Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at sacred-texts.com
pro 21:1The kings - He names kings not to exclude other men, but because they are more arbitrary and uncontrollable than others. As rivers - Which husband - men draw by little channels into the adjacent grounds as they please.
pro 21:4The plowing - Even their civil or natural actions, which in themselves are lawful, are made sinful as they are managed by ungodly men, without any regard to the glory of God, which ought to be the end of all our actions.
pro 21:5Hasty - Who manages his affairs rashly.
pro 21:6Lying tongue - By any false or deceitful words or actions. Is tossed - Is like the chaff or smoak driven away by the wind. Of them - That take those courses which will bring destruction upon them.
pro 21:8The way - Of every man by nature. Strange - Estranged from God. Right - But he whose heart is pure, his conversation is agreeable to it.
pro 21:10Desireth - To do mischief. No favour - He spares neither friend nor foe.
pro 21:11The wise - The simple learn wisdom, both from the punishment of wicked men, and from the prosperity of good men.
pro 21:12Considereth - He looks through its present glory to that ruin for which it is designed.
pro 21:14In secret - Which makes it more acceptable. In the bosom - Secretly conveyed into the bosom.
pro 21:16Shall remain - Shall, without repentance, be condemned to eternal death.
pro 21:17Wine and oil - Delicious fare and luxurious feasting. Wine and oil were much used in feasts in those parts.
pro 21:18A ransom - The wicked shall be brought into those troubles, which were designed by wicked men for the righteous: thus Haman was a ransom for Mordecai.
pro 21:20The wise - Wise men lay up desirable treasures for their own use, and for their families. Oil is particularly mentioned, because that was a considerable part of their wealth and treasures in those countries.
pro 21:22The strength - The strongest sorts to which the citizens trust.
pro 21:25Killeth - Torments him to death, while he passionately desires what he sees, he shall not enjoy, and will not take pains to procure.
pro 21:26Coveteth - Spends his whole time in vain and lazy desires. Giveth - By God's blessing upon his industry he procures enough, not only for his own support, but for the relief of others.
pro 21:27The sacrifice - All the most costly services which they offer to God. Because - As all the ancient translators render it, the Hebrew particle, aph, being expletive: or, even because; so the following clause gives the reason. A wicked mind - Not in obedience to God's command, but either to cover, or countenance, or promote some wicked design.
pro 21:28Heareth - He witnesses nothing but what he has heard or seen. Constantly - Always affirms the same thing.
pro 21:29Hardeneth - Continues in evil with obstinacy and impudence. Directs - He orders his steps aright.
pro 21:31The horse - Under which all war - like provisions are comprehended.