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Vincent's Word Studies, by Marvin R. Vincent, [1886], at

Mark Chapter 14

Mark 14:1

mar 14:1

The feast of the passover and the unleavened bread (τὸ πάσχα καὶ τὰ ἄζυμα)

Lit., the passover and the unleavened. It was really one and the same festival.

Sought (ἐζήτουν)

Imperfect tense: were all this while seeking

Mark 14:3

mar 14:3

Alabaster box

See on Mat 26:7.

Spikenard (νάρδου πιστικῆς)

The meaning of πιστικῆς greatly disputed. The best authorities define it genuine or unadulterated: pure nard.


Possibly by striking the brittle neck of the flask. This detail is peculiar to Mark.

Mark 14:4

mar 14:4

To what purpose, etc

See on Mat 26:8.

Mark 14:5

mar 14:5

Murmured (ἐνεβριμῶντο)

See on Mar 1:43.

Mark 14:6

mar 14:6


See on Mat 26:10.

Mark 14:7

mar 14:7

And whensoever ye will, etc

Note Mark's amplification.

Mark 14:8

mar 14:8

She hath done what she could (ὅ ἔσχεν ἐποίησεν)

Lit., what she had she did. Peculiar to Mark.

She is come aforehand to anoint (προέλαβεν μυρίσαι)

Lit., she anticipated to anoint. Rev., hath anointed beforehand. The verb μυρίζω is found only here.

Mark 14:11

mar 14:11


See on Mat 26:15.

He sought (ευζήτει)

Imperfect tense. He kept seeking: busied himself continuously from that time.

Conveniently (εὐκαίρως)

Might find a good opportunity (καιρός).

Mark 14:13

mar 14:13

A man

A slave probably, whose business it was to draw water. See Deu 19:11.


Of earthenware: κεράμοιν, from κέραμος, potter's clay.

Mark 14:14

mar 14:14

My guest-chamber (κατάλυμά μου)

Luk 22:11. The word is not classical, and as used by an oriental signifies a khan or caravanserai. Hence inn at Luk 2:7. My chamber. It was a common practice that more than one company partook of the paschal supper in the same apartment; but Christ will have his chamber for himself and his disciples alone.

Mark 14:15

mar 14:15

And he (αὐτὸς)

The Greek is more emphatic. "He will himself show you." So Rev. Probably the owner of the house was a disciple.

Furnished (ἐστρωμένον)

Lit., strewed with carpets, and with couches properly spread.

Mark 14:20

mar 14:20

Dish (τρυβλίου)

See on Mat 26:23.

Mark 14:23

mar 14:23

The cup.

The wine was the ordinary one of the country, only red. It was mixed with water, generally in the proportion of one part to two of water.

Mark 14:24

mar 14:24


See on Mat 26:28.

Is shed (τὸ ἐκχυννόμενον)

Lit., is being shed. This present participle is significant. To the Lord's mind the sacrifice is already being offered.

Mark 14:25

mar 14:25


See on Mat 26:29.

Mark 14:26

mar 14:26

Sung an hymn

See on Mat 26:30.

Mark 14:28

mar 14:28

Go before

See on Mat 26:32.

Mark 14:30

mar 14:30

Cock crow

See on Mat 26:34. Mark alone adds twice.

Deny (ἀπαρνήσῃ)

The compound verb signifies utterly deny.

Mark 14:31

mar 14:31

I will not deny (οὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσαμαι)

The double negative with the future forms the strongest possible assertion.

Mark 14:32

mar 14:32


See on Mat 26:36.

Mark 14:33

mar 14:33

To be sore amazed (ἐκθαμβεῖσθαι)

A word peculiar to Mark. Compare Mar 9:15; Mar 16:5, Mar 16:6.

Mark 14:35

mar 14:35

Prayed (προσηύχετο)

Imperfect tense: began to pray.

Mark 14:40

mar 14:40

Heavy (καταβαρυνόμενοι)

Lit., weighed down: very heavy.

Mark 14:41

mar 14:41

It is enough (ἀπέχει)

Peculiar to Mark. In this impersonal sense the word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. Expositors are utterly at sea as to its meaning.

Mark 14:43

mar 14:43

One of the twelve

See on Mat 26:47; as also on multitude.

Mark 14:44

mar 14:44

Token (σύσσημον)

A later Greek compound used only by Mark in this passage. Compare σημεῖον, Mat 26:48. The σύν, with, gives the force of a mutual token: a concerted signal.

Mark 14:45

mar 14:45


See on Mat 26:49.

Mark 14:47

mar 14:47

The servant

See on Mat 26:51.

Ear (ὠτάριον)

A word found only here and at Joh 18:10. See on Mat 26:51.

Mark 14:48

mar 14:48

A thief

Rev., better, robber. See on Mat 26:55, and Mar 11:17.

Mark 14:51

mar 14:51

Linen cloth (σινδόνα)

The probable derivation is from Ἰνδός, an Indian: India being the source from which came this fine fabric used for wrapping dead bodies, and in which Christ's body was enveloped. See Mat 27:59; Mar 15:46; Luk 23:53.

Mark 14:54

mar 14:54

Palace (αὐλὴν)

Rather, court, as Rev., the quadrangle round which the chambers were built. See on Mat 26:3.

Sat with (ἦν συγκαθήμενος)

The verb with the participle denoting continuousness. What occurred after occurred while he was sitting. So Rev.


Rev., officers. See on Mat 5:25.

At the fire (πρὸς τὸ φῶς)

Φῶς is never used of the fire itself, but of the light of the fire; and this is the point to which the evangelist directs attention: that the firelight, shining on Peter's face, called forth the challenge of the maid (Mar 14:66).

Mark 14:56

mar 14:56

Their witness agreed not

Peculiar to Mark. Lit., their testimonies were not equal. Hence the difficulty of fulfilling the requirement of the law, which demanded two witnesses. See Deu 17:6; and compare Mat 18:16; Ti1 5:19; Heb 10:28.

Mark 14:58

mar 14:58

Made with hands

Mark adds this detail; also made without hands, and the following sentence.

Mark 14:62

mar 14:62

I am

See on Mat 26:64.

Mark 14:64

mar 14:64

Guilty of death

See on Mat 26:66.

Mark 14:65

mar 14:65


See on Mat 26:67.

Palms of their hands (ῥαπίσμασιν)

An unclassical word, but used also by John (Joh 19:3). The word means blows.

Did strike

Following the old reading, ἔβαλλον. The correct reading is ἔλαβον, received. So Rev. Received him into custody.

Mark 14:66

mar 14:66


In relation to the chambers round the court above.

Mark 14:68

mar 14:68

Porch (προαύλιον)

Only here in New Testament. The vestibule, extending from the outside gate to the court.

Mark 14:71

mar 14:71

Curse (ἀναθεματίζειν)

Compare on Mat 26:74; where the word is καταθεματίζειν, to call down (κατὰ) curses on himself if he were not telling the truth. The words are synonymous.

Mark 14:72

mar 14:72

When he thought thereon (ἐπιβαλὼν)

From ἐπί, upon, and βάλλω, to throw. When he threw his thought upon it.

Next: Mark Chapter 15