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Vincent's Word Studies, by Marvin R. Vincent, [1886], at

Revelation Chapter 11

Revelation 11:1

rev 11:1

A rod

See on Rev 2:27.

And the angel stood

Omit. The insertion of these words furnishes a subject for the agreement of the participle λέγων, which is irregular an construction. Literally the correct text reads, "there was given me a reed, saying." Accordingly Wordsworth refers the speech to the reed as an inspired medium of speech. Rev., better, and one said.

The temple (τὸν ναὸν)

See on Mat 4:5.

The altar

Of incense, as that alone stood in the sacred place.

Them that worship

Note the peculiar expressed, measuring the worshippers with a reed.

Revelation 11:2

rev 11:2

The court which is without the temple

Not merely the outer court, or Court of the Gentiles, but including all that is not within the ναός, the Holy and Most Holy places.

Leave out (ἔκβαλε ἔξω)

Lit., throw out, i.e., of the measurement.

Unto the Gentiles (τοῖς ἔθνεσιν)

See on Luk 2:32. Rev., nations.

Forty and two months

A period which appears in three forms in Revelation: forty-two months (Rev 13:5); twelve hundred and sixty days (Rev 11:3, Rev 12:6); a time, times and half a time, or three years and a half (Rev 12:14, compare Dan 7:25; Dan 12:7)

Revelation 11:3

rev 11:3



Two witnesses

The reader may profitably consult on this point the lectures of Professor Milligan on the Revelation of St. John. He maintains that the conception of the Apocalypse is powerfully molded by John's recollections of the life of Jesus; that there is a close parallelism between the Apocalypse and the delineation of the life of Christ contained in the fourth Gospel; and that the Apocalypse is, in the deeper conceptions which pervade it, a repetition of the Gospel. See pp. 59-69.

They shall prophesy (προφητεύσουσιν)

See on prophet, Luk 7:26. Commonly explained of preaching repentance, though some take it in the later sense of foretelling future events.

Clothed in sackcloth

The garb of preachers of repentance. Compare Isa 22:12; Jer 4:8; Jon 3:5; Mat 3:4. For sackcloth see on Luk 10:13.

Revelation 11:4

rev 11:4

Two olive trees

See Zac 4:1-14.


See Zac 4:1-14, and note on Mat 10:15.

The God

Read κυρίου the Lord. Compare Zac 4:14.

Revelation 11:5

rev 11:5

Fire proceedeth

Compare Kg2 1:10; Jer 5:14.

Revelation 11:6

rev 11:6

To shut up the heaven

As Elijah, Kg1 17:1; Luk 4:25; Jam 5:17.

That it rain not (ἵνα μὴ βρέχῃ ὑετὸς)

Lit., that the rain may not wet.

To turn them into blood

Compare Exo 7:19.

To smite (πατάξαι)

Used by John only in Revelation, here and Rev 19:15. Compare Mat 26:31; Mar 14:27; Luk 22:49, Luk 22:50; Act 12:7, Act 12:23.

With all plagues (πάσῃ πληγῇ)

Singular number. Rev., correctly, with every plague. See on Mar 3:10. Not merely with the plagues with which Moses smote Egypt.

Revelation 11:7

rev 11:7

The beast (θηρίον)

Wild beast. See on Rev 4:6. A different word from that wrongly translated beast, Rev 4:6, Rev 4:7; Rev 5:6, etc. Compare Rev 13:1; Rev 17:8, and see Daniel 7.

Bottomless pit (ἀβύσσου)

See on Rev 9:1.

Revelation 11:8

rev 11:8

Dead bodies (πτώματα)

Read πτῶμα carcass. See on Mat 24:28; see on Mar 15:45.

In the street (ἐπὶ τῆς πλατείας)

Lit., "Upon the street." See on Luk 14:21.

The great city

Jerusalem is never called by this name. Different expositors refer it to Rome or Babylon. Milligan to Jerusalem.

Spiritually (πνευματικῶς)

Typically or allegorically. Compare Co1 10:3, Co1 10:4.

Our Lord

Read αὐτῶν their for ἡμῶν our.

Revelation 11:9

rev 11:9

Shall see (βλέψουσιν)

Read, βλέπουσιν do men look (Rev.), and see on Joh 1:29.

Shall not suffer (οὐκ ἀφήσουσιν)

Read ἀφίουσιν do not suffer.

To be put in graves (τεθῆναι εἰς μνήματα)

Read μνῆμα a tomb, as Rev. Compare Gen 23:4; Isa 14:19, Isa 14:20.

Revelation 11:10

rev 11:10

Shall rejoice (χαροῦσιν)

Read χαίρουσιν, present tense, rejoice.

Shall make merry (εὐφρανθήσονται)

Read εὐφραίνονται, present tense, make merry; and for the word see note on fared sumptuously, Luk 16:19.

Shall send gifts

As on a day of festival. See Neh 8:10, Neh 8:12.

Tormented (ἐβασάνισαν)

See on vexed, Pe2 2:8, and see on Mat 4:23, Mat 4:24.

Revelation 11:11

rev 11:11

Spirit of life (πνεῦμα ζῶης)

Rev., breath. See on Joh 3:8.

Entered into them

Compare Eze 37:1-10.

Saw (θεωροῦντας)

See on Joh 1:18.

Revelation 11:13

rev 11:13


See on Rev 6:12.

Of men (ὀνόματα ἀνθρώπων)

Lit., names of men. See on Rev 3:4.

Gave glory to the God of heaven

The phrase signifies not conversion, nor repentance, nor thanksgiving, but recognition, which is its usual sense in scripture. Compare Jos 7:19 (Sept.). Joh 9:24; Act 12:23; Rom 4:20.

Revelation 11:15

rev 11:15

The kingdoms - are become (ἐγένοντο αἱ βασιλεῖαι)

Read ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία, the kingdom - is become.

Of our Lord, etc.

Compare Psa 2:2-9.

Revelation 11:17

rev 11:17

O Lord God, etc.

See on Rev 4:8.

And art to come


Hast taken to Thee

Omit to thee.

Revelation 11:18

rev 11:18

Were angry (ὀργίσθησαν)

See on wrath, Joh 3:36. Compare Psa 2:1.

The time (ὁ καιρὸς)

See on Mat 12:1.

Reward (μισθὸν)

See on Pe2 2:13.

Destroy (διαφθεῖραι)

Also to corrupt.

Which destroy (τοὺς διαφθείροντας)

Or, the destroyers.

Revelation 11:19

rev 11:19

The temple (ὁ ναὸς)

The sanctuary. Compare Rev 11:1 and see on Mat 4:5.

In heaven

Join with temple of God, as Rev., instead of with opened, as A.V.

The ark of His covenant (ἡ κιβωτὸς τῆς διαθήκης αὐτοῦ)

Κιβωτὸς ark, meaning generally any wooden box or chest used of the ark in the tabernacle only here and Heb 9:4. Elsewhere of Noah's ark. See Mat 24:38; Luk 17:27; Heb 11:7; Pe1 3:20. For covenant, see note on testament, Mat 26:28. This is the last mention in scripture of the ark of the covenant. It was lost when the temple was destroyed by the Chaldeans (Kg2 25:10), and was wanting in the second temple. Tacitus says that Pompey "by right of conquest entered the temple. Thenceforward it became generally known that the habitation was empty and the sanctuary unoccupied do representation of the deity being found within it" ("History," v., 9). According to Jewish tradition Jeremiah had taken the ark and all that the Most Holy Place contained, and concealed them, before the destruction of the temple, in a cave at Mount Sinai, whence they are to be restored to the temple in the days of Messiah.

Lightnings and voices, etc.

"The solemn salvos, so to speak, of the artillery of heaven, with which each series of visions is concluded."

Next: Revelation Chapter 12