Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at sacred-texts.com
psa 118:10Nations - The neighbouring nations, Philistines, Syrians, Ammonites, Moabites, who were stirred up, by the overthrows which David had given some of them, by their jealousy at his growing greatness, and by their hatred against the true religion.
psa 118:11Yea - The repetition implies their frequency and fervency in this action.
psa 118:12Bees - ln great numbers. Thorns - Which burns fiercely, but quickly spends itself.
psa 118:13Thou - O mine enemy. The singular word is here put collectively for all his enemies.
psa 118:14Salvation - My Saviour.
psa 118:15Doth valiantly - These are the words of that song of praise now mentioned.
psa 118:16Exalted - Hath appeared evidently, and wrought powerfully and gloriously.
psa 118:19Open - O ye porters, appointed by God for this work. The gates - Of the Lord's tabernacle: where the rule of righteousness was kept and taught, and the sacrifices of righteousness were offered.
psa 118:20The righteous - As David was a type of Christ and the temple of heaven, so this place hath a farther prospect than David, and relates to Christ's ascending into heaven, and opening the gates of that blessed temple, both for himself and for all believers.
psa 118:22The builders - The commonwealth of Israel and the church of God are here and elsewhere compared to a building, wherein, as the people are the stones, so the princes and rulers are the builders. And as these master - builders rejected David, so their successors rejected Christ. Head stone - The chief stone in the whole building, by which the several parts of the building are upheld and firmly united together. Thus David united all the tribes and families of Israel: and thus Christ united Jews and Gentiles together. And therefore this place is justly expounded of Christ, Mar 12:10; Act 4:11; Rom 9:32; Eph 2:20. And to him the words agree more properly than to David.
psa 118:24Made - Or sanctified as a season never to be forgotten.
psa 118:25We - These seem to be the words of the Levites, to whom he spake Psa 118:19.
psa 118:26Blessed - We pray that God would bless his person and government. Cometh - To the throne; or from his Father into the world: who is known by the name of him that cometh or was to come, and of whom this very word is used, Gen 49:10; Isa 35:4. Name - By commission from him. We - We who are the Lord's ministers attending upon him in his house, and appointed to bless in his name, Num 6:23; Deu 10:8. So these are the words of the priests.
psa 118:27The Lord - Or, The mighty God, as this name of God signifies, and as he shewed himself to be by this, his wonderful work. Who - Who hath scattered our dark clouds, and put us into a state of peace, and safety, and happiness. The horns - These are supposed to he made for this very use, that the beasts should be bound and killed there. These three last verses are David's words.