Vincent's Word Studies, by Marvin R. Vincent, , at sacred-texts.com
The seven last plagues (πληγὰς ἑπτὰ τὰς ἐσχάτας)
Lit., seven plagues the last. Rev., "which are the last." See on Mar 3:10; see on Luk 10:30.
Is filled up (ἐτελέσθη)
More correctly, brought to an end (τέλος). Rev., finished. Lit., was finished, the prophetic aorist, which speaks of a thing foreseen and decided as if already done.
A sea of glass (θάλασσαν ὑαλίνην)
Rev., better, a glassy sea. See on Rev 4:6.
Had gotten the victory over the beast (νικῶντας ἐκ τοῦ θηρίου)
The expression is peculiar. Lit., conquered out of The construction is unique in the New Testament. The phrase signifies, not as A.V., victory over, but coming triumphant out of (ἐκ). So Rev., that come victorious from the beast.
Over his mark
Standing on (ἐπί)
Better, as Rev., by: on the shore of, as did the Israelites when they sang the song alluded to in Rev 15:3.
The harps of God
Omit the. Instruments devoted wholly to His praise. Compare Rev 5:8; Rev 14:2.
The song of Moses
See Exodus 15. Compare Deuteronomy 32; to which some refer this allusion.
The servant of God
See Exo 14:31; Num 12:7; Psa 105:26; Heb 3:5.
The song of the Lamb
There are not two distinct songs. The song of Moses is the song of the Lamb. The Old and the New Testament churches are one.
Great and marvellous are Thy works
Psa 111:2; Psa 139:14; Ch1 16:9.
Just and true are Thy ways
Rev., righteous for just. See Deu 32:4.
King of saints (βασιλεὺς τῶν ἁγίων)
The readings differ. Some read for saints, ἐθνῶν of the nations; others αἰώνων of the ages. So Rev. Compare Jer 10:7.
Who shall not fear Thee?
See Jer 10:7. Omit thee.
See on Luk 1:75. The term is applied to Christ in Act 2:27, Act 2:35; Heb 7:26. To God only here and Rev 16:5, where the correct reading is ὁ ὅσιος thou holy one, instead of ὁ ἐσόμενος which shalt be.
All nations shall come
Compare Psa 86:9; Isa 2:2-4; Isa 66:23; Mic 4:2.
Not merely divine decisions, but righteous acts generally. So Rev. Primarily, the word signifies that which has been deemed right so as to have the force of law. Hence an ordinance (Luk 1:6; Heb 9:1; Rom 1:32). A judicial decision for or against (Rom 5:16). A righteous deed. See Rev 19:8.
The temple of the tabernacle (ὁ ναὸς τῆς σκηνῆς)
The sanctuary of the tabernacle. See on Mat 4:5.
Of the testimony
See Act 7:44. The tabernacle was called "the Tabernacle of the Testimony" because it contained the ark with the law of God which testifies against sin. See Exo 25:16, Exo 25:21; Exo 30:36; Exo 34:29; Exo 38:21. Compare Rev 11:19.
The Rev. follows the reading λίθον stone, after the analogy of Eze 28:13, "Every precious stone was thy covering." The idea is that of raiment studded with precious stones. See on Rev 2:17.
Mostly applied in the New Testament to clothing, as Luk 23:11; Act 10:30; Jam 2:2. Also to the water of life (Rev 22:1), and the morning-star (Rev 22:16). Rev., bright.
Girt round their breasts
As the Lord in the vision of Rev 1:13; where, however, μαστοῖς paps is used instead of στήθη breasts.
Rev., bowls. See on Rev 5:8.
Compare Exo 40:34; Kg1 8:10; Psa 18:8; Isa 6:4; Eze 10:2-4.
None was able to enter
"God cannot be approached at the moment when He is revealing Himself in all the terrors of His indignation" (Milligan). See Exo 19:21.