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Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible, by John Wesley, [1754-65], at

Hosea Chapter 8

Hosea 8:1

hos 8:1

Set the trumpet - The Lord here commands the prophet to publish, as by sound of trumpet, that which God will bring upon apostate Israel. He - The king of Assyria. As an eagle - Swift, hungry, surmounting all difficulties. House of the Lord - The family of Israel, the Israelites church.

Hosea 8:2

hos 8:2

Shall cry - But not sincerely.

Hosea 8:4

hos 8:4

They - Israel. Kings - Shallum, Menahem, Pekah, and Hosea. Not by me - Not by my direction. Knew it not - Did not approve of it.

Hosea 8:5

hos 8:5

Thy calf - The chief idol set up in Samaria. Cast thee off - Hath provoked God to cast thee off. Against them - Idols, and idol worshippers. How long - How long will it be, ere they repent and reform?

Hosea 8:6

hos 8:6

From Israel - By their invention. It - Both the idol and the worshippers of it.

Hosea 8:7

hos 8:7

Sown the wind - A proverbial speech to denote lost labour. Whirlwind - A tempest, which destroyeth all that is in its way; an emblem of the wrath of God. No stalk - All your dependance on idols, and foreign assistance, will be as seed that bear neither stalk nor bud. No meal - Or suppose it produced stalk and bud, yet the bud shall be blasted, and never yield meal.

Hosea 8:9

hos 8:9

Gone up - Israel is like a wild ass. A wild ass - Stubborn, wild, untamed. Alone - Solitary, where is no path or tract; so they were in their captivity.

Hosea 8:10

hos 8:10

Gather them - I will assemble them together, that they may be taken and destroyed together. A little - For a while before their final captivity. The burden - The tribute laid on them by the king.

Hosea 8:11

hos 8:11

Altars - Those which they shall find in Assyria. To sin - Shall be the occasion of his greater guilt and punishment.

Hosea 8:12

hos 8:12

Written - By Moses first, by other prophets afterwards. But they were counted - Israel looks on them, as nothing to them.

Hosea 8:13

hos 8:13

They shall return - Many shall fly from the Assyrian into Egypt.

Hosea 8:14

hos 8:14

Temples - Idol temples. Devour the palaces - This was fulfilled when all the cities of Judah and Israel were laid in ashes by the king of Assyria.

Next: Hosea Chapter 9