ֙ הִרְעַ֣שְׁתִּי גוֹיִ֔ם בְּהוֹרִדִ֥י אֹת֛וֹ שְׁא֖וֹלָה אֶת־י֣וֹרְדֵי ב֑וֹר וַיִּנָּ֨חֲמ֜וּ בְּאֶ֤רֶץ תַּחְתִּית֙ כָּל־עֲצֵי־עֵ֔דֶן מִבְחַ֥ר וְטוֹב־לְבָנ֖וֹן כָּל־שֹׁ֥תֵי מָֽיִם׃

‎17 ‏גַּם־הֵ֗ם אִתּ֛וֹ יָרְד֥וּ שְׁא֖וֹלָה אֶל־חַלְלֵי־חָ֑רֶב וּזְרֹע֛וֹ יָשְׁב֥וּ בְצִלּ֖וֹ בְּת֥וֹךְ גּוֹיִֽם׃

‎18 ‏אֶל־מִ֨י דָמִ֥יתָ כָּ֛כָה בְּכָב֥וֹד וּבְגֹ֖דֶל בַּעֲצֵי־עֵ֑דֶן וְהוּרַדְתָּ֙ אֶת־עֲצֵי־עֵ֜דֶן אֶל־אֶ֣רֶץ תַּחְתִּ֗ית בְּת֨וֹךְ עֲרֵלִ֤ים תִּשְׁכַּב֙ אֶת־חַלְלֵי־חֶ֔רֶב ה֤וּא פַרְעֹה֙ וְכָל־הֲמוֹנֹ֔הq נְאֻ֖ם אֲדֹנָ֥י יְהוִֽה׃ ס


1 Et factum est in anno undecimo, tertio mense, una mensis: factum est verbum Domini ad me, dicens:

2 Fili hominis, dic Pharaoni regi Ægypti et populo ejus: [Cui similis factus es in magnitudine tua?

3 ecce Assur quasi cedrus in Libano,
pulcher ramis, et frondibus nemorosus, excelsusque altitudine,
et inter condensas frondes elevatum est cacumen ejus.

4 Aquæ nutrierunt illum;
abyssus exaltavit illum:
flumina ejus manabant in circuitu radicum ejus,
et rivos suos emisit ad universa ligna regionis.

5 Propterea elevata est altitudo ejus super omnia ligna regionis,
et multiplicata sunt arbusta ejus,
et elevati sunt rami ejus præ aquis multis.

6 Cumque extendisset umbram suam,
in ramis ejus fecerunt nidos omnia volatilia cæli:
et sub frondibus ejus genuerunt omnes bestiæ saltuum,
et sub umbraculo illius habitabat cœtus gentium plurimarum.

7 Eratque pulcherrimus in magnitudine sua,
et in dilatatione arbustorum suorum:
erat enim radix illius juxta aquas multas.

8 Cedri non fuerunt altiores illo in paradiso Dei;
abietes non adæquaverunt summitatem ejus,
et platani non fuerunt æquæ frondibus illius:
omne lignum paradisi Dei non est assimilatum illi,
et pulchritudini ejus.

9 Quoniam speciosum feci eum,
et multis condensisque frondibus,
et æmulata sunt eum omnia ligna voluptatis
quæ erant in paradiso Dei.]

10 [Propterea hæc dicit Dominus Deus:
Pro eo quod sublimatus est in altitudine,
et dedit summitatem suam virentem atque condensam,
et elevatum est cor ejus in altitudine sua:

11 tradidi eum in manu fortissimi gentium:
faciens faciet ei:
juxta impietatem ejus ejeci eum.

12 Et succident eum alieni,
et crudelissimi nationum,
et projicient eum super montes:
et in cunctis convallibus corruent rami ejus,
et confringentur arbusta ejus in universis rupibus terræ:
et recedent de umbraculo ejus omnes populi terræ,
et relinquent eum.

13 In ruina ejus habitaverunt omnia volatilia cæli,
et in ramis ejus fuerunt universæ bestiæ regionis.

14 Quam ob rem non elevabuntur in altitudine sua omnia ligna aquarum,
nec ponent sublimitatem suam inter nemorosa atque frondosa,
nec stabunt in sublimitate sua omnia quæ irrigantur aquis:
quia omnes traditi sunt in mortem ad terram ultimam,
in medio filiorum hominum,
ad eos qui descendunt in lacum.

15 Hæc dicit Dominus Deus:
In die quando descendit ad inferos, induxi luctum:
operui eum abysso,
et prohibui flumina ejus,
et coërcui aquas multas:
contristatus est super eum Libanus,
et omnia ligna agri concussa sunt.

16 A sonitu ruinæ ejus commovi gentes
cum deducerem eum ad infernum
cum his qui descendebant in lacum:
et consolata sunt in terra infima
omnia ligna voluptatis egregia atque præclara in Libano,
universa quæ irrigabantur aquis.

17 Nam et ipsi cum eo descendent in infernum ad interfectos gladio:
et brachium uniuscujusque sedebit sub umbraculo ejus
in medio nationum.

18 Cui assimilatus es, o inclyte atque sublimis inter ligna voluptatis?
ecce deductus es cum lignis voluptatis ad terram ultimam:
in medio incircumcisorum dormies,
cum eis qui interfecti sunt gladio:
ipse est Pharao, et omnis multitudo ejus,
dicit Dominus Deus.]

Next: Ezekiel 32