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Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at

Psalms Chapter 80

Psalms 80:1

psa 80:1

Joseph - The children of Joseph or Israel. The name of Joseph, the most eminent of the patriarchs, is elsewhere put for all the tribes. Cherubim - Which were by the mercy seat above the ark.

Psalms 80:2

psa 80:2

Before Ephraim - Here is an allusion to the ancient situation of the tabernacle in the wilderness, where these tribes were placed on the west - side of the tabernacle, in which the ark was, which consequently was before them.

Psalms 80:3

psa 80:3

Turn us - To thy self.

Psalms 80:9

psa 80:9

Preparedst - Thou didst root out the idolatrous nations. Deep root - Thou gavest them a firm settlement.

Psalms 80:10

psa 80:10

The hills - They filled not only the fruitful valleys, but even the barren mountains.

Psalms 80:11

psa 80:11

The river - They possessed the whole land, from the mid - land sea to the river Euphrates.

Psalms 80:12

psa 80:12

Hedges - Taken away thy protection.

Psalms 80:16

psa 80:16

They - Thy people, signified by the vine. So now he passes from the metaphor to the thing designed by it.

Psalms 80:17

psa 80:17

Be - To protect and strengthen him. Right - hand - Benjamin signifies the son of the right hand, a dearly beloved son, as Benjamin was to Jacob. Son of man - The people of Israel, who are often spoken of as one person, as God's son and first - born.

Psalms 80:18

psa 80:18

Go back - Revolt from thee to idolatry or wickedness. Quicken - Revive and restore us to our tranquility.

Next: Psalms Chapter 81